US 1369215 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
E. S. BAS'TON.
INSECT POWDER sun. APPLICATION FILED MN- 27, I919.
Patented Feb; 22, 1921.
attozmup UNIT EDWARD s. BASTON, or enonen'rown, xnlvruoizr;
INSECT-POWDER Gm Application filed January 27, 1919. Serial No. 273,307.
Toall whom z'tmay concern Be it. known that I, EDWARD S. BAsroN, a citizen of the United States, residing at Georgetown, in the county of Scott and State of Kentucky, have invented a new and useful Insect-Powder Gun, of which the following is a specification. I
The device forming the sulqectmatter of this application is a bellows or a gun, adapted to be used'for applying'powder' to plants and for other purposes. a
@ne object of theinvention is to provide means'whereby the powder will be agitated within the body of the bellows.
'Another object of the invention 1S to improve the construction of the spreader which.
is located in the nozzle of the bellows.
A further object of the invention is to provide a bellows which will not leak.
The invention aims so to construct the handles of the bellows that the bellows may be operated without bringing the hands of the operator into contact.
It is within the province of the disclosure to improve generally and to enhance the utility of devices of that type to which the present invention appertains.
With the above and other objects in view, which will appear as the description proceeds, the invention resides in the combination and arrangement of parts and in the details of construction hereinafter described and claimed, it being understood that, within the scope of what is claimed, changes in the precise embodiment of the invention shown can be made without departing from the spirit of the invention.
In the accompanying drawings Figure 1 shows in top plan, a device constructed in accordance with the invention; 1
Fig. 2 is a longitudinal section along line 22 of Fig. 1 wherein parts appear in elevation; Fig. 3 is a section on the line 33 of Fig. 1; Fig. 4 is a cross section on the line 44 of Fig. 2; Fig. 5 is a side elevation of the spreader; Fig. 6 is a plan of the blank out of which the spreader is formed; Fig. 7 is a fragmental section on the line 7-7 of Fig. 3.
The device hereinafter described and claimed comprises a body 1 including a top plate 2 and a bottom plate 3 connected by a flexible side wall 4, made of leather or the Specification of Letters Patent.
like,.and preferably of one piecefconstructlon, to avoid air leakage; The side wall 4 is surrounded by metal retaining'bands 5, the
bands and. the edges of -the wa'll4 being held upon .the edges of the plates 2'and3 by means of securing elements 6. i
A supporting block 7 which may'bemade of wood, is placed against the inner surface ,OI theiside wall 4 at the forward end of the body 1 a nipple 8 being placed against the outer surface of the'side 'wall 4" at the I forwardend of the body. The numeral 11 denotes;generally,' a nozzle, including a'rear pipe 12 having a flange 14 abutting against the inner surface of the block 7, the flange 14 and the nipple 8' being held to the block '7 by means of securing members 9. A mass of glue and cotton, indicated at 10, is placed msideof the nipple 8. This mass 10'of glue and cotton exercises a double purpose. First, it aids in attaching the nipple 8 to the wall 4; and, secondly, it acts as'a packing about'that portion of the pipe 12 which proects forwardly into the nipple 8.
Adja cent its rearend, the pipe 12 is sup-' plied with two 01313081118 longitudinal slits 15 The material freed in the format-ion 'ofthese' sl1ts15 1s, IIIltS turn, out longitudinally, and
'bent to form four forwardly presented tongues 16. These tongues 16 are relatively light, and, for a purpose to be described hereinafter, are adapted to vibrate responsive to the movement of the air within the bellows. The rear end portions of the pipe 12 are overlapped, as shown at 17 The nozzle 11, hereinbefore alluded to generally, comprises a mouth piece 18 having a tapered bore 19, the mouth piece including a cap 20 threaded on the forward end of the nipple 8, the mouth piece, therefore, being removable at the will of an operator. A spreader is located in the mouth piece 18 and is H-shaped as'shown in Fig.
4. The spreader is made out ofan H-shaped blank 21, preferably metal, shown in outline in Fig. 6. The H-shape member 21,
includes end portions 22 and a connection 23 therebetween. The blank 21 is folded across the dotted line, indicated at 24, in Fig. 6, thereby bringing the end members together, as shown at 25 in Fig. 4, the extremities of the end portions 22 being bent outwardly in opposite directions to form diverging wings 26. When the blank 21 is bent along the line 24, the connection 23 is bent to form a double walled finger piece 27. The finger piece 27 may be grasped, and the spreader, intheform indicated in Figs. 4 and 5, may be pushed into the tapered bore 19 of the mouth piece 18, the spreader beingheld in place, preferably, by frictional contact between the ends of the wings 26 and the mouth piece 18.
The device includes a pair of handles 28, beveled as shown at 29, and attached by securing devices to the plates 2 and 3 of the body 1. Since the handles 28 are beveled as shown at 29, the handles will diverge more pronouncedly than do the plates 2 and 3, the handles being spaced apart so that, when the bellows is operated, the knuckles of the personmanipulating the bellows will not strike together.
Since the rear end of the tube 12 is closed as shown at 17, the powder in the body 1 will not slide outwardly through the parts 12 and 18, should the structure be set upright. The powder in the body 1 finds an exit through the slits 15, the pipe 12 and the mouth piece 18, in a way which will be understood clearly by those skilled in the art. The H-shaped spreader located in the mouth piece 18, and shown in Fig. 1, serves to break up and separate the stream' of powder: proceeding from the nozzle 11, thereby insuring the proper distribution of the powder. A salient and important feature of the invention remains ,yet to be discussed, and, in this connection, it will be recalled that the tongues 16 are adapted to vibrate, responsive to the movement of the air within the body 1. As a consequence, the
powder in the body 1 is agitated, separated 7 and spread about, before the powder passes outwardly through the slits 15. 7
Having thus described the invention, what is claimed is 1. An insect powder gun including a bellows comprising a body, and a nozzle includ ing a part projecting within the body, said part being provided with an outwardly extended vibratory tongue responsive to the air within the body.
2. An insect'powder gun including a bellows comprising a body, and a nozzle including a part projecting within the body, said part having a slit defining an inlet opening, the material freed in'the formation of the slit being extended outwardly to form a vibratory tongue responsive to the movement of the air within the bellows.
3. An insect powder gun including a bellows comprising a body; a nozzle assembled with the body; and a spreader in the nozzle, the spreader being of H-shape in cross section.
4. An insect powder gun including a bellows comprising a body and a nozzle; and a spreader in the nozzle, the spreader being fashioned from a blank comprising end portions and a connection therebetween, the connection being folded to bring the end portions together, the said end portions being bent outwardly to form wings engaging the nozzle.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my own, I have hereto aflixed my signature in the presence of two witnesses.
EDVWARD S. BASTQN.
Witnesses E. W. BASTON, J. W. Penn.