Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS1369649 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 22, 1921
Filing dateJan 2, 1920
Priority dateJan 2, 1920
Publication numberUS 1369649 A, US 1369649A, US-A-1369649, US1369649 A, US1369649A
InventorsGieseler George A
Original AssigneeGieseler George A
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Pneumatic conveying mechanism
US 1369649 A
Images(1)
Previous page
Next page
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

G. A. GIESELER.

PNEUMATIC CONVEYING MECHANISM.

APPLICATION FILED JAN.2. 1920.

Patented Feb. 22,1921.

gag a INYENTQR BY 7M TTOR EY uarrao STAT-ES.

GEORGE A. GIESELER', CLEVELAND, OHIO.

rnnuma'rrc convnvnvs MECHANISM.

aeacae.

T all whom it may concern;

. Be it known that L'Gnoncn A. GmsELER, a citizen of Germany, residing at Cleveland,

' Ohio; have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Pneumatic Conveying Mechanisms, of.which the following is a specification,

While-not limited thereto the invention is particularly adaptedfor use in systems of pneumatic conveying which. employ a vacuum or suction to convey material which is generally in a pulverized, powdered orgranular condition./ In such systems the ma terial is generally discharged into a hopper m which, of necessity, a more or less perfect vacuum is maintained. The receiving hopper, is generally of limited capacity and condition and position for use.

- charging lock and apparatus incident to its use. a a

One form of. apparatus embodying the invent-ion will be described, and then the novel features will be pointed out in the claims.

In the accompanying drawings is shown 7 an' apparatus embodying the invention;

Figure lis a front elevation of a receiving hopper provided with theimproved discharging lock. Fig. 2 is a vertical transverse section of Fig. 1. Fig. 3 is" a bottom plan view of the lock and its operating mechanism. 1

' receiving hopper-l of the usualform is provided with the usual exhaust pipe 2 and the usual inlet pipe 3 for the conveyed material. lower end with a dischargin throat 4 into which projects a valve 5 which may close the throat. Below the throat 4 is a smaller chamber 6 having at its bottom a throat 7 which may be closed by the valve 8. Below the throat 7 is a chamber 9 somewhat larger in dimensions than the chamber 6 and provided at its lower end with a 'throat 10 which may be closed by the valve 11.. In the present embodiment of the inventionthe 55 valves 5, '8 and. 11 are shown as cone valves.

- Below the throatlO is a discharging chain The hopper 1 is provided at its Specification of Letters Patent. Patenfedlieb. 22, 1921 Application filed January 2, 1920.- Serial No.

ber 12 through which the discharged mater al may pass onto the storage pile or bin or into a car or other carrier (not shown). Pro ecting inwardly from the sides of the chamber 6 isa spider 13 provided with a vertical bearing 14 at its center. Project PATENT OFFICE.

ing inwardly from the walls of the discharging chamber 12 is a spider 15 provided with a vertical bearing 16 at its center. Mounted to slide vertically in. the bearin s 14 and 16 17 for a part of its length is a sleeve 18 which may slide vertically on the rod. The valve 8 is mounted in the upper end of the sleeve 18 and is provided with a stuffing box 19 througlh which the rod 17 may slide vertically. hrough a slot 20 toward the top of the rod 17 (and above the spider 13) passes a' pin 21 which carries the valve 5.

'lVithin a socket 22 in' the valve 5 is a coil spring 23 bearing against the end. of the 5 and the rod 17.v Surrounding the sleeve 18 1s the'valve 11 having a stufling box 24 through whlch the sleeve may slide vertically. A transverse pin 25 carried by. the rod 17 extends through a slot 26 in the sleeve 18 andengages the valve 11 so that it 'will move with the rod 17. A lever 27 horizontally pivoted on a transverse rod 28 within the discharging chamber 12 is pivoted at one end to the rod 17. The other end of the lever 27 is pivoted to a piston rod29. A

lever 30 horizontally pivoted on a transverse rod 31 within the discharging chamber 12 is pivoted at one end to the sleeve 18. The other endof'the lever 30 is pivoted to a piston rod 32. Y p

The piston rods 29 and 32 .may be operated in any suitable manner. In the present ,instancela pipe 33 is shown leading compressed air to a distributing valve 34 of any suitable'. form. From the distributing valve there is a pipe 35 leading to the bottom of a cylinder- 36 within which travels a piston 37 on the piston rod 29. A pipe 38 leading from the distributing valve 34- enters the cylinder 36 at its top. A pipe 39 leads is a vertical rod 17; Surroun ing the rod rod 17 and tending to keep'the pin 21 at the top of the slot 20 but yielding to allow a slight relative movement between the valve from the distributing valve 34 to the bottom 3 of a cylinder 40 in which travels a piston 41 on the;'piston rod 32. A pipe 42 leads from the distributing cylinder 40. n upward extension of the piston rod 29 carries a valve'43 traveling valve 34 to the top of'the' in a chamber. 44 provided 'at its lower end with a port 45 open to the atmospheric air.

3 7 At the upper end of the chamber 44 is a pipe 4 46 connected to the upper part of the hopper 1 from which the air is exhausted." At

about the middle of the chamber 44 is a pipe 47 leading to the upper portion of the chamber 9. An upward extension of the piston rod 32 carries a valve 48 traveling in a chamber 49. At the upper end of the chamber 49 is a pipe 50 connected with the upper part of the ho per 1 from which the air is exhausted. l

both chambers 44 and 49 to the hopper 1. At about the middle of the chamber 49 is a pipe 51 leading to the upper portion of the chamber 6. An upward or downward movement of the piston 37 will cause the lever 27 to lower or raise the'rod 17 thereby causing the valves 11 and 5 to open or close the throats 10 and 4. When the piston 37 israised the valve 43 is raised so as to bring the pipe 47 leading from the chamber 9 into communication with the port 45 open to the atmospheric air. When the piston 37 is lowered the valve 43 is lowered'thus bring- 2 ing the pipe 47 leading from the chamber 9 into communication with the 'pipe 46 leading. to the hopper 1. An upward or downward movement of the piston 41 will causethe lever 30 to lower or raise the sleeve 18 thereby causing the valve 8 to open or close the throat 7 When the piston 41 is lowered the valve 48 is lowered thus bringing the pipe 51 leading from the chamber 6 into communication with the pipe leading tothe hopper 1.

The distributing valve 34 admits compressed air to the pipes 35, 38, 39 and 42 in' bottom of the hopper on to the valve 5 if hopper 1 through the throat 4. There is now l closed. With the valves in the position shown in the drawings the material will pass through the throat 4 and settle in the chamber 6 on the valve 8. Thedistributing valve .34 will now admit compressedv air through the pipe 38 to the upper side of the piston 37 forcing it downward and causing it to operate the lever 27 to close the valves 5 and 11. At the same time it will operate the valve 43 so as to cause the" chamber 9 and the hopper 1 to be put in communication with the pipes 46 and 47. This will exhaust the air from the chamber 9 so that there is no more pressure therein than in the chamber 6 which has been'open to the a pressure equalizing communication bepipes 47 and 51 and the hopper 1.

he pipes 46 and 50 might be con-v solidated and only one pipe used to connect piston 37 will cause the valve'43 to move tween the chambers 6 and 9 by way of {age e distributing valve. 34 may now admit compressed air through the pipe 39 .to the lower side of the piston.41 thus causing it to rise and operate the lever 30 to open the valve 8 thus allowing the material previously admitted into the chamber 6 to drop into the chamber 9 and to settle on the valve 11 which is now closed. The distributing valve 34 may now admit compressed air through the ipe 42 to the upper side of the piston 41 orcing it downward and causing it to close the valve 8 through the lever 30. This movement of the piston 41 carries with it the valve 48 so as to put the chamber 6 into. communication with the hopper 1- through the pipes 50 and 51 and thus exhaust the air from the chamber 6. The distributing valve 34 may now admit compressed air through the pipe 35 to the lower side of the piston 37 thereby causing it to rise and operate the lever 27 so as to open the valves 4 and 11. At the same time the movement of the and put the chamber 9 into communication with the atmospheric air through the pipe 47 and the port 45. This will cause the material in hopper 9 to fall through the chamber 12' into the stock pile or whatever receptacleis there provided for it. At the same time the valve 5 being open will, admit a second quantity of. material into chamber 6. This series of operations may be repeated and continued as long as the apparatus 'lS in operation.

If there were a greater air pressure in the chamber 6 than in the hopper 1 when the valve 5 is opened there might be a tendency to hold material in the hopper and not let it pass into the chamber 6. Likewise if the air pressure were greater in the chamber 9 than in the chamber 6 when thevalve' 8 is opened the material ,might be impeded in itsfall or forced back and the same would be true on the opening of the valve 11 if the chamber 9 were maintained at less than atmospheric pressure. It will be observed, however, that before the valve 5 is opened the pressure in the chamber 6 is e ualized with the pressure in the hopper 1 so t at there will be no air impediment to the flow of material through the throatQ4. It will also be noted that before the valve 8' is'opened the pres- .sure in the chamber 9 is also equalized with ,ment to the flow of material through the throat 10. The chamber 9 is materially larger in capacity than the chamber 6 so that -on each opening of the valve8 all of the material in the chamber 6 will flow into thelumps of the conveyed material, stones or.

other foreign matter which might interfere with the closing of the valve 5 or cause injury or damage to the apparatus. In order toprovide for these contingencies and to avoid injury to the apparatus the valve 5 is not positively and rigidly forced into its seat in the throat 4 but there is inserted between the operating rod 17 and the valve 5 a spring 23 which may yield. It will be noted that even when the spring 23 has yielded and there is an opening therefor'through the throat 4 there is no ingress of atmospheric air since either the valve 8 or the valve 11 or And the. remaining opening is so small that the flow of material through the throat 4 may be sub- I stantially checked. v 1 If the chamber 9 together with its valveboth are fully closed at all times.

l1 were omitted there would be noassurance of a seal when the, valve 8 opensthe' outlet from the chamber 6. The valve 5 may be forced toward its seat 4 while material is flowing from the hopper 1 or it may happen ,that the chamber 6 is completely filled with material. Hence the valve 5 may entrap material between itself and the seat 4. When the material being operated upon is hard' and contains lumps thepresenceof such material between the valve 5 and the seat 4: may

prevent, the valve from closing entirely. At such a time an opening of the valve 8 would allow air and material to be sucked into the hopper through the opening at its bottom around the valve 5 were it not for the fact that the chamber 9 is arranged below the valve 8 and provided with a valve 11 which closes the hopper 9 and thus produces an effective seal even though the valve 8 be open and the valve 5 be held away from its seat-4.

'55 flow into the chamber 9 and thus, allow the The chamber 9 has a greater capacity than the chamber 6 so that when the valve 8 opens all the material in the chamber 6 may valve 8 to be closed firmly and snugly againstits seat 7' withoutdanger ofentrapping lumps or otherlmaterial'which might tend to keep the valve 8 from its seat 7. If

the chamber 9 were no larger than the chamher 6 there might be material remaining between the valve 8 and its seat at the time itis closed which would prevent the valve 8'.

sealing againstincoming air when closed.

' siliently supported hopper and the .upper intermediate chamber, a valve between the intermediate cham- The details ofthe mechanism shown and described are illustrative but are notessential to the invention.

I claim .as myjnventionz 1. In combination, a hopper, a dischargher, a lower intermediate chamber, ,a revalve between the bers, a valve between the lower intermediate chamber and the discharging chamber, and means for operating the valves.

2. In cor'nbination, a hopper, a discharging chamber, an. upper intermediate cham- -ber, a lower-intermediate.chamber, a re siliently supported valve between the hopper-wand the upper'intermediate' chamber, a valve between the intermediate chambers, a

valve .between the lower intermediate'ch'am '70 ing chamber, an upper intermediate chamher and the discharging chamber, and means Y for operating simultaneously the firstand last mentioned valves between each operation of the valve between the intermediate chambers. J V

3. In combination, a hopper, a discharg-v ing chamber, an upper intermediate chain her, a lower intermediate chamber a spring supported valve between the hopper. and the 'upper intermediate chamber. a valve between the intermediate jchambers, a ,valve between the lower intermediate chamberand the discharging chamber, and means for' connecting the interior of the upper intermediate chamber with the interior of the hopper and then opening the valve between the hopper and the upper intermediate the intermediate chambers and then opening the valvebetween the intermediate chamber, then connecting the interiors of Q chambers, then connecting the interior of V the lower intermediate chamber with the atmospheric air and then opening the valve between the lower intermediate. chamber and the'discharging chamber.

' 4. In combination. a hopper in which is apartial vacuum, a yielding cone valve closcone valve closing an outlet at the bottom of the chamber, a second chamber below the outlet of the aforesaid chamber, a cone valve closing an outlet at the bottom of the second chamber, and means for operating. the valves but always keeping at least one of the ing an outlet at the bottom of the hopper, a. chamber below the outlet'of the hopper, a;

valves closing the outlets in the chambers closed.

- 5. In combination, a hopper in which is a" r partial vacuum, a yielding valve closing an outlet at the bottom ofthe hopper, a chamber below the outlet'of the hopper, a rigidly supported valve closing an outlet" at the bottom of the chamber, a second chamber below the outlet of the aforesaid chamber, a vrigidly supported valveclosing an outlet at the bottom of the second chamber, and

means for operating the valves but always keeping at .least one of the rigidly supported valves closed.

6. In comblnatlon, a hopper in which is a partial vacuum, a yielding valve closing an outlet at the bottom of the hopper, a chamber below the outletof the hopper, a valve closing an outlet at the bottom of the chamber,.-a second chamber below-the outlet of the aforesaid chamber, a valve closing an outlet at the bottom of the second chamber,

:and means for operating the valves but always keeping at least one of the valves closing the outlets in the chambers closed.

7. In combination, an evacuated hopper,

' a spring supported valve at the bottom of the hopper, an upper intermediate chamber below the hopper, a valve for the said chamher, a lower intermediate chamber below the said chamber, a valve forthe'lower champiston-for connecting the upper intermediate chamber with the hopper.

8. In combination, 'an evacuated hopper, a spring supported valve at the bottom of the hopper,an upper intermediate chamber belowthe-Ihopper, a valve for the said chamber, a lower intermediate chamber below the said chamber, a valve for the lower chamber,

a piston for opening and closing the first and last valves. a piston for opening and closing the valveof the upper intermediate chamber,'a valve moving with the first piston connecting the lower intermediate [chamber with the hopper/when the valves controlled by the piston are closed and with the atmospheric air when the valves controlled by the piston are open, and a valve moving with the second piston for connecting the upper intermediate chamber with J the hopper when the valve for-the upper intermediate chamber is closed.

9. In combination, an evacuated hopper having an opening, avalve for the hopper opening, a first intermediate chamber into piston for opening and closing the valve of the first intermediate chamber, a valve mov mg with the first piston connecting the air in the other position, and a valve moving with the second piston for connecting the first intermediate chamber with the hopper.

'10. In combination, an evacuated hopper, an intermediate chamber into which the hopper opens, alower cha-mberinto which the intermediate chamberopens and which has an opening, a closure for the hopper second intermediate chamber with the h'op- 1 per in one position and with the atmospheric opening, a closure for the intermed1ate chamber opening, means for operating the last named closure, means acting with the said means for connecting the hopper with the intermediate chamber when the intermediate chamber is closed, aclosure for the lower chamber opening, means for operating 5 the last named closure, and means acting.

with the last named means for connecting the lower chamber with the hopper when the lower chamber opening is closed and for connecting the lower chzvmberwith the atmospheric air when the lower chamber opening is open. I

11. In combination, an evacuated hopper,

an intermediate chamber into which the hopper opens, a lower chamber into which i the intermediate chamber opens and which has an opening, a closure for the hopper opening, means for operating the closure but yielding when there is an impediment to the closure, means for operating the last named closure, means acting with the sa d means for connecting the hopper with the intermediate chamber when the intermedi-' ate" chamber is closed, a closure for the lower chamber opening, means for operating the last named closure, and means acting'with the last named means for connecting the lower chamber with the hopper when the lower chamber opening is closed and for connecting the lower chamber with the at mospheric air when the lower chamber opening is open. a i

12. A receiving hopper, a first intermediate chamber into-which the hopper empties, a second intermediate chamber into which the first chamber empties and of greater capacity than thefirst chamber, the hopper which he hopp r op s, a valve for the said and each chamber being provided with outchamber, a second intermediate chamber into which the first chamber'opens, a valve for the second chamber, a piston for opening and closing the first and last valves, a second lets, and separate valves for the outlet of the hopper and the outlet of each chamber.

GEO. A. GIESELER.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2578179 *Aug 8, 1947Dec 11, 1951Ingersoll Rand CoControlling device for food processing apparatus
US2582709 *Dec 21, 1949Jan 15, 1952Read Standard CorpFeed mechanism
US2648446 *Sep 9, 1948Aug 11, 1953Read Standard CorpFeed mechanism
US2672245 *Oct 23, 1950Mar 16, 1954Buehler Ag GebGranular stock vacuum-drier pneumatic lock control
US4183705 *Jan 16, 1978Jan 15, 1980K-B Engineering Co.Reciprocating airlock valve
US4197873 *Feb 13, 1978Apr 15, 1980Coal Industry (Patents) LimitedFluid operable valves
US4264243 *Jan 4, 1979Apr 28, 1981Dundee Cement CompanyConstant vacuum barge unloading system
US4780027 *Dec 10, 1986Oct 25, 1988Progressive Blasting Systems, Inc.In a pressure pot system
US7640877Nov 14, 2008Jan 5, 2010Cnh Canada, Ltd.Dense phase distribution branch
US7743719Nov 14, 2008Jun 29, 2010Cnh Canada, Ltd.Sectional distribution of granular product
US7752984Nov 14, 2008Jul 13, 2010Cnh Canada, Ltd.Device and method for dense phase transport of seed
US7779769Nov 14, 2008Aug 24, 2010Cnh Canada, Ltd.Agricultural implement with dense phase product flow from a primary container
US7789103Nov 14, 2008Sep 7, 2010Cnh Canada, Ltd.Dense phase induction system and method
US7798078Nov 14, 2008Sep 21, 2010Cnh Canada, Ltd.Granular containment assembly and method
US7798079Nov 14, 2008Sep 21, 2010Cnh Canada, Ltd.Pressure supply assembly for an agricultural implement with dense phase product flow
US7806061Nov 14, 2008Oct 5, 2010Cnh Canada, Ltd.Agricultural implement with dense phase product dispensing and purging
US8342373Nov 14, 2008Jan 1, 2013Cnh Canada, Ltd.Valve and method for dense phase flow control
DE1094662B *Oct 19, 1955Dec 8, 1960Steven Theodore GoldenVorrichtung zum Beschicken einer pneumatischen oder hydraulischen Foerderleitung mitfliessfaehigem Material
Classifications
U.S. Classification406/169
International ClassificationB65G53/46, B65G53/40
Cooperative ClassificationB65G53/4691
European ClassificationB65G53/46H