US 1370525 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
' PAPER BOX 08 CARTON.
APPLICATION FILED SEPT. 22. 1915.
1,370,525, Patented Mar. 8, 1921.
4 SHEETS-SHEET l- INVENTOR 5 J M M, By Azz'omeys,
PAPER BOX 08 CARTON.
APPLICATION FILED SEPT. 22 1915. 1,370,525. Patented Mar.8,1921.
4 SHEETS-SHEET 2.
INVENTOR WlTNESSESz' M Q By Attorneys,
PAPER BOX 0R CARTON.
APPLICATION FILED SEPT. 22, 1915.
1,370,525, Patented Mar. 8, 1921.
4 SHEETSSHEET a.
INVENTOR TNESS S- J By Attorneys, 7 am aux/ J9 6 with E. EISENKRAFT.
PAPER BOX 0R CARTON. APPLICATION FILED SEPT.22, 1915.
1,370,525, Patented Mar. 8, 1921.
4 SHEETSSHEET 4- INVENTOR fWlTNESSES: I 6.5M M,
/ y Attorneys, m 9W 6 W UNITED STATES PATENT oFFmE.
EMIL EISENKRAI'T, OF BROOKLYN, NEW YORK, ASSIGNOR TO'A. SOHRADERS SON, INCORPORATED, OF BROOKLYN, NEW YORK, A CORPORATION OF NEW YORK.
PAPER BOX OR CARTON.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Mar. 8, 1921.
Application filed September 22, 1915. Serial No. 52,000.
- subject of the Emperor of Germany, residof the precedin ing in the borough of Brooklyn, countyof Kings, city and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improyements in Paper Boxes or Cartons, of whlch the following'is a specification.
This invention relates to the construction of paper or card-board boxes or cartons especially constructed and adapted for containing small oblong articles for storage and shipment.
The box is made of stifi' paper or cardboard cut and folded in such way as to form the bottom, sides and ends of the box, with an inner portion in the nature of a false bottom which is shaped to fit the article to be inclosed so as to hold it in place, all being preferably so constructed that the box will retain its shape without the necessity of using paste.
Accordingly the invention provides a paper box having flaps joined to form the sides and ends, and having an innerflap or portion partially filling the box and partly cut away or otherwise conformed to engage the article to be inclosed in the box. The box preferably has a cover adapted to slip over it and constructed in similar manner.
The accompanying drawings show several different embodiments of the invention.
, .Figure 1 is a perspective view of a box or carton of one construction;
Fig. 2 is a. plan of the blank from which this box is made;
Fig. 3 is a longitudinal section through the box; 5
Fig. 4 is a transverse section;
Fig. 5 is a transversesection through the end on the line 5-5 in Fig. 3;
Fig. 6 is a section corresponding to Fig. 3 showing a modified construction;
' Fig. 7 1s a cross-section corresponding to Fi 4 showing a modified construction;
Fig. 8 is a longitudinal section, and Fig. 9 is a plan showing a further modified construction;
Figs. 10 and 11 are longitudinal sections showmg two other modified constructions;
Fi 12 is a perspective view showing a suita le cover for t e carton shown in any Fig. 13 is throughthe cover; v
. posite sides together so that they fi res' 1; fo ngithdinal mid-section Figs. 14, 15 and 16 show another modified construction of carton, Fig. 14 being a longltudlnal horizontal section on the lme 14-14 m Flg. 16, which is a transverse sec- Itron, and Fig. 15 is a longitudinal mid-sec- Fi 17 is a sectional a mu tiple carton, that a-series of articles;
Fig. 18 is a longitudinal section corresponding to Fig. 3 and showing a further perspective showing 1s, one for holding modified construction;
Fig. 19 is a transverse section of Fig. 18;
Fig. 20 is a plan of the blank from which the box shown in Figs. 18 and 19 is made; b Fig. 21 is a longitudinal section of the Fig. 22 is a plan of a blank from which the box shown in Figs. 23, 24 and 25 is formed;
Fig. 23 is a transverse section of the box, Fig. 24: a longitudinal mid-section, and Fig. 25 a plan.
The box shown in Fig. 1 is made "from the blank A Shown in Fig. 2. This is a blank of suitably stifi'pa'per or card-board cut to the shape shown and bent alongthe dotted lines a so as to form a box bottom a, sides I) 6, ends 0 0, end flaps b b, side flaps b b and end tucks c 0 The blank also has a false bottom piece which as a whole is lettered B, which in Fig. 2 is constructed as a tongue integral with one of the end tucks c and comprising sections d d near one end intersected by a hole e and sections (1 at near the otherend and'intersected by a hole e, while between them is a section f.
To form the box shown in Fig. 1, the blank shown in Fig. 2 first has its side flaps b turned in and down upon the side sections 12 6, being preferably pasted down. The end flaps b are turned up at right angles, and the sides I; are then turned up. at right angles, which brings the end flaps b on o artial y overlap at the ends of the box. hen the ends '0 c are bent up at right angles so that they lie against the outer tapes of the end dd or partially folded on the 11-0 dotted lines so that these sections form reahead e box, as shown in Fig. 3, the extreme end being held in the angle at one end as shown in Fig. 3, and the middle part of the tongue being preferably fastened to the bottom by paste or gum. The holes 0 e now form sockets, as best shown in Figs. 1 and 4, for receiving the article to be inclosed. In Fig. 4 the inclosed article is shown by the dotted circle 0:, and in Fig. 3 it is shown by the dotted line 0:. Of course the article thus indicated in dotted, lines-is given only by way of illustration, as the box or carton may be internally shaped to conform to an article of any conformation desired.-
In the construction of box thus described it will be understood that'the end. flaps or ears I) are confined between the end walls and flaps 0 c','whereby the sides and ends are held in their proper relations, and the inner end flaps 0' are held in place either by paste or by the stiffness of the false bottom section or tongue B, the humps g of which tending to straighten it, give the tongue a tendency to elongate, whereby the outer sides of these humps press toward the opposite bottom end corners of the box and thus hold the flaps c in place. The humps g g abut at their ends against the side flaps b so that 1f these are not pasted down to the sides I) the humps serve to hold them in place. Thus the entire carton may be made without the use of any paste, so that the cartons may be shaped flat and uickly folded into box sha e when desired for use. he modification shown' in Fig. 6 differs from that already described in having three humps, the middle hump g being added.
Otherwise the construction is the same as described. In e construction shown in cross-section in Fig. 7, the side flaps b are made of greater width than in the construction first described, so that they have an extra portion or tongue b and this is folded down horizontally on the flat portion f of the tongue or false bottom B, being preferably pasted down in order to hold the said tongues in place 1n the stretch between the humps.
In the construction shown in Figs. 8 and 9 the inner lining or false bottom instead of being made of onetongueformed at oneend of the blank, as shown in Fig. 2, is made of a two ton es" B and B projecting from the opposite ends of the blank and meeting ona me It in the middle: Each of these tongues is bent to form one hump g with its hole e, and to form one bottom flap f to lie .on the box bottom, being preferably pasted down. In other same as that rst described. I
- Fig. 10 shows a construction like that first of the tongue is prolonged to interlock with the opposite end flap c n t e acts the construction is the-'- The latter instead of liy ng down 0 box bottom as in the first escribed construction, is upturned and is embraced by two folds i z" of the prolonged part of the tongue B. This construction avoids liability of the free end of the tongue becoming displaced in case no paste is used.
7 In the construction shown in Fig. 11 the tongue or false bottom extends only half way through the box so as to form only one hump at one end, which will be'quite sufiicient to hold the article in many cases. I
The box cover C shown in Fig. 12 and in section in Fig. 13, is made up in'similar manner to the box or carton but has no inner tongue or false bottom, and preferably has side notches 7' j to facilitate the lifting off of the cover. The cover is made just large enough to slip over and closely em: brace theexterior of the box. The parts lettered a b b b 0 and c are precisely the same as the correspondingly lettered ,parts in Figs. 1 to 5'. A tongue a forms an inner lining. It is desirable end flaps c to the concealed end flaps b and a l(s1o t?) paste the inturned side flaps b to the s1 es Figs. 14., 15 and 1e illustrate a constructo paste the inturned tion in which the false bottom B is lifted The latter may be formed as an end tongue in the manner shown in Fi 2 or otherwise,
' either integral with the main blank forming the box or as a separate piece. In either case it may be out out to form an opening e Flg. 14, into which the article may part1 enter, as shown by the dotted lines a: in ig. 16. This construction dispenses with the humps shown in the previously described figures. Instead of cutting out an o ening e the tongue B may be embossed to orm a depression, as shown in Fig. 16, where the embossed portion is lettered k. In this figure the upturned tongues b are omitted, being su erseded by downturn ed marginal flanges Z ormed on the tongue or false bottom B.
The cartons thus far described are adapted .for holding only one article. Fig. 17 shows a carton enlarged laterally so as to contain a multiplicity of articles. The construction is precisely the same as shown in Figs. 1 to 5, except that the box bottom desired, with the tongue B,..form1ng the false bottom.
The latter 1s shown slitted at m m forming separate tongues which may. be inserted separately-if desired. The humps g g are shown as continuous, this however not being essential. The box ends 0. 0' are so widened as to become in efiect the. sides of tht box.
In the construction shown in Figs. 18, 19 and 20 the tongue or false bottom is formed as a prolongation of one of the side fiaps b the portions d d forming the hump being separated from the side flap by slits n 'n. The box is folded together in the manner already described, except that the side flap b to which the tongue section is joined is folded in last, the hump sections d dbeing first folded back so that the tongue isshortened sufficiently to enter within the length of the box,,after which these sections are permitted to spring out to form the humps g 9 Fig. 18, their ends entering into the opposite end corners of the box, and the middle section f being best fastened down with paste, although this is not necessary. 'The box has end flaps c at both ends which may desirably be pasted down to the bottom.
In Fig. 21 is'shown a combined box and cover, the box being of precisely the same construction as shown in Fig. 3, while the cover differs from that ShOWI1,*lI1 Fig. 12 in that it is formed with an inner tongue having humps g constructed as a precise duplicate of the parts shown in Fig. 1, ex-
, cept for the preferred formation of the notches j, and except also that the humps g are displaced inwardly from the ends,
so that when the cover is applied they fit between the humps g g of the box, as shown in dotted lines in the lower part of Fig. 21.
With this construction the article shown by dotted lines it is confined between the humps of the box and cover, and held apart from the bottom and sides of the box and the corresponding partsof the cover.
In Figs. 22 to 25 is shown a further modification the box proper being of the same construction already described, except that its false bottom B is made as a flap prolonged from one of the side flaps b and formed with holes e e, and with 1ongitudi-' nal creases on which when bent into the box its middle sections 12 p are bent down, as best shown in cross-section Fig. 23, while its end sections 9 9 stand up, so that they may serve to locate the positions of the ends of the article.
The various modified constructions shown and described are given as illustrations, it
being obvious that the invention may be further modified without departing from its essential features as set forth in the claims.
I claim as myinvention l. A paper box formed of a single sheet, having flaps joined to form the sides and ends, and having an inner portion integral therewith partially filling thebox and shaped to fit the article to be inclosed, having humped portions making edge contact with the side flaps whereby to hold the flaps in place.
2. A paper box having portions turned up and joined to form the sides and ends, and having an inner portion partially filling the box and formed integral with an end portion thereof, and having humps partly cut away to fit the article to be inclosed, said humps making edge contact with the sides of the box.
3. A paper box and a cover therefor each formed of a sheet having portions turned up and joined to form the sides and ends, and having inturned flaps and having an inner portion partially filling the space between such sides and ends and holding such flaps in place and bent up to form humps projecting within the box and cover respectively, the humps in the box and those in the cover relatively adapt in embrace between them an article to be inclosed.
4. A paper box and a cover. therefor each formed of a sheet having portions turned up and joined to form'the sides and ends, and having an inner portion partially filling the space between such sides and ends and bent up to form humps projecting within the box andcover respectively. the humps in the box and those in the cover being noncoincident, and being relatively adapted to embrace between them an article to be inclosed.
; In witness whereof, I have hereunto signed my name in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
THOMAS F. .WALLACE, Flinn WHITE.