|Publication number||US1370974 A|
|Publication date||Mar 8, 1921|
|Filing date||Jan 13, 1919|
|Priority date||Jan 13, 1919|
|Publication number||US 1370974 A, US 1370974A, US-A-1370974, US1370974 A, US1370974A|
|Inventors||Ivan M Kirlin|
|Original Assignee||Ivan M Kirlin|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (46), Classifications (12)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
l. M. KIRLIN.
APPLICATION HLED JAN.13,19|9.
1,370,974l Patented Mar. 8, 1921.
UNITED STATESr IVAN I. KIBLDL F EVAFSI'JOIJI',` ILLINOIS.
INSULATINGLPANE Specification of Letters Patent.-
Patented Mar. 8, 1921.
Application iiled January -18, 1919. Serial No. 270,830.
Tol all whom it may concern.'
Be it known that I, IVAN M. K1RLIN,a citizen of the United States, residing at Evanston, in the county of Cook and State of Illinois, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Insulating-Panes; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the l Same. v
'My invention has for its primary object to provide a transparent or translucent insulating pane for use in windows, doors, rerigerated display cases, refrigerators, ovens and the like.
To the above end, generally stated, the invention 'consists of the novel devices and combinations of devices hereinafter described and defined in the claim.
In the accompanying drawings, which illustrate'the inventlon, like characters indicate like parts throughout the several views.
Referring to the drawings,
Figure 1 is a lan view of a pane constrlcted in accor ance with my invention; an
Fig. 2 is a view. in section taken on the line 2-2 of Fig. 1. Y
The numeral 3 indicates a pair of laterally spaced plates 3, the edges of which are brought together and connected by fusing y or otherwise, as indicated at 4. These plates Y 3 may be madefrom glass, mica or other suitable transparent or translucent material, and the space therebetween may contain a vacuum, air or gas. It will, of course, be necessary to .hermetically seal the joint between the edges of the plates 3, when the space between said plates contains a vacuum or gas. To prevent the plates 3 from collapsing, when a vacuum is produced therebetween, a plurality of pins or projections are formed on the inner face of one of said plates and bear against the'inner face o1 the other of said plates. l
One of the plates 3 has formed at or near its edges an endless outwardly extended loop or beadl 6, for the purpose of'absorbing the expansion and con-traction of the plates, due to widely different temperatures on opposite sides of the pane.
What I claim is An insulating pane comprising la pair of Hat parallel plates of transparent or translucent material united at their edges, and an endless expansion bead in the body of one of the plates. v
IVAN M. KIRLIN.
Witnesses: i LILLIAN A. KmLIN, H. Waenar SULzm.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2686342 *||May 13, 1949||Aug 17, 1954||Pittsburgh Plate Glass Co||Sealing of openings in glass|
|US2688824 *||Apr 21, 1953||Sep 14, 1954||Libbey Owens Ford Glass Co||Method of producing multiple sheet glazing units|
|US2695430 *||Jan 18, 1947||Nov 30, 1954||F W Wakefield Brass Company||Luminous panel|
|US2918023 *||Jan 27, 1955||Dec 22, 1959||Bettcher Bruce H||Reinforced, thermal insulating, condensation-proof and light admitting member|
|US3742600 *||Jul 26, 1971||Jul 3, 1973||Research Frontiers Inc||Method for maintaining the separation of plates|
|US3744126 *||Jul 26, 1971||Jul 10, 1973||Research Frontiers Inc||Method for controlling bowing in light valves|
|US4204015 *||Apr 3, 1978||May 20, 1980||Levine Robert A||Insulating window structure and method of forming the same|
|US4458988 *||Nov 5, 1981||Jul 10, 1984||Norsk Lcd||Optical display cell and a method for its manufacturing including a gas cloud with monodispheres|
|US5005557 *||Dec 1, 1986||Apr 9, 1991||Baechli Emil||Heat-insulating building and/or light element|
|US5009218 *||Jun 28, 1990||Apr 23, 1991||Baechli Emil||Heat-insulating building and/or light element|
|US5124185 *||Oct 3, 1989||Jun 23, 1992||Ppg Industries, Inc.||Vacuum insulating unit|
|US5657607 *||Sep 11, 1995||Aug 19, 1997||University Of Sydney||Thermally insulating glass panel and method of construction|
|US5891536 *||Sep 28, 1995||Apr 6, 1999||The University Of Sydney||Design improvements to vacuum glazing|
|US5902652 *||Jun 7, 1994||May 11, 1999||University Of Sydney||Methods of construction of evacuated glazing|
|US6054195 *||Jan 21, 1999||Apr 25, 2000||University Of Sydney||Method of construction of evacuated glazing|
|US6071575 *||Dec 22, 1998||Jun 6, 2000||University Of Sydney||Vacuum glazing|
|US6083578 *||Dec 22, 1998||Jul 4, 2000||University Of Sydney||Design improvements to vacuum glazing|
|US6103324 *||Dec 22, 1998||Aug 15, 2000||The University Of Sydney||Methods of construction of evacuated glazing|
|US6291036||Oct 21, 1999||Sep 18, 2001||Guardian Industries Corporation||Vacuum IG window unit with spacers in seal|
|US6326067||May 3, 1999||Dec 4, 2001||Guardian Industries Corporation||Vacuum IG pillar with DLC coating|
|US6336984||Sep 24, 1999||Jan 8, 2002||Guardian Industries Corporation||Vacuum IG window unit with peripheral seal at least partially diffused at temper|
|US6352749||Dec 10, 1999||Mar 5, 2002||Guardian Industries Corp.||Vacuum IG unit with transparent spacers|
|US6365242||Jul 7, 1999||Apr 2, 2002||Guardian Industries Corp.||Peripheral seal for vacuum IG window unit|
|US6372312||Feb 17, 2000||Apr 16, 2002||Guardian Industries Corp.||Vacuum IG unit with micro-sized spacers|
|US6383580||Nov 12, 1999||May 7, 2002||Guardian Industries Corp.||Vacuum IG window unit with edge mounted pump-out tube|
|US6399169||Oct 13, 1999||Jun 4, 2002||Guardian Industries Corp.||Vacuum IG window unit with dual peripheral seal|
|US6420002||Aug 18, 1999||Jul 16, 2002||Guardian Industries Corp.||Vacuum IG unit with spacer/pillar getter|
|US6436492||Nov 16, 1999||Aug 20, 2002||Guardian Industries Corp.||Vacuum IG window unit with fiber spacers|
|US6444281||May 23, 2000||Sep 3, 2002||Guardian Industries Corp.||Vacuum IG window unit with spacers between first and second edge seals|
|US6497931||Jan 11, 2000||Dec 24, 2002||Guardian Industries Corp.||Vacuum IG unit with colored spacers|
|US6503583||Jan 16, 2001||Jan 7, 2003||Guardian Industries Corp.||Vacuum IG window unit with fiber inclusive edge seal|
|US6506272||Apr 4, 2000||Jan 14, 2003||Guardian Industries Corp.||Vacuum IG unit with seal for pump-out aperture|
|US6541083||Jan 11, 2000||Apr 1, 2003||Guardian Industries Corp.||Vacuum IG unit with alkali silicate edge seal and/or spacers|
|US6558494||Nov 27, 2000||May 6, 2003||Guardian Industries Corp.||Vacuum IG window unit with edge seal at least partially diffused at temper and completed via microwave curing, and corresponding method of making the same|
|US6641689||Nov 8, 2001||Nov 4, 2003||Guardian Industries Corp.||Vacuum IG window unit with peripheral seal at least partially diffused at temper|
|US6701749||Feb 7, 2001||Mar 9, 2004||Guardian Industries Corp.||Vacuum IG window unit with edge seal at least partially diffused at temper and completed via microwave curing, and corresponding method of making the same|
|US6946171||Sep 22, 1999||Sep 20, 2005||Guardian Industries Corp.||Vacuum IG pillar with lubricating and/or reflective coating|
|US8679271||Jan 25, 2013||Mar 25, 2014||Guardian Industries Corp.||Vacuum insulated glass (VIG) unit including nano-composite pillars, and/or methods of making the same|
|US8679598||Oct 8, 2010||Mar 25, 2014||Guardian Industries Corp.||Vacuum insulated glass (VIG) unit including nano-composite pillars, and/or methods of making the same|
|US8821999 *||Nov 5, 2008||Sep 2, 2014||Corning Incorporated||Vacuum-insulated glass windows with glass-bump spacers|
|US8955358 *||Mar 21, 2014||Feb 17, 2015||Corning Incorporated||Vacuum-insulated glass windows with glass-bump spacers|
|US9346710||May 29, 2012||May 24, 2016||Corning Incorporated||Sheet glass product fabrication with growth-limited glass bump spacers|
|US9366071 *||Dec 3, 2014||Jun 14, 2016||Peter Petit||Low-friction spacer system for vacuum insulated glass|
|US20100107525 *||Nov 5, 2008||May 6, 2010||Grzybowski Richard R||Vacuum-Insulated Glass Windows With Glass-Bump Spacers|
|US20140202209 *||Mar 21, 2014||Jul 24, 2014||Corning Incorporated||Vacuum-insulated glass windows with glass-bump spacers|
|EP0047725A1 *||Sep 4, 1981||Mar 17, 1982||Torsten Assarsson||Heat-insulating window glass|
|U.S. Classification||428/34, D25/107, 65/58|
|International Classification||E06B3/663, C03B23/24|
|Cooperative Classification||E06B3/66304, E06B3/6612, Y02B80/24, C03B23/245|
|European Classification||E06B3/66D, C03B23/24B, E06B3/663A|