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Publication numberUS1371103 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 8, 1921
Filing dateMar 29, 1920
Priority dateMar 29, 1920
Publication numberUS 1371103 A, US 1371103A, US-A-1371103, US1371103 A, US1371103A
InventorsLucas William H
Original AssigneeLucas William H
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Inkwell
US 1371103 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

W. H. LUCASV INKWELL.

APPLICATION FILED MAR. 29, 1920.

Patented Mar. 8, 1921.

@fi'c anu UNITED STATES PATENT" OFFICE.

INKWELL.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, \VILLIAM H. LUCAS, a citizen of the United States, residing at Claremore, in the county of Rogers and State of Oklahoma, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Inkwells, of which the following is a specification.

lhe invention relates to an ink container, such as an ink well or bottle, and more particularly to the class of closures for use on ink wells or bottles.

The primary object of the invention is the provision of a closure of this character, wherein the stopper member thereof is resiliently supported so that when the same is brought to closed position relative to the mouth of the ink well or bottle it will become self adjusted for the proper seating thereof in the mouth for tightly closing and sealing the same, the opening and closing support for the stopper member being of novel form, which when released from closed position will instantly be caused to swing the stopper member to open position by the resiliency of the stopper member for free access to the contents of the ink well or bottle.

Another object of the invention is the provision of a closure of this character, wherein the construction and arrangement thereof enables the same to be readily mounted upon an ink well or bottle, without necessitating any changes in the same, and when closed will positively and tightly seal the mouth of the ink well or bottle thereby preserving the contents of the same, the stopper member and the support therefor being of novel form, whereby on the closing of the stopper member the support can be latched, the connection between the stopper member and the support being resilient and when said support is latched the stopper member and said support will be held under tension by the resilient member to firmly seat the stopper member when in closed position and to effect the automatic opening of the stopper member when the said support is unlatched, thereby eliminating the necessity of the manual lifting of the support or stopper member when it is desired to open the ink well or bottle.

A further object of the invention is the provision of a closure of this character, wherein the-stopper member is preferably Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented Mar. 8, 1921 Application filed March 29, 1920. Serial No. 369,827.

made from rubber so that on the closing thereof the same will become firmly seated in the mouth of an ink weel or bottle to completely seal the same and at the same time afiording maximum wearing qualities in the use of the closure.

A still further object of the invention is the provision of a closure of this character, wherein the same when in closing position is extremely sensitive to opening action so that the said closure may be easily operated either by the finger of the user of the ink well or bottle or through the instrumentality of a pen or like writing implement, the closure when in its closed position rendering the said ink well or bottle dust proof and airtight, thereby avoiding any deterioration in the contents or the evaporation of the same.

A still further object of the invention is the provision of a closure of this character, which is extremely simple in construction, readily and easily applied to an ink well or bottle, yet it is to be understood that the said closure may be applied to other receptacles or containers, thoroughly reliable and eflicient in its purpose, strong, durable, and inexpensive to manufacture and install.

With these and other objects in view, the invention consists in the features of construction, combination and arrangement of parts, as will be hereinafter fully described, illustrated in the accompanying drawings, and pointed out in the claims hereunto appended.

In the accompanying drawings:

Figure 1 is a perspective of a conventional form of ink well stand and ink well, showing the closure constructed in accordance with the invention applied to the ink well and the stopper member in open position.

Fig. 2 is a vertical sectional elevation, showing the closure with the stopper member in closed position relative to the well.

Fig. 3 is a fragmentary side elevation of the mounting frame of the closure showing the stopper member or support raised and at the limit of its opening movement.

Fig. 4 is a fragmentary rear elevation of the supporting frame and the stopper member or support.

Fig. 5 is a fragmentary side elevation of an ink bottle showing applied thereto a modified form of closure.

Fig; 6 is a sectional view on the line 6-6 sleeve 15 has formed thereon of Fig. 5 looking in the direction of the arrow.

Similar reference characters indlcate corresponding parts throughout the several views in the drawing:

Referrin to the drawings in detail, particularly Figs. 1 to 4 inclusive, A designates generally a conventional form of base or stand used in connection with an ink well B, which in this instance is of the glass type and of square shape having centrally therein the usual ink chamber C for accommodating a quantity of ink. lVithin the ink chamber C at a distance below the mouth thereof which opens through the top of the body of the well 13 is a pen wiping shelf 10, which is removably supported so that it may be cleaned when the occasion requires. The pen wiping shelf 10 is fitted in the chamber C in the well B in supporting seat 11 formed in the wall of said chamber C, the said seat being constructed and ar ranged to prevent any possible displacement of the pen wiping shelf 10 when fitted within the ink chamber C, which latter is adapted to be tilled with ink to a level below the plane of the shelf 10 and the ink can be dipped from the chamber C through the open mouth thereof in the usual manner.

"Carried by the well B is the closure which comprises a split supporting band or yoke 12 preferably made from metal bent correspondingly to the shape of the body of the well B to embrace the same in a manner as shown in Fig. .1 of the drawing, the ends of said bandor yoke 12 being bent out wardly in parallel relation to each other to form spaced. pivot bearings or cars 13 which are preferably located at the rear of the well B for accommodating therebetween a swinging support in the form of an inverted substantially U-shaped bridge bar 14, the end thereof between the pivot bearings or cars 13 being formed with a pintle sleeve 15 for accommodating a pivot pin 16 which is passed therethrough and engaged in the hearings or ears 13 so that the bridge bar 14 is swingingly connected to and mounted upon the supporting band or yoke 12. The end portion of the bar 14 having the pintle laterally extendingstop wings 17,. while the bearings or cars 13 are cut and formed with abutment extensions or tongues 18 adapted to c0- operate with the wings 17 so as to limit the opening movement of the bridge bar 14 when swung to the position shown in Figs. 1 and. 3 of the drawings.

Carried on the band or yoke 12 at the front of the well B centrally thereof is a spring held manually releasable catch device 19 which is adapted for locking engagement with the keeper end 2 of the bridge bar 14, which keeper end is formed at the free extremity of the bar remote from the pivoted end thereof, the catch device 19 being supported upon a pivot 21 which carries a spring 22 active upon the catch device 19 to hold the same in position for latching engagement with the keeper end 20 when the bridge bar 14 is swung to lower or closing position. The catch device 19 is formed with a relatively wide engaging portion 23 which is bent forwardly at an angle and this portion is adapted to be engaged by the finger of the user of the ink well B or by a pen or other writing impleent. The catch device 19 has mounted therein an adjustable stop pin 24 which limits the swinging of said catch crevice on the pivot 21 under the action of the spring 22 which tensions said catch device and by proper adjustment of the pin 24 accurate latching action of the catch device 19 with the keeper end 20 of the bridge bar 14 can be had as will be clearly apparent.

'llesiliently connected with the bridge bar 14 intermediate the ends thereof is a stopper member 25 preferably'in the form of a convened circular shaped head made from rubber, although the same may be made from any other suitable material impervious to liquid. Passed centrally through the stopper member 25 is a fastener 26 with which is connected one end of a coiled compressible spring 27 having its other end connected to a fastener 28 mounted in the bridge bar 14, the spring 27 being of the required resiliency to cause the positive and firm seating of the closure member 25 in. the mouth of the chamber C in the well B when the bridge bar has been swung to closed position as shown in Fig. 2 of the drawing from the open position shown in Fig. 1 of said drawings. The spring 27 on the closing of the bar 14 exerts not only a tension the stopper member 25 but also tensaid bridge bar 14 so that when the catch device 19 is released to disengage the keeper end 20 of the bridge bar 14 the lat tcrwill be automatically forced to open position as shown in Fig. 1 of the drawings from the closed position shown in Fig. 2 of said drawings, thereby eliminating the necessity of the. use of a spring at the pivoted end of the bridge bar 14 to effect the opening movement thereof.

.t will be apparent that by the resilient mounting of the stopper member 25 through the use of the spring 2? the said stopper member will self adjust itself on the closing of the bridge bar 14 to become properly seated within the mouth of the ink chamber C in the well 13 and the tension of said spring 27 upon the stopper member when in closed position will effect the t ght closing of the chamber C and the complete sealii'ig thereof by the stopper 25 at the mouth of said cha ber C so as to exclude dust, dirt, air and moisture from the ink chamber C of the well 3 and thus avoid any deterioration of the quantity of in contained in said chamber C- or the evaporation thereof.

in Figs. 5 and 6 of the drawings there is shown a slight modification of the closure adapting the same for an ink bottle and the same comprises split ring like clip or supband 29 which is adapted to be mounted upon the neck of the bottle 30 to 81111.) .ce the same adjacent the mouth of said bot'ie and this clip or band 29 at one side of the bottle swingingly supports the bridge bar 31 which is pivoted for opening and closmovement as at 82, the clip or band 29 being i Q IlQ-Ll upon the bottle through the medium of the removable fastener 33, while at the opposite side of the bottle 30 and pivot-ally supported in the clip or band diametrically opposite to the pivot 82 is a spring held hand releasable latch or catch device 3% adapted for latching engagement with the keeper end 35 of the bridge oar 31 to fasten the latter in closing position as is clearly shown in Fig. 5 of the drawing.

Resiliently connected to the bridge bar 31 is the stopper member 36 through the med um of a compressible spring 37 and the stopper member 36 is adapted to be seated in the mouth of the bottle 30 when the bridge bar 31 is swung to closed position and thus by said stopper member 36 the bottle will be completely closed and sealed. The modified form of closure in its construction and arrangement operates identically to the closure illustrated in Figs. 1 to 4 of the drawings and as hereinbefore described.

it is of course understood that changes, modifications and variations may be made in the invention such as fall properly within the scope of the appended claims without departing from the spirit of the invention or sacrificing any of its advantages.

From the foregoing it is believed that the construction and manner of operation of the closure will be clearly understood and therefore a more extended explanation has been omitted. 1

What is claimed is:

1. The combination with a fluid container having an open mouth, of a closure comprising a stopper member adapted for engagement in the open mouth, a swinging bridge bar constructed and arranged for mounting upon the container and adapted when in one position to bridge the mouth of said container, a latching device constructed and arranged to fasten the bridge bar in bridging relation to the mouth of the container, and a, resilientconnection between the bridge bar and said stopper member to tension the same when the bridge bar is in bridging relation to the mouth of the container, whereby the stopper member will be selfadjusting and firmly seated in the mouth of the container,

and on the releasing of the bridge bar, the latter will be swung to lift the stopper member in the mouth of the container.

it he combination with a fluid container having an open mouth, of a closure comprising stopper member adapted for engagement in the open mouth, a swinging bridge bar constructed and arranged for mounting upon the container and adapted when in one position to bridge the mouth of said container, a latching device constructed and arranged to fasten the bridge bar in bridging relation to the mouth of the container, a resilient connection between the bridge bar and said stopper member to tension the same when the bridge bar is in bridging relation to the mouth of the container, whereby the stopper member will be self-adjusting and firmly eated in the mouth of the container, and on the releasing of the bridge bar, the latter will be swung to lift the stopper member from the mouth of the container, and means constructed and arranged to embrace the container and constituting a mounting for the bridge bar and the latching device.

3. The combination with a fluid container having an open mouth, of a closure comprising a stopper member adapted for engagement in the open mouth, a swinging bridge bar constructed and arranged for mouting upon the container and adapted when in one position to bridge the mouth of said container, a latching device constructed and arranged to fasten the bridge bar in bridging relation to the mouth of the container, a resilient connection between the bridge bar and said stopper member to tension the same when the bridge bar is in bridging relation to the mouth of the container, whereby the stopper member will be self-adjusting and firmly seated in the mouth of the container, and on the releasing of the bridge bar, the latter will be swung to lift the stopper member from the mouth of the container, and means constructed and arranged to embrace the container and constituting a mounting for the bridge bar and the latching device, said stopper member having a cushion head.

l. The combination with a stopper member constructed and arranged for closing the mouth of container, of a supporting yoke for completely embracing a container and having means for adiustably and detachably securing the same thereon, a swinging support carried by said yoke, a resilient member connecting the stopper member to the swinging support and adapted when the latter is moved to one position for exerting a tension on said stopper member and support, and a latching device carried by the yoke and engageable with the swinging support when tensioned by the resilient member.

5. A closure of the character described, comprising a stopper member constructed and arranged for closing the mouth of a container, a swingiing suport for said stopper member, a resilient member connecting the stopper member to the swinging support and adapted when the latter is moved to one position for exerting a tension upon said stopper member and support, means for latching the swinging support when tensioned by the resilient member, and means for swinglngly fastening the support upon a container and adapted to carry the latching means.

6. A closure of the character described, comprising a stopper member constructed and arranged for closing the mouth of a container, a swinging support for said stopper member, a resilient member connecting the stopper member to the swinging support and adapted when the latter is moved to one position for exerting a tension upon said stopper member and support, means for latching the swinging support when tensioned by the resilient member, means for swingingly fastening the support upon a container and adapted to carry the latching means, and cooperating means on the last named means and said support for limiting the movement of the latter when swung in one direction.

In testimony hereto.

whereof, I aifix my signature WILLIAM H. LUCAS.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4166481 *May 30, 1978Sep 4, 1979Farris Darrel DClosed liquid transfer system
US4690180 *Nov 8, 1984Sep 1, 1987Integrated Environmental ServicesCylinder rupture vessel
US4944333 *Jun 3, 1987Jul 31, 1990Earth Resources Consultants, Inc.Cylinder rupture vessel with clamps for immobilizing a container inside the vessel
US5186219 *Feb 20, 1992Feb 16, 1993Earth Resources Consultants, Inc.Cylinder rupture vessel
US5337793 *Feb 1, 1993Aug 16, 1994Earth Resources CorporationCylinder rupture vessel
US5499665 *Aug 15, 1994Mar 19, 1996Earth Resources CorporationCylinder rupture vessel
US5613533 *Nov 28, 1995Mar 25, 1997Earth Resources CorporationCylinder rupture vessel
US5826631 *Oct 20, 1995Oct 27, 1998Earth Resources CorporationCylinder rupture vessel
US5900216 *Jun 19, 1996May 4, 1999Earth Resources CorporationVenturi reactor and scrubber with suckback prevention
US6139806 *Jul 17, 1998Oct 31, 2000Earth Resources CorporationVenturi reactor and scrubber with suckback prevention
US6164344 *Jul 28, 1997Dec 26, 2000Earth Resources CorporationSealable recovery vessel system and method for accessing valved containers
US6240981May 10, 1999Jun 5, 2001Earth Resources CorporationApparatus and method for controlled penetration of compressed fluid cylinders
US6308748Sep 28, 2000Oct 30, 2001Earth Resources CorporationSealable recovery vessel system and method for accessing valved containers
USRE33799 *Apr 2, 1990Jan 21, 1992 Cylinder rupture vessel
Classifications
U.S. Classification220/314, 220/844
International ClassificationB43L25/00
Cooperative ClassificationB43L25/002
European ClassificationB43L25/00B