Improvement in indicator-locks
US 137181 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
E. A. C00 PER.
Patented March 25, 1873.
`- NITED TA'rns IMPROVEMENT IN INDICATOR-LOCKS.
Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 137.11871, dated March 25, 1873.
Toall whom it may concern: A
Beit known that I, EDWARD A. COOPER, of the town of Lancaster, in the county of Erie and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Indicator-Locks, of which the following is a specication My invention relates to that class of locks in which a numbered wheel or wheels are connected with the mechanism of the lock so as to be moved one degree each time the lock is opened, and indicate the number of times the lock has been opened by exposing a different number or character through an opening in the lock-case. A sealed stop has heretofore been employed in such locks to arrest the movement of the indicator-wheel when it has completed one revolution or any desired part of a revolution. My invention consists, first, in the combination,withthehasp and lookin g-dog, of a vibrating arm coupled to the locking-dog by a link in suoli manner that the dog may be moved by the hasp without affecting the vibrating arm, while the vibration of the latter, by the action of the key upon its camface, will cause the dog to be withdrawn, as will behereinafter more fully set forth 5 second, in the combination, with the locking-dog and tumbler-arm provided with a spring-pawl, of an indicator-wheel, sliding detent-disk, and way-key, which disengages the detent-disk from the indicator-wheel, and moves the latter, through the medium of the tumbler-arm and pawl attached thereto, at the same time that the hasp is released; third, in the combination, with the indicator-wheel, of a sprin glever arranged on the front plate, which engages in a notch in the wheel and locks the same after it has completed a revolution, or any required part of a revolution; fourth, in the combination, with the indicator-wheel, locking-lever, tumbler-arm, and detent-disk, of a through-key for unlocking the lock when the indicator-wheel has been arrested by the locking-lever. A l
In the accompanying drawing, Figure I is a view of my improved lock, with the rear plate and indicator-wheel removed. Fig. II is a view of the rear plate and indicator-wheel. Fig. III is a vertical section of the lock. Fig. IV is a view showing the locking mechanism opened so as to release the hasp. Fig. V is a horizontal section in line m, Fig. I, looking upward. Fig. VI is a view of the lower portion of the rear plate of the lock-case. Fig. VII is a fragmentary vertical section showing the operation of the ordinary key. Fig. VIII is a similar` view, showing the operation of the key by which the locking-lever of the indica tor-wheel is released. Fig. IX is a plan view of the key employed for releasing said looking-lever.
Like letters of reference designate like parts in each of the gures. Y
A represents the front-plate of the lock case, and A vthe rear plate thereof. B is the hasp, and O the locking catch or dog, turning on a pin, c, secured to the front plate A, and held against the hasp by a spring, b. D is the radial 'tumbler-arm, also turning on the pivot c, and arranged on the plate A, back of the dog O, and on the opposite side of the key hole. It is connected to the dog O by a link or hook, c', secured to the latter, and projecting through an opening, d, in the arm D, and provided with a head that prevents its withdrawal, while the link slides freely in the opening d, so as to allow the catch to move to and from the arm D independent of the latter. e is a cam or curved surface, arranged `on the arm D next to the key-hole for the engagement of the I,key therewith, and terminating in a notch, cf fis a spring-pawl, secured to the upper end of the arm D for operating the indicator-wheel. G is the indicator-wheel, arranged on the rear plate A', and turning on an arbor, g, secured thereto concentric with the key-hole. The rim h ot' the indicator-wheel 1s Vmade somewhat thicker than the main body or disk thereof, and provided in its periphery with a suitable number of ratchets, h', while a corresponding number of radial notches, z',
are arranged in its inner surface. The indi cater-wheel Gr is provided on its surface adjacent to the rear plate Alwith a series of concentric numbers or letters corresponding in number and position with the ratchets h', one of said numbers or letters being exposed to view through an openin g in the plate A', when the mechanism is locked as shown in Fig. VI. Kis the circular detent-plate, arranged on `the main body of the indicator wheel, and provided with a projecting tooth, k, engaging in the lowest notch t' in the rim of the indicator'- wheel. The plate K is made smaller in diameter than the rim h so as to leave sufficient play at the top to enable it to be raised for disengaging the tooth 7c from the respective'A notch i with which it may be engaged. The inner portion ofthe plate K around the arbor g is cut out and formed above the key-hole with a cam, 701, terminating in a notch, 7a2. The plate K is provided with an elongated lug or rib, l, sliding between two parallel guides, l', secured to the front plate A, as the disk is moved. The spring b, by which the dog C is held in contact with the hasp, is wound around a pin, b, one end of the spring engaging with the dog C, while the other end engages with the lug l so as to press the detent-diskKagainst the lower portion of the rim h of the indicatorwheel. The guides l are provided with a vertical slot to permit of the requisite movement of the spring b when the detent-tooth 7o is disengaged, as clearly shown in Fig. VIII. M is a horizontal lever, pivoted in a recess, m, arranged in the front plate A of the lock-case, as shown most clearly in Figs.V, VII, and VIII. The short arm of this lever is bent atright angles to the main body of the same, and provided with a projecting ledge, a, held against the side of the rim h of the indicator-wheel by a suitable spring, n. o is a notch, arranged in the side of the rim h in such manner that when the wheel G has completed a `revolution the lever M engages with its ledge n in the notch o. The opposite end of the lever M is provided with a rib or iian ge, p, which proj ectssligh tly from the inner surface of the plate A while the lever M is engaged with the notch o of the indicator-wheel and is depressed in releasing the wheel, as will presently be explained.
The padlock is locked by forcing the hasp against the inclined head of the catch C, which is pressed back toward the arm D until the lparts are in the proper position to engage,
when the spring b returns the catch to its normal and locked position. The ordinary key It used for opening the lock being inserted and turned, the projection r first engages with the cam k1 of the plate K, raising the same against the spring b so asto disen gage the detent-tooth 7c from theindicator-wheel, as shown in Fig. VII and by dotted lines in Fig. II. By further turning the key, its main portion r engages with the cam e of the armD, swinging the latter on its pivot, the dog C following this movement of the arm D by reason of the connecting-link c', while the pawl f turns the indicator-wheel. When the key is so far turned that its projection r coincides with the notch k2 the disk K descends by the reaction of the spring b. and rests with the tooth k against the inner side of the rimy it until the indicator-wheel is turned far enough to bring the next notch i under the tooth 7c, when the latter engages therewith so as to lock the wheel in this position. During this movement of the key the dog C is disengaged from the hasp and held away from the same until the main portion r reaches thc notch e in the arm D, when the latter and the dog G are released from the key and r'eturned by the spring b to their former position, this backward movement of the arm D being limited by a stop, s, arranged on the plate A. After the tongue 1 of the key has passed into the notch k2 of the disk K, thereversal of the key is arrested, so that it can only be withdrawn by completing the revolution thereof, as above described. As this engagement of the key with the notch takes place before the hasp is released, the lock cannot be opened without either partly turning the key and leaving it fast in the lock, or else by making a complete revolution of the key and moving the indicator-wheel. When the wheel G has completed one revolution lthe notch o in the rim thereofcoincideswith the ledge n of the horizontal lever M, which ledge engages in said notch, and holding the indicator-wheel G in this positionprevents further movement of thearm D 4and dog C, and consequently the unlocking of the lock.`
It is evidentfrom the foregoing that the lock can be opened as many times as there are ratchets in the indicator-wheel; also, that by properly arranging the notch o the mechanism may be locked after the lock vhas been opened any desired number of times. Only the ordinary key R being in the hands of the employees along the road it is rendered impossible for them to open the lock after the locking-lever M has engaged with the notch o. Without such locking device the lock' could be repeatedly opened until the indicator-wheelY had completed an entire revolution, so as to expose the same number or character that wasv in view before the lock was interfered with, and thereby leave no indication that the lock had been thus opened. T representsJ the; vkey which is used for disengaging the locking-lever M from the notch o of the indicator-wheel. This key is formed similar to the vkey It, except that it is provided with an additional projection, r2, beveled oft' at the inner side, as shown in Fig. IX. By turning this key in the lock the sharp edge of the beveled projection r2 engages behind the rib or liange p of the locking-lever M, forcing that end of the latter away from the plate A, as shown by dotted lines in Fig. V, whereby the opposite end of the lever is withdrawn from the notch o, and the indicator-wheel released. The latter is now enabled to complete another revolution before itis locked again. 'Ihe key 'I is placed in the hands of an authorized person stationed at each end of the road, and whose duty it is to examine the locks and reset the same for the return trip.
The lock is made self-locking by means of the sliding link,l which connects the dog with the arm D, admitting of the spring movement of the dog irrespective of the arm.
What I claim as my invention ism- 1. In the combination with the hasp and locking-dog of a vibratingarm, coupled to thel locking-dog by a. link, i'n such manner that the dog may move independently of the arm, while the letter, when moved by the action of the key upon its cam-face, will necessarily Withdraw the locking-dog, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.
2. The combination, with the locking-dog C and pivoted arm D, provided with spring'. pawl f, of the indicator-Wheel G, sliding detent-disk K, and key R, substantially as hereinbefore set forth.
3. The combination, with the indicator-Wheel G, provided with notch o, of spriugle'ver M,
arranged on the plate A, for locking the indicator-Wheel, substantially as hereinbefore set forth.
4. The combination, with the indicator- Wheel G,1o`cking1ever M, arm D, and detentdisk K, of a through-key, T, for disengaging the lever M and unlocking the lock, as hereinbefore set forth.
EDWARD A. COOPER.
JOHN J. BONNER, EDWARD WILHELM.