US 1372270 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
APPLICATION FILED Nov. 12, 1919.
moanfco/c www fovnaq Patented Mar. 22, 1921.
UNITED STATES riri'rur oFF-ics.
JAMES BORLAND, OF XENIA, VOHIO.
To all whom t may' concern:
Be it known that I, JAMES BORLAND, a citizen of the United States, residing at Xenia, in the county of Greene and State of' Ohio, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Cushions, of which the following is a specication. q f
My invention relates to seat-cushions, and more particularly to a temporary cushion for use on amphitheater seats such as circus seats, seats in the viewing stand at race tracks, ball games, Chautauqua meetings, or excursion Steamers, but also suitable for use as temporary cushions on porches or for picnic purposes. h
The object of the invention 1s to provide a cheap, simple, and sanitary cushion, which will be of light weight, economical to manufacture and so inexpensive that when used or soiled, it may be discarded or destroyed.
A further object of the invention is to provide a casing or container foldable'to compact form, and of light weight, which will enable a great number to be carried or transported from place to place with little effort or inconvenience.
With the above primary and other incidental objects in view as will more fully appear in the specification, the invention consists of the features of construction, the parts and combinations thereof, and the mode of operation or their` equivalents as hereinafter described and set forth 1n the claims.
Referring to the drawings, Figure 1 is a perspective view of the seat cushion or p ad forming the subject matter hereof. Fig. 2 is a transverse sectional view thereof substantially on line 2--2 of Fig. 3. Fig. is a perspective view of an envelop or casing viewed from the under or bottom side, the
casing being opened and partly torn away to disclose the details of construction. Fig. 4 is a modification.
Like parts are indicated by similar characters of reference throughout the several views.
The cushion or seat pad forming the subject matter hereof is designed to be sold concessionaries or privileged men at circuses, racing meets, county fairs, ball games, excursion Steamers, and like places. During recent years there has developed a considerable business in renting cushions or seat pads for amphitheater seats, reviewing stands,
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Mar. 22, 192i.
Application4 led November 12, 1919. Serial No. 337,452..
and places where unupholstered benches orv board seats are provided. These cushions or seat pads, however, are vof a more or less bulky and expensive type. Such cushions or seat pads are not sold outright, but are merely rented for the occasion and through repeated and continuous use become very unsanitary. Furthermore, such cushions and seat pads are the occasion of much dissension and coniiict between the concessionary or privileged man and his customer who refuses to surrender the cushion or pad when he has finished his use of it, but insists upon carrying it away with him. The losses from this source are quite considerable and the arguments and discussions occasioned quite disagreeable.
The present invention is desi ned to provide a cushion or seat pad o tem orary character at a cost sufficiently smal that after being once used it .may be discarded. In any event it will not be of suilicient monetary value to encourage the user to carry it away with him. Furthermore, being of such character that it is not capable of withstanding the use of more than a few oocasions, it necessitates frequent replacement, and hence is much more sanitary than a continuously used cushion or pad of higher qualityand more expensive manufacture.
The. cushion or seat pad comprises a paper envelop having a cover section eX- tending beyond the mar in of the envelop to which it is attached. n the drawings the cover section l is shown provided with an ornamental border or design which will render it effective and pleasing in appearance. On the under side of this cover section l is provided a pocket 2 of less dimensions than the cover section to which the cover section l forms an inclosure or en# velop for a filling 3 which may be of straw, excelsior, dried grass or other suitable material. For convenience of manufacture the pocket 2 is preferably formed from a sheet of paper or light material three marginal edges of which have been .folded inward as at 4--4 and 5. As shown in the drawings the lateral margin Il hasV been folded over the bottom margin 5. These inwardly folde-d margins 4 and 5 are attached to the upper side of the cover section 1 by gluin 4pasting or cementing the folded margins thus comprisingvloose marginal cover section 1 forms one side of the ocket or casing and so econimizes materia s. A. triangular flap or closure 6 is secured to'the under side of the cover section 1 by pasting, gluing or cementing one of the marginal edges-thereto with the extreme ends of the flap extending either under or over the 1nfolded mar ins 4.- This closure flap 6 is adapted to e secured in its closed position as indicated by dotted lines in Fig. 3 by any suitable form of clasp or fastening means. In the drawing there has been shown an ordinary form of paper fastener 7 .which is adapted to be projected through the eye 8 of the flap 6 and the end of the fastener 7 bent outward. n
While the construction above described is to be preferred on account of the economy of materials it is obvious that in .lieu of making the cover section 1 a part of the pocket or casing that an ordinary paper envelop of suilicient size may be employed to which the cover section 1 is secured. Such a construction is shown in Fig. 4, in which 9 is an ordinary envelop of large size and 1 the cover section secured thereto. Iii-Fig. 4 the pad or seat has been shown empty and in inverted position.
In any event, however, it is to be noted that the lines of attachment of the cover section 1 are inside the margin of the pocket or envelop section, that is to say the envelop casing is free about its marginal edges from the cover section 1, as shown at 10 in Fig. 2, and that furthermore the cover section 1 is of materially larger dimensions than the casing or envelop whereby .it projects beyond the margins of the casin or envelop aps.
The construction as shown and described affords a cheap light and compact casing which may be packed in great numbers in a comparatively small case or packing box for transportation. The device is such that the concessionary or privileged man may pack several hundred of these containers in an ordinary suit case and upon reaching the c fair grounds or circus lot he may purchase a bail of straw or excelsior and proceed to fill the cushion or plad as needed. The cushions being of suc character that they are not likely to be carried away by the users or if carried away the monetary loss is comparatively small, the concessionary or privileged man may go through the reviewing stand or seats and salvage such cushions or pads as may be capable of further use.
However, in any event the life of the cushions or ad will be quite short and its use will be limited to a very'fewvoccasions. Consequently there is but little opportunity for the cushions to become unsanitary as is the case with more valuable cushions which are used for long periods of time. v
W'hile the cover section 1 has been shown in the drawing as provided with an ornamental border or design, this cushion will afford a very desirable form of advertising which may be placed upon the cover section 1. The loose marginal flaps 11 of the cover section materially improve the a' pearance of the cushion'or pad and if ma e of sufficient length or extent be ond the margin of the casing or container t ey will turn down over the edges of the seat and so protect the clothing of the user. In the event that the seats are provided with backs the rear margin of the cover section 1 may be turned upward against the back for the same purpose. While for convenience of illustration the loose mar inal edges of the cover section 1 has been s own comparatively short in the drawings it is to be understood that these loose marginal fiaps may be projected to any desired extent beyond the margins of the container or casing 2.
From the above description it will be apparent that there is thus provided a device of the character described possessing the particular features of advantage before enumerated as desirable, but which obviously .is susceptible of modification in its form, proportions, detail constructicn and arrangement of arts without departing from the princip e involved or sacrificing an of its advantages.
ile in order to comply with the statute the invention has been described in language more or less specific as to structural features, it is to be understood that the invention is not limited to the specific details shown, but that the means and construction herein disclosed comprise but one of several modes of putting the invention into effect, and the invention is therefore claimed in any of its forms or modifications within the legitimate and valid scope of the appended claims.
Having thus described my invention, I claim:
1. As an article of manufacture, a paper cushion for amphitheater seats and the like, comprising a paper envelop for a body of filling material, said envelop forming a complete inclosure includin a cover sheet of larger dimensions than t ie pocket for iillin material, the juncture lines of the cover and filling material pocket being spaced inward from the edge of the pocket.
2. As an article of manufacture, a paper cushion for ainphitheater seats and the like, comprising a face or cover section and a pocket to contain filling material secured to the under or reverse side of said cover section, said pocket being of less extent than the cover section and forming a complete inclosure for a body of filling material, the juncture line of the cover section and pocket being` s aced inward from the edges of the pocket eyond which edges the cover section extends.
ammo n 3. As an article of manufacture, a paper In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set cushion for amphitheater seats andthe 11ke, my hand this 1st day of November A. D. 10 oxmprisng a lcet fol'ling a complte 1919.
c osure or a y o 111g materla sal 5 envelop having loose marginal flaps attached JAMES BORLAND to the pocket on juncture lines in spaced re- Witnesses: lation from the margins of the pocket and HARRY F. NOLAN, projections beyond sald margins. GEORGE C. Hmmm.