US 1374420 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
A. P. BERGGREEN.
APPLICATION FILED NOV-19, 1920.
Patented Apr. 12, 1921.
A TTORNE Y 8 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
ANDREW PETER BERGGREEN, OF ST. PAUL, MINNESOTA.
Specification of Letters Patent. Pat nted Apr. 12, 1921.
1 Application filed November 19, 1920. Serial No. 425,215.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, ANDREW PETER BERG- GREEN, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of St. Paul, in the county of Ramsey and State of Minnesota, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Toys, of which the following is a specification.
The present invention relates to toys.
The object of the invention is to provide a toy which is adapted to project toy projectiles or missiles through the air for a relatively great distance and with a high degree of accuracy, and which is of sturdy and durable constructiom'reliable in action and easy and inexpensive to manufacture;
'Other objects and advantages of the invention reside in certain novel features of construction, combination and arrangement of parts which will be hereinafter more fully described and particularly pointed out in the appended claims, reference being had to the accompanying drawings forming part of this specification, and in which:
Figure 1 is a side elevational view, ing the toy in use;
Fig. 2 is a fragmentary View; I
,Fig. 3 is a detail perspective View of the ferrule in position;
Fig. 4 is a detail perspective view of the projectile;
Fig. 5 is a projectile;
Fig. 6 is a fragmentary view in section, showing the projectile construction;
Fig. 7 is a detail perspective view of the operator for the projectile holder; and
Fig. 8 is a side elevational View of a modified form of projectile.
Referring to the drawings wherein is shown the preferred embodiment of the invention, the numeral 10 designates a stafi, preferably of wood, and adapted to be grasped at its lower end by the hand of the person using the toy, as shown in Fig. 1.
show- A ferrule 11, preferably lmetallic, is secured by means of screws or similar fastenings 12 to then per end of the stafi.
A projectile older, designated generally at 13, is provided and preferably constructed of tough and elastic wood, such as elm or ash, although light resilient metal may be employed for this purpose. The projectile or missile holder 13 comprises a cylindrical solid base 14 adapted to be received in the opening of the ferrule 11 and secured detail perspective view of the therein by means of screws or similar fastening-s 15. Integral with the base 14 is a palr of gripping arms or members 16 which are slightly spaced and by virtue of the elasticity of the wood or by virtue of their reslliency when constructed of metal resist spreading apart or similar distortion and thus are adapted to releasably grip the proj ectile. If desired a slidable ring 17 may be mounted on the missile holder to embrace the gripping arms 16- and by adjusting this ring on the arms the degree of their gripping action may be varied.
An operator 18 is provided, and is associated with the staff or projectile holder by means of a string 19. The operator 18 is constructed with a wedge or inclined surface20 which when inserted in the space between the gripping arms serves to spread these arms and permit of ready and easy association of these gripping arms with the projectile as will behereinafter described.
The projectile which is preferably'used with the invention is designated generally at 21, and is shown in Fig. 1 associated with the projectile or missile holder. The projectile is preferably of arrow or dart type and includes a head 22 of general cylindrical form and having a tapered front end 23. The head 22 is provided with a socket 24 and carries a point 25. A shaft 26 has its forward end received and secured in the socket 24 and is provided at its readend with a longitudinal kerf 27 which receives the vane 28 secured to the shaft by means of fastening means 29. The forwardend of the shaft 26 is provided with a cavity 30 which receives slugs of lead or the like or.
other body of relatively heavy mass. This loading of the forwardend of the arrow supplements the action of the vane 28 in giving the projectile poise and balance in its flight, so as to enable the person using the toy to project the arrow through space for a substantial distance with a great degree of force and a high degree of accuracy.
In the use of the to the. operator 18 is first inserted between t e gripping arms to spread the arms and the shaft of the projectile is arranged between the arms, as shown in Fig; 1, and the operator is withdrawn so that the arms grip the shaft of the projectile and maintain it in position, as shown in Fig. 1. The staff of the toy is then grasped at its lower end and the operatorlS is also also to receive other characters of missiles such for instance as a fiat stone or the like but it is'especially and preferably adapted for use with a projectile or missile possessing the characteristics of the projectile 21. If desired the projectile holder 13 may be removed and the ferrule 11 may be used as a missile holder to receive a projectile of clay or similar material.
In lieu of the dart illustrated in Figs. 1, 5 and 6, a modified form of dart may be employed which consists of a head 35, a point 36, and a shaft 37 connected with the head 35. In this form, the shaft is solid at its forward end, there being no cavity and no slug. At its rear end, the vane 28 is dispensed with and the shaft is provided with a bore 38 into which is tightly wedged the quills of a plurality of feathers, designated at 39. The feathers arranged in this manner with respect to the dart gives it a high degree of poise, balance and direction.
1. A toy comprising in combination a projectile including a head provided with a point and a socket, a shaft having its for- Ward end received in the socket of the head and provided with a cavity, a body of relatively heavy mass received in the cavity and a vane carried bv the tail end of said shaft, a staff, and a projectile holder carried by the staff and including? spring grippingmembers adapted to engage the shaft of the projectile. 2. In a toy of the character described, i
combination, a projectile including a shaft,-.
a staff, a projectile holder carried by the staff and including spring gripping members adapted to engage the shaft of the projectile, and an operator for spreading the.
spring gripping members of the projectile holder associated with theholder. 3. In a toy of the character described, in combination, a projectile including a shaft, a staff, a projectile holder thereon including spring gripping members adapted toengage the shaft of the projectile, a ring em,- bracing the spring gripping members to vary the tension thereof and an operator for the spring gripping members associated with the projectile holder.
4:. In a toy of the character described, in combination, a projectile including a shaft, astaff and a missile holder carried by the staff and including spring gripping members adapted to engage the shaft of the pros