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Publication numberUS1374697 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 12, 1921
Filing dateNov 1, 1919
Priority dateNov 6, 1918
Also published asDE337926C
Publication numberUS 1374697 A, US 1374697A, US-A-1374697, US1374697 A, US1374697A
InventorsWerndli Heinrich
Original AssigneeWerndli Heinrich
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Exercising apparatus
US 1374697 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)


1,374,697, l f men 2 SHEETS-SHEET 1.

Inl/0111er; l

fwd Apr. 12, 1921'.



- ters or figures ci reference 'marked thereon,

l lnn'iivnicii wiinivDLi-,or zi'iiticifi, SWITZERLAND;

4iaxxnnorsrive APPARATUS.

To all whom zj may concern: r f

Be it known that I, HEINRICH WniiNDLi, a'citizeirof the Republic of Switzerland, residing Switzerland, vhave invented certain new anduseiil improvements in Exercising Apparatus; and i do hereby declare the following Vto `be clear, full, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled inthe art to which it appertains to make and use the saine, reference being 'had to the accompanying drawings, and to letwhich form a part o :t this speciiication.

This invention relates to that classfof ap pai'atus, known as home gymnasiums orv ex- 'ercisers, adapted to be used for exercising in supported and suspended or hanging positions.

Exercising apparatuses are already known which comprise straps guided 'over rolls or pulleys, the part of the straps thathangs downward on one side oi" the rolls being projvided with a handle while to the other part of these straps that hangs downward on the other side orl the rolls, a loop for supporting the foot is attached. Furthermore, there arealso known exercising apparatuses con-` structed after the principle of a;tackle,'in

which the resistance of springs, weights, etc., iixed tothe floor. and connected up to the tackle is overcome by exerting a pull on the free end lont' a rope which is guided over the rolls or pulleys of the tackle.

All these known exercising apparatuses have thedisadvantage of providing only for.

a one-sided movement of certain parts of the body, since the different exercises have tobe carried out eitherin a prone or upright position. v

The present invention has therpurpose of providing an apparatus, adapted to be Vused in supported and suspended positions in order to attain an all-around training of the body, andto provide'an'. apparatus that enables delicate persons and'persons of everyy age to carry out without fear oi over-exertL ing themselves, exercises which arel very advantageous from a point of health and which,l withthe known apparatuses andarrangements couldnot be carried out at all or only by very strong persons. Y --j VAn apparatus constructed in accordance with this invention comprises two pulleys freely hanging downward on a member that speication-of Lettersratent, Y

Appiieaeion ined November 1.1919. serial No.

at 'i7guri ch, Rossbergstrasse 24,

arrangement. 1

' Figs. 4, 5 and 6 illustrate dii-ferent posi- '1 and 2 respectively.

rat; ntaAprgie'-, resi,

acts as holder, orinstance a ceiling, vbeam,i

tree or the like, supporting members such as' straps, each guided over-'one of said pulleys,Vv

handlesiixed to the portion of the'supporting membersliangingdownward on one side of their guiding pulleysjand'foot supports fixed to the portion ofthe supporting memf bers hanging downwardon theother. side of` their guiding pulleys, the body of theexerf yciser beingy adapted to be carried totally said two 4supporting members. Each .foot support may be `tixedto an ade .ditiona'l pulley over which 'a-portion oi the Lcorresponding strap is guided, the free endr or' said strap portion being then fixed to a member carrying the guide pulley and said f strap portion forming4v a loop irl-which the additional guide pulley is loosely arranged.;

Thereby, each strap forms .together with the two pulleys over which it is passedand'sai'd member carrying theguide pulley, atackle Figure 1 is a. liront view oaiirst con# struction according to this. invention comprisingtwo .tackle-arrangements;

Fig 2 is a front view of one half of a second embodiment in which the feet sup.

ports; are ydirectly suspended on `the straps.

F10. 3 shows another. manner of using the"vv apparatus illustrated infFigQ. A

tions which the exerciser can take up when using the apparatus illustrated in" F.ig. .1, while .j

Fig. 7 shows a position that canbe taken up by an exerciser using the 4apparatus illustrated in Fig. y2. n

Fig. 8 shows on'an enlarged scale amodiiication of astop. Referring at iirst to' Fig.' 1, t denotes two straps each of whichpasses over` a pulley Each oi the pulleysv 1 and 2 is rotatably mounted ina stirrup 3.

The stirrups 3 areprovided with a hook 4;*

inorder that they may be suspended ona screw-eye fixed to a holding member, for instance a ceiling, girder, tree or the like.l

of holes 6. Into one'ofthe holesfof'the portion 7 ofthe straps hanging downwardy .The straps a vare provided with a. plurality.

on one side of the pulleysl 1 and 2res'pecV tively, is inserted ya stirrup-like handle 8.,

vEach' .handle 8'is .providedwith ahook-:like member or projection .91. The. portion- 9 'of the straps a hanging downward .on the vother side of they pulleys 1 'and 2 respectively is guided over a second, loose pulley and itis connected at its free end by means of a spring hook 11 to the stirrup 3 of the" pulleys 1 and 2 respectively. The pulley 1 together with its stirrup 3 and the strap' a passing over` this pulley and one of the radditional pulleys 10 constitute together a tackle-arrangement; similarly, alsothe pulley 2 together with its stirrup 3 and the strap a passing over this pulley 2 and the Each" these stirrups 12fis suspended a stirrup 15 by means of 'a band 13and a ring 14. The

, stirrups 12 are provided withfa turned up projection1121. r16 designates safety pins or stops each of which -is adapted to be VVpassedrthrough-a hole 6'of the strap portions 9 in order to prevent upon its strik-V ing against lthe stirrup 3 afurther downward movement of the handle 8. f Near the free end ofthe portion-9 Vof the straps a areV described, the exerciser seizes in the manner illustrated in `Figs. 4, 5 and 6 the handles 8 pushingj at the same time his feet into the stirrupsv 15. VAccording as he exerts a pull onto the portions 7 of thestrap a by suspending his body lon the handles 8 or as he uses the latter as a support, he is able to cause his limbs or the whole body to assume different positions. Owing Vto the provision of said tackle-arrangement, .thel forcethat has to bev exerted for carrying out thediffeient exercises is much smaller than that which has to be l"exerted for thel same 'exercises Von gymnasium apparatuses of the kind'hitherto known. By using the novel apparatus also weakerfan'd untrained people are fable to carry out at once' exercises which on known apparatuses can be carried out only by very strong gymnasts. Any overstraining of the exerciser is thereby'avoided.

Fig. 4 shows the manner in which the ap` paratus may be used, for instance, for Vcausing a lifting of the leg and knee in a `rearwardv direction, anv -exercise very suitable for curing rheumatism in 'the kneeand hip* joints.v The apparatus may also be used in a similar manner for lifting thev leg and the knee in a forward direction.

Fig. 5 shows theuse ofthe apparatus in the leaning hang, in which case an expansion of thechest and strengthening of the armand shoulder-musclesis attained. This leaning hang into which one is'able to pass from the so-called yleaning-rest by lowering oneself and stretching the arms upward and in which position the body mainly rests v on the hands, canbe executed by delicate and untrained persons. This Fig. -shows the handles is prevented by the stops orpins Y 16 bearing against the stirrups, 3 carryingv the guide pulleys 1` and 2 respectively. v

Fig. 6 shows how thek body of the exer-4 ciser may be brought into the stretched Vhang in which the arms are nearly vertical the upward bent projectionof the stirrups' r12 and inserting the hook 91 of the handles 8 from below into one of the loops 17.

VIn the arrangement according to Fig.'2

no additional pulleys '10 are provided. In

this case the stirrup 15 is directly fixed to the portion l9 of the strap a by means 'of a.

band 13, ring 14 and Carbine-hook 19. AThen using this apparatus more strengthv for exerting lthe various exercises is required than it is the case, when the rst described appa ratus is used.

Fig. 7 shows how this apparatus lcan beV usedwhen it is desired to pass from thev resting on the hands position into a hanging position by lifting the stretchedv arms sidewise from which positionv itis then possible to move into the suspension V with lstretched legs position by lowering' the body By attaching Athe free endA offthe portion icc 9 of a strap a by means of the carbine hook 19 to the handle 8 in the manner shownvin Fig. 3, this secondV form oit kapparatus may be used for exercising inthesame way as the so-called rings, whereby the amount of strength required is greater than when using the apparatus in the manner shown in Figs. 2 and 7.

Instead of the pins 16 other means may be provided for preventing tliehandles 8 from moving below a certain height. Fig. 8 shows for instance such means which have the shape of a link cfa chain consistingof two halves 20 and 21 which are normally held in engagement by a spring 22, which latter.

allows the part 21 being pulled 'out of part 20 and turned around the axis of the spring, in which case the oneend of the half 2() may i i if be inserted into or pulled out respectively ofY one of the holes 6 ofthe tape a, whereafter the part 21'is turned back in order to be brought again link part 20.

I claim:v y q 1. In an exercising apparatus, a pulley block arrangedfor overhead suspension, a strap connected at one end to said block andinto engagement 5 with the freeend and forming a loop, a pulley block suspended in said loop and stirrup like foot ,supports connected to the vpulley block ,in

said loop for supporting lthe person ex.-

ercising. v

2. In an exercising apparatus, apulley block arranged for overhead suspension,.a`

strap connected at one end to said block and passing over the pulley of said block and provided with a stirrup-lilre handleon lits free end and forming a loop, a pulley block suspended in said'loop, stirrups con-y nected to the pulley block in said loop, and stops on said strap to limit the extent of movement of the'handled end.`

3. In an exercising apparatus, a pulley block for overhead suspension, a strap connected' at one end to said block and passing over the pulley of said blockto form a loop, a said strap having spaced stop engaging means, a handle connected to the free end' of said strap, spaced means on the end of the strap, and engaging-.means on the handle cop'erating with `the latter spaced means to fasten the free end of the strap to perforations, a stop adjustable from Vone perforation to another, said stop for abutment against the Vpulley .block to limit the movement of the strap'thereover, a handle connected to one end of the strap, loops on thestrap and a'hook onthe handle for engaging 1n said loops.

5. In an exercising apparatus, a-pair of pulley blocks for overhead suspension,-l

straps, one end of each of which is secured to a pulley block and the other end passed over the pulley of said block to form a loop, a pulley suspended in each loop, and va seat whose ends'are detachably connected to the latter pulley blocks, and handles'on the ends of the straps. o'

6. An exercising apparatus comprising a holder, means freely hanging on said holder, two pulleys rotatably mounted on Asaid means, two straps each of which is guided over one of said pulleys and hangsv downward on both sidesvoi its guide pulley, the

portion of each ystrap hanging downward on the one side of its guide pulley forming a loopand being fixed at its lfree end tothe l means carrying lsaid pulley, a handle contwo` pulleys rotatably mounted on said means, two straps each of which is guided so over one of said pulleys that it ,hangs downward on both sides of its guide pulley, vthe portion of each strap hanging ldownward on the one side of its guide pulley forminga loop and being fixed at its free endto the means carrying said pulley, a handle 'connected to the kportion of each strap hanging downward on the other side of its guide pulley, two additional pulleys arranged in said loops'ofl the straps, each strap forming together with. its guidel pulley, the additional guide pulley arrangedV in its loop and the means carrying its guide pulley a Vtaclrle-arrangement, foot supports for the exerciser connected to said additional pulleys and means on the last menguided so'over one of said pulleys that it v hangsl downward on-both sides of itsV guide ,pulley the portion of each straplianging downward on the one side of its guide pulley forming a loop and being ylixed at its free end tothe meanscarrying said pulley, a v

strap hanging downward on the other side of i' its guide pulley, two additional pulleys arranged in'said loops of the straps, ea'ch strap handle yconnected to 'they portion of each` forming together with its guide pulley, the y additional guide pulleyV arranged Vin its loop .Y and the means carrying its 'guide pulley a tackle-arrangement, ioot supports for the exerciser connected to said additional pulleys, hooks fixed to the last mentioned pulleys, and a rod-like body on said hooks.

Y In .testimony that I claim the foregoing as my invention, I .havesigned my name. f Y y HEINRICH WERNDLI.


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4052070 *Jul 16, 1973Oct 4, 1977Lew Hyok SVariable tension ring exerciser
US4125257 *Jun 24, 1974Nov 14, 1978Lew Hyok SExercising device for aerial exercises
US4431184 *Jul 21, 1980Feb 14, 1984Lew Hyok SAerial gymnastic exerciser
US5403253 *Feb 2, 1993Apr 4, 1995Gaylord; Mitchell J.Exercise and gymnastics training machine
US5944640 *Feb 7, 1996Aug 31, 1999Aerobix Scandinavia AbApparatus for carrying out exercise of the body
US8920294 *Apr 28, 2010Dec 30, 2014The Power Straps, Inc.Suspension training device
US20120277074 *Dec 16, 2010Nov 1, 2012Dmitry Anatolievich ZeldakovTransformable exercise machine for functional exercising
US20140155229 *Nov 30, 2012Jun 5, 2014Gorgi NikkaranExercise apparatus
WO1996038206A1 *May 24, 1996Dec 5, 1996De La Cuesta Oscar Lui QuesadaGymnastic and rehabilitation apparatus
U.S. Classification482/95, 482/96
International ClassificationA63B23/035, A63B21/00
Cooperative ClassificationA63B23/03575, A63B21/154
European ClassificationA63B23/035G, A63B21/15F6