US 1375721 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
E. B. NICHOLS.
. APPLICATION FILED DEC-I6, I919.
Patented Apr. 26, 1921.
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E. B. NICHOLS. TOY.
APPLICATION FILED DECJB. I919. v 13,375,721 Patented Apr. 26, 1921 2 SHEETSSHEET 2.
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UNITED STATES EDGAR B. NICHOLS, OF ROCHESTER, NEW YORK.
. Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Apr. 26, 1921.
Application filed December 16, 1919. Serial No. 345,429.
To all whom it may concern Be it known that I, EDGAR B. NICHOLS, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of Rochester, county of Monroe, and State of New York, have invented a certain new and useful Toy; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description thereof, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, in which like numerals refer to like parts.
This invention relates-to toys, and vparticularly to the class of toys by which a card or piece of paper may be punched, outv or embossed in decorative or instructive patterns. One object of the invention is to produce a toy which may be manufactured cheaply and easily assembled. Another object is to provide means for readily substi-- tuting one set or series of patterns for another, thereby providing an unlimited possibility of changes which tends to promote its usefulness as a toy.
In the drawings which form a part of this specification,
Figure 1 is a top plan view of the complete toy;
Fig- 2 is a vertical section on line A-A of Fig. 1;
F 3 is a front elevation; F 1g. 4 is. a fragmentary sectional elevation of a portion of Fig. 1;
Fig. 5 is a fragmentary section throughone of the dies illustrating the method of attaching and locating the male member thereof;
Fig. 6 is a similar view of a complete die opened, and with a card inserted;
Fig. 7 illustrates the same parts when the cutting operation is completed;
Fig. 8 shows the card stripped from the male die;
Fig. 9 is a or slug;
Fig. 10 is a perspective view of the part from which the male die hasbeen punched.
In its preferred form the toy is provided with a base 1, which may have suitable resilient plugs or pads 2 embedded in its lower edges to help hold it upon a tableor other surface and to provide-a non-abrasive and resilient cushion. post or arm I 3, made hollow to minimize weight, and overhanging toward one edge of the base 1. The post terminates in a hollow,
perspective view of a male die heads, which r es a a g ideor a plunger From this base rises a 5, the latter carrying at its lower end a pad I or platen 6. The plunger and platen are normally held in the position shown 1n Flg.
"2 by a spring 7, but may be depressed by the comprise a circular disk 11, and a second part 12, the latter preferably formed as a sheet metal rosette having a series of wings or branches 13 radiating from the center at regular intervals, with spaces 14 between. Each of the wings 13 has a perforation of any desired form, thoseillustrated being animals, birds,.fish, etc. These perforations are made'in the wings 13 by means of a master die or dies (not shown in the drawings) which may be of any usual construction.
The method ofutilizing the disk 11 and the perforatedelements 13 to form a series of punches constitutes one of the particular features of this invention.
When the perforations 15 are made in the wings 13 by the master die before mentioned, the punchings or slugs so removed will, of course, be identical in outline with welding, although of course it may be other-.
wise secured, as by riveting, spinning, etc. The slugs 17, are then placed on the disk 11,.under the perforations 15, fromwhich .they have been out. One by one, or simultaneously, the wings 13 are then depressed so as to bring the lower sides thereof into contact with the top of the disk 11, and to bring the slugs within their respective perforations. Obviously, a perfect register of each slug 17 and its corresponding perforaif i t on 15. is thus se u ed. Then with the wings still depressed, (Fig. 5) the slugs are fixed upon the disk 11, referably by spot welding, as indicated at If the master die has performed its work properly, and the metal is of the correct thickness, the edges of the slugs will be quite sharp and clean; therefore it is apparent that one of the slugs 17 and its corresponding wing 13 constitutean operative punch and die suitable for punching cardboard, paper, celluloid, etc. The cutting of ornamental figures and objects of interest to a child render the invention of essential value as a toy.
Any number of sets of dies may be provided, and by merely removing the lever 9, one set may be slipped off the post 3 and another set dropped'in place, the lever then being reseated. hen the card 0 is inserted between the top. of one slug 17 and the bottom of a wing 13, (Fig. 6) and the lever is depressed, the platen 6 carries the wing 13 downward until the punching of the card is accomplished, as indicated in Fig. 7. Upon release of the lever, the wing 13 rises to its normal position, carrying in the perforation 15 the punching P, that has been cut out of the card C and which has the same outline as the perforation.
To insure the card being lifted from the slug 17, the latter may be provided with a strlpper, preferably formed of an enveloping ridge of resilient compressible material, as at S (Fig. 6). This material will be depressed below the upper face of the slug.
. during the punching operation, but will spring back again when the wing 13 moves upward. For clearness in the drawings, these strippers are not shown in Figs. 1, 2 and 3.
In order to remove the punching P from the perforation 15, a lifter is provided, comprising a pin 18, (Fig. 4) set in an arm 19 that extends laterally from the base 1. By lifting the edge of disk 11, rotating the latter on the post 3, and then permitting the disk to drop back again, the pin 18 may be made to pass up through a hole 20 in the disk and a corresponding hole 21 in the slug, and so push the punching P clear of the perforation 15. As the distance from the center of the platen 6 to the pin 18 corresponds tothe spacing of the wings 13, the pin serves as a locating device for each operation of the punch; that is, stands 1n one of the holes 20 the next section or wing will be exactly under the platen.
Thls invention is not intended to be limited to the exact structure shown in the drawings, but may be embodied in various other forms within the scope of the followmg claims.
I claim 1 1. A toy for cutting out figures from sheet material comprising a base and a head proif the pin 181 forations;
jecting therefrom; a platen guided in the head, and provided with operating means; a set of dies fitting loosely and revoluble on said head, the dies comprising a pair of plates fixed together; radial tongues on one of said plates having perforations; slugs fixed to the other plate and adapted to register with corresponding perforations in the tongues; and means for holding any desired tongue under the platen. 7 5
2. A toy comprising a base, a head projecting upwardly from the base and overhangingone side thereof; a platen and operating means there-for; a set of dies comprising a plate revoluble on said head, slugs fixed at suitable intervals on said plate, re- ,silient pads surrounding said slugs; a second plate welded to the first plate and divided into a series of tongues, with perforations adapted to register with the slugs, and means for holding any desired tongue under the platen.
3. A toy comprising a'base, an overhanging head carrying a platen, means for operating the platen, a series-of dies comprising a pair of plates welded together and revoluble on the base, one of said plates having a series of perforated tongues adapted to be sprung toward the other plate by pressure of the platen, the other plate having slugs welded upon it adapted to register with the perforations; and resilient pads surrounding said slugs and adapted to eX- pand and release said tongues therefrom.
4. A toy having a series of dies for cutting out forms from sheet material, said dies comprising a pair of plates fixed together near their centers and separated at their I edges; radial tongues projecting from one plate and having suitable perforations there- 105 in; slugs fixed to the other plate and adapted to register with the corresponding perforations in the tongues; and resilient pads surrounding the margins of said slugs and projecting above the top faces thereof.
5. A toy comprising a-base, a head extending above the base, a platen and operating means therefor, and a series of dies consisting of, two plates fixed together and mounted on said head aso as in their normal plane and also movable on said head in a direction transverse to said plane, one of said plates being divided into a series of radial tongues provided with erslugs fixed on the second p ate 120 adapted to register with the perforations,
and resilient pads. surrounding the margins of said slugs.
6. A toy comprising a base, a head extending above the base, a platen and operating 125 means therefor, and a series of dies consisting of two plates fixed together and mounted on said head sd'as to be revoluble on the head in a horizontal plane and also to .tilt
vertically: a series of radial tongues in one 180 I to be revoluble it plate having suitable perforations, slugs fixed on the other plate and adapted to register with the perforations, a projection extending laterally from the base and carrying a stop, and means on one of the movable plates whereby said stop may engage the plate and hold it so that one die of the series will be under the platen.
7 A toy for cutting out figures from sheet material, said toy having a suitable base; a
series of dies revoluble on the base and comprising a pair of plates fixed together near their centers and separated at their edges, one of said plates being of resilient metal; radial tongues on one plate provided with suitable perforations; slugs on the other plate adapted to register with the perforations; means for holding the dies in required relation with the base, and means for forcing any selected tongue upon a corresponding slug to cut through sheet material interposed between the plates.
8. A toy for cutting out ornamental forms and other figures from sheet material, said toy comprising a base,-a head projecting from the base, a series of dies loosely fitting said head and revoluble thereon consisting of two plates fixed together near their centers and separated at their edges for the admission of sheet material between them; radial tongues on one of said plates, each of said tongues carrying one member of a cutting die, the corresponding member of the die being carried by the other plate;
. plates disposed at an angle to the other plate; cutting dies on the plates, the male member of each die being fixed to one plate and the female-member of each die consisting of a suitably shaped perforation in the other plate; resilient pads cooperating with the dies for stripping the punched material; means for holding the plates in the required position; and means for forcing any selected pair of dies together.
10. A toy for cutting ornamental forms, and other figures from-sheet material, comprising a pair of plates fixed together near their centers, one of said plates being of resilient- -met'al'; a suitable support'for said plates on which 'the latter are loosely revoluble; radial tongues on one late disposed at an angle to the plane of the oth'erplate; die members carried respectively by the tongues and by the other plate; means for forcing any tongue, together with its die member, upon the corresponding die members on the other plate; and resilient pads surrounding the set of die members.
EDGAR B. NICHOLS.