US 1376199 A
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F GOTSCHE COMBINED GAME AND EDUCATIONAL DEVICE.
APPLICATION FILED JULY 8.1920.
Patentd Apr. 26, 1921.
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' COMBINED GAME AND EDUCATXONAL DEVICE.
APPLICATION EILED JULY 8,1920.
1,376,199; PatenuedApr. 2%,192L
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FRANK GO'ISCHE, OF SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA.
COlVIBINF-D GAME AND EDUCATIONAL DEVICE.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Apr. 26, 1921.
Application filed July 8, 1920. Serial No. 394,736.
To all "whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, FRANK Gorsorm, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of the city of San Francisco, county oi San Francisco, and State of California, have invented certain new and usetul improvements in Cornbinel Games and Educational Devices, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to a new and useful improvement in a combined game and educational device of that type, wherein a part is revolved tor the purpose of propelling game pieces so that the same may i'all into pockets denoting various numbers or charactors.
The principal object of this invention is to construct a game apparatus, which may be played by a number of persons for the purpose oi amusement and at the same time the plays will result in e.-.ucational advantage.
Another object is to produce game apparatus which will be simple to construct and one which may be placed upon the market at a reasonable cost.
Another object is to produce means whereby children will take pleasure in computing mathematical problems derived from the playing 01 this device.
Other objects and advantages will be seen as the description proceeds.
In the accompanying drawing 1 have illustrated one manner in which the invention may be reduced to practice, in which said drawing, Figure 1 is a top plan view of my game apparatus; Fig. 2 is a cross section on the line II-II, Fig. 1; Fig. 3 is a cross section on the line III-Ill, Fig. 1; Fig. 1 is a top plan view of a score board; and Fig. 5 is a cross section on the line V-V, Fig. i.
Referring to the drawings in detail, like numerals refer to like parts in the several views.
By inferring in particular to Figs. 1. and 2, the numeral 5 represents a stationary member, having a depressed annular shoulder 6, and a circular pocket 7 formed within the margin of said shoulder 6.
A pin 8 is suitably secured in the center of the pocket 7 and is provided with a tapered rind 9, which is adapted to form a pivot point for a bearing 11. This bearing is secured in a member 12, which member is adapted to be revolved about the pin 8 and will be hereinafter referred to as the revolving member. This revolving member is so formed as to have its outer margin adacent to the inner margin of said shoulder 6, as shown in Figs. 1 and 2.
At 13 I have shown an upstanding ring formed integral with the revolving member 12 and at 14: 1 have shown raised portions, which term pockets around the periphery of the ring 13. Like raised portions are formed at 16 for the purpose of forming pockets about the center of the revolving member.
It will be noted that the upper surfaces of the stationary and revolving member are so constructed as to slope toward the center of the device, the purpose of which is to cause game pieces, such as represented by the balls 17 and 18, to move into the pockets formed by the upstanding portions 14L and 16, as shown in dotted lines at 19 and 21.
U pon the stationary member and adjacent the shoulder 6 I place figures here shown as reading from zero to nine, thesame being equally spaced one from the other and upon the vertical space Iplace color marks such as shown at 22-see Fig. 3.
Upon the shoulder 6 1 place characters such as X, l, there being a group of these characters between every other ligure ot the stationary member'see Fig. 1. These groups are here designated by the numeral 23.
Upon the shoulder 6 I place characters figures here shown as Zero to nine. These figures are so placed as to be between the raised portions 1-1, forming the pockets.
Upon the top of the revolving member and within the ring 13 I place characters such as stars of different colors, the same being of a number equal to the number of pockets formed by the raised portions 16, which pockets are designated by a figure placed upon the top of the center portion and in this instance reads from zero to 1.
At 24; l have shown color markings, the use of which will be hereinafter shown.
Referring now to Figs. 1 and 5, the same lOO having tabulated thereon the value i points,
is providedso that each play a ter being:
made ma'v heeuiclzl Y cemented. These cards are divided into columns representing number selected, multiplication, addition, subtraction, division, star or any sign to show play.
A fragmentary list oitho values as given on the cards is given below to illustrate the various plays which will be hereinaite given:
Anv No. selceted. T I 000 2 500 6 2 1 500 100 3 v A ii 2 1150 r i 2 1 3 160 50 7 3 K 2 4 83 SS l 2 5 250 1'5 16 5 500 I) 6 62 (i 500 33 7 250 10 -11 7 1 S l 1 83 l 500 i Q 12 250 l 500 1 9 500 i 49 500 ll A straight play wins 5 times any sign to show play. A play to win wins 5 times a sign to show. Co 01's:
3 to win 125. 3 to show 2 to win 25. 2 to show 4. 1 to win 5. l-to show 2. I
a suitable marker in one of the pockets ad- ;;acent to the figure 53. The evelvmo mem her of the a maratns then rotate-n on its is oivot and the balls are causei. to roll until 1 the parts come to rest, when the balls will enter thei respective pockets and we will assume that the reading 9(2+2) equals .4: which is then, epresents a L loss it does not n'resnond to the reading on he score board. l corresponded iaixl, the player as will be seen 0 the table l, ear. 11s in small digits fr 111 the 1- -J "1; the stun o the 'ativ Lml; r set up on t er wins th. number to that number as illustration: Indication on. score board- 4. 730391115; after revolving parts 209.
Th Q S,:;0. The player loses. A' 'am indication on score board 50.
' number selected gives 13 points won in the division column.
Should the number selected correspond to the number derived from the revolving parts the player wins a number of points equal to the number selected.
To illustrate star plays:
If reading is the same as the number indicated on the score board, the player Wins 500 points; otherwise, he loses.
To illustrate an addition play:
It the sum of the digits in the reading after revolving; parts equals the number indicated on the score board, the player wins.
Illustration: Indication on score board- 20. Reading498.
Then 4+9+8:21. Player loses.
Again-indication on score boardO.
Then 0+0+0:0. Player wins 500 points as will be seen by referrlng to the table.
All of the above plays have to show which means that the player selected his own characters, such as multiplication, division, etc.
In order to play a straight play, the player sets up a number and the sign is selected by the point at which the revolving member stopped, which point is determined by the pocket into which the ball 17 falls, and by the junction of the color strip as shown at the point 27.
Illustration Indication on score board-213.
Reading4;26, and the Sign As 426 is divisible by 213, the player wins, and as the odds for 213 in the table, (see last section) is 166, under the column Any sign to show play. Had the reading been 213 and the sign a star the player would have won 2,500 points.
Illustration for An sign to show play.
Indication on score card, for example 13, and the reading proves to be 067, and the point 27 indicate a (plus) the player would win. Should it be a multiplication sign, the 6 times 7 would equal 42, and the player would lose. The same is true of all the other signs.
In using the game for children no score board is used, each player takin his turn adding together on paper the differences, sums, readings, products, or the greatest prime number that will divide the reading without a remainder. The plays are made in succession until the total amount equals a sum previously agreed upon.
The reading 273 and the sign is then 7-23= 2 The reading 431 and the sign is then 4 3 1= 8 The reading 114 and the sign is then ..=1'14 The reading 290 and the sign is x then 2 9 0= O The reading 323 and the sign is then 17/323 19 Total I4 3 Thus, it will be seen that the child will be taught to do small sums in arithmetic, which will greatly improve the mind and tend toward rapid calculation. It will also be seen that, with the older player, the game is also educational, as well as interesting, due to its element of chance.
1. In a device of the character described, a stationary member, a revolving member, positioned within said stationary member, game pieces adapted to be moved by said revolving member and characters on said revolving and said stationary members, for the purpose of indicating plays.
2. In a device of the character described, a stationary member, a revolving member positioned within said stationary member, said revolving member having an upstanding ring, pockets formed adjacent said ring,
pockets adjacent to the center of said re volving member and within said ring, characters on said stationary and revolving members and game pieces adapted to be moved by said revolving member.