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Publication numberUS1377424 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 10, 1921
Filing dateOct 6, 1919
Priority dateOct 6, 1919
Publication numberUS 1377424 A, US 1377424A, US-A-1377424, US1377424 A, US1377424A
InventorsFrank G Milliken
Original AssigneeFrank G Milliken
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Rail-securing device
US 1377424 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)



1,37%424, Patented May1o,1921.

Be it known that L'FRANK afcitizen of ktherUnited States, residingl at yEnuinclaw, in the county of King and State @FRANK ivunnmnm or. Eniiiiieniiw,` .wAsninefTorr'.V :j

of llashington, h aveinvented certain new and useful Improvements in Rail-Securing Devices, 'ifwhfich thefollowing 5is a specific'atio'n; f f f y r'.lhis invention relateslto a device designed for 4securing the Tn-railwa'y rails to the cross ties, and an lobject of the invention is to provide a device of this nature which will pre.h

' vent the loosening'of the rails,=and eliminate liability of the rails turning or tilting, espe# 15V cially ongsharp curves, consequently eliminating the liability ofaccidents Vdue to this tilting or turning of the rails, which tilting isperinitted by thev working looseof the spikefinthe ties, and consequently rendering.

insecure the fastening of the' railsto theY ties.

In use,the constant jar administered to `[the track of therailway by theV travel of l` heavy'y trains thereover loosens thespikes,

causing them` to work upwardly and consequently rendering insecure the attachment orl connection of the Tv-rails to the cross ties, requentlyresulting in wrecks or accidents, especially-on sharp curves. f f It is angobject of thisinvention to pro# l vide ineans for yattaching the rails tothe tiesl which cannot work loose .bythe .jarring of l theftiack'structureand whichwilljinaintain` irmfconnection between the yT-rails and ties 'at all tiines, and yalso toprovide a'device of this nature Awhich will eliminate the use of the usual railroad spikes, resulting iny con- I, siderable savings to the builders of the rail- V roads, the said attaching device also replacing theusual'jwear plates which are positioned ybetween'the bases of the` rails and the n ties.

` oihe'rebjeaseffihis inventan win appear;

in the following detailed description", taken' l vin connection with the accompanying'drawings, forining aipart of this specification,

yand in which drawing: f" Y i Figure l isa perspective .view of the iin-V f broved rail securing device.f

Fig2 `is a side elevationof thral Sv curingidevice showing it associated withfa' T-railandcross tie.

Figais a view. partly in" section, and

partlyin end elevation, kof the rail securing device showingit applied', and i'V Fig. 4 is a plan of the blankvof which this y improvedrail securing device is formed,v v

Specification of Letters Patent. applicati@ iiieafoemter s, -191e.s eriai no. sasn Referring more particularly to the draws in s the iin Jroved rail securing devicefis 7 i D Y preferably j stamped VU:frontl a c sheet` of malleable steel Ivand v it comprises aI substantiallyfrectangul'ar portion l0 having'a pluj cony rality of 'prongs j11,2 projecting laterallyV 1 y sharpenedzasshown at 12,-toform inserting -roin its edges atueach corner of itslopposite i v sides, andthesefprongshave their terminals I l 65. points, whichare adapted to'enter a cross tie Aas illustrated in dotted lines inFigQ ofthe drawings7 ywhen the devicefis"applied.-

Tongues, four in number, arey struckfroni fthejtlatjrectangular body v1Oofthe device, l i and these. tongues -f13; arebentfup'wardly yfrom the flat body as shown infFig. -l of the drawings, while the" prongs/1l are bent downwardly andoutwardly 'froi'iitheedgesj of the bodyflO, having-'their end portions 14 .outwardly of the dottedlines l5 las shown t Y in Fig. 5L, vcurved inwardly, `forming sub-u '5 lstantially transversely extendingV arcuatev insertingfprongs.;V i V- e In applying the improved rail ysecuring wearupon the ties by the rails., [After the railv B hasr been lowered upon'theibody lOof I i the securing device, the tongues :13' are' clenched over the l upper surface-lofi the fbase Q f Clot the'rail, asV shownjin Fig.3,"securely if vconnecting the railB to the securing device 'l 10. Thisclenchin'gl et.'` the tongues inay be i rioo securing device isriirst placed upon the tie A, the prongs orjtongues 11E-extend outdone with an ordinary; spike inaul. When the w'ardly at obliqueangles to thevertica'l sides of thetie, and the pointedendfsxl2 thereofl are spaced shortly from the opposite sides of the ,tiesr However, after'the rail @B has i been secured to thel body ot'thelsecnring de-j vice, thesetongues Vare driven byineans` of a" spike4 inaul, 'oranalogous' to'ohfsol that the f arcuate Y transverse vinserting points .514 are driven into the'tie A as indicatedin'dotted iinsin Fig. sof the drawings-bringing i lf tion caused byT the .i over 'the-rail B. J 5 x Y 1 Y Changes in details may'bemade `Without Y, Y. .11: 1 .5 In a-raili securing -dey'icve5the combina Y tioii of a etbdyplete, having a plurality ofjfupstanding 'rail@attaching; members v 'g formed` thereon adaptedzto he clenched. oyer e, thelb'ase ci a raiLOrQseQureIy attaching the r rail.: we .bQdai-ame plurality of' prongs carried at apposite .edges of Sairifbody Plate and-charging arcuate-finsertingends adapted f;

',offsaid Vbody plate, Tand having .inserting c i theportions of 'the prongs between the varcu- Y ateV portions 1470i theplatevk 10 facial/abut`A ment with" thesides iofthe" tie thereby securely attaching the rail' B to thetie in Vsuch 'inannerfithat 'the connectionfvill rel! .f fmain" irin and secure .under the jarring ac#V ravel of heavyV 'trains f departing rornvthespirit of this invention; but 1 Y f.V l

- 112. a rail securingadevicdl 1 ftioyfffwtlra rail {Gr.QSS tie, Offf fe'bedy Y A' plateA adapted to; bepla'ced intermediate the rail vand cross tie, saidplateghzwing,a'fpluV rality of? square upstanding railA attaching members formed"thereon,1 adaptedA fto; be

' i; clenched overthe'basepfythe railorsecur-s` r Wgr.,

ving `therailfto a .erossr tie,Y and prongsfex- Jt'end'ingflaterally from the edges Aof said Ibody';-plate=l1av1ngf arcuate inserting' ends adapted to be driven into a tie, said prongs being? so 'positioned that they lier. outwardly ."rom the longitudinal edges of the rail base toiacilit'ate fasteningof the rail securing l.jdevicefto across tie'without altering the po- `isitionfof'therailIA f' 3 Y v 3.- As an'articlefof manufacture, arall seeV Y vzuringYdevicecomprisinge body haring upwardly extending square'portions staniped therefroni,4 and prongs projecting from the laterali-ledges otsaidbodyplate.

-Y il in fa rail securing o `Vie, .the connloina-v Y tron Withja rail cross tie'rfofz-a plate having a at body'adapted'to befplacedintermediate a frail andk cross tie,Vv and upon, Vwhich prongs extending Vlate rally fromA the;1 edges adapted to be drivenY into the tie, said Yprongs* -loeing so positionedithat'they lie ou t'V n V` Wardly of the longitudinal edges of the raily ,to facilitate;fastening of :thev se` curing device toga. cross tie Without `complete reInQValof the rail` withrespect to the tie.A j

-the lrails rest, gsaidf'iatbodyfproyided with 1 ERANKVeivrILLrKEii

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2656116 *Apr 8, 1947Oct 20, 1953Arthur Wm NelsonRail and tie fastening assembly
US4777778 *Jan 27, 1987Oct 18, 1988Etudes G.P. RealisationsFastener for fixing wall-covering material to a batten
US5145288 *Sep 13, 1990Sep 8, 1992Borcherdt D ThomasMortarless retaining wall
U.S. Classification238/299, 238/304, 411/921, 411/461
International ClassificationE01B13/02
Cooperative ClassificationY10S411/921, E01B13/02
European ClassificationE01B13/02