US 1377444 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
J. A. SH'OEMAKER.
APPLICATION FILED SEPT- 5. 1919.
. 1 377 444. K Patented May 10, 1921.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 1.
INVENTOR $5 giafi fl ,Jfi oemake;
ATTORNEY J. A. SHOEMAKER.
APPLICATION FILED'SEPT. s, 1919.
Patented May 10, 1921.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 2.
ATTORNEY To all 20 ham it may concern:
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented May 10, 1921.
Application filed September 5, 1919. Serial No. 321,867.
Be it known that I, JOSEPH SHOE- MAKER, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of New York, in the county of Kings and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Garment-Hangers, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description, whereby any one skilled in the art may make and use the same. 7
The invention relates to garment hangers and might perhaps better be termed a garment hanger s upportvinasmuch as thegarmerits are indirectly supported upon the device herein described through any usual form of garment hanger.
It is analogous to devices disclosed in my prior applications, but is a simplification thereof, with certain features of advantage in operation and improvements in form which give advantages in folding, etc.
In my prior devices, I have usuallyprovided a structure in which there is a distinct vertical strut cooperating with a' lateral strut, with an adjustable supporting bar intermediate the strut members.
In these prior devices, a vertical strut has been formed by a connection intermediate the supporting point for the hanger and the adjustable tension member of the strut. Such a device is illustrated in .my Patent No. 1,293,953 dated Feb. 11th,1919. H
In the invention hereinafter disclosed, I have condensedthe vertical strut, maintaining the lateral strut members and provided for a folding in ofthe parts, one within the other, which gives an extremely compact and efficient device and one which may bemanufactured at an extremely low. cost due to the reduction of a number of parts.
Referring to the drawings Figure 1 illustrates the device extended in its supporting position.
Fig. 2 illustrates the device folded.
Fig. 3 is a rear endview Fig. 4L is a detailview of the ad usting device for thevertical strut members. I
Fig. 5 is a detail View of a modified form of structure. I j j I Fig. (5 is a detail view of the support and Fig. 7 is a detail view of the lateral arm's. Fig. Sis a rear endv'iew of the support.
Fig; 9 is an illustrative view showing the application of the hanger to acloset door.
Fig. 10 is aview showing in open and folded positions the su) ortin rm 1 in slightly modified form. 1p g g In my co-pending application, I provide a fiexibletension member between the point of support and the end of an adjustable compression member, the two forming a vertical strut for a hanger, which is cooperatively related with foldable arms which bear agalnst the wall and serve as alateral strut.
In the device herein disclosed, I maintain the telescopic features of the compression member which forms the support of my prior application, but secure advantageous results by utilizing a telescopic member, one end of which is rigidly supported from a hook or bracket, withfoldinglateral strut members which may be adjusted from the end of the telescoping support;
In the accompanyingdrawings, 1 denotes a tubular supporting member telescopically arranged with referenceto a cooperating tube 2. These two members comprise the mam supporting bar, one of whichisdrawn down or bottle-necked with reference to the other to prevent withdrawahof the tubes one from another. The outer end of the tube 2, is closed by. a finishing button I of proper design to prevent clothes hangers'from slipping endwise from the device.
Thetubular member 1. has secured to it a sleeve 4, threaded to receive an adjusting nut 5. v
The sleeve 1, has extended lugs 6, 7, through which] extends a supporting bar 8, havingat its upper end a suitable loop 9, for
attachment to a wall-hook or nail. v.This
be folded upon one another and inserted within the tubular members 1, 2, when the latter are collapsed. g I
The operation of the device will be' quite appar nt. The;telescoping members 1, 2, may beadjusted with reference toeachother to give a greater or lesser length to the main supporting bar. .The lateral strut members 10," 11,, are withdrawn from the interior of the ,tube until theirinne'r ends or connecting 11111512; abuts against'the supporting bar, 8. Thereupon, the nut 5, is adjusted against the edges of the bar 10, 11, until they are firmly engaged with the wall surface. 7
It will be apparent that a considerable angular adjustment is thus made possible for the arms 10, 11.
In order to secure a closer folding of the parts, the loop 9, may be arranged as indicated to fold down over the end of the tube upon partial rotation thereof. This, of course, requires a joint between the supporting member 8, and loop 9, or other suitable pivotal arrangements for permitting folding of the loop. The arrangement illustrated is a convenient and efficient one. In this, the loop 9, has a laterally extended foot 9 and the loop is pivoted as at 8*, to the supporting member 8, the arrangement being such that the foot 9 abuts against the upper side of the extension 6, with the loop extended, and permits turning of the loop with the foot, so that the loop may be folded down over the end of the tube.
In Fig. 5 and the succeeding figures, there is illustrated a form of the device having certain simplifications and, possibly, advantages, the main features illustrating merely a reversal of the position of the telescopic members of the supporting bar. In these figures, the tubular member 25, slides over the tubular member 26, there being a bottlenecking of the tube 25, at its end, as at 25, to prevent complete longitudinal disengage ment of the tubes.
In place of having an independent sleeve or bracket member, as indicated in the form of device heretofore described, a section adj acentv to the end of the tube 26, is threaded as at 27 to receive a knurled threaded sleeve 28.
The end of the tube 27, is provided with slots 29, 30, which form guides and supports for the laterally extendible arms 31, 32.
These arms are loosely pivoted together by a stud 33, which, with the arms extended, will bear against the supporting stud or member 34. I
This member 34, has a head 35, provided 'with a slot 36, and below the head is screwthreaded, as at 37, to engage a threaded opening 38, in the upper section of the tube 26. The lower end of the stud 34, may be riveted over as at 39, where it passes through the lower portion 40, of the tube which extends between the slotted openings 29, 30.
A supporting loop or ring 41, passes through the slot 36, of the head 35, and preferably has a web 42, which, when passed into the slot 36, will prevent folding down of the loop 41, giving a substantially rigid connection between the loop 41, and the arm of the hanger, By partial rotation of the loop 41, the web may be passed out of the slot 36, and thereupon the loop may be turned down over the end of the tubular member 26.
It will be observed that the slots 29, 30, cooperate with the arms 31, 32, sleeve 28, and supporting stud 34, to give a very substantial support and adjustment and permit locking of the parts firmly to any desired adjustment or position on the wall.
In either form of the device hereinabove described, there are certain main essentials,
whether the device is formed exactly as illustrated or in some modified arrange ment, and whether tubular members are utilized for the supporting bar or other interengaging forms of structure are employed. These main elements, in their function, comprise a longitudinally adjustable supportmg bar, having at its inner end extensible and adjustable arms, providing a lateral support, combined with a supporting element and a means for holding the lateral arms to any desired adjusted position.
Incidentally, the lateral arms are made foldable and insertible with reference to the supporting bar, and the supporting device or loop may also be made foldable, so that the device as a whole is at once most com pact and yet forms an extremely suitable structure when the parts are extended and adjusted to position.
WVhat I claim as my invention and desire to secure by Letters Patent is: 1; A folding clothes hanger for supporting a plurality of garment hangers on a hook or the like, comprising a supporting bar formed of telescoping members, a support for said supporting bar at one end thereof, adjustable arms foldable within and providing a lateral support for the bar in conjunction with its support, and means adjustable with reference to the bar and lateral arms for locking the parts in adjusted position.
2. A folding clothes hanger comprising a supporting bar formed of telescoping members, means for preventing longitudinal disengagement of themembers, a support for said bar at one end thereof, adjustable arms sliding within the bar and providing when extended a lateral support therefor, and means adjustable with reference to the bar and lateral arms for locking the parts in adjusted position.
3. Afolding clothes hanger comprising a supporting bar, a support for said bar at one end thereof, arms providing an adjustable lateral support for the bar when extended and foldable into the longitudinal line of said bar, and means adjustable with reference to the bar and lateral arms for locking the parts in adjusted position with the arms extended at various angles to plumb the bar with reference to its support.
4. A folding clothes hanger comprising a supporting bar, a support for said bar exem r44 tending at right angles thereto,-means for preventing folding of said support, from a position at right angles to the supporting bar, though permitting a folding of the support upon partial relative rotation of the support upon the bar.
A folding clothes hanger comprising a supporting bar formed of telescoping members, having means to prevent longitudinal disengagement, a support for said bar at one end thereof, adjustable arms extendible from within the bar providing a lateral support for the bar in conjunction With its support, guides formed in the supporting bar to confine the movement of the arms, and means adjustable With reference to the bar and arms for locking the parts in adjusted position.
6. In a device of the character described, having a supporting bar, a support for the bar consisting of a supporting member at right angles to the bar and a loop rotatable with reference to the supporting member, means appurtenant to the loop and supporting member for positively holding said parts in extended alinement, said means permitting a folding of the loop With reference to the supporting member upon partial relative rotation.
7. A folding clothes hanger comprising a supporting bar formed of telescoping members, a support for said supporting bar, a threaded adjusting ferrule engaging the support adjacent to one end, arms foldable Within the bar and adapted when extended to form a lateral support therefor, and adapted when extended to be engaged and held to adjusted position by the threaded ferrule.
JOSEPH A. SHOEMAKER.
ABRAHAM LIPTON, EDITH J. REMOND.