US 1377868 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
APPLICATION FILED SEPT. 2 1920.
1,377,868., Patented. May 10,1921.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented itiay 1t 1221!...
Application filed September 2, 1920. Serial No. 407,676.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that 1, JOHN BnzoLn, a citi- Zen of the United States of America, residing at Jersey City, in the county of Bud son and State of New Jersey, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Convertible Chairs, of which the following is a specification.
The present invention relates to improvements in convertible furniture and consists in the novel construction, combination and arrangement of parts as will be hereinafter fully described and defined in the appended claims.
In the accompanying drawing in which similar reference characters denote corresponding parts, Figure 1 is a vertical section on line 2--2 of Fig. 2; Fig. 2 is a front elevation of the structure in folded position; Fig. 3 is a side elevation of the structure in unfolded position and Figs. 4 and 5 are a longitudinal section and a plan view of a detail.
The furniture forming the subject of the present invention is a chair convertible into a combination chair and desk and into a crib or bed.
The furniture may be carried out in. miniature size to serve as a toy.
In Figs. 1 and 2 the furniture is shown in folded position to form a chair. The chair comprises a seat 10 as usually fixed in a frame 11 supported on legs 12 and having a back 13 and side arms 14.
Hinged to the front upper end of the side arms as at 15 to tilt vertically is a superstructure composed of side members 16 and a back member 17 The side members 16 in shape, width and length are made to conform with those of the side arms 14 so that when the furniture is folded into the chair shown in Figs. 1 and 2, the same will form vertical extensions of the members 14. Likewise the back member 17 of the superstructure is shaped to form an extension of the back 12 and to serve with the latter as the back of the chair shown in Figs. 1 and 2,-bu in inverted position to form the front legs of the desk or crib.
In order to secure the superstructure in its folded position, a. g. prevent its lower edges from becoming displaced relative to the upper edges of the back 12 and side arms 14 of the lower part of the chair when the hinges 15 slacken or become worn, short lugs 18 are provided projecting from the lower or upper structure and adapted to engage notches 19 provider in the opposite structure. Femovably mounted on the seat 10 is a board 20 which in the folded up furniture may serve as the seat proper. When the chair is converted into a combination chair and desk or crib, the board is removed and utilized to form the top of the desk in the first case, or the bottom for the foot end of the crib in the other case. The removable board 20 to be securely held in position, is provided at its corners with lugs 21 which project from its lower surface and are adapted to engage notches or grooves 10 provided in the corners of the seat 10. The width of the seat portion of the ,lower structure being somewhat smaller than the length, and the board 20 being in area about equal to that of the seat 10, the board 20 when removed from the latter and placed longitudinally over the bottom of the inverted superstructure serves as the foot-end bottom of a crib, resting on the inverted edges 16 of the arm rests 16 of the superstructure (Fig. 3). On the other hand when placed crosswise over the inverted lower edges of the side members 16 the board 20 constitutes the top of a desk. The lugs 21 of said board when used either as a bottom for a crib or a top for a desk are adapted to engage notches 22 and 23 respectively made in the respective parts of the side members 16.
In order to enable the board when used as top of a desk to extend at a slant, as with school desks, a suitable support 24 may be provided which can be removably mounted at the front part of the inverted superstructure as indicated by dotted lines in Fig. 3.
Instead of the removable support 24 the board 20 may have collapsible legs 25, as shown in Figs. 4 and 5, which in folded position will extend in grooves 20 in the lower face of the board to be flush with said face and in unfolded position may bear on the inverted superstructure.
One of the advantages of the present construction is that when the chair is converted into a crib, the side arms 14 and members 16 .will serve as side railings for the crib so that the child occupying the latter will be guarded against rolling 0E the crib.
Another advantage is the simplicity of construction, so that with comparatively few parts a three piece furniture is obtained.
It is of course obvious that various modifications may be made in the construction Without departing from the principle of my invention and I therefore do not Wish to limit myself to the details shown and described. i
What I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is: r
1. In a convertible chair consisting of a seat, legs, back and side arms, a superstruc ture pivotally secured to said arms to fold vertically, said superstructure being, adapted in folded position to form part of the chair and in unfolded position to convert the chair into a combination chair and desk or crib, and a removable member on the seat which is adapted to fit over the bottom of the inverted superstructure to serve as the bottom of the foot end part of the crib or over the top of the inverted superstructure to serve as a top of the desk. 1
2. In a convertible chair consisting of a seat, legs, back and side arms, a superstructure pivotally secured to said arms and consisting of side members and a back member, in folded position said side members forming vertical extensions of said side arms and said back member forming a ver- "tical extension of said back of the chair and'in unfolded position said side members forming longitudinal extensions of said side arms and serving together with the latter as railings for the crib or as the frame of the desk and said back member forming the front legs of the crib or the desk and a board removably mounted on said seat and serving in unfolded position When the chair is converted into a crib as the bottom of the foot end part of the latter or when converted into a desk as thetop of the latter. In testimony whereof I ailix my signature in presence of tWo Witnesses.
JOHN BEZOLD. Witnesses: I
MAX D. ORDMANN, JOSEPH T. MOMAHON.