US 1379623 A
Abstract available in
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
H. T. HALLOWELL.
METAL BENCH LEG.
APPLICATION FILED Auml. 19m.
1,379,623. Patented 'May 3L 1921. y l SHEETS-sum l.
H. T. HALLOWELL.
METAL BENCH LEG., APPLICATION HL'ED Aue.9. 1919.
Patented May 31, 1921.
3 SHEETS-SHEET 2- .No SNMMMD A H. T. HALLUWELL.
METAL BENCH LEG. APPLICATION FILED Aue.9, 1919.
Paten d. May 31, 1921.
3 HEETS-SHEET 3.
METAL BEN (1H-LEG.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented May 31, 1921.
Application led August 9, 1919. Serial No. 316,357'.
To all 107mm t may concern:
Be it known that I, HOWARD T. HALLO- wnnr., a citizen or" the United States, residing in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, have invented certain Improvements in Metal Bench- Iiegs, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to metal benches, metal bench legs, or supports for work benches, tables and the like, and the object of my invention is to provide an improved structure in which the legs may be formed oiE sheet or structural metal, pressed or otherwise Jformed into shape; said legs being combined with suitable bracket members and connecting elements whereby a rigid self-sustaining iframe is provided, much lighter than the cast structures heretofore employed and readily assembled from parts pressed or otherwise formed into suitable shape. As may be readily understood, I may employ with any pressed metal parts, parts of any usual or commercial structural shape which may also be reshaped in any portion thereof as may be desired to produce structures within the scope of my invention, and some cast parts.
These and other features of my invention are more Jfully described hereinafter, reference beinghad to the accompanying drawings, in which:
Figure 1, is an elevation of a bench leg or work table support within the scope of my invention.
Fig. 2, is a sectional view on the line II-II, Fig. 1, illustrating the connection of the leg with one of the supports for the table portion of the bench structure.
Fig. 3, is a similar sectional view illustrating a modified construction within the scope of my invention.
Fig. 4, is a plan view, partly in section on line IIT-IV, Fig. 1.
Fig. 5, is a sectional view on the line V-V, Fig. 4.
Fig. 6, is a sectional plan view on the line VI-VI, Fig. 1.
Fig. 7, is a-sectional view on the line vii'vir, Fig. c.
Figs. 8 and 9, are sectional views illustrating other forms of legs and braces for use with structures of the type shown in Fig. 1, within the scope of my invention.
Fig. 10, is a sectional view on the line X-X, Fig, 8.
'legs shown in Fig.
Fig. 11, is a sectional XI-XL Fig. 9.
Fig. 12, is a view similar to Fig. 1, illustrating another form of bench leg or work table support within the scope of my invention.
Fig. 13, is a plan view of a portion of the same illustrating a detail of my invention.
Fig. 14, is a sectional view on the line XIVXIV, Fig. 12.
Fig. 15, is a sectional view on a slightly larger scale, illustrating a modified construction within the scope of my invention.
Fig. 16, is a view similar to Figs. 1 and 12, illustrating another form of bench leg or work table support within the scope of my invention.
Fig. 17, is a perspective view illustrating a form of cross bar connection for the type of structure shown in Fig. 16.
Fig. 18, is a view similar to Fig. 1, of another I"orm of bench leg or work table support within the scope of my invention.
Fig. 19, is a `front elevation of one of the Fig. 20, is a sectional view on the line view on the line XXFKX, Fig. is.
Fig. 21, is a view oie a portion of the top of a bench structure within the scope of my invention.
Fig. 22, is a similar viewillustrating another form of structure.
Fig. 23, is a perspective view of a detail orn the structure shown in Fig. 22.
Fig. 24, is a sectional view on the line Fig. 25, is a sectional view on the line XXV-XXV, Fig. 22.
In Fig. 1, of the drawings, 1, 1, represent legs oi" the bench support which may be made of pressed-up metal in substantially straight angular shapes, commercial channel shapes, or the like, performed in any suitable manner, and which may have a cross section in a horizontal plane such as illustrated in Figs. 4 and 6, or the cross sections illustrated in Figs. 8 and 9. In Figs. 4 and 6, these legs are shown as ot' channel-shape, having a web 1a, and side flanges 1b. The form of leg shown in Figs. 8 and 10, has its side walls provided with inturned reinforcing or strengthening flanges 1C, while the form shown in Figs. 9 and 11 has, in addition to the inturned flanges 1, outturned lianges la.
The upper ends of the legs may be notched at 3 for the reception of the depending flanges 4 of angle members 5 forming horizontal supporting means for the table 6 of the bench, and spacing and connecting said legs. At the rear of the bench, brackets T Vmay be provided, of the bench may rest. The upper ends of the legs 1 may be riveted, bolted, or welded to the angle members 5 as at 9, and the brackets T may be riveted or otherwise secured to said angle members as at 10.
1n the connection shown in Fig. 3, the upper end ofl the leg may be split at 3 in the same manner as illustrated in Fig. 2, but instead of employing a pair of angle members such as shown at 5, a single angle member 5, T-shape in cross-section, may be employed; the flange 4a of the same being secured to the leg 1 by bolts, rivets, orthe like, as indicated at 9a.
In connecting these legs to the angle members, whether by riveting or bolting, filling pieces 11 are; preferably interposed between the side wallsY 1b of said legs and the depending flanges or flange of the angle members employed. The upper ends of the side walls 1b of the legs are preferably turned over at 12 and lie beneath-the horizontal flanges of the angle members 5 or 5a,
as clearly shown in Figs. 2 and 3.
In the form of leg shown in Fig. 1, cross `braces 15 of metal, preferably U-shape in cross section, may be employed, which may be riveted or bolted to the side walls 1b of the leg 1 or to other convenient portions thereof, as shown at 16, Figs. 1, 4.and 5. lVhen the leg is of the shape shown in Figs. 4 anc 5, the cross braces may be attached .directly vto, the side walls 1b of the same. When the leg is of the type shown in Figs. 8 and 10, the cross braces 153N may be narrower, and may be connected to the lateral flanges 1 of the leg, instead of to the side walls 1b of the same, -as indicated at 16a. 1n the same way, braces 15b of substantially the same dimensions will 4be employed with the form of leg illustrated in Figs. 9 and 11,
, and this form of brace may have a turneddown end 17 to be secured Vto the rear wall of the leg by a rivet 16", and filler pieces 1S may be interposed between the side walls of the cross brace and the sides 1b of the leg through which securing bolts or rivets 19 may pass.
4 The cross' braces preferably carry aboard or series of boards 20 to form a shelf for* the bench, which -may be provided with a back'21; such boards being suitably secured to the legs and cross braces in any suitable or approved manner.- Additional cross braces may be provided, if' desiredand, if
Y' employed, kthey may Jform supports for other shelves with which the bench structure may be equipped,
against which the back 8V lthey may be secured by rivets 39a.
The form of' feet which, I may employ with these legs is more clearly illustrated in the sectional plan view and elevation, Figs. 6 and 7, in which 22 represents a pressed-up member having a topY 23 and side portions 24, which latter portions may be secured to the lower ends of the legs by bolts or rivets 25; the top having a flange 26 lbent up from the same which may be secured to the leg by a rivet or bolt 27. To give ample support tothe securing means, l may provide a substantially U-shape filler piece 28 within the foot, having turned ends 29 which may be secured to the web 12L 'of the by rivets or bolts'BO. The top of the foot is apertured at 31 for the reception of the usual bolt 32 whereby the leg structure may be secured to the floor, and such bolt passes down between the walls of the U- Y shape filled piece 28.
Other forms of bench leg supports are within the scope of my invention, and in Fig. 12, l have shown legs 1e made of structural or angular metal which may be V- Vas at 36 to stiften the same. The upper ends of the side walls of the leg have portions 37 to underlie the horizont-al portions of the angle members 4, to which they may be secured by rivets 39.. A cross section of this form of leg is shown in Fig. 14, which also illustrates 'a cross brace 15C for legs 'of this type, having depending ends 40 which may be secured to the leg by means of rivets 41. ln the structure shown in Fig. `1, the bench structure is provided with brackets T, against which the back 8 rests; suchback serving as a stiflening member for a, plurality of the bench leg structures.
ln Fig. 12, I have shown a back member Sfwhich serves as a stifiening member, to which brackets Ta may be attached; Vthe securing` means being in the form of bolts 42 which pass through the leg. the back 8?-, and the flanges oi' the bracket 7a. Y ,Y
In Fig. 16, I have shown aY structure in which the legs 1d have a cross section oil the character illustrated in Fig.A 17, being of' shaped metal with their lower ends flared and flanged to form a foot of substantially the same character as the structure illustrated in Fig. 12, while portions of' 4the flanges at the upper ends are turned out, as illustrated at 37a, to underlie the horizontal portions of Ythe angle members 4, to which In this form of structure, the cross brace may be in the form illustratedat 159, substantially channel-shaped, as shownin Fig. 17, having outturned ends 43 secured tothe Aflanges of the legs by rivets 44; such outturned ends being additionally retained by the beaded edges of the leg. If desired, a covering member 46 may be employed on top of the channel member 15d; the latter having outturned flanges 47 around which the edges of the plate 46 are folded. In this form of structure, I have illustrated a longitudinal bracing element 8b, which may be secured to the legs by bolts 42a; such bracing member being suitably cut out to accommodate the vertical flanges of the angle members 4. When a leg of this type is employed, I may also provide the same with a bracket construction such as illustrated in Fig. 15, wherein I have shown angle members 48 lying between the walls of the rib of the leg and the angle members 4, being secured in place by rivets 49. These angle members in turn may be riveted to a back member S by bolts 50, while the bracket member 7c is also secured to the structure by said bolts.
In Fig. 18, I have shown another form of structure in which legs of substantially the same type as those illustrated in Fig. 16, may be employed. In this instance, the upper ends of' the leg are split and flared out, as clearly shown at 51 in the end elevation, Fig. 19, and the sectional view, Fig. 20, and additionally the angle members 4 are depressed at the points 52, providing portions which engage the expanded or ared poltions of the legs, and are secured thereto by rivets 53, as clearly shown in Fig. 20. In this type of structure, I have employed a bracing member 8b, of substantially the character illustrated in Fig. 16; the same being secured by bolts 42a. The cross brace 151 may be exactly the same type as that illustrated in Fig. 16.
In Figs. 21 and 22, I have shown legs 1g which are channel-shape, as clearly illustrated in the sectional views, Figs. 24 and 25, and to which the angle members 4n are secured. In the form of structure shown in Fig. 21, I take an angle member and cut the vertical flanges to V-shape, and then bend down the back piece 4b, and join the flanges by welding, in any suitable manner, at the line x. In Fig. 22, I have'shown independent members 4, which may be secured to the leg by rivets 55. The other legs toward the front of the bench may have turned over top portions 37b secured to the horizontal portions of the flange members 4l by rivets 39h. In each of these constructions, I provide cross bracing members or backs 82 with brackets 7, which are secured together and to the leg by means of bolts 42C.
Figs. 24 and 25 show clearly the construction of the leg and the connection. rEhe rivets 55 which secure the legs together may be provided with filler members 56.
It will be noted that in the several structures illustrated, each bench leg is substantially a single piece since the reinforcing foot plate is not necessarily essential, and that a complete bench support may consist of but six pieces, to wit: two legs, a bottom cross brace, two angle members, and a bracket. In some instances, as I have described and illustrated, I may use T-iron members at the upper ends of' the legs instead of the pair of angle members, thereby reducing the number of parts of a complete bench support to five.
It will be understood, of course, that various modifications in the several connections will naturally suggest themselves to any one skilled in the art; hence I do not wish to be limited to the particular constructions illustrated in the drawings and described herewith.
As my application contains matter in common with an application filed April 29, 1916, Serial No. 94,452, it is to be treated as a continuation of such earlier application in so far as the common subject-matter is concerned.
1. A bench leg comprising a channel section having a central web with flanged sides substantially at right angles to the web, a supporting member horizontally disposed having a depending flange; said leg` being` slotted for the reception of the flange of said supporting member and having its flanged sides inturned to underlie the horizontal portion of said supporting member, and means for rigidly securing` said parts together.
2. 'Ihe combination, in a metal bench support, of a pair of legs comprising channel sections, a supporting cross member in the upper ends of said legs comprising an angle section with horizontal and vertical flanges;
the ripper ends of said legs being slotted to receive the vertical flanges of said support` ing cross member and having inturned portions underlying the horizontal flanges thereof, and means for securing together the legs and the horizontal support.
HOV/VARI) T. HALLOIVELL.