US 1379724 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
A. E. RUSSELL.
APPLICATION FILED SEPT. 23,1920- l 37 fi io Patented May 31 1921..
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APPLICATION FILED SEPT. 23,1920.
Patented. May 31, L921.
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A. E. RUSSELL.
APPLICATION FILED SEPT,23, 1920.
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/ ATTORNEYS ANNA E. RUSSELL, OF SYRACUSE, NEW YURK.
Application filed September 23, 1920. Serial No. 412,313.
To all whom it may concern Be it known that T, ANNA E. RUssnLL, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of Syracuse, in the county of Onondaga and State of New York, have invented a certain new and useful Vegetable-Slicer, of which the following is a specification.
I This invention has for its object a particularly simple and efiicient vegetable cutter or slicer by means of which vegetables such as potatoes can be sliced, one way for German fried potatoes or in two directions into long blocks for French fried potatoes or in three directions into cubes.
This invention further has a particularly simple and efficient construction by which the vegetables are held while being sliced and are quickly released after being sliced. The-invention consists in the novel features and in the combinations and constructions hereinafter set forth and claimed.
In describing this invention, reference is had to the accompanying drawings in which like characters designate correspondin parts in all the views. T
Tlglll 1 is a plan. view of a preferable form of my vegetable cutter.
Fig. 2 is an elevation thereof, one of the knives being shown as elevated and the other as in an intermediate position.
Fig. 3 is a sectional view showing the pins for holding the vegetables on the table as projected upwardly above the table and both knives swung downwardly into their assumed position after cutting the vegetables.
This vegetable cutter comprises, generally, a table, means for holding the vegetables on the table and two gangs of knives movable toward and from the table and arranged to cut at a right angle to each other.
1 designates the table which is supported in any suitable manner as on pillars or legs 2.
The table is here shown as formed with holes 3, these holes being arranged in rows in two directions other, that is,.they are arranged in rows extending lengthwise of the table and rows extending transversely of the table; the table is also formed with transverse and longitudinal, grooves 4 and 5, one set of grooves as 5 being deeper than the grooves 4, the deeper set being of greater depth than the width of the knives movable thereinto, plus the depth of the other grooves these knives being at a right angle to eachthe vegetables 4.- in order that after one set of knives as the longitudinal set is brought downward through the vegetables and into the deeper grooves 5, the other set can also be brought down into the shallower grooves 4. without striking the upperedges of the knives of the former set as shown in Fig. 3.
6 designates a knife frame carrying a set or gang of parallel knives 7 which for convemence are called longitudinal knives, movable into the deeper grooves 5, the frame 6 being hinged at 6 to a bracket 8 rojecting from the table.
9 is anot er knife frame carrying a set of parallel knives 10 which for convenience are --called transverse knives, these knives Specification of Letters Patent. Patented lt llay 31, 11921.,
being movable into the shallower grooves 1. I
the table during the cutting operation and for stripping the cut vegetables after the cutting operation, com rises a plurality of spikes or pins 17 movaffle through the rows of holes 3 between the knives 7, 10 these pins 17 being here shown as carried'by a. head 1o movable vertically below the table and having cutouts in the corners thereof which move along the legs 2.
The head 18 is actuated verticallyin any suitable manner as by a lever 19, fulcrumed at 20 to one of the legs 2 and having its intermediate portion pivoted at 21 to a rod or stem 22 dependin centrally from the table head 18, this rod I eing uidedin a suitable guide 23 carried by To s 24 extending inwardly from the legs 2.
Preferably, the lever 19 extends diagonally of the table, it being pivoted to one leg.2 and extending through the slot 25 in the diagonally opposite leg.
In operation, the knife frames 6 and 9 are raised, the lever 19 operating to project the pins 17 above the surface of the tableand placed on the pins; or the vegetables may be laid on the table, and the lever 19 operating to force the pins into the vegetable.
or slicing in one direction, as for German fried potatoes, one set of knives are brought down through the vegetables but through the vegetables, the first knives thus carried by the frame 6 moving into the deeper grooves and below the surface of the table and the second set of knives 10 being brought down into the shallower grooves 4. The knife frames are then lifted and the pins 17 withdrawn to strip the vegetables therefrom by pressing downward on the lever 19.
For cutting the vegetable into cubes they are removed from the spikes after slicing with both knives 9, 10 and are turned so that the slices are arranged in horizontal position and one set of knives again brought down through the vegetables so that the sections of the vegetables are not cubes.
This vegetable slicer is particularly advantageous in that vegetables can be quickly sliced in any fashion and further in that it is simple in construction, consists of a small number of parts and readily cleaned.
What I claim is:
1. A vegetable cutter comprising a table,
. knives of the frames being arranged to pass between the rows of holes on the table, pins movable through the holes of the table, and means- -for moving the pins vertically, substantially as and for the purpose specified.
2. A vegetable cutter comprising a table having a plurality of openings 'therethrough arranged in rows in two directions at a right angle to each other, a pair of knife frames movable toward and from thetable, substantially parallel knives carrled by the frames, the knives of one frame being arranged at an angle to the knives of the other,
and the knives of the frames being arranged to pass between the rows of holes in the table, pins movable through the holes of the table, and means for moving the pins vertically, the table being formed with grooves for receiving the knives, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.
3. A vegetable cutter comprising a table,
a plurality of pins movable through the table, the pins being arranged in rows in two directions, means for moving the pins through the table, and gangs of knives movable toward and from the table, the knives of one gang being arranged at an angle to those of the other and said knives being arranged out of alinement with the rows of pins and movable between the rows of pins, the table being formed with grooves at a right angle to each other for receiving the knives, substantially as and for the purpose described.
4. A vegetable cutter comprising a table having a plurality of openings therethrough arranged in rows in two directions at a right angle to each other, a pair of knife frames movable toward and from the table, the knives of one frame being arranged at an angle to the knivesof the other, and the knives of the frames being arranged to, pass between the rows of holes on the table, pins movable through the holes of the table, and. means for moving the pins vertically, the table being formed with grooves for receiving the knives, the grooves for receiving one set of knives being deeper than the grooves for receiving the other set of knives, the deeper grooves being of greater depth than the width of the knives plus the depth of the shallow grooves, substantially as and for the purpose specified. g
In testimony whereof, I have hereunto signed my name, at Syracuse, in the county of Onondaga, and Stateof New York, this