US 1380050 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
APPLICATION FILED SEPT. 27. 1920.
1,380,050. Patented May 31, 1921.
2 SHEETS-SHEET I.
,ifiven'z wt' 1 hrzgsjilszer v c. FISHER.
, SAVINGS BANK. APPLICATION FILED SE PT,27.1920. 1,380,050. 0 P d May 31, 1921.
' Z9 v I y 2Q I /z 75 76 E 19 a m UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
CHARLES FISHER, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS, ASSIGNOR TO THE AUTOMATIC RECORDING SAFE COMPANY, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS, A CORPORATION OF ILLINOIS.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented May 31, 1921.
Application filed. September 27, 1920. Serial K054152384.
To all w]: am it may concern Be it known that 1, CHARLES FISHER, a citizen of the United States, residing at Chicago, in the county of Cook and State of Illinois, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Savings-Banks, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates particularly to a slot-guard and locking device for savings banks; and the primary object is to provide an exceedingly simple and effective construction which can be manufactured very cheaply, the device being or improved I ticalsectional view of the casing, show ing the closure in position, the section be ing taken as indicated at line 3 of Fig. 1; Figp ls, an inner face view of the closure, showing the closure equipped with an im proved coin-slotdeviceand locking device; Fig. 5, an inner View of the outer plate of the closure, showing the slot-guards in po sition'; Fig. 6, a plan view of the closure with the outerplate thereof and the slotguards removed, thus exposing a springplate employed; Fig. 7, an inner face view of the outer plate of the closure; Fig. 8, a plan View of the .innerplate of the clo-' sure, this view showing the locking mechanism in position; Fig. 9, a broken view similarto Fig. 8, but showing a fillet-plate of the lock-case removed Fig. 10, a bottom view of said fillet-plate; Fig. 11, an enlarged transverse sectional view of the closure taken asindicated at line 11 of Fig. 4:; Fig. 12, a broken longitudinal"sectional view taken as indicated at line 12 of Fig. l; Fig.
13, a broken view showing the bit oi a key employed; arid Fig. 14, an enlarged broken sectional view taken as indicated at line 1i ceives theclosure B.
The closure B comprises an oval outer plate 2 and a slightly smaller oval inner plate 3,these plates being so shaped and combined as to form a housing for the looking mechanism and a housing for the slotguards. These plates have their marginal portions connected by rivets t. The inner plate 3 of the closure has the metal struck downwardly at one end to form a recess or chamber 3 for the locking mechanism, and has the metal struck downwardly at an intermediate portion to form a recess or chamber 3" for the slot-guards. The outer and inner plates of the closure are provided with registering slots 5 and 5*, respectively, forming a coin-admission slot extending through the closure. In the chamber 3" are mounted slot-guards, or guard-plates 6 and (l These are in the form of small flat plates ,which have adjacent edges meeting in the central plane of the coin-slot as indicated at. 7 in" Fig. 11. The plates are disposed adjacent the inner surface of the top plate 2 of the closure and have their remote edges bearing against points or projections 8 with which the plate 2 is equipped on its lower surface at some distance from the coin-slot, on opposite sides thereof. The guard-plates are held in position by a spring plate 9 which is of oval outline, and which has an enlarged opening 9 corresponding with the-coin-slot of the closure. The plate 9 is provided with spring-arms 9" which project inwardly from the margin of the opening 9, being preferably formed integrally with the plate 9. The extremities of the spring-arms 9 are equipped with hooks or flanges 9 which engage recesses 10 with which the guard-plates are equipped on their lower surfaces near their outer or remote edges. The guard-plates pivot, or fulcrum, at their outer edges on the under side of the plate 2, as indicated at the lines 11. The outer edges of the guard-plates are'beveled, as indicated at 12. The inner edges of said plates are beveled as indicated at 13,'the purpose being to insure the proper return of the guard-plates to the slot-closing position. The dotted lines in Fig. 11 indicate the position of the guard-p1ates after they have been forced downwardly by a coin 14 (as is shown in dotted lines). It will be understood thatthe spring-ar1ns I cut away to aflord an opening 1 which re- 9 normally hold the guard-plates in a position parallel with the top plate 2, but permit the guard-plates to swing freely when a coin is inserted. After partial insertion of the coin, it is gripped by the meeting edges of the slot-guards. In forming the chamber 3", the metal at the central portion is depressed just the proper distance to afford a wall 3 which affords a stop for the slot-guards when they are in the coinadmitting position.
The plate 9, as shown, has its outer margin secured between the outer margins of the plates 2 and 3. The plate 3 is of just sufficient size to fit within the oval opening 1 of the casing A, while the outer plate 2 has its margin projecting over the wall of the casing A.
The locking mechanism B comprises a key-barrel 15 disposed in the chamber 3 and journaled in the plates 2 and 3; an annular locking member, or ring, 16, having an enlarged bore 16 which freely encircles the key-barrel, the member 16 resting on the bot tom of the chamber 8; a spring 17 serving to hold the locking member 16 in theprojected position shown in Fig. 12; and a fillet-plate. 18 confined between the locking member 16 and the spring-plate 9, and having a downturned flange 18 which rests on the bottom wall of the chamber 8. The chamber 3 is provided near its rear end with vertical shoulders or walls 19 against which the ends of the leaf-spring 17 bear. The spring permits retraction of the locking member 16. The locking member may be moved, very much as an eccentric ring, is moved, by means of a key 20 which has a bit 20 which is adapted to turn in the member 16 of the locking member and effect the projection and retraction of the locking member. The chamber 3 is of suiiicient dimensions to permit the necessary lateral shifting of the locking member in the eccentric movement thereof which occurs when the vkey is inserted in the key-barrel and turned. The key will positively project the locking member as well as retract it; and the spring 17 will serve to hold the locking member yieldingly in the locking position shown in Fig. 12.
As will be understood from Fig. 11, in forming the depression or chamber 3", the metal is so struck as to form oppositely inclined walls 3 which permit the necessary movement of the slot-guards.
As shown in Figs. 8 and 14;, the inner plate 3 of the closure is provided at onev end 'ith a projection or catch 3 adapted to engage the inner margin of the opening 1 of the casing at one end of said opening.
The construction described is simple, cheap and readily assembled by means of appropriate assembling devices, and is thoroughly effective for its purpose.
The foregoing detailed description has been given for clearness of understanding only, and no unnecessary limitations should be understood therefrom, but the appended claims should be construed as broadly as permissible in view of the prior art.
What I regard as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
1. In a device of the character set forth, the combination with a wall. provided with a coin-slot, of a plurality of substantially fiat guard-plates disposed adjacent the inner surface of said wall, and a sheet metal spring-plate equipped with integral springarms interlockingly engaging and normally holding said guard-plates in the slot-closing position.
2. In a device of the character set forth, the combination with a wall provided with a coin-slot and equipped on opposite sides of said slot with bearings, of guard-plates disposed adjacent the inner surface of said wall and having their remote edges abutting against said bearings, and a spring plate secured to said wall and having inwardly extending spring-arms interlockingly en-' gaging said guard-plates near their fulcrum ends.
3. In a device of the character set forth, the combination with a wall provided with a coin-slot, of a slot-guard comprising a substantially flat plate disposed adjacent the inner surface of said wall and projecting over the coin-slot, a. bearing for the rear edge of said plate, and a spring-arm secured to said wall and extending under theouter margin of the plate and having a projection interlockingly engaging a recess with which the plate is provided near its rear edge 4. In a device of the character set forth,- the combination of an outer and an inner plate having registering slots, the inner plate having a depressed portion affording a chamber, guard-plates mounted in said chamber and projecting into the path of a coin when passed through said slots, and a sheet metal spring-plate equipped with integral arms having their extremities engaging the guard-plates near the remote edges of the plates, the outer margin of said spring-plate being interposed and secured between said first-named plates.
5. In a device of the character setlforth, thecombination of an outer plate, an inner plate having a depressed portion forming a chamber, said plates having registering slots, guard-plates disposed adja cent the inner surface of the outer plate on opposite sides of said slot and having edges meetingnear the center of the slot, and spring-arms secured to said first-named plates and interlockingly engagi 1g the guard-plates near their remote edges, the re mote edges of said guard-plates being fulcrumed on said outer plate.
6. The combination With the casing of a savings bank, of a closure comprising an outer and an inner plate, the inner plate having a depressed portion affording a guard-plates having adjacent edges meeting near the center of the slot, and a springplate provided with a central opening corresponding with the coin-slot, said springplate having its marginal portion confined between said outer and inner plates and having inwardly extending integral springarms engaging said guard-plates near their remote edges, the remote edges of said guard-plates being fulcrumed on the inner surface of said outer plate.
7. In a savings bank, the combination with a casing, of a closure comprising an outer plate and an inner plate, said inner plate being provided With a depression affording a chamber for slot-guard mechanism and being provided also with a depression. affording a chamber for a locking device, guard-plates and a spring plate having arms affording supporting springs for said guard plates mounted in said firstnamed chamber, and a locking device mounted in said second-named chamber.
8. In a savings bank, a closure comprising an outer plate and an inner late, said inner plate having a depression aflording a chamber, said plates having registering slots affording a coin-slot, guard-plates in said chamber disposed adjacent the under surface of the outer plate on opposite sides of the slot, the inner edges of said guard-plates meeting near the center of the slot and the outer edges of said guard-plates being fulcrumed on the under surface of the outer plate, the edges of the guard-plates being beveled, and a spring-plate having a central opening corresponding with the coinslot and having its outer margin secured between said outer and inner plates, said springplate having integral spring-arms engaging the inner sides of the guard-plates near the fulcrum edges thereof.