US 1382070 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
J. L. FATE, DECD.
D. Ll FATE, EXECUTEIX.
ART 0F DISPENSING cooL DRINKING WATER.
APPLlcAloN FILED JULY 5.1917.
Patented June 21, 1921.
In 2/6'72 Zw '1' UNITED STATES 4PATENT OFFICE.
JOHN LAMPSON FATE, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS; DAISY L. FATE, EXECUTRIX 0F SAID JOHN LAMPSON FATE, DEGEASED, ASSIGNOR, BY MESNE ASSIGNMENTS, TO C. ROY
GjLEASON, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS.-
specification of Letters intent.'V Patented June 219 1921.
Application n led July 5, 1917. *Serial No. 178,561.
To aZZ 'whom t may concern Be it known that I, JOHN LAMPsoNFATn, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of Chicago, in the county of Cook and State of Illinois, have invented certain new and useful Im rovements in the Art of Dispensing Cool rinking-Water; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description thereof, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, and to the characters of reference marked thereon which form a part of this specification.
his invention relates to im rovements in the art of dispensing cool drlnking water, and refers more particularly to a method whereb water' may be bottled at the spring or lbott ing station, suitably chilled before itis delivered to the user, and whereby the chilled water may 'be maintained at a suitably low temperature at the users place without the necessity of refrigerating the .'bottle and its contents, said means being so arranged that the water may be poured or otherwise dispensed directly from the bottle for use inlsuch manner that the water does not come in contact with the air or surfaces ex ed tothe air from the time it is Vbottled until it is4 used.
A further object of the invention is to provide a novel water cooler for individual water bottles adapted to receive and hold a bottle of water in such a way that the water may be poured directly from the bottle into lthe -drinking glass so as to thereby avoid the objectionable feature of passing the water from the bottle throu h a refrigerator coil.
A further object of t e invention is to provide a novel container for the bottle which is so constructed and arranged as to maintain the temperature of the water low without the use of ice and thereby save the cost of ice' commonly employed in connection with lwater coolers for suitably cooling the water.
Other objects of the invention are toimprove and simplify water cooling devices', and the invention consists in the combination and 4arrangement of the parts shown in the drawings and described in the specification,
and is lpointed out in the appended claims. As s own in the.drawings,-
Figure 1 is a side elevati-on of a water cooler embodying my invention.
- plo ed.
cap for the container and stopper for the bottle.
As shown in the drawings, 10 designates a double wall container, the walls of which lnclose a'space 11 from which the air is eX- hausted to produce a high vacuum. Said container is incased in a jacket 12 which extends around the bottom of the container at 14 so as to give an ornamental or finished appearance to the device and to protect the double wall container. 15 designates a domeshape cover which surmounts the container and 1s formed of inner and outer walls 16, 17, respectively, which inclose a space 18 from which the air may be exhausted to produce a partial vacuum. The inner wall 16 is formed at its lower edge with a horizontal iiange 19 which tsflat over an annular seat 20 at the upper open edge of the container, and the Vouter wall 17 of said cover overlaps the upper end of the container so as to form a rim 21 which fits tightly on the outsidcf'of said upper end of the container. Preferably, an elastic gasket 22 is interposed between the seat 20 and the cover ange 19.
Said cover is adapted to |be detachably locked to said container by any suitable locking expedient by which the cover may be held down tightly on the container. As herein shown, the rim 21 of the cover is provided with an annular 'bead 23 which is engaged by spring latches 24 that are fastened to the jacket 12 and extend upwardly and overlap the -beaded edge of said rim. vSaid latches are provided withl outturned terminals 25 which form gui-des that are engaged by the rim when the cover'is tted in place on the -container to center the cover, and also to press said latches outwardly so as to automatically engage the locking bead 21. The flatches may be released from the beaded rim by pressure applied to the terminals 25.
Any other suitable means for thus detachably fixing the cover in place may be 'emhe upper, smaller end of the dome-shape cover 15 is formed with an opening through which the neck of the bottle extends, and is provided at said opening with a yieldin gasket or ring 24 against which the neck of the bottlel is adapted to be pressed. As herein shown, the inner wall member 16 of the cover is formed to provide an annular recess to receive said rin 24', and the outer wall member 17 is formed over the .convex surface of the recessed end of the inner wall. A cap 25 is fitted over the neck of the dome-shape cover 15 and may be provided with a stopper or cork 26 that is herein shown as fixed to the end wall. of the cap by a screw soldered to said caip and threaded axially in the cork or stopper.
27 designates the bottle which is supported in the container, and said container, with its closing cover 15, is so dimensioned with respect lto the bottle ythat the upper end of the bottle neck extends through the yielding packing or gasket ring 24, so that when the cap 25 is removed water may be poured from said bottle. In order to prevent the bottle from bein broken by contact with the bottom of t e container, and also in order that the neck of the bottle may be held upwardly against the packing ring 24" and thereby provide a dust and air-tight joint at this point, the said bottle is supported directly on a yielding support at the bottom of the container. Said yielding support consists in the present instance of a plate or platform 29 that is supported centrally on a pair of cross springs 30 that rest on the bottom of the container; and said plate may be fastened to said cross springs by a central rivet 31.
The container is swingingly supported in a suitable carrierby means which normally maintains the-container upright, but which permits the container and the bottle therein to be tipped so as to pour water from the bottle. The carrier herein shown comprises a weighted base 32 and upstanding arms 33,
33, which latter are herein shown as provided with upwardly opening notches 34 to receive lugs 35, 35, which spring laterally from the jacket 12 of the container above the center of gravit of the device. The weighted base 32 is erein shown as made hollow and may be filled with any suitable heavy particles, such as shot, gravel or the like, so as to prevent the device from tipim roved water cooler, the water is bottled at t e springs or a bottling establishment and the bottles are sealed. The individual bottles are thereafter distributed'to the customers at stated periods, as, for instance, in the morning, when used in an office service. The water bottles are subjected toa desirably low temperature just before being delivered, so that when placed in the contalners said temperan g In the use of m terious substances, such as dust or slime' or sediment which may settle out of the water onto surfaces along which water as diss pensed passes, as in other water coolers.`
For instance, when the water is dispensed through a refrigerator pipe to which ice is applied in order to cool the water passing from the bottle to the faucet, the interior of the pipe soon becomes fouled Vby the matter which settles out of the water and unless great care is taken to constantly sterilize ,i
such pipes the water is likely to become con'- taminated and unfit for use. Furthermore, when water is dispensed from a large bottle supported in inverted positions over an ice refrigerated cooler, more or less dust, germs or other deleterious matter which collects on lthe bottle seat of the cooler will find its wa into the water and render the same unsa e for drinking purposes.
My improved cooler is also applicable for domestic uses, in which a single cooler may be used with two or more bottles, one of which may be kept in the household refrigerator so as to be suitably cooled for use when the water in the bottle contained in the cooler becomes too warm for drinking purposes and by thus alternating the bottles suitably cooled water may be kept at all times for drinkingA purposes.
I claim as my invent1on:
1. An `iceless cooler for standard water bottles comprising a metal, double-wall container having air exhausted from the space between the walls and open at its top and adapted to receive through its top a removably mounted bottle, and an upwardly ta pered, metal, double-wallcover, having air exhausted from the space between its walls, removably applied to the open top of the container and having an o en ca receiving neck at its top through w ich t e neck of the bottleextends.
2. An iceless cooler'for water bottles comprisin a metal double-wall container ar range to rovide between the walls an air tight cham er, with the air exhausted therefrom, said container being open at,its top and adapted to receive through its open top a bottle, and a removable metal, upwardly tapered, double-wall cover, with air ex- 1 hausted from the spaceA between the walls thereof, applied over the open top of the container and having a restricted openca receiving neck through which the neck o the bottle is adapted to extend and in which range to provide between the walls an air tight chamber, with the air exhausted therefrom, said container being open at its top and adapted to receive through its open top a bottle, a metal, removable double-wall cover applied over the open top of the container with air exhausted from the space between said walls, and having at its top a reduced open cap receivin neck throug which the neck of the bottle ls'adapted to extend, and aasket in the opening o f said neck in which t e bottle neck closel l'its, ysaid cover being spaced from the ottle neck in all its parts below said asket.
4. An iceless coo er for water bottles coma metal, double-wall container arprisig rang to provlde between the walls an a1r` tight chamber, with the air exhaustedtherefrom, said container being o en at its top and adapted to receive throu its ropen to a bottle, a. metal, removab e, double-wa cover applied over the open top of the container w1th air exhausted from the space between said walls, and havin at its top a reduced o ening through which' the neck of the bottle is adapted to extend, a gasket in said opening in which the bottle neck'closely fits, said cover being spaced from the bottle neck in all its parts below said gasket, and resilient means to press the bottle neck against said gasket.
In testimony that I claim the foreging as' my invention I ailix my si nature inthe pfresence' of' two witnesses, thls 12th day of une, A. D. 1917.
JOHN LAMPsoN FATE. Witnesses s. 'Ef wxmma