|Publication number||US1383067 A|
|Publication date||Jun 28, 1921|
|Filing date||Sep 15, 1920|
|Priority date||Sep 15, 1920|
|Publication number||US 1383067 A, US 1383067A, US-A-1383067, US1383067 A, US1383067A|
|Original Assignee||Emil Borman|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (28), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
PNEUMATIC HEEL. APPLICATION FILED SEPT 15,1920.
Patented June 28, 1921.
for the wearer thereof.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
EMIL BORE-AN, 0F CHIOAGO, ILLINQIS. PNEUMATIC HEEL.
Application filed September 15,1920. Serial To all whom. it may concern:
Be it known that I, EMIL BORMAN, a citizen of Russia, having declared my intention to become a citizen of the United States, residing in the city of Chicago, county of Cook, and State of Illinois, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Pneumatic Heels; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description of the same, reference being bad to the accompanying drawings, and to the numerals of reference marked thereon, which form a part of this specification.
This invention relates to an improvement in rubber heels and is adapted to provide a rubber heel which in addition to having the resilient qualities of rubber has also a pneumatic compartment therein in which a cushion of air is maintained, thereby rendering the heel still more resilient and comfortable An object of this invention is the provision of a pneumatic heel for shoes which is composed of rubberand which has provided therein a layer or cushion of air which is compressed at every step of the wearer thereby resulting in greater elasticity and insuring ease and comfort in walking.
A further object of this invention is the provision of a pneumatic rubber heel for shoes which will not be much, if any more, expensive or difiicult to manufacture than the ordinary rubber heel now on the market.
A still further object of this invention is the provision of a pneumatic heel wherein the air cushion provided in the heel is aupositively brought into optomatically and normal use of the heel in eration in the walking.
Other and further important objects of this invention will be apparent from the disclosures in the drawings and specification.
The invention (in a preferred form) is illustrated in the drawings and hereinafter more fully described.
In the drawings:
Figure 1 is a side elevation of a portion of ashoe showing the improved heel attached thereto.
Fi 2 is a bottom plan view of the heel detailed from the shoe.
Fig. 3 is a top plan view of the heel-with the pneumatic compartment indicated by the dotted lines.
Fig. 4 is the cross section of the heel taken on the line 4.-4 of Fig. 3.
Specification of Letters Patent.
' pocket shown at 18 in these Patented June 28, 1921. No. 410,525
Fig. 5 is a cross section takenon the line 5-5 of Fig. 3. f
ig. 6 is a cross section similar to Fig. 5 showing a slight modification.
s shown in the drawings:
The reference numeral 10 indicates a shoe having the improved pneumatic heel 12 applied thereto in the ordinary manner. The heel is provided with a downwardly and outwardly extending integral protuberance 14- which is adapted to act as The heel may be made ofany preferred shape and of any size and as shown in the with a recess 18 extending down into the central portion thereof and which is covered by a resilient cap 16 made of rubber or other suitable material. This cap 16 is adapted to fit into a corresponding offset annular recess provided in the heel and which extends around the pocket 18 and when the cap is inserted in position it provides a cover which is flush with the upper side of the heel which may be in a plane parallel to the lower side but which in the preferred form is sunken slightly. The insertion of the cover 16 into position in the heel as shown in Figs. 4 and 5 results in the construction of a resilient air cushion or figures. The cover 16 is preferably vulcanized into position, thereby providing an air-tight joint and insuring the efiicient and positive operation of the air cushion 18 at all times.
owever in the modification ofthe device shown in Fig. 6 the cover 16 may be provided with beveled edges as shown to correspond with similar beveled outstanding edges in the recess in the top of the heel 12. This method of construction provides a joint which is practically air-tight and which moreover provides for additional ease in assembling the heel. As shown, the heel 12 is provided with the usual perforations 20 extending about half drawings is constructed This will permit ther advantage of this construction will be found in the fact that as a result of the adaptation of an air cushion in a heel of this sort the material of which the heel is made need not be of such a resilient nature as is ordinarily necessary in the provision of a rubber heel in order to attain the desired elasticity to operate for ease in walking. in the use of a more durable composition of rubber which therefore will not wear out so quickly andmoreover is not nearly so expensive to manufacture. The space in which the air is retained may obviously be made of any desired shape or form, or of any size consistent with the particular rubber heel to which it is to be applied.
It will also be evident that" this heel will have the same or better wearing qualities as other rubber heels, on account of the solid and reinforced construction thereof, and moreover constitutes a particularly desirable article which fills a long felt; want, namely that of a cushion of compressed air under the heel of the wearer which is positively brought into operation at every step of the wearer owing to the protuberance on the bottom of the heel which will be pressed flush with the remaining surface, therebycompressing the air in the pocket.
I am aware that numerous details of construction may be varied through a wide range without departingfrom the principles of this invention and I therefore do not purpose limiting the patent granted thereon otherwise than necessitated by the prior art.
I claim as my invention:
As an article of manufacture, ,a cushion heel for shoes consisting of a rubber body having a hermetically-sealed cavity for air formed by integral and continuous top and bottom walls and up-standing marginal walls of said body, and provided with a curved protuberance, or boss, on its under side of approximately the same shape and area as said cavity, the bottom wall of said cavity being sufiiciently yielding to permit loads and shocks to be resisted mainly by the air confined within said cavity.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto subscribed my name in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
CHARLES \V. HILLS, J12, EARL M.-HARDINE.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2549343 *||Feb 17, 1949||Apr 17, 1951||Stephen Stoiner||Cushion sole|
|US4709489 *||Aug 15, 1985||Dec 1, 1987||Welter Kenneth F||Shock absorbing assembly for an athletic shoe|
|US5987779 *||Apr 17, 1996||Nov 23, 1999||Reebok International Ltd.||Athletic shoe having inflatable bladder|
|US6785985||Jul 2, 2002||Sep 7, 2004||Reebok International Ltd.||Shoe having an inflatable bladder|
|US6988329||Mar 4, 2005||Jan 24, 2006||Reebok International Ltd.||Shoe having an inflatable bladder|
|US7047670||Jul 2, 2003||May 23, 2006||Reebok International Ltd.||Shoe having an inflatable bladder|
|US7152625||May 24, 2004||Dec 26, 2006||Reebok International Ltd.||Combination check valve and release valve|
|US7278445||Jul 12, 2004||Oct 9, 2007||Reebok International Ltd.||Shoe having an inflatable bladder|
|US7337560||Oct 28, 2005||Mar 4, 2008||Reebok International Ltd.||Shoe having an inflatable bladder|
|US7340851||Mar 29, 2006||Mar 11, 2008||Reebok International Ltd.||Shoe having an inflatable bladder|
|US7383648||Feb 23, 2005||Jun 10, 2008||Reebok International Ltd.||Inflatable support system for an article of footwear|
|US7448150||Feb 28, 2005||Nov 11, 2008||Reebok International Ltd.||Insert with variable cushioning and support and article of footwear containing same|
|US7513067||Jan 12, 2006||Apr 7, 2009||Reebok International Ltd.||Shoe having an inflatable bladder|
|US7600331||May 19, 2008||Oct 13, 2009||Reebok International Ltd.||Inflatable support system for an article of footwear|
|US7622014||Jul 1, 2005||Nov 24, 2009||Reebok International Ltd.||Method for manufacturing inflatable footwear or bladders for use in inflatable articles|
|US7721465||Jan 4, 2008||May 25, 2010||Reebok International Ltd.||Shoe having an inflatable bladder|
|US7735241||Jan 11, 2006||Jun 15, 2010||Reebok International, Ltd.||Shoe having an inflatable bladder|
|US7930839||Oct 7, 2009||Apr 26, 2011||Reebok International Ltd.||Inflatable support system for an article of footwear|
|US8037623||Jun 29, 2006||Oct 18, 2011||Nike, Inc.||Article of footwear incorporating a fluid system|
|US8151489||Apr 9, 2010||Apr 10, 2012||Reebok International Ltd.||Shoe having an inflatable bladder|
|US8540838||Nov 23, 2009||Sep 24, 2013||Reebok International Limited||Method for manufacturing inflatable footwear or bladders for use in inflatable articles|
|US8572786||Oct 12, 2010||Nov 5, 2013||Reebok International Limited||Method for manufacturing inflatable bladders for use in footwear and other articles of manufacture|
|US8677652||Mar 9, 2012||Mar 25, 2014||Reebok International Ltd.||Shoe having an inflatable bladder|
|US9474323||Feb 12, 2014||Oct 25, 2016||Reebok International Limited||Shoe having an inflatable bladder|
|US20040003515 *||Jul 2, 2002||Jan 8, 2004||William Marvin||Shoe having an inflatable bladder|
|US20070046804 *||Aug 28, 2006||Mar 1, 2007||Olympus Corporation||Image capturing apparatus and image display apparatus|
|US20080209763 *||May 19, 2008||Sep 4, 2008||Reebok International Ltd.||Inflatable Support System for an Article of Footwear|
|US20100037482 *||Oct 7, 2009||Feb 18, 2010||Reebok International Ltd.||Inflatable Support System for an Article of Footwear|
|U.S. Classification||36/35.00B, 623/56, 36/29|
|International Classification||A43B21/28, A43B21/00|