US 1383235 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
H. H. REED.
REFRIGERATOR. 4 APPLICATION FILED APR. i4. 1921. 1,383,235. Patented Junezs, 1921.
l 4 SHEETS-SHEET l.
ivm* i nvenTor. Hurry H. Reed H. H. REED. BEFRIGERATOR. AFPucATfoN FILED APR. :4, |921.
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nvenTov. Harry H Reed H. H. REED.
REFRIGERATOR. APPLICATION mso APR. 14, |921.4
@mentari Jam@ 28, 1921.
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Pmemed ,Mme 28, 4 SHEETS-SHEET Af.
, UNITED stares PATENT," OFFICE'.
HARRY H. REED, 0F WIINIIH RP,l MASSACHUSETTS.
To ail w /wm t may concer/n Be it known that I, HARRY H. REED, a
ycitizen of the United States, and resident of to build the refrigerator of the desired size in the form' of a permanent structure. One difficulty which is encountered with a per? manent refrigerator of this type is that of enlarging, changing or removing refrigerators in case necessity requires such action. Where the refrigerator walls are built as a permanent structure the only way to make a change in the refrigerator, either in the way of enlarging it or of removing itis to vbear down the structure and this, of course, results in a total loss of a portion of the structure which is torn down.
IIt is one of the objects of my' present invention to provide a cement finish refrigerator which is made in sections that are detachably connected so that by assembling the proper number of sections a refrigerator of ,any desired size can be pioduced.
One advantage of this construction is that,
with the Vsectional structure 'it is a. simple matter to enlarge the refrigerator by adding additional sections, and it is also an easy matter to move the refrigerator by simply disconnecting the various sections and moving the sections individually into the new i location where they may be readily 'set up again to form a complete refrigerator.
Other objects of the invention areto prof vide for detachably connecting the sections together, and to provide sections whichare so constructed that they can be handled without danger of chippinfr or breaking the plaster, cement or other. finish, and otherwise to improve refrigerators of this type all as will be moreffully hereinafter set Speccation of Letters Patent.
The method now commonly. employed in building such refrigerators is` a selected vembodiment thereof which will now be described after which the novel features will 'be pointed' out in the appended claims.
Figure 1 is a side View of a refrigerator embodying my invention.
Fig. 2 is a section on substantially the lin@ 2 2, F ig. 1.' I
Fig. 3 is a fragmentary section on the line 3-3, Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is afragmentary section on the line lr-4, Fig. 1.`
Fig. 5 is a perspective view of one of the wall sections.
vA refrigerator embodying my invention may be made of any number of sections or p Patented J une 28, 1921.
Application led April 14, 1921. Serial No. 461,297.
units depending on the size required. In
the draivingsl have illustrated al refrigerator in which two opposite side walls are each made of three sections or units connected together, in which the end walls are made of two sections or units and in which the ceiling and floor are each made of three connected sections lor units. In the drawings 1 indicates generall the refrigerator and the sections on one sic e are indicated at 2, 3 and 4 while those on the opposite side are indicated at The two sections in each end wall are indicated at 6. The sections of which the floor is composed are indicated at 7 and those of the ceiling are indicated at 8.
Each section comprises'a unit-com lete 1n itself` which can be detached from ot er sections and moved bodily from one' location .to another. In the drawings the section 3' in one wall is shown as having a. .door 9 for the introduction of ice and the section s is shown as having a door 10 to affordentrance to the refrigerator room. 'Y
Each unit section of the refrigerator comprises a skeleton framework preferabl 1' of wood, a filling of insulating material filling the framework, and a layer of coating of plaster, cement, plastic or other similar fin`V ishing material-on oneor both sides 'of the unit.
' In the section 2, for instance, the wooden skeleton comprises two posts 11 and 12 at one vertical ed of the unit, a post 13 at the, opposite e ge, two cross pieces 111 and 15 at the top connecting the posts, and similar cross pieces 16 and 17 at the bottom also connecting the posts. These posts 11 and l2 and also the cross pieces are 'placed ene E.
behind the other and in a stepped relaties. as shown. The space within the skeleton uit having 'a thickness equal to that of the slabs.
frame is lled by suitable insulation' 18 and this insulation may be in the form ol slabs of 'cork board or slabs of any other insulat ing material or may be even in the form of loose granular cork or similar` insulating mateiial. If slabs ot cork board or similar iii-- sulating material are used the'slabs will be cut to the proper shape to lit within the sk fleton 'trame and may be secured to the frame in any suitable or usual Way. liicli slabs will preferably be arranged so that the faces thereof will come flush with the sides of the skeleton trame. ln 'the drawings l have shown the body'ot each unit as formed from two slabs olf insulatingmaterial, and Where two posts or cross members are used at each edge of the frame I will preferably employposts or cross members The post 13 is shown ashaving a thickness equal to two slabs. 71th this arrangement the outer slab 18 will overlie the post 7 and cross member 15.
. 20 may be applied directly to the cork board.
lf desired, however, suitable metal lathing may besecnrcd tothe cork boardbetoie the plaster is applied thereby to assist in holding the plaster in place. l have herein shown metal protecting strips 2l which inclose the edge oi' the plaster coating and serve as a protection therefor. These' metal strips are nailed or otherwise secured to the skeleton framework before the plaster is applied and when the plaster has set. the plastered area. is circumscrilied by the metal protectingl strips which prevents danger of the plaster chipping or breaking; at the edge.
Each ot the units is made up in substantially this way except that thesections ai'e so constructed that the verticaledges ot thc skeleton frame which torni ioints in the walls Will'be of a double width similar to the post i3. lt the sides ol' the units which meet at the corners and at ollieinplaces l will preferably use the frame harinaM the two overlapping members to toi-m the stepped structnre'shown at il, l5, lll and l?,
The door ot' the refrigerator is also made in sections, cach section comprising a skele ton framework and a suitable filling. rlhc skeleton framework ot' the floor comprises the members 22.23 at one side having the overlapping relation and the members 24, 25 at the other side, said framework being filled up by the cork board lll or other insulating material. On top of the cork board is a layer J5 forming a concrete base and then on top ol this a cement layer 2li loria ing a finishing layer or working iloor. 2T indicates a wooden member which borders the outside ot the layer 25, 26. The ont-er edges of the base sections have the stepped v tencling from one end to the other and the adgacent tloor section is shown as haying angle iron 30 embedded therein which angle iron abats the wooden member lf desired, the angle iron may be used on bothl sections or both sections may have the wooden member 29, the important thing beging that each section has a, wall which meets and abats the wall of the adjacent section.
The concrete base 95 and cement'layer 26 may be laid on thesections individually oi' may be laid after the sections have been assembled in which case thetloor of the entire refrigerator will be laid at one operation. ln laying the cement or concrete floor the parting members 29 and 30 will act as separators between the cement base 95` of one section and the concret-e base ot' the next adjacent section. ln layingv the tlooi l propose to use a thin sheet metal pai-ting strip 99 directly at the joint between the sections, said panting;V strip acting as a separator hen tween the cement layer 2li ot one section and that of the 'next adjacent section. This parting strip does not come-'clear to the top ot the cement layer and after the latter is laid and before itis set a V groove 3l will be formed directly over the parting strip 99. 0n the other hand if the floor sections are completely builty each with its concrete base 95 and cement layer 2li before thc scctions are assembled then each conci-ete layer will be formed with the beveled edge coi-responding to the inclined grooves 31.
The various wall sections and ceiling sections areA each made'independently.
ln building a refrigerator the Floor sec-b tions 7 are first assembled and laid in proper relative position, and it' such floor sections are originally built without the concrete base 95 and cement layer 26, such concrete base and cement layer willl be laid on the assembled door sections, brit will be laid insiich a way that the concrete base 'for each section is separated from that ot the adp 'cent sections by the parting strips 29, 30
and 9i). The llooi' portion of the i'eiiigei'a- 'each wall section also has the stepped torina'- tioii provided by `the'iiieiiibeis 16 and 17 and the 4verticali edges of tlie'wall sections overlapping skeleton i'rame.
which meet at the corners hare th i stepped formation provided by the posts ll and l2.
'fter the fioor has been laid the wall sections are put in position and the stepped 'f'oriiiation at the bottom ofl each wall section fits the stepped edge ofthe floor section as shown clearly in Ifig. Il. The walls may be connected to the flooi' sections hy means ot lag screws iti-'l or other similar fastening devices which ai'e screwed into the, l will preferably place packing material indicated at 34- between tl-ie meeting' faces o'fl the wall sections and base sections. this packing material having a proper construction to form a vwater tight joint when the wall and fiooi` sections are firmly connected. When the wall sections have beenerected the top sections ti are placed in position. The top edges ofthe wall sections hare the stepped torinallion prorided by the overlapping members l-l. l5. The top sections are made in a mannei' similar to that described so that each presents at its outer edge the skeleton `frame presenting the stepped surface ioriiied by- `the frame members at :il -lti.
These top tiiftiens are laid on the wall sections so that the stepped poi'tion tht`=reotI fits the stepped portion at the upper edge of the wall secA tions and the top and wall sections may he then screwed together by suitable means such as lag screws i'. A packing or gasket Pfl will also preferably be used at the joint. Similarly a packing 3G will be used between the meeting vertical edges-of the wall sections, and if desired.y the vertical members t8 otl the frame may be grooi'ed. as shown at Il? so that a key or spline may be used for holding the two wall sections in line with each other.
.liter the structure has thus been built up then the corners and joints are tinished preferably by applying angle-shaped finishl ing menibei's to the corners and other finishing members to the vertical joints in the walls.
These finishing members may he made o iron. wood-or wood iaced with sheet metal. At the vertical corners between theI side walls 'l employ a` finishing member 87 ot angle shape Vwhich incloses the corner and the legs oi' which are secured thereto lhy suitahle screws 3H. i\t the corner around the top of the refrigerator l employ an angle finishing member which also incloses the corner and is secured Ain p lace by .suitable screws 4l). Before the angle Finishing ineinbers HT and 39 are put in place l will secure A to the walls filling strips 43, 44, 45 which are oi' av thickness equal to that of the plaster coating 1.) and which bring the surtaee ot the wall flush with the. plaster. .Qviiiiilarly,`
l propose to employ the. filling strips 79 and S() at the. top ot the side walls and on the ceiling respectively so as to make a fiat. surface to which the finishing member 3f) is secured. liofh oi" these finishing members HT and :lil are et' such dimensions that they cover the filling' strips and also overlie the metal protecting strips :l o n the edge of the plaster. These protecting strips prevent the filling strips front injuring or marring the plaster in any way` ,\t the vertical joints between the wall sections' at' the side of the wall l propose to use finishing strips in the way oi' plates ll which may be either of metal or wood as des'ired. let'oi'e these plates are put in position, Afilling strips 'TS will be nailed to the post lil, which filling strips have a thickness equal to that oi' the plaster l5) and thus 'form asolid support. for the finishing` plate Lf1. This plate tl. is of sufficient dimension to oi'eilie the protecting strips .f as shown in Fig. l. lit desired the. plate 4l may have a web or fin T7 extending therefrom and enterii-iga` slot between the adjacent wall sections;l This tinishing plate Ll-l may be secured in place by screws or any other suitable means. For finishing the i11- side of the refrigerator l propose to use angle shaped tiiiishing strips t6 at the eor ner between the walls and the floor and also at the corner between thel walls and the ceiling. These angle shaped finishing strips may he either ot inetalg'or wood and in the case ot the finishing strip at the tlooiI l propose to use a tilling strip 4T to which the finishing member Ltti is secured. The finishing member has the proper size to overlie the metal protecting strips Q1 at the edge and the plaster as above described. The finishing strip 4 6 at the corner and the walls and ceiling is supported on filling strips 14S and is oi a size to overlie the metal protecting strips 2 on the plaster coating.
These finishing strips 39, 87 and 46 serre to give a proper finish to the corners of the structure and they may also function as tiev members tor assisting in holding the va.- rious sections together.
vAtthe bottom ot' the refrigerator l propose to employ a -tinish strip 49 which may be of either wood or metal and the upper edge ofwhich overlies the protecting strip 2l. at the bottoni of' the plasttir. This finished. strip 4S) may bepijovided with a. web 5f) which occupies a slot'het-ween the fioor section and the wall section.
.\t the vertical inside corners :ingle shaped finishing members (i9 ai'e used which may be either ot wood or metal and which is sev cured to filling strips (ifi. said finished meniber (it) having sufficient dimensions so that its edges overlie the nietal protecting strips 2l on the edges oi the plaster. The `vertical joints between the wall sections at the inside otl the refrigerator are finished by a finish strip 45 which is seein-ed .to filling strips (i5 and which ovei'lies the jn'otecting strips 2l. at the edges ot theplaste'r.
l A refrigerator having the above construction is jnst as effective for use as a so-called cement finish refrigerator built as a permanent struetnre. but it has a further advantage that if it is desired to enlarge the refrigerator by extending it in any direction the sections ean be readily diseonneeted and new sections added to make a refrigerator of the desired size. Further. if. for any reason. it is desired to move the refrigerator into a new lot-ation. said refrigerator ean be readily taken down and the seetions moved independentl)Y to the new lot-ation and then they may be assembled again to make a eomplete structure. The taking down of the refrigerator involves simply removing the eorner strips 46, 8T. 39 and 69 and the finish strip JA). and removing the lag serews itil. When this has been done the seetions an be separated 1nd moved to a new loeation and then i #sei .oled as above deseribed.
'hen the lloor seetions are separated the rement working floor 2li will part along the joint without being broken or ehipped so that the floor seetions eau be readily reassembled again. When they are thus reassembled it 'will be advisable to lill the V grooves formed in the lioor with gronting or rement 32 in ordel' to provide a water tight joint.
The above eonstrnetion has the further advantage that it will allow of any neees! sary expansion or eontrm'tion without danger of eraekine' the plaster. rement or other liuish. Hinee the plast-ie linish is made in seetions whieh are separate from eaeh other eaeh seetion is eapable of having a snllieient movement `relative to other seetions to aeeommodate for any expansion or eontraetion. The use oll the metal proteeting strips 2l is :ulvantageons beeanse it preventsI the danger ol' the finished eoating being ehipped or broken when the set-tions are being assembled or disassembled, lu the above deseriptiou l have nsed the term -refrigerator" in its geueri l sense as iuelnding any room or eompartmeut whieh is eooled either by iee ormeelulnieal refrigeration. lt will be uuderstoml. ol' eonrse. that il' the s1 rnetnre is one in whiehithe eooling is ell'eeted by meehanieal refrigeration then il will not be neeessanv to bnild it-with the door El to reeeive the iee.
In lhx above deseriplion and in the following elaims l have also used the words` "rement plaster and the like" in a generio sense as eovering any suitable plastie material whieh may be nsed for the inside or outside eoating of the refrigerator and whirh is applied in plastie form and then'is allowed lo set or beeome hard.
While l have herein illustrated one way of constructing the Isections so that they may be assembled vet I do not wish to be limited to the. exaet struetn 'al features shown.
l. In a cont-rete finish refrigerator, the combination with a plurality of Wall sections eaeh comprising a skeleton framework filled with insulating material and covered on one or both sides with concrete, plaster, mastie or the like. and means for detaehably eonneeting the wall'seetions together to form a eompleted wall.
2. ln a seetional eement finish refrigerator. the eombination with a Hoor portion, of a wall made in individual sections eaeh e0mprising a skeleton framework. va filling 0f insulating material and a eoating of plastic material ou one or both sides. a roof or ceiling supported by said walls'and angle iron linish members inelos'ing the eorner formed by the .eeiling and walls and operating t0 seenre the wall seetions together. i
I. ln a refrigerator. the eombination with 'a lloor portion having a stepped formation at its edge. of a wall made in separable sections. the lower edge of eae'h presenting a stepped formation to lit the stepped formation of the lloor. eaeh seetion eomprising a skeleton framework. a lilling of insulating material and a eoating of plastie material on one or both fares. and a eeiling supported on said walls aml detaehably seeured thereto.
l. ln a rement linish refrigerator. the eombiuation with a plurality of wall sectionsl eaeh eomprising a skeleton vframework lilled with insulating material and provided with a eoating of rement. plaster or the like, a metal proteeting strip inelosing the edges and the plaster eoatiug on eaeh section, means for detaehably eonneeting the wall seetions together and a finish strip covering the joint between the seetions and overl \f'ing the proteeting strip on eaeh set-tion at the edge of the plaster eoating. Y i
3. ln a eement finish refrigerator. the eombination with a plurality of wall see tions eaeh eomprising a skeleton framework lilled with insulatingmaterial and provided with a eoating of eonerete; plaster or the like` a metal proteeting strip inelosing the edge of the plaster eoating for eaeh seetion, means for detaehably eonneeting the seetions together to form a completed Vall and angle shaped finish members at the eorners of the refrigerator. said finish members overlying the proteeting strip at the edge of the. plaster eoatiug.
In testimony whereof.' l have signed my name to this speeilieation.