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Publication numberUS1384302 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 12, 1921
Filing dateJul 9, 1920
Priority dateJul 9, 1920
Publication numberUS 1384302 A, US 1384302A, US-A-1384302, US1384302 A, US1384302A
InventorsCharles Clarke-Bruff
Original AssigneeCharles Clarke-Bruff
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Covered hollow ware
US 1384302 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

1,384,302. Patented July 12, 1921 C. CLARKE-BRUFF.

COVERED HOLLOW WARE.

APPLICATION FILED JULY 9,1920.

UNITED STATES P T OFF c eEAnLEs CLARKE-13mins, or .COALZPOR'I, ENGLAIIVDQ covnnnn ironnow"wnan nssaeozr To all whom it may concern: 7

Be it known that I, CHARLES CLARKE- BRUFF, a subject of the King of 'Great I Britain, residing at Coalport,England, have invented certain new and useful Improvements 1n and Relating to Covered Hollow WVare, of which the following is a speciii cation.

This invention relates to improvements in and relating to covered hollow ware, and being particularly applicable to fictile articles it will be hereinafter'described in that application.

, Inparticular the present invention aims to obviate that incongruouscornbination of a metal lid or cover and a fictile vessel which is emphasized in such vessels as covered jugs and the like also to counter these diffidividual fitting of each and every metal culties of manufacture which arise from irregularities Of SlZB' and figur ng, these irregularities requlring more or less 1ncover to its vessel, and unless the manufac tu'rer has facilities on his own works to produce and fit the covers, the vessels must be despatched to makers of these metal covers whereby production costs are burdened m 1 with the costs of packing and transport, and

with the delay and risk of damage in transit. To the foregoing ends the improvements according to the present invention are di rected to that type of vessel fitted with a loose removable lid orcover having a rigid lip or vergein which upon the vessel being held at an inclination the lid or cover 'is held at points on the front or delivery side of the vessel and the back of the lip' or verge of the lid or cover comes or bearsagainst the interior of the neck of the vessel where by the lid or cover is prevented from falling off the vessel. According to engagement between the lid or cover component and the vessel component from opposite plain faced wall parts on thefront or delivery side of the vessel is effected" by elastic means as local friction grips applied to one component, for example, the rigid lip or verge of the fictile lidor cover, such elastic means frictionally reacting with the vessel to form a plain face friction grip lock to hold the lid or cover at the front while the back of the lip or verge by coming or bearing against the interior of the neck of the a vessel completes the lock, thus preventing Specification of Letters Patent. c Patentd July Application filed July 9, 1920, Serial No. 395,084.

the present invention the.

studs applied to'thelip or verge ofthelid or coverso as to be'capable of frictionally' engaging the vessel from opposite points on;the delivery side of'the vessel, will {set up" a grip lock of the lid orcover sufficiently effect ve to hold the lid or cover; at these points and prevent the lidor, cover from fallingoff whenthe vessel :is tilted, or even" completely inverted, as i above described. At

the same time the lidor cover may be quite easily removed when required.

Thus let the studs be located on which divides the planorinscribedlcircle of a cylindrical or equivalent vessel, as a jug for exampleinto unequal segments of which 1n the case of a Jug, for example, the small? segment is on, the deliveryside of the ves- 'sel, it will be seen that the lid or cover can;

be quite'easily removed,without using more force than is required to liftjup the lid" on cover by tilting it backwardly from the Cl-ir livery side, the reasonlfor this beingthat] the arcuate path OfthestudS thus produced cuts across-chords of increasing length.

As further conducing to-safety the mouth of the'vessel may be sloped so that it rises to the highest point on the delivery side, of the vessel. l

For the purpose of enabling the improvements under the present invention to be i more readily understood, reference is hereinafter made to the accompanying drawings, in which an application of the invention: to

a jugis shown, and iinwhichz- Figure 1 is a wow 1n profile'andpartly section of a jug provided with a lock or safety lid in accordance with the present invention.

Fig. 2 is a section on the line w-y of I In carrylng the present invention into practical effect, it is convenient, in the case of a jug a with lip bg to form the lip or verge c of the loose lid or cover d of the shape-or contour ofa horseshoe. c

That part of thelip or'verge-c remote! from the lip bis preferably slightlylengtln 'ened, While the part of the lip or verge 0 nearest the lip b is fitted on the opposite sides 'of a planepassing medially throughthe lip,body, and handle of the jug, with two or more rubber studs e; 6, adapted to take up'any slackness in fitting and to grip the interiorsurface of the wall of the jug especiallyiwhenv the vessel is tilted.

The studs 6, c are illustrated as constituted of double fiangedstems which are sprung intoperforations in the wall of the lip or verge c soas tobe retained thereln by the companion fianges, but any suitable or appropriate method of fastening the studs in position-may be adopted without'departing fro m the present invention. i

V 7 Obviously the studs or like grip means may be fitted to the wall of. the vessel in-.

stead of to-thelid. or cover.- v

Themouth of the vessel may if desired be sloped as shown for furthervsecurity but sloping of the mouth of the vessel is not essential for the purpose ofnthe presentinvention. l

As' conducing to additional safety that part; of the lip or verge of the lid orscover.

which is-remote'from the lip band the corr 'ponding part ofthe neck of thefvessela may be sloped outwardly. h

What'I claimis: a a r I l lnfia covered vessel of the type de scribed, in combination, a vessel component, a. loose removable cover component, said fcover component having a rigid verge the backlof which isdadapted to .bear against the interi'orof the neck of the vessel to counter a tiltingniovement ofsaid cover component toward the pouring side of the vessel, and saidfcomponents, on the pouring side thereof, having corresponding plain faced wall parts with appertaining intermediate elastic means aslocalfriction grips on j one component for frictionally reacting with the other componentto form a plain face friction grip lock.

2. Ina covered vessel of the type de scribed, in combination, a vessel component,

a loose removable cover component, said cover component havlng a rlgld verge the backof which is adaptedto bear against the interiorof the neck of the vessel to counter a tilt ng movement of sand cover component toward the pouring side of the vessel, and

said components, on the pouring side thereof, havlng corresponding plain faced wall parts with appertaining elastic members in apertures of the vergeof'said cover component as local friction grips for frictionally reacting with the vessel component to realize a plain face friction side of the vessel. 7 i

3. A loose cover fora vessel ofthe type described with a plain interior wall surface, said cover having a rigid verge the back of which is adapted to bear against the-interior of the neckof the vessel to counter a tilting grip on the pouring movement of. said cover toward the delivery siderof the vessehpandelastic members as local plaln face friction grips in apertures of theverge of said cover adapted to form a friction grip lock on theplaininteriorf face of thevessel 011 the pouring side thereoff 4. A loose cover for a vessel ofthe type described with a plain interior wall surface;

said cover having a rigid verge the back of which is adapted to bearagainst the interior of the neck of thevessel to countera tilting movement ofv said cover toward the delivery;

In testimony wliere'of, l'alfix signaturee .cHARLEs CLARKE-BRUFR V

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2748943 *Apr 20, 1953Jun 5, 1956Walker Arnold JLiquid density separator
US2905074 *Jul 21, 1955Sep 22, 1959Ekco Products CompanyBeverage dispensing device
DE102013202430A1 *Feb 14, 2013Aug 14, 2014Wmf Württembergische Metallwarenfabrik AgBehälterdeckel
Classifications
U.S. Classification222/529
International ClassificationA47G19/12, A47G19/00
Cooperative ClassificationA47G19/12
European ClassificationA47G19/12