|Publication number||US1384565 A|
|Publication date||Jul 12, 1921|
|Filing date||May 5, 1920|
|Priority date||May 5, 1920|
|Publication number||US 1384565 A, US 1384565A, US-A-1384565, US1384565 A, US1384565A|
|Inventors||Martin Frederick D|
|Original Assignee||Martin Frederick D|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (10), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
F. D. MARTIN.
APPLICATION FILED MAY 5, 1920.
'1 84,565. Patented July 12,1921.
W017: asses. [7: van 1502" %ZD% 'f'ldarz ,e M in W 15 m/ 1%.; xiiiorney- 4 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE...
FREDERICK D. MARTIN, OF KANSAS CITY, MISSOURI.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, FREDERICK D. MAR- TIN, a citizen of the Unitedstates, and a resident of the city of Kansas City, county of Jackson, and State of Missouri, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Gromets, of which the following is a specification. 1
My invention relates to new and useful improvements in gromets, and has] for its object the 'provision ofagromet having a restricted portion intermediate its ends, which will be simple in construction and economic in manufacture, and highly efi cient in use. I
Other objects will appear hereinafter.
The invention consists in the combinations and arrangements of parts hereinafter described and claimed.
The invention will be best understood by reference to the accompanying drawings formin a part of this specification, and in Whi -i, Y v
Figure 1, is a plan view of the invention applied to a piece of fabric,
Fig. 2, is a plan View of the rear of the invention applied to a piece of fabric.
Fig. 3, is a sectional view taken on substantially line 3-3 of Fig. 1,
Fig. 4, is a perspective view of a portion of the invention,
Fig. 5 is another perspective portion of the invention,
Fig. 6, is a plan view of the retaining plate used in the invention.
The invention comprises a pair of cooperating parts which are made substantially oval, one part 8 of which is provided with an opening formed therein, said opening having an enlarged portion 9 adj acent one end of the plate 8 and a smaller portion 10 adjacent the opposite end of the plate connected by a neck 11, so that the device presents a plate 8 with an opening restricted intermediate its ends. The gromet is designed for attachment to a fabric 12, and is especially designed for use upon butchers and bakers aprons, and the like. WVith such articles of apparel, it'is custom ary to have attached to .the adjacent edges of the garment strings by means of which the garment may be tied upon the wearer. In. removing the garments the wearer often leaves the strings in a knotted condition, so that when the garment is sent to the laundry it is necessary to unfasten the knots View of a v I Specification of Letters Patent. Patented J l 12 1921 Application filed May 5, 1920. Serial No. 37'9,04=9.
before laundrying, this work resulting in a consuming of considerable time at the laundry, and add ng to the expense of laundrying of the garments. Also it has been found through experience, that in laundrysufiiciently small to prevent the passage of the knotted end of the string therethrough. It is evident that the removal of the strings is facilitated before the laundrying of the garments, and the liability of injuring the garments through a catching of the strings upon the article is eliminated. The plate 8 is provided with a neck 13 which projects from one side thereof and which conforms in cross section to the contour of the opening formed 111 the plate. This neck 13 is projected through the garment and a retaining plate 1 1 having openings 9, 11 and 10 is rovided, the neck 13 being thrust through the openings in said plate. After the neck 13 is projected through the fabric and the plate 14, placed thereover, the neck 13 is flattened into clinching position as shown in Fig. 3, thereby securely attaching the gromet to the fabric. It has been found, from eXperience,'that a gromet of this na ture formed in the manner indicated and attached to the goods as described, suffers no injury through laundrying of the garment, and is very rarely torn from the garment during the laundrying thereof.
WVhile I have illustrated and described the preferred form of construction for carrying my invention into effect, this is capable of variation and modification without departing from the spirit of the invention.
I, therefore, do not wish to be limited to into the opening 10 and,the opening 1O,being therein, said opening being restricted intermediate its ends, the opening at one side of said restricted portion being larger than at the opposite side; and a neck portion pro-' 'ectin from one of said members and D 7 adapted for projection through and reten-' tion in the opening in the cooperating member, substantially as described. v j
2. A gromet comprising a pair of cooperating members, each having an opening formed therein, said opening being restrict over said cooperating member, substantially as described. I p c 3. A gromet comprising a pair of cooperating members each having an opening therein, said opening being restricted intermediate its ends, the opening at one side of said restricted portion being larger than at the opposite side; and a neck portion intecontour of said opening, substantially as described.
.4. A gromet comprising a pair of cooperating members each having an opening formed therein, said opening being restricted intermediate itsends, the opening at one side of saidrestricted portion being larger than at the'opposite side; and a neckintegral With'and projecting from one of said members and adapted for projection in'thc opening in the cooperating member, and to be clinched over said cooperating member, said neck corresponding in cross section to the contour of said openings, substantially as described. v
In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification in the presence; of two subscribing Witnesses.
FREDERICK D. MARTIN. Witnesses:
CARROLL H. LEWIS, H. G. BALTIS.-
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|US4071964 *||May 12, 1976||Feb 7, 1978||Constantinos Vogiatzis||Footwear fastening system|
|US4916833 *||Nov 25, 1988||Apr 17, 1990||Luck Nwoko||Enhanced speed lacing device with an integrated adjustable width, adjustable tension system|
|US5214863 *||Oct 28, 1991||Jun 1, 1993||Kaepa, Inc.||Footwear lace locking assembly|
|US5499823 *||Oct 28, 1994||Mar 19, 1996||Sumitomo Wiring Systems, Ltd.||Grommet with filler inlet opening|
|US9199586 *||Jan 9, 2012||Dec 1, 2015||Ford Global Technologies, Llc||Slotted grommet and assembly|
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|US20150040430 *||Sep 9, 2014||Feb 12, 2015||Nike, Inc.||Footwear Lacing System|
|CN103381004A *||Aug 1, 2013||Nov 6, 2013||茂泰(福建)鞋材有限公司||Shoe buckle and shoe|
|CN103381004B *||Aug 1, 2013||Aug 26, 2015||茂泰(福建)鞋材有限公司||鞋扣及鞋子|
|U.S. Classification||24/701, 135/119, 2/336, 16/2.1|