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Publication numberUS1385360 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 26, 1921
Filing dateJul 31, 1918
Priority dateJul 31, 1918
Publication numberUS 1385360 A, US 1385360A, US-A-1385360, US1385360 A, US1385360A
InventorsBruhn Max C, Mcgill George F
Original AssigneeBruhn Max C, Mcgill George F
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 1385360 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)




1,385,360. Patented July 26, 1921..





1,385,360. I Patented July 26, 1921.


luxc. BBUHN am) scores 1-. menu. or CHICAGO, L I

.' cannon-mm Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented July .26, 1921.

"AppHcatIonmIedII-My 81, 1918. "swarm. 947,550.

To-all whom it may conoem Be it-knownthat we, -Mnx1 C.-BnrmN and Greece MCGILL, citizens of the United States, and residents of the city of Chicago, in the county of Cookand State-ofIllmms, have invented certain new and-useful Improvements Change Makers p-and wedo hereby declare that the followmg' ls a'full,

' clear, and exact description of the same,

reference being had 1 to the accompanying drawings, and to the numerals of reference marked thereon, which-form a part of this Specification.

This invention relates to improvements 1n a portable type of change maker adapted to be worn by. a person receiving coins and required to make change. The change maker covering this invention s constructed of-removably connected sections adapted to ermit the change maker tobe readily ta en apart for cleaning or-repairs andconveniently assembled again in a comparatively short time to afford a ready means'formak- --plurality of removably connected sections are adapted to be constructed independently of each other and then removablyxassembled to form the portable change maker.

A 1 further object :of the invention is l the construction of-a chan maker wherein the coin tube section and t e ooin-ejecting base section are removably connectedtogether by means of mounting hook-members.

It is also an object of this invention to provide a change-maker adapted to eject coins therefrom and havingwthe parts removably assembled to perm'it cleaning and repairs.-

It is furthermore an object of the inven tion. to construct a portable change maker wherein a coin tube section and an ejecting base section areadapted to removably interfit each other to permit mounting hook members to removably engage said sections.

Another object oi the invention is to provide :a change maker wherein the various parts which are rigidly secured to one another. are riveted together; to eliminate the use of solder and thereby simplify the method of assembling.

It is an" important object'o'fi the invention -.toprov1de a portable change maker wherein .gabase member omwhich the ejecting mecha- 111?!!152 816 mounted is-adapted to have a mom tube-section removably mounted thereonand held: in position by means of removable supporting hooks.

Ot her and a further important objects of this invention will beapparentfrom the disclosures in the specificationuand drawings.

:The invention (in a preferred form) is tillustrated in the draw-ingsland hereinafter umore fully described.

Onthe drawings:

rFagurel is'a frontelevation of a change maker embodying: the principles ofthis invention.

Fig.2 is a rear-elevation thereof.

rFlg. ;3. is a'sectional view-taken on'line. 3-3 of Fig. 1, with the coin tubes omitted.

1F g.-et 1s amend 'viewof the device.

Fig. 5 1s 'a fragmentary detail section taken==on line 5--5,-of Fig. 1, with parts shown in elevation.

F I -1g. 6 is a:section' taken on line 6-45, of 1 ig. 7 is a front elevation of the base of 1 the device showing the lower'coin' tube support in position and with the tubesomitted.

Fig. 8 is a top plan view of the locking :mechanism removed from the chem e maker.

Fig. 9 is a tube section taken on ine9-9, of Fig. 4.

Fig. 10 is an enlarged fragmentarydetail section of a lever support taken on' line 10-10, of Fig. 4, with parts omitted.

Fig. 11 is an'enlarged fragmentar detail section taken on line 11-41, of Fig.

Fig. 12 is an enlarged fragmentary detail section on line 12-12, ofFi 2.

Fig. 13 is an enlarged'i ragmentary detail section taken on line 13-13,of.Fig.4=.

Fig. 14 is a sectional view' takenon line 14-14, of Fig. 3, showing the-lever in elevation.

Fig. l5 is a'fragmentary' detail section taken on line 15-15, of Fig. 2.

-As shown on the drawings:

The change maker comprises a base section, a coin tube section, a locking member and supporting members for removably holding the sections together. .The coin tube section embraces a'number of cylindrical cointubes, the tubes denoted by the reference numerals 1 and 2, bein adapted to receive nickles, another denoted by the reference numeral 3, adapted to receive dimes, and the fourth tube 4, adapted to receive pennies deposited therein. Each of the coin tubes is provided with view. apertures 5, in the front thereof to permit coins, if there are any carried in said coin tubes, to be readily seen. Rigidly securing the lower portions of all of the coin tubes together is a lower bracket or support which is disposed behind the tubes and comprises a horizontal plate or flange 6, having integrally formed at right angles to the front edge thereof a plurality of spaced downwardly projecting curved tube holders or concave lugs 7, which are secured by means of rivets 8, or any other suitable means to the rear of the tubes to hold the same properly positioned with respect to each other. The ends of the bracket plate 6, extend beyond the tubes 1 and 4. Integrally formed on the inner or front edge of the plate 6, between the tube holders 7, are upwardly and rearwardly directed hooks 9. Rigidly securing the upper portions of the coin tubes together is an upper bracket or support, which Is disposed behind the tubes and embraces an inclined plate 10, one longitudinal margin of which is bent horizontally as denoted by the reference numeral 11. Integrally formed on the front or inner margin of the plate 10, is ,a plurality of spaced down wardly projecting curved upper tube holders or concave lugs 12, which are rigidly secured to the upper rear portions of the respective coin tubes by means of rivets 13, or other suitable means.

Secured across the open upper ends of the coin tubes 1, 2, 3 and 4, 1s a sin le or unitary inclined cover plate 14, which is flanged downwardly and has the front portion thereof shaped or formed to afford a cover for eachone of the respective coin tubes. Each of the respective covers thus provided for the coin tubes, has a coin slot 15, formed therein, by which a coin of the proper denomination may be easily introduced or dropped into the respective coin tube. The rear longitudinal margin of the cover plate is bent horizontally as denoted by the reference numeral 16. As shown in Figs. 5 and 6, the horizontal portion 16 of the cover plate 14, engages over the horizontal portion 11, of the upper bracket, and is ri idly pecured thereto by means of rivets 1?, or any other suitable means.

The base section has the coin ejecting mechanisms mounted thereon and comprises a base plate 18, on the curved rear margin of which is integrally formed an upright curved rear Wall 19, which has the upper margin thereof bent inwardly to afford a flange or rim 20, adapted to be engaged by the hooks 9. Struck inwardly from the rear wall 19, is a pluralityaof longitudinally ahned lugs, tongues or projections 22, leavmg openin s 23, in said rear wall. The ends of the ack wall 19, are bent forwardly to form end walls 24, which are provided with large openings 25. Formed in the lower front corner of each of the end walls 24, are openings adapted to securely receive teeth or projections 26, expanded therein, which are integrally formed on the end margins of the base plate. Rigidly secured in an aperture formed'in the upper front corner of each of the end walls 24, is a tooth or pro ection 27, one of which is integrally formed on each end of the horizontal flange 20, which is disposed between the end walls 24, and in front of the rear wall 19, and has the front edge positioned to permit the same to be engaged by the books 9. Provided in the rear wall 19, near each end thereof is a horizontal slot 21, terminating at one end in an opening 28, for a purpose hereinafter described.

Pivotcd on the base plate 18, beneath each of the respective coin tubes 1, 2, 3 and 4, are ring shaped ejectors or discharge elements 29, 30, 31 and 32, respectively. The ejectors are normally disposed to register beneath the open bottoms of the coin tubes, so that coins deposited therein fall to the bottom of the tubes with the lowermost coin or coins seating within the ring shaped ejectors. The nickel ejector 29, is of'a depth sufiicient to receive four nickels seated therein, while the nickel ejector 30, is adapted to receive but a single nickel. The dime ejector is of a thickness to permit the same to hold but a single dime, while the penny ejector 32, is adapted to receive four pennies seated therein. It will of course be understood that the coin tubes may be provided in sizes to receive coins of any desired denomination other than those described, and that the ejectors may be made of any desired depth or thickness to permit the same to eject with a single operation any number of coins desired for the making of change.

The ejectors are clearly shown in Fig. 3, and are of different sizes corresponding with the size of the coin for which they are designed to eject. The ejectors are of similar form and each is provided with an integral tongue or extension 33, and an integral arm or extension 34, pivotally held on the base late 18, by means of a pivot pin or rivet 35. ntegrally formed on the outer edge of each of the arms 34, is a gear segment comprising teeth 36. A back stop 37, secured on the base plate 18, is provided for each of the ejecting rings to limit the inward movementthereof. Pivotally mounted on the base plate 18, to the rear of each of the arms 34, IS a gear segment 38, provided, with a slot or opening, -and' having the'teeth thereof in mesh with the teeth 36, of the respective ejecting ring.

For the purpose of swinging any 'one of the ejectingnngs outwardl over a semicircular'cut-away ortion o the base plate 18, a trigger or be l-crank lever 39, is-pro vided one for each of said ejecting rings. The construction Ofeach of the triggers 39, is identical, and each is pivotal'ly mounted between the forks or tines ef-a -U-shaped or I 'removably-mount the-looklng bar 1n posit-1 yoked bracket 40, rigidly riveted or otherwise secured upon the inner surface of the rear wall 19, as clearly shown in F1 10. Each of the-triggers is provided with a downwardly directed integral tail 41, wh ch engages in the o ening, of the respective gear segment38, isposed therebe'low. When a trigger is depressed, the tail 41, swings -inwardly or rearwardly, and-being'engaged in the openin of the respective gear segment 38, pivotal y swingsor rotates the gear segment, the teeth of which, being 1n mesh with theteeth 36, of the respective ejectlng rlng, swing the coin ejecting ring outwardly from the frame from beneath the coin tube into register with the semi-circular cut-away portion of the base late to permit a coin or coins seated in and carried outwardly by the ejecting ring to fall therethrough into the hand of theoperator. A-colledsprlng 42,

1 one for each of the triggers is provided,

whom the change maker is used.

, receive a cotter:

coiled around pintles "43, supported by adj acent yoke brackets 40, and upon which said triggers are also mounted. .One end of each of the springs 42, bears against the rear wall 19, and the other end is engaged behind the tail 41, of the respective trigger, so that depressing movements of the triggers are resisted by the springs and after depression of said triggers, the same are returned by said springs to normal position and the ejecting rings therewith. Front stops 44, are provided on the base late 18, to limit the forward movement of t e ejecting rings.

Provided in each of therear cornersof the base plate 18, theplate 6, the flange plate 20, andthe plate portions 11 and 16,--are openings orapertures-45. The apertures 45, in each corner of the device are axially alined with one another when the coin tube section is engaged on the base section. To removably hold said sections together an upright retaining rod 46, is removably engaged through the registering openings 45, 'in each rear corner of the device, and each. of said rods 46, has the upper end thereof curved or bent rearwardly anddownwardly' to afiord an attaching or supporting hook*47, adapted to'be engaged over the belt of a erson by be lower projecting end of each of'the rods 46, is diametrically drilled or passaged to removably pin 48, to hold the device sections assemble normal osition againstde To'holdthe actuating-levers 39,-locked in ion; a' curved lockin T ar-=49, is provide *having-the ends -thereo bent forwardly to afford stops 50. Inte'grally formed or rigidlysecured to the convex orfront side ofthe locking bar 49,

are four spaced projections, tongues or latches 51, one for each of the ejecting levers-39. -Integrally-formed on theupper thereof is a'supportmg guide hook 52. To

against the-inner surface of the rear wall 19, the hooks 52, are engage'dthrough the openings -28, after which the bar is-moved -t0=- ermit the hooks 52, to-slide in the s1ots-2l, into a position wherein the latches 51, engage behind thetails 41, of the levers 39,-to hold the levers locked against depression when the change maker --is assembled. The locking mechanism is'adapted-to be operated only from the rear of the change-maker byengagivrirgland sliding thehooks 52, in theslots 21.

en the bar49, is-moved, the-stops 50, are adapted-tocontact with one or the other of the rods 46, to limit the movement ofsaid bar. 7

The operation "is as follows:

In the portable type of change maker described, t e 'base'section, the'coin tube sec- -'tion, thelocking mechanism, and thehook supports may be manufactured independ- 'ently of-each other, and removably assembled as required. I To simplify theconstruction and reduce the cost of manufacture soldering and brazing is dispensed with and riveting is used instead, where "necessary. To assemble a change maker the locking *bar around the front-edge of said plate-20. The

rods 46, are then-inserted through the respective opening-s45, and the cotter pins-48, are removably engaged through-the lower projecting aperturedends of 1 said rods, thereby holding said coin tube sectionand said 4 base section -properly associated with one another to 'form the change maker, which-may be readily dismembered to permit cleaning-or repairs when necessary. The locking mechanismds adapted to be operated only from the rear ofthe change maker by sliding the hooks 52, in the'slots 21, to a position wherein the latches 51, enga e behind the tails 41,015 thelevers 39.

0 use the change maker, the books 47 thereof are engaged over-a belt or other supiportingmeans worn by the person-whcis is first engaged against the inner surface of mechanism is moved to open position to permit depression of the levers 39. Coins received are theninserted through the slots 15, according to their denomination to drop into the respective coin tubes 1, 2, 3 or 4, as the case may be. The deposited coin or coins fall by gravity in said tubes, stacking one upon another with the lowermost com or coins of each tube seated in the coin e ecting ring element disposed in register with the lower end of the tube. In order to obtain the coin or coins necessary to make change, the operator depresses the proper trigger 39, thereby rotating the respect ve gear segment 38, which, being in mesh w th the teeth 36, of the respective e ectlng rlng mechanism, thereby swings the ejecting ring outwardly into a position against the respective outer stop 44, to register over the semi-circular cut-away portion of the base plate 18, which permits the coin or coins carried in the particular ejecting ring to fall by gravity therethrough into the hand of the operator. Release of the trlgger then causes the ejecting ring to be returned automatically to registering position beneath the respective coin tube and against a rear stop 37, under the stress of the sprmg 42. It 1s due to the fact that the integral tongue or extension 33, formed on each ejecting rlng has swung into position beneath its coin tube that the remaining coins in the tube are prevented from falling downwardly upon the base plate 18, in position behind the projected ejecting ring, which would of course prevent said ring returning to normal position and would make proper operation of the device impossible.

We are aware that various details of construction may be varied through a wide range without departing from the principles of our invention, and we therefore do not purpose limiting the patent granted otherwise than as necessitated by the prior art.

We claim as our invention:

1. A change maker comprising a base section, a coin tube section, a plate disposed transversely across the rear wall thereof, and spaced parallel members integral with the base section for receiving said plate therebetween to hold the sections engaged in operating position.

2. In a change maker adapted to be supported from the belt of the operator by hook supporting means, a base section, and a coin tube section removably engaged therewith, said sections adapted to be held in assembled position by the supporting means.

3. A portable change maker embracing a coin ejecting base section, a coin tube section, a plate secured on the rear thereof, a flange integral with said base section, lugs struck from the base section, said plate adapted to fit between said flange and said tube section removably interfitting with said base section, and having said hook supportlng means removably engaging said base sec tion and said coin section to hold the same 1n operative position with respect to one another.

5. A portable change maker consisting of a base section, coin ejecting mechanisms mounted thereon, members secured on said base section, a coin tube section, supporting means ri idly secured thereon adapted to be removabl y engaged between said members, and hooked supporting members removably engaged with said coin tube section, said members, said supporting means and said base section to hold the same removably assembled with said ejecting mechanisms operatively positioned with respect to said coin tube section.

6. In a change maker a coin ejecting base section, lugs struck therefrom, a plate integrally .formcd on said base section above said lugs, a coin tube section, a bracket support rigidly secured to said tube section and adapted to removably fit between said lugs and plate, and hooked members removably engaged with said coin tube section, said plate, said bracket support and said base section to hold the change maker in assembled form, said hook members being likewise adapted to support the device in position upon the belt of the wearer.

7. A portable change maker comprising an apertured coin ejecting base, lugs struck therefrom, an apertured plate integrally formed on said base above said lugs, a plurality of coin tubes, an apertured lower bracket rigidly holding said coin tubes spaced from one another, said lower bracket removably engaged between said lugs and plate, hooks integrally formed on said lower bracket adapted to engage around one edge of said plate, an apertured upper bracket securing said coin tubes together, an apertured and slotted cover secured to said coin tubes and to said upper bracket, and hooked members removably engaged through all of said apertured members to hold the same assembled, said hook members being filrther adapted to removably support the device in position for operation.

- 8. A change maker adapted to be readily manually assembled and taken apart, including in combination a slotted base section, a coin tube section removably engaged therewith, and a locking mechanism removably mounted to project through the rear wall of said base section adapted to co-act with said coin tube section to control the ejection of coins therefrom.

9. A change maker adapted to be readil manually assembled and taken apart, inclu ing in combination a base section, a slotted back plate integrally formed thereon, members integral therewith, a locking mechanism removably engaged with said back plate, a coin tube section removably mounted on said base section, means thereon projecting between said members, and ejecting mechanisms on said base section adapted to be locked by said locking mechanism.

10. In a portable change maker, the combination of a base section, a coin tube section, and a lockin ably assembled an held together in operamechanism, all removtive position by hooks, said hooks being additionally adapted to support the device from the belt 0 the operator.

11. A portable change maker, comprising a plurality of connected sections adapted to be removably assembled and to be held in assembled osition b means of hook members, said ook members being additionally adapted to support the device from the belt of the wearer thereof.

In testimony whereof we have hereunto subscribed our names in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.



Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2435666 *Oct 7, 1943Feb 10, 1948Wong Gee JanMoney-changer
US4367760 *Feb 29, 1980Jan 11, 1983Kim ThomasCoin dispenser made with adjustable height structure
U.S. Classification453/29, 453/49
International ClassificationG07D1/08, G07D1/02
Cooperative ClassificationG07D1/08
European ClassificationG07D1/08