US 1385634 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
P. A. MARSHALL.
APPLICATION HLED 050.18, 1920.
1,385,634. Patented July 26, 1921.
3 SHEETS-SHEET 1- WITNESSES m MENTOR 13 Marshall,
A TTORNE Y8 P" A. MARSHALL.
APPLICATION FILED DEC-l8, 920. I 1,385,634, Patgnted July 26, 1921.
3 SHEETS-SHEET 2.
WITNESSES INVENTOI? Floor fer 9y M /Shall,
A TTORNEYS P. A. MARSHALL.
MECHANICALTOY. APPLICATION FILED 05c. I8, 1920.
1,385,634. Patented July 26, 1921.
a SHEETS-SHEET a.
\I If \g mnn 2 WITNESSES lNl/E/VIOR A TTORNEYS toy.
r I Thesupport l, is also provlded' with a' UNITED STATES:
PERcY'ANnRnss MARSHALL, or LOS ANGELES, cAnIron'rrrA.
T0 all whom it may concern."
Be itknow n that I, PERCY A. MARSHALL, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of Los Angeles, in the county of Los Angelesand State of California, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Mechanical Toys, of which the fol lowing is afspecification;
My invention is an improvement in toys, and has for its object to provide a toyof the character specified, wherein there is pro- V vided a rotatable support carrylng aseries of representations of airplanes, so connected with the support that they may move up-' wardly and downwardly with respect thereto, the downward movement of the one controlling the upward movement ofthe other, and the downward movement of the one also" controlling the rotation of the support, and
wherein the downward movement of the planes isbrought about by a weight. In the drawings I g Figure l is a front view of the improved Fig. 2 is a similar view at right angles to Fig. 1.
F ig.'8 is afront View'of the bomb with a part in section.
Figs. 4 and fir-4: and-55, respectively of Fig. 3.
In the present embodiment of the invention, a support is provided of truss formation, and of light material, either wood or metal, the said support/being indlcated at 1, and there is. journaled in this support a shaft 2. Referring to Fig. 1, it will be seen that the truss support has at its ends depending bearing portions 3, and that the these bearing 'por-' shaft, is journaled in tions. v V
Secured "to each end'of the shaft is a reel 4:, and upon'each reel winds a flexible member 5. The reels are tapering and are arranged withtheir small ends'inward, and the flexible member is secured tothe small end of the reel, and'winds towardthe large end. Each reel has a flange 6 at its outer end, the said flanges being frusto-conical as arranged with their small ends.
shown, and inward;
vertical shaft 7 which isjournaled in the truss, at right angles -to the shaft 2, and the shafts 2 and 7 are geared together by bevelv I I I ferred form of, bomb adapted for connecgears 8.
5 are sections on the-lines the said bracket is arranged to be connected with an overhead support, as forinstancea ceiling. The-shaft 7 is rigidin the sup- Patented'July 2 51921. Application filed December 18, 1920. Serial No. 431m.
thereon, and it is held in a bracket 9, and; i
port '9, and a collar 10 is provided on the.
shaft for limiting the, downward movement of the support 1 with respect to the shaft.
The representation 1170f an airplane isv connected with each flexible member 5. These representations may be.designed to represent any preferred form of airplane, :being that of a bl-plane in the .present'instance, and eachrepresentation is provided with coasting wheels 12 and a propeller 13,
the said propellers being free to rotate with respect to the fuselage of the :plane.
The planes also havev vertical and hori-f zontal'rudders indicated at 14. Since the shaft 7 is fixed, it will be obvious that when i the shaft 2 is rotated on its axis it will also be revolved about the shaft 7 as .a center.
The flexible members5 wind upon the reels '4: in opposite directions, so that when one flexible member unwinds the other will be -wound up, and theflexiblemembers may;
be of any desired length. The airplanes are constrained to move first named plane to move downward to plane. 7 I
"wind up the flexible member of the other t l Thisweight connected'to that plane which is uppermost, and-each plane has a 'l, '95 to which the weight may be connected.
hook 15 on the u'ndersideof the fuselage Flexible retaining elements E carried-by the plane are also connected to weight for holding the same in position. In operation, with the parts in the posiairplane which is highest, the said plane will beacaused to move downward, unwinding one'flexlble member and rotatlng the" shaft 2 ina direction to cause'thefother flexible member to "wind up. The rotating 'movement of the shaft 2"wil'l cause the shaft and the supportn l to revolve about theshaft 7. In-Figs. 3, land 5, there is shown a pretion with the hook ofthe lower plane. This tion of Fig. 1,, and, with. the weight on that 30 V bomb designatedbythenumeral 16 is connected to the: hook 15. of the lower plane and. *the weight designated-.bylthe letter W is at;
tached I to the upper :planethrough; the medium; ofra=-hook and the flexible elements.
ends, one end being a much sharper taper 7 than the other and the said end is pro-- vided with guiding vanes 17, the said vanes being planes which are perpendicular to each other, The" large end ofthe bomb, that, is, the head" indicated at 18 is detachable,
being held to the body bya screw119, and thishead has a cavity 20 in which is movable a'plunger 211 on the inner end of a rod 22. The rodzha-s a head :23. at its outer end, andthe rod-risnor mally pressed outward.-
" 16-strikes-thefl0or, the member 26 carried 5 by.a.spring.24...
The headihas a: laterally. extending slot or zpassage through which a :detonating cap'26 may be pushedinto, positionto be in by the head 23 Striking thenfloor. Because of the revolving movement of theairplanes about the axis of the sh'aft7; they will. tendizto swing upward, through cenplane.
trifugalforce, and they .will tend to take an. inclined position; as indicated in dotted lines in..Fig..3,. a ii This will cause." the; bill of the hook 15 to slant tova greaterxdegree and eventually the bomb" will: bendislodged, and the striking- 50f the head against thefloor will cause the-cap tobe'detonated.
, In preparing the; improved .toy for use the E. Any suitable meanszmay be employed for connecting, the @weights .to the upper Thelconnection of the weight W with the: upper-plane ofcourse overbalances 1;; When/the explosive. device isdiscon j the upperplane .with@. the result that the same will move downwardly. The down-- I ward movement of the upper plane results in;
. therotation of theshaft 2 so that the planes 11., arezrevolvedabout; the axis ofthe'shaft 7 As the velocity of the planes increases,"
theqsame; will moveoutwardly through centrifuga;l force. The outward movement of i the ascending;- plane-.of course-tilt's the same with;the.--result that the; bomb; 16 carried therebyzis permitted. to slideloff; the hook;
The point'at which the explosive device 16- slides off the hookmaybe regulated by in clining the hookto thefdesireddegree. As
illustrated in Fig. 3,-each hook 1.5 is provided with a small knob ,Kgwhich prevents the explosive device from sliding --off the hooks prematurely i.
nected-from the plane byreason'of the inclination. 5 f the plane, the 1 same will travel downwardly and the head v23 of the plunger will contact with the ground so that the de- I tonating cap 26-will be engaged by the for- J ward end 21 of the plunger 22.
Byimeans-of the flexible elements E the plunger 23. I claim: I engaged by.- the plunger,i%whenlit is driven clined to release theweight whenthe repr.e
weight W which is attached only to theupthereby is. exploded by the concussion of a" 13A toy comprising a support journaled longitudinallyof the support, a
reelsecured to each end of the Shaft,:fiexible members winding on-the, reels in opposite directions, a. representation ofan airplane I supportedby eachflexible member, means for. mountingthe support to rotate about a vertical axis, andmeans controlled by the; turning of the shaft for revolving'the sup- 2 port about said axis, each of the said repre- I sentations havingv a hook, a weight for con- V nectionwith the hook, said hooks being in-' sentations assume a. predetermined position of inclinatlon from centrifugal, action, and
a bomb carried by the hook of one of said r airplanes.
2. A toy comprlsing a. support, Jashaft members winding on the reels in opposite directions, are-presentat on of an airplane port about said axis; each of the saidrepresentations having a hook, and a weight for connection with the hook, said hooks being'im inclined to release the weight when the representations assume a predetermined; posi 7 tion ,of inclination from centrifugal action; Y 7
'3. A toy comprising a support,'a shaft;
"journaled longitudinally ofxthe .support,.a
reel securedto each end ofthe shaft, flexible members wmdmg on the reels in opposite r directions, a representation :of an airplane .1
supported by each flexible member means. for-mounting the support to jrotateabout a vertical axis, and means controlled'by the turning of the shaft for revolving the, support about said axis, each of the said representationshaving a hook, and a Weight for; H;
connection withthe hook. v
toy comprising; a support, a shaft journaled longitudinally of the support, a reel secured to eachend of theshaft, flexi: l ble members winding on the reels in oppor site directlons, a representation of an air 130.
journaled longitudinally of the support, a 100 reel secured to each end of theshaft, iflexible plane supported by each flexible member, means for mounting the support to rotate about a vertical axis, and means controlled by the turning of the shaft for revolving the support about said axis.
5. In combination, a shaft, means for con necting the shaft to an overhead object ina substantially vertical position, a support mounted to revolve on the shaft, a second shaft journaled longitudinally of the support at right angles to the first named shaft, and carrying reels at its ends, flexible members winding on the reels in opposite directions, representations of flying machines connected with the flexible member, and means controlled by the turning of the last named shaft for revolvingthe support on the first named shaft, said representations being adapted to be moved downwardly by a weight.
6. In combination, a shaft, means for connecting the shaft to an overhead object in a substantially vertical position, a support mounted to revolve onthe shaft, a second shaft journaled longitudinally of the support at right angles to the first named shaft, and carrying reels at its ends, flexible members winding on the reels .in oppositedirecment carried by the other flying machines.
7. i In combination, a shaft, means for connecting the shaft to an overhead object 1n a substantially vertical position, a support 1 mounted to revolve on the shaft, a second shaft, journaled longitudinally of the support at rightangles to the first named shaft, and carrying reels at its ends, flexible members winding on the reels in opposite directions, representations of flying machines connected with the flexible member, and
means controlled by the turning of the last named shaft for revolving the support on the first named shaft, a bomb for connection with one of said representations, and means on each representation for supporting the bomb and adapted to release the same when the representations swing outward beyond a predetermined point.
PERCY ANDRESS MARSHALL.