US 1390549 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
F. H. SILVERTHORNE.
APPLICATION FILED AUG. 25. 1919.
1,390,549. ept- 13,1921.
57 3/ Z9 INVENTOHV I mum @Mfldhm I K By I A TTORNEYS FRANK n. srnvnn'rnonnnor nn w YORK, QY;
To all whom it may concern Be jitiknown that IfFRAENK H. SILVER- THoRNE, a citizen of the United States and resident of New-York city, in the county of New York and State ofNew York,'have in- .vented certain new and useful Improvements in Bottle-Closures, of which the following is' a specification.
The invention relates in general to a valvular pour outbottle closure of the type which includes a valve seat adapted to be aflixed to the bottle and a rotatably mounted ,valve for closing the bottle and for directing the stream when the contents are poured from the bottle. This invention constitutes a continuation in part of the invention disclosed in my copending application, Serial 'No. 216,154, filed February 9, 1918, and relates to certain improvements in construction over the device shown in the preceding application.
In the structure shown in the preceding application the ferrule or retaining ring 'which heldthe attachment to the bottle engaged an inflexible retaining ring within which the nozzlemember was mounted for rotary movement and acted therethrough to hold a cork washer in position between the valve and its seat. In the commercial manufacture of these devices in large quantities difiiculty is experienced in obtaining the cork washers ofapproximately the same thickness. Where the washers are unusually thick and were installed in the previously disclosed device an undesirable amount of friction was introduced between the washer and the valve seat, thus causing thevalve to work stiflly and under some conditions preventing the rotation of the same by ordinary manual efforts.
. .jAccordingly, one of the objects of the present disclosure is to design a simple form of means for mounting the valve in rotary position on its valve seat in such a manner asto permit theirequisite frictional resistv ance to free rotary movement of the valve and at the sameetime permit the use of-cork inserts or washers of the commercially varying differences in diameter from the pre-' scribed thickness. Broadly, this object that t e reta n ng ernilewil hold. the spring Application filed August 25, 1919. Serial No. 319,783.
7 is-attained by substituting a spring ring for the inflexible retaining ring in the prior disclosure, so.
Specification of Letters Patent. "Patented 192i ring and the spring ring will in turnbear on the valvetox press the same resiliently into engagement through the corkwasher with the valve seat. i
Incidental .to the" object simpli fying the construction disclosed in the-prior structure,-the'invention has for a further desid-- eratum, the utilization of this spring ring for, the purpose of limiting the rotary movement of the valve tof and from its openposition and to hold the ring against rotary movement. r
-.-This objectis attained by pressing a pair 7 formed in the valve seatmember Various other objects and advantages of the invention will be in part obvious from an inspection of the accompanying drawings and in part will be more fully set forth in the following particular description of one of depressions into the spring. ring and ,5 positioning one of the depressions inan arcuate'recess. in the valve memberand p0 sitioning the other; depression in a recess form'of mechanism embodying myinvention and the invention alsoconsistsincertain new and novel featuresof construction and combination of i forth and claimed.
In the accompanying drawings; Figure 1's a vertical sectional I axially through a preferred embodiment of my invention shown attachedto the upper '80 parts hereinafter set' View taken portion of. a bottle neck and taken 'on the 1 broken away to show internal construction; I Fig.3 is avlew n side. elevation of'a Fig. 2 is a plan view looking down upon I ,the device shown in Fig. 1 and with parts combined valve and nozzleelement shown in Fig. 1 and detached. from its coordinated parts;
- Fig. is a vertical view. the retaining ferrule ment; 1
Fig.6 is a ,dia'metrical sectional View of the spring retaining ring *taken'at right angles to the view shown in Fig. 1 toillus .trate the lugforming depression; and.
Fig. 7 is a 'plan view looking down upon the part shown-in Fig-6.
claims, parts will be-identified by specific In the following description and in the Fig. 5 is a lat View of the amiss ele-' 1 names for convenience of expression-tut they are intended to be as generic in their application to similar parts as the art will permit. i
The closure constituting the subject-matter of this invention is designed as an article of manufacture for attachment to any kind of a bottle or other receptacle of suitable size and is arranged to be placed on top of the bottle and fastened thereto by any conventional ferrule fastening device. The upper portion of such a bottle is shownat 10 in Fig. 1, positioned on top of which is a cork ring washerll constituting a cushioning device between the attachment and the the washer.
bottle to prevent breakage when the parts are assembled'in a capping machine.
The washer is designed to'beplaced under suiiicient'pressure to fornia tight seal between the attachment and the bottle. A. flanged zle seat is provided with a circular liquid outlet opening 15' adjacent one side thereof and with a relatively small air inlet opening 16 positioned diametrically across the sur- 7 face from the opening 15, as shown in Fig.
5. The underside of theair opening 16 is countersunk to provide a relatively short, wide spreading funnel shaped opening 17 designed to vprovide a free clearance to the air as it enters the bottle. The portion of the air inlet directly above the funnel shaped opening is of relatively small diameter and constitutes a choked passageway 18 for the air just before it enters the bottle.
Revolubly' positioned on the nozzle seat is anozzle unit comprising a nozzle 19 and a I ing a nozzle seatiand with an upstandmg fiat disk gasket 20 positioned between the underside of the nozzle and the bearing surface 14 of the nozzle seat. The nozzle is provided with an inverted L-shaped liquid passageway 21 designed in one position of the nozzle to aline with the opening 15 to provide a liquid conduit from the interior to the exterior of the bottle.
The passageway 21 is of substantially equal'cross-section throughout its length and includes a relatively long liquid receiving portion 22,-vertically disposed when the loottle is in upstanding position and a relatively short liquid dischargingportion 23, normally disposed in horizontal position but which, when the bottle is tipped into pouring position, will extend vertically so as to discharge the stream intothe ink-well or other receptacle for receiving the discharged liquid. The nozzle is also provided with a straight, air inlet passageway 24 designed, when the passageway 21 is 'alined with the openinglfi, to aline with the air inlet opening 16. In this way when the nozzle is in position permitting the discharge of the liquid through the 'ope'n'conduit, an open air intake is provided by the passageway 2 aliningwith the opening 16.
"Arsubstantially flat ring 25 formed of spring metal encircles the lower, enlarged body portion 26 of the nozzle and bears on a shoulder 27 formed on the body portion. In
order to increasethespring of the, ring the V inner edge is bent upwardly as shown at 28,.
in Fig. 1. The ring is providedwitha two-part diametrically extending depression, the inner part 29 .of which constitutes a stop lug and fits in an arcuate recess 30 formed in one side of the shoulder 27; Thisv gasket and the outer edge of the springring are confined within a retaining ring or ferrule 34:, the upper side of which is provided with an inwardly projecting flange 35. The flange laps the spring ring about the same except at the depressed part and coacts therewith to hold the nozzle in rotary position relative to the nozzle seat.
Having thus described my invention, I claim: V '7 J 1. A closure for a bottle including a spring ring, a ferrule for securing said ring to the bottle. a rotary valvular construction for controlling the fiow from the bottle, said construction including a nozzle seat, a pouring nozzle rotatably mounted in said seat and ring. g
2. A valvular closure for a bottle includrim, said rim provided with. a locating reheld resiliently inplace by said spring cess, a nozzle rotatably mounted on said seat,
"a ring adapted to bear onsaid nozzle to hold the same in engagement with its seat, said ring'provi'ded with a lug depending therefrom and fitted in said recess to prevent relative rotary movement anda ferrule inclosing said valve seat and engagingsaidring to secure the sanic'in fixed position relative to the bottle. 731A valvular closure forfa bottle including a nozzle seat and with an upstanding rim, said rim provided with a locating recess, a nozzle rotatably mountedon said seat, a ring adapted to bear on said nozzle to hold the same in engagement with'its seat, said ring provided with a lug depending therefrom and fitted in said recess to prevent relative rotary movement," said ring provided with a second lug engaging thenozzle to limit rotary movement thereof and a ferrule inclosing said valve seat and engaging said ring to secure the same in fixed position relative to the bottle. 1
4. A valvular closure for a bottle including a nozzle seat having an upstanding rim provided with a locating recess, a nozzle fitted within said rim for rotary movement and provided with a limiting recess, a retaining ring positioned on said rim, provided with means fitted in said recess, to prevent rotary movement, engaging said nozzle to prevent an unseating movement thereof and provided with means engaging in said limiting recess to limit the rotary movement of the nozzle. 1
5. A valvular closure for a bottle including a nozzle seat, a nozzle mounted forrotary movement relative to said seat, a gasket of compressible material positioned between the nozzle and its seat, resilient means for compressing the gasket between the nozzle and its seat and means for securing the closure to a bottle.
6.- A valvular closure for a bottle including a nozzle seat, a nozzle mounted for rotary movement relative to said seat, a gasket of compressible material positioned between the nozzle and its seat, a resilient ring bearing on the nozzle tocompress the gasket and means 'for securing the resilient ring in place. i
7. An attachment designed to be afiixed to a bottle and including a metallic retaining ring, a valve seat, a valve mounted for rotary movement on said seat, said valve including a base portion rotatably mounted within said ring and held to the seat thereby, and an upper part extendingjabove the ring and means for securing the valve, its seat and retaining ring in position on the bottle.
8. In a device of the class described, the combination of a valve seat, a valve rotatably mounted thereon, a retaining ring provided with means for locating the same in fixed position relative to the valve seat and. operatively engaging the valve to limit ltS rotary movement. v
9. In a device of the class described, the combination of a valve seat, a valve rotatably mounted thereon, aretaining ring provided with means for locating the same in fixed. position relative to the valve seat and operatively engaging the valve to limit its rotary movement and bearing on said valve to hold the same in frictional engagement with its seat.
10. In a device ofthe class described, the combination of a valve seat, a valve rotatably mounted thereon, a retaining ring provided with means for locating the same in fixed position relative to the valve seat and operatively engaging the valve to limit its rotary movement and bearing on said valve to hold the same in frictional engagement with its seat and a metal ferrule for fastening the valve seat and the valve to the bottle,
said ferrule provided with means 'for securing the retaining ring in place.
11. In a device of the class described, the combination of a bottle, a washer positioned thereon, a valve seat positioned on the washer and provided with an upstanding rim, a valve fitted for rotary movement in said seat, a retaining ring positioned on said rim and engaging said valve to force the same toward said seat and a ferrule engaging the outer side of said washer, said rim and said retaining ring to secure the same to the bottle, said ferrule having an inwardly extending'flange lapping the outer edge of the retainin ring;
Signed at ew York city, in the county of New York and State of New York, this 21st day of August, A. D. 1919.