US 1391945 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
P. F. FLAGGE.
APPLICATION FILED MAR. s, 1921.
Patented Sept. 27,1921.
application tiled arcu t3,
, To all wtom 'it mom concern:
' Be it lrnown that l, Prrrmrr l?. Finnen, a citizen ot the United States, and resident' of Green-Bay, in the county of Brown and State ci lll/wisconsin, have invented certain new and 'useful lmprovements in llluminated Crucixes; and ly do hereby declare that. the following is a full, clear, and exact description thereof.
lMy invention refers to illuminated 'ornaments and. particularly crucixes for decoration, the same being designed tor the purpose ci .illuminated cap ornaments for churches or the like.
The object of my invention is to provide a simple, durable and cheaply manufactured illuminated crucifix for the above purpose, whereby economy in illumination will-result, as well as economy and durability in structure.
A specific object of my invention. is to provide a metallic frame for a cross composed of inturned channel iron for the vertical side wallslof the cross stem, and its cross arms, which channels are adapted to have affixed thereto glass panelsthat are secured to the inturned llanges of the channel irons.
Another object of my invention is to provide reector units which are fitted to the base and top ofthe cross stem, and also ends of its cross arms, in such relation that asingle lamp associated with the base reflector will diuse light throughout the structure.
f cruciiizr embodying the features ont my invention, with parts broken away and in section to clearly illustrate details ot construction, f
Fig 2 is cross section o'l the same, the
section being indicated by lin-e 2- 2 et Fig. l.' i
by characters to drawing, l
peciication of Letters Patent. `lll""atteinteil Spto '2% llQ-LB represents a standard, in' this case being shown in the form of a turret or tower, the end ot which is provided with a globular cap 2. The skeleton of the tower is formed from a series of converging beams 1,'and iittedto thebeams and the mouth of the cap 2 are parallel l-beams 3-3 having inturned anges as shown. The l-beams are arranged parallel and form vertical side walls of the stem of a cross. The channel irons are intersected near their upper ends by horizontal channeled sections 4-4 forming the cross arms of a skeleton frame of the crucifix. rlhe channel irons 3 and 4 have secured thereto 'front and rear face plates 5'-5, which` comprise glass panels whereby 'the structure is rendered transparent as to its faces and is rectangular `in cross section, being closed to atmospheric conditions. The open ends of the cross arms and top of the stem have secured therein cupped reiectors 6.-6 and 6 respectively, and the base of thecross stern is fitted with a similar master reflector 7.l Themaster reflector is provided with a lam 7 which. is fed from.a suitable source of e ectric power, whereby the illumination of the crossv structure is efected.
The ends of the cross arms and top of the stem have fitted thereto companion caps 8-8 8 respectively,' whereby the reflectors areJ incased and the cross `ends are thus eftectually sealed against climatic conditions. lt is understood that'these caps are secured to the channel iron by supporting welding brazed or other convenient means.
From the foregoing description, it will be seen that when vthe device is in -peration, the single lamp associated with t e master reflector will di'use light throughout the stem and cross arms, which light is reflect'- ed and didused between series of redectors atthe .arm ends of the crucifix and thus a series of lamps ls dispensed with lor effecting the desired illumination.
llt is further understood that the single lamp employed for eiiecting the illumination oit the entire structure is concealed.,
whereby a soit glow throughout the cross will result, which glow is magnified, due to the counter reilections :trom the dii'ierent deilectoraj Thus, it will he seen that au illuminated cross is designed wherein standard Y channels may be used,land the cost et manJ utacture ismaterially reduced, and turther more standard capscanv be employed for" tiniehing the ends et the cross, which caps not only serve as strengthening elements for the structure, but also as closures for the open ends of the skeleton frame, whereby all parts are thoroughly protected. llt will be observed that owing to the interlocked construction between the .base of the cross and the standard, said cross is rigidly maintained in the desired position and will resist wind pressures or the like. Obviously the channel iron side plates may, in some instances, be in the form of skeleton structures and reflecting mirror plates may be inserted in the side walls, similar to the plates shown in the front and rear face of the crucifix.
l. As a new article of manufacture, an illuminated cross comprising a frame including vertically disposed side panels formed from metallic inturned channel irons constituting the stem of a cross, the vertical channel irons being intersected by horizontal channel iron sections constituting the cross arms, cupped reflectors fitted into the upper end of the stem and ends of the cross arm between the channel irons, front and rear glass panels fitted and secured to the inturned flanges of the channel irons of said stem and cross arms, a cross supporting `standard means for securing the base of the cross to the standard including a base cap incasing the lower ends of said stem, a master reflector fitted into the base of the cross stem, a lamp nested in the master reflector adapted to diffuse light throughout the cross structure from the master reflector and the associated series of' refiectors at the upper end of the stem and at the ends of the cro-ss arms, and caps incasing the channel irons and reflectors at the ends of the cross arms and the top of the stem.
2. An illuminated cross comprising a standard, metallic side panels `extending from the standard, the same being merged into parallel horizontal sections to form cross arms, front and rear glass plates fit ted to the flanges of the channel irons, a master reflector at thc base of the cross stem, other reflectors at the ends of the cross arms and the top of the stem, and a lamp nested Within the base reflector fordiusing light throughout the cross structure in conjunction with the series of reflectors at the top of the stem and the ends of the aforesaid cross arms.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing I have hereunto set my hand at Green Bay, in the county of Brown and State of Wisconsin.
PHILLIPP F. FLAGGE.