US 1392166 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
APPLICATION FILED JULY 31, 1920.
Patented Sept. 27, 1921.
2 SHEETSSHEET I.
- 5mm SZCZEPAN 'MMERY S. IMMER.
APPLICATION FILED JULY 31, 1920.
Patented Sept. 27,1921.
- 2 SHEETS-48551 2- I 7 amwm SZCZEPAN IM MER a/bltozmm UNITED, STATES.
SZGZEPAN IMMER, OF NEW YORK, N. Y.
Application filed .Tu1y 31,
T 0 all whom it may concern Be it known that I, SzozErAN IMMER, a citizen of Poland, residing at New York, county of New York, and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Road-Clearers, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates generally to improvements in road clearers or snow and ice removers,"and it is the principal object of the invention to provide a device of this type which can be used either with an automobile or on a street car or the like. i I I I A further object ofthe invention is to provide a device of this kind which can be readily and conveniently attached to any automobile or street car of approved type.
Another object of the invention is to provide a device of this character which, when attached to the front wheels of an automobile, acts as a sho'efor the same and which is provided with means for elevating the extrem front point of the device above the ground in order to avoid its striking against stones and other obstructions projecting above the street level.
Other objects and advantages of my invention will become apparent as the description proceeds fully setting forth the combinations and arrangement of parts and the details of construction.
In the accompanying drawings, forming a material part of this disclosure Figure 1 is a front view illustrating the application of the device constructed according to the present invention to the front part of an automobile.
Fig. 2 is a top plan view of the device as attached to one of the front wheels of a car.
Fig. 3 is a side view thereof, partly in section on line 33 of Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is a front view, similar to Fig. 1, illustrating a modified form of construction of the device attached to an automobile.
Fig. 5 is a top plan view thereof, and
Fig. 6 is a side view, partly in section on line 9-9 of Fig. 4. V
The device comprises a shoe 10 having a Z V-shaped front part or plow 11, and a straight, channeled rear part 12. To the laterally disposed bottom flange 13 of the plow 11 a substantially triangular plate 14 is secured at its front part as at 15, while its rear part is spaced from the bottom part of the shoe as at 16.
Through a cap 17 at the top of the plow,
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Sept. 27, 1921. 1920. Serial No. 4o0,4o5.
and the plow, a s'crewbolt 18 is passed provided at its upper end projecting above the cap with a hand operating wheel 19 and engaging with its lower end 20 the upper face of the plate 14.
The inner rear end wall of the plow 11 is curved as at 21, and the curvature corresponds substantially to the curve of an automobile tire. Between the upstanding side flanges 22 and 23 of the rear part 19 a faswheel rims an auxiliary, curved plate 29 is provided which is adapted to be inserted between the curved end wall 21 and the whee1 30 upon axle 31. As shown in Fig. 3, the spokes 82 of the wheel are located between the shanks 25 and 26 when the device is attached to the front wheels of an automobile.
In Figs. 4, 5, and 6, the attachment of the device to a street car or the like is illustrated.
From. the foregoing description the operation of the device will be clear, the front wheels of an automobile as illustrated in the drawing, are placed in the shoe 12 and the shanks 25 and 26 of the fastening element 24 are guided to both sides of one of the spokes 32 of the wheel through the flanges 22 and 23 and secured by the adjustment of the nut 28, and a curved plate 29 of the required thickness is placed between the curved end wall 21 of the plow and the wheel rim, and it will be clear that the wheels, which are each provided with a device of this character, are securel held within the shoe and that the plow is thus securely attached to the car. The proper adjustment of the triangular plate 14 is then effected, by means of the regulating bolt 18 by means of the hand wheel 19 in order to adjust the distance of the point of the plow from the road according to the more or less rough surface of the same.
The device illustrated in Figs. 4, 5 and 6 is secured by means of the bolts 40 and 44 to the side and front wall of a street car respectively and the parts are then locked in their adjusted position by means of the It will be clear that changes may be made in the general arrangement of the parts and the construction of the minor details of my device without departure from the scope of the present invention.
What I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States is l. A device of the character described comprising a plow adapted to be secured to the'front part of a vehicle, a triangular bottom plate having its rear end spaced from the plow bottom, a screw-bolt and hand wheel for regulating the distance between said plate and the ground, and means for securing said device to the Vehicle.
2. A device of the character described comprising a pair of plows, shoesat the rear end of the plows, means for securing said plows and shoes to the wheels of a car, a
triangular bottom plate for each of said plows having its rear end spaced therefrom, and means for adjusting the distance between said rear end and the ground.
A device of the character described comprising a pair of plows, shoes at the rear ends of said plows adapted tore'ceive the wheels ofa car between their upstanding flanges, double shanked bars passed through the flanges of saidpshoes and embracing one of the spokes of a wheel,-means for securing said bars in position, curved plates adapted to be inserted between the curved rear ends of theplow and the Wheel rims, atriangular bottom plate-secured to the bottom part of the plow and having its 40 rear end spaced therefrom, and a screw bolt and nut for adjusting said plates and holding them; in'their adjusted'position above the ground.
In testimony] whereof I: have afii xedlmy 45