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Publication numberUS1392280 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 27, 1921
Filing dateDec 19, 1918
Priority dateDec 19, 1918
Publication numberUS 1392280 A, US 1392280A, US-A-1392280, US1392280 A, US1392280A
InventorsMartin Edgar D
Original AssigneeRichard E Schmidt
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
System of integrally-cast reinforced-concrete pitched-roof construction for buildings
US 1392280 A
Abstract  available in
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

- E. o. MARTIN.

SYSTEM OF INTEGRALLY CAST REINFORCED CONCRETE PITCHED ROOF CONSTRUCTION FOR BUILDINGS.

APPLICATION FILED uzc. 19, 1918. pawntedsept. 27 1921.

2 SHEETS-SHEET Arron/15 WI M58858:

I E. 0. MARTIN. SYSTEM OF INTEGRALLY CAST RE INFORC ED CONCRETE PITCHED ROOF CONSTRUCHON FOR BUILDINGS APFILIFATION FILEDDEC. I9, l-9I8. Patentedsepfi 27,

2 SHEETS-SHEET 2.

' INVENTOR ATTORNEY UNITED, STATES PATENT OFFICE.-

EDG-AIMD. MARTIN, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS, ASSIGNOLR, OF ONE-HALF TO RICHARD E. SCHMIDT, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS.

SYSTEM OF INTEGRALLY CAST REINFORCED-CONCRETE PITCI-IED-ROOF CONSTRUC- ,TION FOR BUILDINGS.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, EDGAR D. MARTIN, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of Chicago, Cook county, and State of Illinois, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in a System of Integrally- Cast Reinforceddioncrete Pitched-Roof Construction for Buildings, of which the following is declared to be a full, clear, and

exact description.

This invention relates to a system of integrally cast reinforced concrete pitched roof construction for buildings and its principal object is to provide a reinforced concrete roof ofsubstantial, rigid and comparatively light construction provided withimproved ventilating and lighting features. This inventlon 1s particularly desirable in factorles,

foundries, mills, shops, round houses and other large concrete structures where eflicient Ventilation, roof lighting by abundant gl'ass area so arranged so as to admit light to all parts of the building are necessary. Other objects and advantages will appear in the course of this specification and with all of said objects and advantages in view, this in:

vention consists in the several novel features iereinafter fully described and claimed.

The invention is clearly illustrated in the accompanying drawings.

,l igure 1, is avertical cross section through a roof construction embodying a simple form of the present invention; Fig; 2, is diagrammatic view showing one arrangement of the reinforcement employed in the. present invention; Fig. 3, is a vertical, longitudinal section taken on line 3-3 of Fig. 1; Fig. l. is a vertical cross section of a fragment of a roof showing a modified form of the invention; Fig; 5, is a vertical cross section of a fragment of a roof, showing a second modification of the invention; Fig. 6, is a vertical cross section of a third modification of the invention .-illustrating a plurality of joined roofs; Fig. 7, is a vertical cross section of a fourth modification of the invention, illustrating a plurality of oined roofs,

and certain. portions being broken out to Specification of Letters Patent. Patented Sept. 27, 1921.

Application filed December 19, 1913. Serial No. 267,448.

are unprovided with any support, said ribs form cantalivers.

The roof slabs are located in several planes, the upper roof slab 13, may be in one plane or in two diverging planes as shown in Fig. 1, and the two lower roof slabs 13, are adjacent to the supporting walls orcolumns. By this arrangement the distribution of weight of the roof is such that the resulting stresses are minimum and are resistedby the relatively light members, thereby reducing the dead load and effecting still further economy of material. The joined cantaliver ribs are balanced so far' as dead load is concerned thereby inducing only direct compression stresses on the supporting structure.

The reinforcement rods for the ribs 13,

13", are arranged therein in such manner as to givetensile strength to the ribs; the exact arrangement of the rods is immaterial so far as this invention is broadly considered, but the one illustrated in'Fig. 2, has been found particularly desirable; the upper rods 12, of the ribs'may extend down into the columns and their upper ends may extendv beyond the intersections to the ends of the ribs 13 other rods 12", may be used in the upper sides of the ribs 13*. The lower rods 12 or part of them may run through the intersections and extend part way into the rib extensions 13, and additional rods 12, may be employed, at the'intersecting places.

The rods 12, 12 in the columns or part of them may have end portions extending into the ribs. The reinforcement rods are preferably disposed around the peripheries of the ribs and columns.

The angle between the ribs 13 13 is immaterial, and by changing the angle between said ribs, other shapes may be given the upper roof slab; neither is the width of the upper roof slab 13, or the other roof slabs 13, material, and by varying them, the spaces between their adjacent edges'may be increased or decreased as desired. Such spaces provide openings in which areplaced windows, (not shown), to provide a continuous unbroken opening for ventilation and light at the roof. The ribs 13 throughout the extent of this opening and to their point of intersection are free extending and do not obstruct light.

The tie rods 16, extend through and connect the ribs and tie the structure together. In some cases reinforcement rods, 15, are employed in the lower edge portions of the roof structure, said rods running lengthwise of the roof, and in such cases, the tie rods 16, may be spaced far apart because of the lateral stiffness afforded when the reinforcement rods 15 are used, but when reinforcement rods 15 are omitted,'the tie. rods 16 are spaced closer together, preferably through each rib. While the exact proportions of the parts shown are immaterialto the invention broadly considered, those proportions are such as are well adapted for a building eighty feet wide and over.

For the purpose of affording longitudinal stiffness lengthwise extending concrete ribs 17 may be provided at the upper edge portions of the roof slabs 13, and one or more concrete ribs 18, may be provided along the intersections of the ribs 13, 13"; other strengthening ribs may be provided as may be found necessary in the designing of any particular structure.

In the form illustrated in Fig. 4, an arched roof construction is shown, the ribs 13%. being of arched formation carried by the columns 10. One half of the roof is illustrated, but it is understood that the other half is a duplicate thereof. In other respects the structure is substantially the same as that illustrated in Figs. 1 and 2.

In Fig. 5, the roof section 13 is illustrated as constructed of a thick slab (lateral girder) of reinforced concrete, capable of resisting horizontally acting forces prohibiting the spreading of the roof. This form may be found desirable at the ends of the structure, in place of the ribbed roof Section, shown in Figs. 1 and 4, otherwise the roof structure may be substantially the same as that shown in Figs. 1 and 4. p

In the modification shown in Figs. 6 and 8, a plurality of adjoining reinforced concrete roof constructions are illustrated which embody the invention shown in Fig. 1; in this case as far as the dead load is concerned, the thrust of each roof neutralizes the thrust of the adjacent ones and therefore, when the joints are cast integrally, consolidating adjacent structures, and the steel reinforcement is continuous and in the arrangement I use, the tie rods may be omitted. As in the form illustrated in Fig. l, the roof issupported by columnslO, of reinforced concrete or other suitable material, and the reinforced concrete ribs13", 13 incline upwardly from the tops of said columns and intersect each other. The up per roof slabs 13 are cast integral with the cantaliver extensions 18, and the lower roof slabs 18 are cast integral with the portions of the adjoining ribs 14, adjacent the supports. One form of reinforcement rods for the roof construction illustrated in Fig. 6, is shown, and it will be seen that all or some of the reinforcement rods 12, for the ribs are continued across upper ends of the columns, and that the column reinforcement rods 12?, or some of them extend into the ribs.

It is to be understood that the roof slabs, ribs and columns together with the adjacent roof construction are all molded together to form a unitary structure and reinforced by reinforcement rods extending from one section to another. Conterminous reinforcing does not imply necessarily single lengths of rods, but includes rods efficiently spaced; the reinforcement rods which extend from one roof section to adjoining ones across the tops of the columns resisting'by rigid articulation the action of distortion induced by eccentricity of live load. This form of the invention forms a very satisfactory structure capable of use for round houses or where extremely long and wide buildings are required. The openings between the middle roof section and other roof sections provide window spaces, whereby the building may be well lighted and ventilated, the s free standing supports beneath affording no interference to the passage of light.

In the modification illustrated in Fig. 7, adjoining roof constructions are shown supported on columns, or other upright supports 10 10*. As in the other forms of the invention, intersecting reinforced concrete ribs 13 18 13 are employed which extend up from and are cast integral with the columns and with girders 14 Roof slabs 11 are cast integral with certain of opposing,

1. A system of reinforced concrete roof construction, comprising a series of successively arranged, statically rigid, metal reinforced, concrete structures, consisting of opposing members that intersect each other,

and supports therefor at their lower ends, in

combination with an upper roof slab, sup ported above the intersections by the portions of the intersecting members which extend beyond the intersections, and lower roof slabs adjacent said supports, the whole being cast integrally and forming a unified mass.

2. A system of reinforced concrete roof construction, comprising a series of successively arranged, statically rigid, metal reinformed, concrete structures, consistingof inclined members that intersect each other, and supports therefor at their lower ends, in combination with an upper roof slab, supported above the intersections by the portions of the intersecting members which extend beyond the intersections, and lower roof slabs adjacent said supports, the whole being cast integrally and forming a unified mass.

3. A system of reinforced concrete roof construct-ion, comprising a series of successively arranged, statically rigid, metal reinforced, concrete structures consisting of opposing inclined members that intersect each other, which are conterminous and integral at the points of intersection, and supports therefor at their lower ends, in combination with an upper roof slab, supported above the intersections by the portions of the intersecting members which extend beyond the intersections, and lower roof slabs adjacent said supports, the whole being cast integrally and forming a unified mass.

4. A system of reinforced concrete roof construction, comprising a series of successively arranged, statically rigid, metal reinforced, concrete structures, consisting of opposin inclined, intersecting members, the extensions beyond the intersections being in the form of cantalivers, and supports therefor at their lower ends in combination with an upper roof slab, supported above the intersections by the portions of the intersecting members which extend beyond the intersections, and lower roof slabs adjacent said supports, the whole being cast integrally and forming a unified mass.

5. A system of reinforced concrete roof construction, comprising a plurality of a.

conterminous series of successively arranged, staticallyr rigid, metal reinforced,

concretestructures, consisting of opposing, inclined members that intersect each other and supports therefor attheir lower ends, in combination with an upper roof slab, supported above the intersections by the portions of the intersecting members which extend'beyond the intersections, and lower roof slabs adjacent said supports, the whole beingrcast integrally and forming a unified mass.

6. A system of reinforced concrete roof construction, comprising a plurality of a conterminous series of successively arranged, statically rigid, metal reinforced,-

concrete structures, consisting of opposing,

inclined members that intersect each other,

and supports therefor at their lower ends, said intersecting members being centerminous and integral across said supports, in combination with an upper roof slab, supported above the intersections by the portions of the intersecting members which extend beyond the intersections, and lower roof slabs adjacent said supports, the whole being; cast integrally and forming a unified mass.

7 A system of reinforced concrete roof construction, comprising a series of successively arranged, statically rigid, metal reinforced, concrete structures, consisting of opposing, inclined members that intersect each other, and supports therefor at their lower ends, in combination with an upper roof slab, supported above the intersections by the portions of the intersecting members which extend beyond the intersections, lower roof slabs adjacent said supports, the whole being cast integrally and forming a unified mass, there being window openings between the upper and lower roof slabs.

8. A system of reinforced concrete roof construction, comprising a series of statically rigid, metal reinforced, concrete structures, consisting of opposing, inclined members that intersect each other, supports therefor at their lower ends, and transverse restraining members, in combination with an upper roof slab, supported above the intersections by the portions of the intersecting members which extend beyond the intersections, and lower roof slabs adjacent said supports, the whole being cast integrally and forming a unified mass.

9. A system of reinforced concrete roof construction, comprising a series of statically rigid, metal reinforced, concrete structures, consisting of oppos1ng,1ncl1ned, intersecting'members, the extensions beyond the in-' and v transverse restraining members, in combination with an upper roof slab, supported above the intersections by the portions-of the intersecting members which extend beyond the intersections, and lower roof slabs adjacent said supports, the whole being cast integrally and forming a unified mass.

it). A system of reinforced concrete roof construction, comprising a series of statically rigid, metal reinforced, concrete structures, consisting of opposing, inclined inter secting members, the extensions beyond the intersections being in the form of cantalivers, supports therefor at their lower ends, said intersecting member being conterminous and integral across said supports and transverse restraining members, in combination with an upper roof slab, supported above the intersections by the portions of the intersecting members which extend beyond the intersections, and lower roof slabs adjacent said supports, the whole being cast integrally and forming a unified mass.

11. A system of reinforced concrete roof construction, comprising a series of successively arranged, statically rigid, metal reinforced, concrete structures, consisting of opposing, inclined members that intersect each other, and supports therefor at their lower ends, and transversely extending tie .rods,.

in combination with an upper roof slab, sup ported above the intersections by the p01- tions of the intersect ng members which extend beyond the intersections, and lower roof slabs adjacent said supports, the whole being cast integrally and forming a unified mass.

12. A system of reinforced concrete roof construction, comprising a series of successively arranged, statically rigid, metal reinforced, concrete structures, consisting of opposing, inclined members that intersect each other, c-o-incident lateral restraining members therefor, and supports at said restraining members, in combination with an upper roof slab, supported above the inter sections by the portions of the intersecting members which extend beyond the intersections, and lower roof slabsadjacent said supports, the whole being cast'integrally and forming a unified mass.

13. A system of reinforced concrete roof construction, comprising a series of. successively arranged, statically rigid, metal reinforced, concrete structures, consisting of opposing, inclined members that intersect each other, co-incident lateral restraining members therefor, supports at said restrain-' ing members and tie rods connecting said restraining members, in combination with an upper roof slab, supported above the intei sections by the portions of the intersecting members which extend beyond the intersections, and lower roof slabs adjacent said supports, the whole being cast integrally and forming a unified mass.

14. A system of reinforced concrete roof construction, comprising a series of successively arranged, statically rigid,.metal reinforced, concrete structures, consisting of opposing, inclined, intersecting members, and supports therefor at their lower ends, the metal reinforcement in the supports being disposed around the peripheries thereof, and elements of said reinforcement being continued over the supports and extending into the intersecting members, in combination with an upper roof slab, supported above the intersections by the portions of the intersecting members which extend beyond the intersections, and lower roof slabs adjacent said supports, the whole being cast integrally and forming a unified mass.

15. A system of reinforced concrete roof construction, comprising a series of successively arranged, statically rigid, metal reinforced, concrete structures, consisting of opposing inclined, intersecting members, and supports therefor at their lower ends, the metal reinforcements in the intersecting members being disposed around the peripheries thereof and elements thereof extending down into the supports, in combination with an upper intersections by the portions of the intersecting members which extend beyond the intersections, and lower roof slabs adjacent said supports, the whole being cast integrally and forming a unified mass.

16. A system of reinforced concrete roof construction, comprising a series of successively arranged, statically rigid, metal reinforced, concrete structures, consisting of opposing, inclined members that intersect each other, and supports therefor at their lower ends, themetal reinforcements in the intersecting members extending into the extensions beyond the intersections and adjacent one of the faces thereof, in combination with an upper roof slab, supported above the intersections by the portions of the intersecting members which extend beyond the intersections, and lower roof slabs adjacent said supports, the whole being cast integrally and forming a unified mass.

17. A system of reinforced concrete roof construction, comprising a series of successively arranged, statically rigid, metal reinforced, concrete structures, consisting of opposing inclined members that intersect each other, and supports therefor at their lower ends, the metal reinforcements in the intersecting members extending into the extensions beyond the intersections and arranged adjacent the upper faces thereof, in combination with an upper roof slab, sup ported above the intersections by the portions of the intersecting members which of roof slab, supported above the 18. A systemof reinforced concrete roof construction, comprising a series of succes sively arranged, statically rigid, metal reinforced, concrete structures, consisting of opposing, inclined members that intersect each other, and supports therefor at their lower ends, the metal reinforcements in the intersecting members being disposed around the peripheries thereof and extending into the extensions beyond the intersections, and arranged adjacent at least one face of the intersecting members, in combination with an upper roof slab, supported above the intersections by the portions of the intersecting members which extend beyond the intersections, and lower roof slabs adjacent said supports, the whole being cast integrally and forming a unified mass.

19. A system of reinforced concrete roof construction, comprising a series of successively arranged, statically rigid, metal reinforced, concrete structures, consisting of opposing, inclined members that intersect each other, and supports therefor at their lower ends, the metal reinforcements in the intersecting members extending into the extensions beyond the intersections, and certain elements thereof extending from end to end of said extensions near their upper faces, in combination with an upper roof slab, supported above the intersections by the portions of the intersecting members which extend beyond the intersections, and lower roof slabs adjacent said supports, the whole being cast integrally and forming a unified mass. Y

20. A system of reinforced concrete roof construction, comprising a series of successively arranged, statically rigid, metal reinforced, concrete structures, consisting of opposing, inclined members that intersect each other, and supports therefor at their lower ends, the metal reinforcements in the intersecting members extending into the extensions beyond the intersections and certain elements thereof extending across the intersections and into the extensions close to the lower faces thereof, in combination with an upper roof slab, supported above the intersections by the portions of the in tersecting members which extend beyond the intersections, and lower roof slabs adjacent said supports, the whole being cast integrally and forming a unified mass.

21. A system of reinforced concrete roof construction, comprising a plurality of conterminous series of successively arranged, statically rigid, metal reinforced, concrete structures, consisting of opposing, inclined members that intersect each other, and supports for their lower ends, the metal reinforcements 1n the lntersecting members extending across said supports, from one conterminous member to another, adjacent atv least one face thereof, in combination with upper roof slabs supported above the intersections by the portions of the intersecting members which extend beyond theintersections, and lower roof slabs adjacent said supports, the whole being cast integrally and forming a unified mass. i

22. A system of reinforced concrete roof construction, comprising a plurality of conterminous series of successively arranged, statically rigid, metal reinforced, concrete structures, consisting of opposing, inclined members that intersect each other, and supports for their lower ends, the metal rein forcements in the intersecting members ex tending across said supports, from one conterminous member to another, adjacent the lower faces thereof, in combination with upper roof slabs supported above the intersections by the portions of the intersecting members which extend beyond the intersections, and lower roof slabs adjacent said and forming a unified mass.

23. A roof, comprising reinforced concrete girders, a series of concrete upwardly inclined and intersecting roof supporting members, extending up therefrom, the free ends outside of the intersections acting as cantalivers supporting a middle concrete roof slab. V

24. A roof, comprising concrete girders, upwardly inclined and intersecting reinforced concrete ribs extending therefrom and having cantaliver end portions, concrete roof slabs adjacent the girders, and a middle concrete roof slab carried by the cantaliver ends of the ribs, there being window openings between the adjacent edges of the roof slabs and all of said members being molded into one solid unitary structure.

25. A roof, comprising reinforced concrete girders, upwardly inclined and intersecting reinforced concrete ribs extending therefrom, and having cantaliver end portions, concrete roof slabs adjacent the girders, a middle concrete roof slab carried by the cantaliver ends of the ribs, there being window openings between the adjacent edges of the roof slabs, and all of said members being molded into one unitary structure, and tie rods extending through and connecting said girders.

26., A roof construction comprising a plurality ofadj oining roof structures, each comprising upwardly inclined and intersecting reinforced concrete ribs, having cantaliver end portions, the lower ends of the ribs of one roof structure joining with the lower l ends of the ribs of adjoining roof structure, 27. A roof construction comprising a plu-' girders, one common to each of two adjoinrality of adjoining roof structures, compris- 10 l ing roof structures, roof slabs adjacent the ing reinforced concrete girders, upwardly girders and roof slabs carried by the cantainclined, reinforced concrete roof slabs, ex-

5 liver ends of the ribs, there being Window tending up from said girders, certain of the openings between the adjacent edges of the reinforcement rods thereof extending from roof slabs, and all of said members being one roof slab to the other over the columns. 15 molded into one solid integral mass. EDGAR D. MARTIN.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3090165 *Aug 25, 1958May 21, 1963Paul S ChiadoLightweight molded building slab
US4470233 *Oct 21, 1981Sep 11, 1984Taisei Kensetsu Kabushiki KaishaPrestressed tapered slab structure
DE2830569A1 *Jul 12, 1978Jan 24, 1980Werner SchickLaube
Classifications
U.S. Classification52/18, 52/91.2, 52/73, 52/639
International ClassificationE04B7/12, E04B7/02
Cooperative ClassificationE04B7/02, E04B7/12
European ClassificationE04B7/02, E04B7/12