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Publication numberUS1393966 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 18, 1921
Filing dateFeb 24, 1919
Priority dateFeb 24, 1919
Publication numberUS 1393966 A, US 1393966A, US-A-1393966, US1393966 A, US1393966A
InventorsClinton Richman Wallace
Original AssigneeClinton Richman Wallace
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Concrete building structure
US 1393966 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)




Patented Cot. 18, 1921.

` assente.

man` STATES rATENr Fries,


Application led February 24,

.To all whom t may concern.'

Be it known that I, WALLACE CLrNToN RICHMAN, a citizen of the United States, residing at Butte, in the county'V of SilverboW, State of Montana, have made a certain new and useful Invention in Concrete Building is a specification.

This invention relates to concrete .building structures. f

lhe object of the invention is to provide a concrete building necessity of preparing aspecial foundation therefor.

A further object of the invention is to provide such a building structure wherein sagging or derangement due to the absence of a special foundation therefor or due to settling or lifting of the usual foundation 1s prevented.

@ther objects of the invention will appear more fully hereinafter.

The inventionl consists substantially in the construction, combination, location, relative arrangement of parts, and mod tion, all as will be more set forth, drawing, and finally pointed out pended claims. I

Figure l is a view partly in elevation and partly in vertical section of a building constilricted in accordance with my invention.

i0. 2 brokgn out and in section,

Fig. 3 is a perspective View parts in section on the line 3, 3', slabs or boards of concrete employed in the construction and erection of a building in accordance with the principles of my invenhereinafter in the aption.

' Fig. 4 is a view similar to Fig. 3 showing the application of concrete boards or slabs to a floor or ceiling. i

he same part is designated by the `saine reference character wherever the -same oce curs throughoutl the severalfviews.

In tie erection of lding are erected. This pract1ce greatly adds to* the cost ofconstructin ing and sometimes, even when 4care is taken to construct efficient foundations, such foundations sink or become im- Specication of Letters Patent.

Structures, of which the following .crete building structure without the e of opera-` f as shown in the accompanying.

is a side Aview ofthe same, parts Fig. 1 of adjacent Wall Th vrods 10, and the ends offthese l 1919. Serial No. 278,643.

paired by the action of frost in or for other reasons, with the the buildin@ .crack and the ground, result that erected thereon sags, the walls requently thebuilding collapses. the special purposes of my ent invention to provide a structure of conwherein the necessity for constructing a special foundation for the building is avoided and wherein the building is even though one -or more of the walls ln carrying out my invention l' employ concrete boards or slabs indicated by reference numeral 5. This slab is formed with concrete in suitable molds, and, if desired, may be reinforced by embedding within the bo y t ereof at various points suitable relnforcing rods as indicated at 6, while in course of being molded into (the desired shape. ln moldin they boards or slabs of concrete boards of this structure, whether d or not, in the erection of buildings, the site for the building or the ground where the walls thereof are to be erected is leveled od, and

t e line on which the Wall is to e erected. The slabs or boards required o orm a wallfor the building are then rest upon l)the e use of a cinder bed his purpose, owever, is not necessary. A steel rod 9 extending the entire width of the wall is placed within the groove 7 in the lower ends of the slabs or boards. This ma be accomplished y placingi the rod on e ground or e, where a bed is used, and then placing the slabs or boards inV upright position t occupying the of the boards.

or slabs of the wall. I

also, in accordance with pose within the grooves in the-vertical side surfaces of the concrete boards, similar steel atter rods Patenten oet. ie, resi..

presmy invention,


if desired, a cinder bed 8 v1s placed along h tendency are bent or clamped over and around or otherwise secured to the horizontally disposed rods 9 at the upper and. lower ends respectively of the vertical slabs or boards. The grooves 7 in the vertical. side edges ot the 'boards or slabs containing the vertical steel rods 10 as well as the horizontal end grooves containing the rodsv 9, may be lled with cement or grout. ,In this' manner the vertical walls of the entire building may be quickly erected, and the interlocking or connecting vertical and horizontal steel rods afford an efficient 'bracingwhich resists any of the walls sagging at one or more points even should the foundation on which lthe wall at that point is erected recede. By

constructing the entire building inthe manner above described it will be seen and understood that the slabs or boards take the compression'strains while the interlocked or interengaged vertical and horizontal rods take the tension strains.

It will be readily seen that in like manner a flooring or roof may also be constructed andl its parts united in the manner 1 above described, and the rods of the roof,

for example, may be interlocked with the ends of the trussing of the vertical walls of the building by interengaging the tie rods of the roof slabs or boards with the ends of the vertical rods in the wall slabs or boards.

' ing edges of the slabs,

It will also be seen that the rods are entirely concealed and protected, being located within grooves formed in the side and end edges or surfaces of theboards or slabs and embedded in the grout with which said grooves foundation for the buildingy need be constructed.` L

lIn Figs. 1 and 4 I have shown an arrangement of the slabs suitable for the flooring or ceiling of a room. In this casethe longitudinal grooves 12 inthe edges of the slabs aropen to the side surface,preferablyl the upper surface of the slab when applied in a floor or ceiling so that when the two slabs 1 are positioned alongside and adjacent each other an open groove as shown most clearly inl F ig. 4, which groove is partially "filled with concrete and thefilling is completed with a suitable composition, indicated at 13,

of tar pitch, or the like, which-forms an ex cellent finish to render the joint waterproof.

In the case of a iooring, these slabs are simply placed on `the ground, or other suitable support, within the space inclosed by thel walls. and. as above indicated, the tie rods in the end and edge grooves thereof are interlockedorvattached together and to the tie rod system of the vertical wall boards.

In the case of a ceiling employing the slabs, the latter are formed adjacent their ends, as indicated at 14, with grooves or seats which receive the upper ends of the tical operatiog is formed at the meet` wall slabs, as shown in Fig. 1. In this case tie rods, if desired, may be omitted.

Having now set forth the objects and nature of m invention, and a structure embodying the vprinciples thereof, as well as 7 the method of carrying the same into pracwhat I claimas new and useful, and of my own invention, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is y 1. In a concrete buildingstructure, a wall 7 formed of concrete boards or slabs vertically disposed in side by side relation, a tie rod common to all of saidv boards and disposedV beneath the lower ends thereof, asimilar tie rod common to all of the boards and carried 8 by the upper ends of said boards and verti2 cally disposed tie rods interposed between and inclosed by the proximate edges of adjacent boards, said vertical and horizontal tie rods being interlocked together.

2. In a concrete building structure, a wall consisting of a plurality of concrete boards ldisposed in vertical position and in side by side relation, said boards having .vertically disposed grooves formed inthe side edges 9 thereof and horizontally disposed grooves in theltop and bottom ends thereof, a tie rod received in the horizontal grooves at the upper ends of the boards and .common to all of said boards, a like tie rod received in the 9 grooves at` the lower ends of the boards and commonto all'of said boards, and vertically disposed tie rods located within the vertical grooves in the side edges of the boards to be inclosed by the side edges of adjacent boards, said vertical and horizontal tie rods interlocking together with each other to form a braced trussed structure.

` 3. In a concrete building structure, a wall consisting of a plurality of concrete boards 1 dlisposed in vertical position and` in side by side relation, said boards having vertically disposed grooves formed in the side edges thereof and horizontally disposed grooves in the top and bottom ends thereof, a tie rod 1 received in Fthe horizontal grooves at the upper ends of the boards and common to all of said boards, grooves at the lower ends ofthe boards and common lto all of sa1d boards, and vertically 1 alike tie rod received in the disposed tie rods located within the vertical grooves in the side edges of the boards to be inclosed by the side edges of adj acentboards,

horizontal tie rods interlocking together with each otherto' form a 1 braced structure, said grooves being` filled with grout to embed said tie rods therein.

4..Ih a concrete building structure, buildingwelements each 'consisting of a slab or board formed-ot` concrete and having grooves 1 formed in theside edges and. end surfaces l thereof, said elements disposed side by side in the building structure, tie rods located in said vertical and the grooves in each endu of the boards, each 'n tie rod being common to. adjacent boards, 1

1,393,9ee 1 g other tie rods located in the grooves in the posed within the registering end grooves of s ide edges of theboards to be inclosed by the all the boards, tie rods disposed in the reg- .side edges of adjacent boards, said tie rods isteri'ng grooves in the side edges of said interlocking together. Y boards to be inclosed by the side edges of In a concrete building structure, buildadjacent boards, all of said tie rods intering elements, each consisting of concrete locking vvith each other.

slabs or boards, each slab or board having In testimony whereof l have hereunto set grooves formed in the edge and end surfaces my hand on this 17th day of Feb., A. D, thereof, saidelements disposed in sidewise 1919.

relation with respect to each other with their i end and side grooves in register, a tie rod dis- WALLACE GLEN TON RICHMAN.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2662391 *Oct 15, 1949Dec 15, 1953Neil William PMethod of constructing buildings
US3848381 *May 29, 1973Nov 19, 1974Speed Fab Crete Corp IntDeck panel for roof and floor structures
US4190527 *Nov 9, 1977Feb 26, 1980Spiller Clifford MInterlocking screen elements
US6862847May 23, 2003Mar 8, 2005William H. BigelowForce-resistant portable building
US20030213188 *May 23, 2003Nov 20, 2003Bigelow William H.Force-resistant portable building
U.S. Classification52/438, 52/602
International ClassificationE04B1/02, E04B1/04
Cooperative ClassificationE04B1/04
European ClassificationE04B1/04