US 1393975 A
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LINING FOR GARMENTS AND ANALOGOUS PURPOSES. APPLICATION FILED AUG. II, I9l9.
1,393,975. Patented Oct. 18, 1921.
UNITED STATES FRANK ROWLEY, OF LONDON, ENGLAND.
LINING FOR GARMENTS AND ANALOGOUS PURPOSES.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Oct. 18, 1921.
Application filed August 11, 1919. Serial No. 316,856.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, FRANK ROWLEY, a citizen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and resident of 21 Bush Lane, London, E. C. 4, England, have invented a certain new and useful Improved Lining for Garments and Analogous Purposes, of which the following is a specification, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.
This invention relates to an improved lining for garments and analogous purposes of that kind in which the fur from animals of the hare family and which has been removed from the skin and thoroughly cleansed is placed between two pieces of fabric, for example, muslin, which are afterward sewn into or otherwise attached to the garments as a lining or interlining.
A lining for wearing apparel which em bodies my invention may be made by placing a layer of hair or fur from the skins of animals of the genus Lepus, upon a strip of textile fabric, which hair or fur after being worked to approximate even thickness is overlaid by another strip of fabric, the two strips of textile fabric with the filling between them being folded crosswise to provide plaits, the plaited composite lining is then pressed by being passed between heated compressing rollers, to retain the plaits or folds in position, and acts advantageously upon the hair or fur to felt the same, also holding the filling between the two strips of textile fabric, as will be hereinafter more fully set forth.
The accompanying drawing shows a llIling made in accord with my invention.
Referring to the drawings a and b has reference to strips of woven textile, fabric, as for example muslin, and c a filling or interposed body of hair or fur taken from the skins of hares or rabbits. The plaited fabric is shown where doubled upon itself and overlying as being connected by cross lines of stitches m, which make the loops of the plaits permanent when desired.
It will be evident that if the material is folded so that the edges of the folds meet there will be three thicknesses of the mate rial instead of the usual one thickness and for this reason to obtain the same results I place a much thinner layer of fur between the muslin or other fabric.
The material that I prefer to use in the make up of a lining material or fabric is any appropriate woven textile fabric as muslin, the filling being fur taken from the skins of hares or rabbits. The composite fabric is folded to plait the same crosswise and is then pressed between heated rollers.
I use the fur of the genus Lepus, which includes hares and rabbits on account of its felting and insulating properties, and for the reason that it is not necessary to treat the same to remove suint or grease, also because such fur has no objectionable odor. The fur may be applied to the fabric by blowing the same thereon to provide a thin and uniform mass on a strip of muslin or other textile woven fabric, in a manner analogous to the application of feltable material to the form of woven wire or perforated metal in the manufacture of felt goods. Another characteristic of the hair or fur of hares and, rabbits, which renders the use thereof advantageous as a filling between strips of textile woven fabric is their structure as such hairs or fur has a body portion with asperities or barbs and an end which is smooth, tapered and pointed, which ends when brought under the influence of heat will curl. Another advantage is that the hair or fur will not ball-up in use, nor will it disintegrate.
The layer of the fur mentioned may be applied to a strip of textile fabric by well known methods as blowing and bowing, and some of the pointed ends thereof may project through the woven fabric to which it is applied, and under the influence of heat the ends will be curled, thus holding the filling in place, as the body portions of the hairs or fur, between the strips of fabric will be interlocked or felted. The particular filling used in the make-up of the lining does not deteriorate in use as in use the tendency of the hairs or fur is to interlock, especially when placed between strips of fabric.
The two strips of fabric with an interposed filling, as described is folded or plaited and then ironed, this may be done by hand or by the use of any well known type of plaiting machine having folding means and heated pressing rollers.
The lining after being plaited and ironed may be sewed or stitched cross-wise as shown, the stitches closing the looped portion of the plaits.
What I claim and desire to secure by Let- I ters Patent is 1. A lining for garments and analogous purposes comprising two layers of fabric and a layer of fur from animals of the Lepus family between the layers of fabric.
2. A plaited lining for garments and analrogous purposes comprising two layers of fabric and a layer of fur from animals of the genus 'Lepus between the layers of fabric said three layers being stitched together.
3. As a new article of manufacture,-a lining comprising strips of textile fabric between which are inclosed a layer of partially felted fur which is subjected to heat and pressure suflicient to interlock the fur and to curl the ends thereof.
4c. As a new article of manufacture, a lining for garments comprising exterior strips of textile fabric and a filling of hair or fur FRANK RoWLEY,
L. E. RIGNALL, I. A. JEFrRIEs,