US 1394659 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
E. APPLEGATE. LATCH. APPLICATION FILED SEPT. 7, 1920.
Patented Oct. 25, 1921;
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I Be it known that l, Ennesr-Arrnnsxrn, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of Rushville, county of Bush. and State of Indiana, have invented a certain new and useful Latch; and Tdo hereby declare that the followingis a full, clear and exact description thereof, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, in which like numerals refer to like parts.
This invention relates to latches and the chief object'of this invention is to provide a latch which consists of but few parts and these of cheapconstruction, and at the same time so construct said parts that the same, when in the latching position, will be locked and maintained in said position.
The chief feature of the invention consists in associating-the two eye members and an intermediate latching member having a swivel connection with one of said eye members and a locking connection with the other eye member, said intermediate latching member being provided with a handle portion for readily moving the same, and which is adapted to maintain the latch in the latching position at all times.
The full nature of this invention will be understood from the accompanying drawings and the following description and claim.
In the drawings Figure 1 is a perspective view of the latching member embodying the features of the invention. 2 is an elevational view of the end of a vehicle body showing the same provided with a hinged and divided tail gate with the invention applied thereto. Fig. 3 is a plan view of the same. hinged tail gate applied to a vehicle body with the invention associated therewith in another position.
In the drawings 10 indicates the side portions of a vehicle body, 11" and 11 indicating the divided-tail gate associated therewith and hingedly supported at 12 by said side portions. The adjacent free ends of the hinged tail gate sections 11 and 11 are adapted to be locked together by means of the improved latch shown in perspective in Fig. 1. Associated with each of the tail gate sections is an eye member, one being termed the supporting eye member 13 and the other termed the receiving eye member 14, said eye members being secured to the respective tail gate sections in any suitable Specification of Letters Patent.
Fig. 4 is an elevational view of a Patented Oct. :25, 1921.
7, 1920. Serial No. 408,604.
manner, such as by means of the nuts 15. As shown clearly in Figs. 2 and 8 the eye members 13 and 14 are preferably positioned such that the planes in which the same lie extend transversely of each other.
Associated with the transversely positioned eye members is the latching member 16, which latching member is provided at one end with an eye 17 and at the other end with a hook 18. The eye 17 is adapted to be associated with the eye 13 to form a swivel connection which permits said latch ing member 16 to be rocked in two planes, or in a plane intermediate the same. The other end of the latching member 16 is hookshaped and is adapted to be seated in the eye member 14 and said hook portion is adapted to encircle the outer portion of the eye member 14 and rest thereon.
Intermediate the two end portions 17 and 18, and connecting the same to form the latching member, is a curved portion 19 which is preferably elongated, as shown in Figs. 1, 2 and 4, to form a handle portion. lVhen formed as shown, or in a substantially similar manner, it will be understood that the handle portion provides a grip whereby the latching member 16 may be swiveled upon the eye member 13 in the desired direction until the free end 18 registers with the opening in the eye member 14, and said handle member then may be turned so as to cause the hook 18 to rest upon the eye member 14, as shown clearly in Figs. 2 and 3. Since the handle portion 19 is elongated, as shown, when said latching member is released, the same is positioned by gravity, as shown by the full line position of said memher in Fig. 2. Thus, the handle portion maintains said latching member in the locked position, since the free end 18 partially encircles the outer portion of the eye member 14. With this construction the handle member 19 maintains said parts in the latched position in spite of any jarring to which the vehicle may be subjected. 1V hen it is desired to unlatch the tail gate members, the handle portion 19 thereof is grasped, raised from the depending vertical position outwardly and upwardly into substantially an elevated vertical position, whereupon the locking end 18 may be withdrawn from the eye member 14 and said latching member freed therefrom, thereupon when released said latching member moves to the dotted line position shown in Fig. 2.
In Fig. 4 the latch is shown applied to another form of tail gate construction, wherein the tail gate 111 is hingedly supported upon the bottom of the vehicle body and said tail gate is latched to the supporting side 110. The latched and unlatohed positions of the improved latch are shown in Fig. i by the full and dotted lines respectively.
\Vhile the invention has been described in considerable detail it will be understood that many modifications thereof will readily suggest themselves to those skilled in the art, but these modifications are all within, the broad purview of the invention, which is a latching member provided with a swivel connection at one end and a latch and looking connection at the other end and an intermediate handle portion for actuating the same, said handle portion being adapted to look said look into latching position. As illustrated in Fig. 1 the latch is preferably formed of an elongated rod bent to form a swivel connection, a hook connection and a curved handle portion.
The invention claimed is:
A latching member for two relatively movable members, each having an eye, said eyes being'positioned substantially at right angles to each other, comprising an eyesupporting portion secured to one of said eyes to provide a swivel connection between the moving member and the latching memher, a looped handle portion lying in substantially the same plane as the latching member eye portion, and a partially closed hook portion receivable by the other eye and connected to the handle portion and lying in a plane substantially at right angles to the eye-supporting portion, said latching member being revoluble about an axis substantially that including the swivel eyetorining axis to position the free end of the 1 book in the other transversely positioned eye when in a plane above that including said transversely positioned eye, and being returnable into a plane substantially that including the transverse axes of the movable member eyes, said partially closed hook por tion being locked to the associated eye by the weight of the handle portion when released and being maintained in said locked position by the weight of the latching memher.
In witness whereof, I have hereunto affixed my signature.