US 1395492 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
APPLICATIONIFILED NOV. 8, 1919: RENEWED AUG. 24, 1920.
Patented Nov. 1, 1921.
2 SHEETSSHEET1 7-1 wen-fez,
, APPLICATION FILED NOV-8,1919. RENEWED AUG. 24, 1920.
Patented Nov. 1, 1921.
2 SHEETSSHEET 2.
UNITED STATES PATENT" OFFICE.
DIRECT AND MESNE ASSIGNMENTS, T0 ROLUP SCREEN COMPANY.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Nov. 1, 1921.
Application filed November 8, 1919, Serial No. 336,586. Renewed August 24, 1920. Serial No. 405,736.
To all whom it may concern Be it known that I, LEOPOLD GUGGEN BERGER, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of-Hastings-upon-Hudson, Westchester county, New York, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Window- Screens, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description.
My invention relates to improvements in window screens. Heretofore serious objections have been offered to rolling window screens, and some of the objections were that the screens were likely to break, the edges were not held so as to make a'tight closure against insects, and they have been likely to accumulate dust and dirt. The object of my invention is to produce an improved rolling window screen which can be suspended in a window frame on a roller analogous to the ordinary shade roller, and can be raised and lowered like a shade, and further to provide a series of guides which will hold the edges of the screen smooth and tight against the window frame so that no insects can get by, and also to provide an automatic cleaning device which will keep the screen free of dust and which operates b simply raising and lowering it. Other oh jectsof my invention are to provide a guiding device which can be easily attached to the sides of a window frame which will hold the screen in the desired position, and which will also serve to guide and support the shade so that this will not flap and be displaced or torn by the wind. A part of my apparatus also serves the purpose of a weather strip and anti-sash rattler. In general the object of my invention is to produce a very efiicient, simple, and easily attached rolling window screen which will be very convenient in use.
Reference is to be had to the accompanying drawin s forming a part of this specification, in w ich similar reference characters indicate corresponding parts in all the views.
Figure 1 is a broken vertical section of a window provided with my improved attachments.
Fig. 2 is a broken perspective view of the lower part of the window and screen, parts being in section.
Fig. 3 is a broken sectional plan of the structure as applied to the window.
Fig. 4 is a broken elevation of the shade with the guiding attachments thereon.
Fig. 5 1s a broken sectional plan of the shade and guide, and
Fig. 6 is a development of one of the guldes.
I have shown my attachments in connection with the ordinary sliding window 10 arranged in a frame 11, but the invention is not confined to any particular form of window. I can use my rolling screen, however, in connection with the ordinary shade 12 which rolls on a roller 13 in the customary manner. At the top of the window frame so as to insure closing the entire window opemng, is a housing 14 which is open at the bottom as shown at 15, and in which is a roll 16 of screening material, and thi can be either fabric or metal, and the roller can be any usual or preferred type of spring roller. The screen 17 runs through the bottom opening of the housing, and on one side of the screen is held a brush 18 which rubs against the screen surface, and-on the opposite side of the opening 15 the housing is prolonged to form a spring 19 which presses the screen against the brush, and so when the screen is moved up and down the brush keeps it clean. The screen can be pulled down or allowed to spring up like an ordinary shade. To insure a tight fit on the sides, and to prevent any insects from getting in, the screen and also the shade preferably are provided with guiding devices which run in suitable guideways and which can be conveniently made from soft metal strips 20 which can be readily doubled to shape. The strip has near one end and on opposite edges lugs 22 which can be forced through the material of the screen 17 or shade 12, and then doubled over to fasten the strip in place, and this part of the strip lies flat against the shade or screen as the case may be, while a portion is allowed to project to form an angle guide 21 (see Fig. 5). One member of the strip 23 extends at an angle to the shade or screen and is doubled over and returned upon itself, as shown at 24, while the part 25 of the strip lies flat against the shade or screen, and the end por tion 26 is thrust through the material and doubledover upon itself as shown clearly in Fig. 5, this end portion 26 being preferably notched so that it will readily pierce the material. The important thing is to have the guide 21 substantially as shown, and obviously it can be provided in other ways than by bending the particular form of strip shown. It should project from the edge of the screen or shade so that when these,are rolled up the guides 21 on either edge will not interfere with the roller, and the several guides 21 are spaced apart at necessary intervals to perform their function of holding the screen and shade in place.
The edges of the screen and shade run in vertical guideways 27 which can be conveniently formed of sheet metal pressed to shape, but can be otherwise made if desired. The guideways 27 merge into chambers 28 (see Fig. 3) so that the edges of the shade and screen will run in the guideways 27, but the angleportions or guides 21 will move in the chambers 28 and thus prevent the screen or shade from going out of place or being too easily removed. The screen and shade are kept spaced by a vertical partition 29 which separates the two guideways 27 and which form a part of the base portion 30 lying flat against the vertical side of the window frame. It will be seen that this member comprising the parts 27, 28, 29 and 30 can be very easily formed of sheet metal. The side portions of this member are preferably pressed together to produce flanges 31 through which screws 32 Or the like can be passed to fasten the guide member to the window frame.
To effect a suitable closure at the bottom of the screen, it is preferably provided with a strip 33 which is slotted along the top edge as shown at 34 in Figs. 1 and 2, and the lower edge of the screen may be extended into the slot and suitably fastened. The under edge of the strip 33 is likewise slotted as shown at 35 so as to fit on over the rib 36 when the screen is pulled down to the window bottom, thus effecting a tight closure. This rib 36 can be applied to the window ledge in any convenient way, but I preferably form it on the base 37 which extends inward to a point near the sash of the window where it is turned up to form a flange 38, and when the window is closed, the flange 39 on the strip 40 which is attached to the window sash, as shown clearly in Figs. 1 and 2, overlap the flange 38. Thus a tight closure is effected and the overlapping fianges 38 and 39 form an excellent Weather strip and anti-rattler. It will be seen also that the vertical guides at the sides of the window may also serve as weather strips, and when the structure is in position both shade and creen can be used as a shade is generally used, all flapping in the wind is avoided, and a smooth tight closure against insects is had.
I claim 1. The herein described window attachment comprising a rolling window screen and a window shade, guideways on opposite sides of the window frame having parallel parts spaced apart in which the screen and shade may run, and means on the edges of the screen and shade for engaging the guideways and preventing the accidental withdrawal of said screen and shade.
2. The herein described window attachment comprising a rolling window screen and a window shade, guideways on opposite sides of the window frame having parallel parts spaced apart in which the screen and shade may run, and means for preventing the accidental withdrawal of the edges of the screen and the shade from the guideways.
3. The herein described window attachment comprising a vertically movable window screen and a vertically movable window shade, guideways for the edges of the screen, guideways for the edges of the shade, and means for reventing the accidental withdrawal of t e edges of the screen and the shade from their guideways.
4. A rolling window screen having means for supporting it in a window frame, guideways on opposite sides of the window frame, each having a portion parallel with the plane of the window merging into a chamber at one side of said portion, and clips at intervals on the edges of the screen with their outer portions bent laterally whereby the screen runs in the aforesaid parallel parts of the guideways and the clips in the aforesaid chamber.
5. A rolling window screen suitably supported in a window frame, a cleaning device arranged to engage one side of the screen as it unrolls and rolls up, and means on the opposite side of the screen to hold the latter against the cleaning device.
6. A rolling window screen suitably supported in a window frame, a brush arranged on one side of the screen to engage and clean the latter as it unrolls and rolls up, and means for holding the screen against the brush.
7. A rolling window screen having means for supporting it in a window frame, a housing for the screen having an opening through the lower part for the passage of the screen, a brush held at one side of the opening to engage the screen, and means opposite the said brush and on the other side of the opening to force the screen against the brush.
8. The herein described window attachment comprising a rolling window screen and a window shade, guideways on opposite sides of the window frame having parallel parts in which the screen and shade may run and offsets from said parallel parts, and. guiding devices attached'to the edges of the screen and shade and adapted to engage and run in the aforesaid ofl'set portions of the guideways.
9. The attachments for rolling window screens and window shades characterized by guideways on opposite sides of the window rame, each guideway'having a vertical partition to separate the screen and shade, parallel ways on opposite sides of the partition in' which the screen and shade run, offset portions merging from the aforesaid parallel ways, and guiding devices attached at intervals to the edges of the screen and shade and running in the aforesaid offset portions of the 'giiide'ways.
10. The combination with the sliding screen and window frame, of a slotted strip attached to the lower edge of the screen, and a rib on the ledge of the window frame fitting in the slot of the aforesaid strip.
11. The combination with the window, window frame, and sliding screen, of aslotted strip attached to the lower edge of the screen, a base member attached to the ledge of the frame and having a rib thereon to fit in the slot of the screen strip, and a flange next the sash of the window and a member atached to the window sash and overlapping the aforesaid flange.
12. The combination of a sliding window screen and a window ledge, one of said parts having a slot therein and the opposite part.
a rib adapted to fit in the aforesaid slot to form a tight closure when the parts are in abutment.
13. The combination with a sliding win dow screen and a window ledge, of members secured to the screen and ledge and adapted to overlap to form a tight joint when the- ,LEOPOLD GUGGENBERGER;
Witnesses FRED. GORLICH, J. WINNIK.