US 1396092 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
A. E. BINNS.
APPLICATION map SEPT. as, 1920.
Patented Nov. 8, 1921.
ARTHUR EUGENE BINN S, OIF MANSFIELD, MASSACHUSETTS.
Specification of Letters Patent.
' Patented Nov. 8 1921.
Application filed September 13, 1928. Serial No. 409,816.
To ullwltom it may concern: 7
Be it known that I, ARTHUR E. BINNs, a citizen of the United States of America, residing at Mansfield, Massachusetts, have invented a new and useful Shower-Pipe, of which the following is a specification.
The main object of my invention is to provide a simple and reliable form of mechanism which can be readily made and installed, which is adjustable so as to vary the spray, which will'not clog up ordinarily, and in case any of the outlets are clogged, they may be readily cleared. The present invention is an improvement on that of my Patent #1,l63,734 of December 14,1915.
In its preferred form, the invention contemplates the use of a pipe having one or more series of openings with a separate deflector for each opening and a lever operated slide connected with the deflectors for operating them to adjust the spray and to clear the outlets. V
Figure 1 is a perspective view of a fragment of the pipe embodying the improvements of my invention.
Fig.2 is a front view o fa fragment of a pipe showing the outlets.
Fig. 3 is a transverse sectional view taken in the plane of the line of Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is a fragmentary front view showing a single outlet with its deflector.
Fig. 5 is a fragmentary view showing a modification.
The pipe or conduit 6 through which. the water flows is mounted in a series of brackets 77 and provided with one or more series of openings or outlets 8-8. Each opening is preferably drilled at an angle to the radius of the pipe at the point of outlet. A deflector plate 9 in the form of a segment of a tube fits the tube or main pipe 6 adj acent each outlet. In the preferred form, each of these deflectors is provided with an inclined or under-cut lip adapted to over.
stand the edge of the opening 8 so as to deflect the stream into a thin layer. Each deflector is mounted between two guides 11-11 which are secured to the pipe by means of screws 12-12. The edges of the guides and the edges of the deflectors are beveled so that the edges of the guides overlap or overstand the edges of the deflectors as shown in Fig. 4. Preferably the holes 13 through the guides 11 are made larger than the shanks of the screws 12 seas to permit the guides to be adjusted somewhat in rela tion to the pipe 6. brazed onto the pipe or cast integral with it in some cases.
A bar 14 is mounted alongside the pipe so as to slide in the guides 1515 and 16- 16. An adj usting. stud or bolt '17 is provided for each deflector plate and has one end which projects into a cam-like slot 18 in the corresponding deflector plate. An operat ng lever 19 is pivoted to one of the brackets or supports 7 and connected by the stud 21 with the slide 14'.
By swinging the handle 19 from right to left as viewed in Fig. 1, the slide 14 is drawn to the left so that the stud 17 operating in the slot or groove 18 rotates the deflector 9 clockwise as viewed from the left to open the discharge port more or less, depending upon the amount of movement of the handle. This enables the-operator to simultaneously adjust all of the outlets to produce the desired volume and character of spray. By adjusting both of the guides for a given deflector longitudinally of the pipe. it will be seen that it is possible to vary the position of the deflector plate circumferentially with relation to its outlet.
By having some of the outlets in one line and others in another line or at a different angle and by suitably adjusting the deflector plates. it will be seen that it is possible to provide two separate lines of spray or sheets.
The shape of'the lip of each deflector plate insures the maximum divergence of the water from a given outlet and at the same time enables the operator to control the volume and direction of the spray.
With this construction, it is intended ordinarily to operate with each outlet partiallv closed. In. case an outlet is clogged up. it may be readily cleared by simply throwing the lever 19 so as to fully open all the outlets whereupon the increased stream will clear out any dirt which happens to be clogging any of the outlets.
In the modified form of Fig. 5', the pipe 6' is provided with an outlet 8' and a deflector 9'. In this case, the fan-shaped mouth 10 takes the place of the inclined lip 10 to produce the fan-like spray. V
1. In a construction of the character de- The guides may be 7 scribed, a pipe, brackets for supporting said ported in said brackets, a lever for operating said bar, and circumferentially movable deflectors having pin and slot connections with and movable by said; bar and having edges which are movable adjacent said outlets to'v'ary the eflteetive discharge opening when said bar is moved.
3. In a construction of the character described, a pipe having outlets, guides secured to said pipe, a bar slidable in said guides along said pipe, a deflector between each two adjacent guides, having a deflect- 'ing edge movable with relation to an outlet,and means of connection between sa1d bar and said deflector for transforming longitudinal movement of the bar into a circumferential movement of the deflector to vary the effective discharge opening of said outlet.
'4. In a construction of the character described, a pipe having outlets, guides adjustably securedon said pipe lat "each side of each outlet, a deflector plate for each outlet'mounted between adjacent guides, a longitudinally movable bar mounted alongside of said pipe, a handle for operating the same. and a pin and slot connection between said bar and each deflector whereby said deflector may be moved by said bar.
5. In the construction of the character described,- a pipe. having a series of outlets, a circumferentially adjustable deflector for each outlet, each deflector having an inclined lip o'verstanding the edge of the outlet and a manually operable. lever and means connecting said lever and said deflector for rotating said deflectors.
6. In a construction of the character described, a pipe having a row of outlets, a deflector for each outlet and slidalole on the surface o1 said pipe, ,a bar substantially parallel to said pipe and longitudinally movable and connected .to said deflectors for moving the same, and a swinging operating handle connected to said bar for longitudinally moving said bar.
7. Ina construction of the character described, a pipe having an outlet, a circumferentially' movable deflector for varying the effective :area of said outlet, and a bar movable longitudinally of aid pipe, one of the two second-mentioned elements having a cam and the-other a member co-acting therewith, whereby longitudinal movement of said bar may be translated into circumferential movement of said deflector.
8. In a construction. of the character described, a pipe havingan outlet,ja deflector:
ARTHUR EUGENE .B NNs,