US 1397220 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
' L. s. LORD.
APPLICATION FILED DEC. 16, 1918.
1,397,220, Patented Nov. 15, 1921.
Application filed December 16, 1918.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, LAWRENCE S. LORD, citizen of the United States, residing at Cleveland, in the county of Cuyahoga and State of Ohio, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Faucets, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to faucets, and more particularly to faucets for use on barrels, casks or drums.
Many forms of wooden or metal barrels, casks, drums or similar containers are provided with bung holes in the end head to enable the material to be readily drawn off with the container lying on its side. The ordinary form of faucet supplied for use with such end bung holes can not be applied to the container before shipping the same because it projects materially beyond the end of the chime and not only interferes with handling the container because the faucet would project beyond the chime, but the faucet is also liable to be broken or injured during transportation. It is therefore the custom to supply a faucet which is suspended on the inside of the container from the plug which closes the larger bung hole, said faucet being withdrawn and then applied to the end bung hole at the place of use.
The present invention has for its object to provide a simple inexpensive form of faucet which can be applied to the container where filled and which, when closed, does not have any portion thereof projecting beyond the chime, so that it does not interfere with handling of the container and will not be injured during transportation. A further object of the invention is to provide a-combination faucet and plug which does away with an extra plug in the end head because the faucet is applied in permanent position and does not have to be taken away from one place and substituted for the plug at another place. A further object of the invention is to provide a faucet of this land which canbe readily manipulated to open and close the same; which can be applied to any form of barrel, cask or drum; which does away with the use of packlngs or washers and may be made entirely of metal parts; which may be so arranged as to insure delivery of the liquid from the contalner in a downwardly flowing stream; whlch may be provided with stop devices for preventlng the parts from be'comlng wholly disengaged;
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Nov. 15, 1921.
Serial No. 266,902.
and which may also be so constructed as to prevent withdrawal of the material from the container by an unauthorizedperson.
Further objects of the invention are in part obvious and in part will appear more in detail hereinafter.
The invention comprises the faucet hereinafter described and claimed.
In the drawings Figure 1 represents a longitudinal sectional view illustrating a portion of a container and one form of my invention applied thereto, the faucet being shown in closed position; Fig. 2 is a similar View, showing the faucet in discharging position and also illustrating a modification; Fig. 3 is a plan view of the inner end of the device shown in Fig. 2; Fig. 4 is a cross section on the line 4l4, Fig. 2; Fig. 5 illus trates in plan view the development of the surface of the inner end of the outer tube in a modified form of the invention; Fig. 6 is a longitudinal sectional view illustrating still another modification; and Fig. 7 is a cross section on the line 7-7, Fig. 6.
Referring to the drawings 1 indicates the body of the barrel, cask or drum, which is provided with an end head 2 having a taper threaded opening 3 to receive the faucet. Beyond the end head is the usual chime 4. These parts may be of any suitable form and are shown more or less conventionally for purposes of illustration.
The faucet comprises an outer shell or sleeve, shown as a hollow tubular member 5 having external tapered threads 6 screwing into the threaded opening 3 and a non-circular outer portion, such as the hex head 7 by means of'which it may be screwed into the container. Within said sleeve and closely fitting the same, but nevertheless slidable and, rotatable therein, is an inner tubular member or plug 8 provided at its outer end with a non-circular wrench hold or head 9 and with external threads 10 screwing into internal threads 11 in the sleeve 5. Member 8 is either cored out or bored longitudinally to form an axially extending chamber or passage 12 having a lateral discharge opening 13 near its outer end. If the cavity is bored out its outer end is sealed by a plug 14. The inner end of the member 8 is closed. Said member is also provided, near the inner end of the passage 12 withone or several, four being shown, of lateral ports or openings 15 adapted in the discharge position of the parts to register with a like series of ports or openings 16 in the sleeve 5.
Fig. 1 illustrates the closed position of the faucet. In this position the outer sleeve 5 is screwed into the bung hole until a tight joint is established at the taper threads 3, 6. In this position of the parts the only portion of the faucet projecting beyond the end head are the two hex wrench holds 7 and 9, whose combined thickness is less than the height of the chime 4. Consequently the faucet in closed position does not interfere with transportation or manipulation of the container. Furthermore, in the closed position the ports or openings 15 in the inner member are inwardly beyond the cooperating ports 16 in the sleeve 5, so that flow of liquid to the inner chamber 12 is out off. The threads 10, 11 may also be slightly tapered so that a tight seal is established at this point and no material will leak from the faucet.
By unscrewing the inner member 8 from the sleeve 5 the threads 10, 11, which are comparatively short or few in number, may be entirely disengaged, enabling the inner member 8 to be withdrawn or pulled out until the discharge opening 13 is beyond the wrench hold 7. By turning the inner member registration of the ports 15, 16, may be secured with the discharge opening 13 at or near the bottom of the faucet. Oil will then flow from the faucet and the flow may be readily and quickly shut off by merely pushing in the inner member.
If desired suitable stop devices may be provided for preventing the inner member from being entirely withdrawn from the outer sleeve 5. Fig. 1 shows for this purpose a laterally extending pin 17 on the inner end of the plug 8 which contacts with the inner end of the sleeve 5 when the plug is fully withdrawn. As shown in Fig. 1 the plug may nevertheless be rotated in its outer position to bring the discharge opening 13 to its bottom position.
The faucet may also be provided with means for positively securing registration between the ports 15, 16 with the discharge opening 13 in bottom position. Such an arrangement is shown in Figs. 2 and 3 where the outer sleeve 5 is increased in length at its inner end and is provided with a longitudinally extending slot 18 to receive the v pin 17. The central tube can not be pulled out far enough to bring the ports 15, 16 into registration without entering the pin 17 into the slot 18. Therefore. by initially screwing the sleeve 5 into the bung hole so that the slot 18 is in the proper position, downward discharge from the central tube is insured. The slot 18 may also be provided at its bottom with circumferentially extending wings '19 to permit slight rotation of the inner tube in cases where the threads 3, 6 do not permit the outer tube to be screwed home to a tight fit with proper relative position of the parts.
Figs. 6 and 7 illustrate still another modification of the invention in which the inner end of the tube 5 is closed by a cross wall 20. Tube 8 at its inner end is also provided with a cross bridge 21. Full withdrawal of the inner tube is prevented by a locking rod 22 passing through openings in the wall 20 and bridge 21 and having its opposite ends suitably deformed, such as by being bent laterally at 23, to keep the rod in place. Rod 22 is slidable through the openings in both the wall 20 and bridge 21. It therefore does not interfere with either rotation or longitudinal movement of the inner tube but merely prevents its entire withdrawal.
Fig. 5 shows another modification of the invention designed to prevent withdrawal of the contents of the container by an unauthorized person. T he metal of the outer sleeve 5 is shown developed out upon a flat surface. Said sleeve is provided with a slot 18 to receive a pin 17' on the inner end of the cooperating inner plug 8". The slot 18 is of tortuous form and of any suitable design, including a series of branch chan nels in the form of a maze or labyrinth. Several of said channels are blind, and only one thereof extends far enough longitudinally of the tube, or in the direction of the arrow A, to secure full registration of the parts 15, 16. In other words the pin 17 must be brought to the position shown in Fig. 5 before full discharging registration of the ports 15, 16 is secured, and in no other position of said pin in the slot will any discharge of the material occur. Therefore unless the operator knows the combination of the lock and is able to make the necessary turns and longitudinal movements of the inner plug he can not withdraw material.
In all forms of the invention the parts are preferably so proportioned that the discharge opening 13 will appear outside of the hex head 7 before the openings 15 reach a inoment with the openings 16.
The faucet described is particularly designed for use on metal drums containing oil or like materials, although of course it is capable of use for other liquids than oil and on any form of container, regardless of whether or not it is in the form of a barrel, cask or drum, and regardless of whether or not the container has a chime. It also enables all of the contents of the container to be readily withdrawn because the ports or openings 16 in the sleeve 5 are closed to the inner surface of the end head when the faucet is applied to the container. The outward movement of the. inner plug also enables the discharge opening 13 to be brought out beyond the end edge of the women chime to secure an uninterrupted flow of material from the barrel or cask into another container.
What I claim is:
i. A faucet for liquid containers, comprising closely fitting telescoping shell and plug members, the shell member being open at its inner end and adapted at its outer end for securement to the wall of a container and having a plurality of circumferentially s aced openings in its side wall, and the p ug member having a longitudinal cavity closed at both ends and provided in its side wall near its outer end with a discharge opening and inwardly therefrom with a series of circumferentially spaced openings adapted when said discharge opening is exposed beyond the end of the shell member to register with the side openings in the shell member and permit the discharge of liquid.
2. A faucet for liquid containers, comprising closely fitting telescoping shell and plug members, the shell member being open at its inner end and adapted at its outer end for securement to the wall of a container and having a plurality of circumterentially spaced openings in its side wall, and the plug member having a longitudinal cavity closed at both ends and provided in its side wall near its outer end with a discharge opening and inwardly therefrom with a series of circumferentially spaced openings adapted when said discharge opening is exposed beyond the end of the shell member to register with the side openings in the shell member and permit the discharge of liquid, and a threaded connection between the outer end portions of said members.
A faucet for liquid containers, comprising closely fitting telescoping shell and plug members, the shell member being open at its inner end and adapted at its outer end for securement to the wall of a container and having a plurality of circumferentially spaced openings in its side wall, and the plug member having a longitudinal cavity closed at both ends and provided in its side wall near its outer end with a discharge opening and inwardly therefrom with a series of cireumierentially spaced openings adapted when said discharge opening is exposed beyond the end of the shell member to register with the side openings in the shell member and permit the discharge of liquid, said plug member in its inner end having an extension provided with means for engaging the shell member to cause registration of said two series of openings in discharge position.
In testimony whereof I afiix my signature.
LAWRENCE S. LORD.