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Publication numberUS1397917 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 22, 1921
Filing dateMar 23, 1920
Priority dateMar 23, 1920
Publication numberUS 1397917 A, US 1397917A, US-A-1397917, US1397917 A, US1397917A
InventorsBehrman Marcus B
Original AssigneeLox Seal Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 1397917 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)


v LocK TAG.


1 ,397 ,91 7. Patented Nov. 22, 1921 am. S.No. .-/9




Specication of Letters Patent.

Patented Nov. 22, 1921.

Application filed March 23, 1920. Serial No. 368,000.

T o all whom t may concern.'

Be it known that I, MARCUS B. BEHRMAN, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of New York, in the county of New York and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Lock- Tags, of which the following is a specification.

The invention relates to means for correcting, so far as may be possible, the too common practice of certain persons having garments sent home from a store on approval and after wearing the garments, returning the same to the store for credit or exchange. It has been discovered that some persons have had garments sent home on approval'- without any intention of purchasing the same and that after wearing the garments for some occasion, have returned the same to the store.

My invention provides an identifying tag to be conspicuously borne by garments or the like, including hats, showing that the same are out on approval and have not been paid for, and this tag, in accordance with my invention, is secured to the garment in such manner that it cannot, without mutilation, be removed therefrom. The tag will be applied to the garment in such conspicuous position as to deter the wearing of the garment in public while the tag is thereon.

My invention comprises an identifying tag, a pin for` securely pinning the same and the garment together and a locking member to be applied to the pin after the pin, tag and garment have been fastened together, for non-removably locking the pin in position, so that neither the pin or tag may be separated from the garment without destroying or mutilating the tag or pin. Garments returned with the tag removed or mutilated will not be received for credit or exchange, and a notice to this effect will be printed on the tag.

The invention will be fully understood from the detailed description hereinafter presented, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, in which:

Flgure 1 is a face view of a tag of commercial type locked to a garment, indicated by dotted lines, by means of a non-detachable pin carried by the tag;

Fig. 2 is a. transverse section throu h the .taken 011 the dotted line ,2f-2 0f is 1,

the garment being shown as partly broken away and in solid lines;

Fig. 3 is an enlarged vertical section through the snap fastener portion of the device taken on the dotted line 3-3 of Fig. 1;

Fig. 4 is a side elevation, partly in section, of the features constituting the locking pin, the head of the snap fastener being illustrated in section and as positioned to beapplied to the pin;

Fig. 5 is a top view of the pin, less the fastening head therefor;

F 6 is an enlarged vertical section, partly broken away, through the head end of the pin and the snap fastener parts to be applied thereto, the head for application to the pin being shown as positioned over the shank carried by the pin and provided to receive said head, and

Fig. 7 is a top view of the pin and its shank, the pin being shown partly broken away.

In the drawings 10 designates, diagrammatically, a garment or other piece of material, 11 the merchandise tag to be applied to the garment, and 12 a pin formed from a rod of wire or other suitable material for securing the tag to the garment, said pin having at one end a shank 13 adapted to receive, after the manner of a snap fastener, a head 14 to be pressed home thereon. At the head end of the pin there is a fiat metal disk 15 with which the shank 13, which is cylindrical in outline, may be formed, the whole being in one piece of metal; the sides of the cylindrical shank 13 have a suitable number of downwardly and outwardly diverging spring fingers 16, and by preference the shank 13. disk 15, spring fingers 16, and pin 12 are in one integral piece. The shank 13 is adapted to receive the hollow head 14, which head has an orifice 17 in its lower side, and said orifice being surrounded by an inturned flange 18. Upon the application of the head 14 to the shank 13 the orifice 17 passes downwardly over said shank and the edges of said orifice force the spring fingers 13 inwardly and thereafter, upon the head 14 reaching its final position, said spring fingers 13 spring outwardly over the ange 18 and lock the head 17 in position on said shank, rendering said head non-removable. The llocking pin considered alone therefore consists of the pin or body portion 12 having the disk 15, shank 13 and spring ngers 16,

)and `said tag is not limited to any special viner'norandu'ms, blanks or the like Which'may be provided thereon. I prefer (to. form the tag 11 of goodthi'ck paper or cardboard, of thekind commonly employed in mercantile houses, and print on the top of the tag the vvarning notice, This article will not be accepted for credit or exchange if tag is removed or mutilated, While below the Warning Will be provided the blanks 19 to receive memoranda as to the character of theinerchandise to which the tag may be applied.

The tag 11 is distinctive in several respects,

and said tag isformed with a hole 21, and in suitableirelation thereto, a plurality of holes 22y the holes 22 being .in alinement and adapted to receive the body of the pin 12. The pin is not fastenedtothe tag vin a permanent Way until the body of the pin 12 has pinned the tag to the garment by threadingl the pin through theholes 22 and the garment lso,` as to pin the garment to the tag,y as Iv indicate in Fig. 2, and thereafter I lock the pin to the tag so that the pin cannot be removed therefrom Without mutilating the tag, and carryinng out this portionof my invention I insert the shank 13 of the pin through the hole 21 in the tag and thereafter apply the head 14 upon said'shanks 18, said head and the diskl inclosing opposite face portions of the tag' and locking the tag to the pin, or locking the'` pin and tag together. I do not lock the pin 12 to the tag 11 until after` the bodyof the pin has been utilized in pinning thefabric or garment 10 to the tag,

`and in consequence, when I thereafter by means of the head l14; lock the pin to the tag so that the pin cannot have any sliding movement with relationl to the tag, the pin and "tag become locked together and toA the fabric or garment 10, it being impossible to .remove the tag from the garment Without mutilating the tag in order to release the in from the garment. Alfter they tag has een appliedto the garment or fabric 10 and thepin then appliedfonfastening the tag "and fabric together, a portion of the fabric becomes locked upon the pin between tivo adjacent holesl22 in the tag, as shown culsive.

either the fabric 'or the I prefer to employ threeV of the holes 22 in the tag 11 since. thereby I am enabledto secure a section of the fabric 10 vbetween two of said holes andinsert the point of the pin through the 'remaining hole and protect said point at the back of the tag, as I illustrate in Figs. 'l and 2, the point of the pin thus jbeingconcealed and not liable to injure the hand of a person who inight be handling thegarnient. The tag may have the naine of the store employing the ,same printedthereoinand like- Wilseth'e head ofthe fastener may be engraved or stamped With any suitable initial, trade-mark or otherwidentifying symbol. A

. I designate. my nvrltn es leek-tea beca use with theV use thereof the tag and garment of fabric 10 become locked together by the employment of thepin 12, and it `will "appear obvious that `the tag cannot `be removed from the garment 'or fabric Without mutilating the tag, or the pin or the fabric.

"Thepurpose of this invention is to pre-V vent the too common practiceof a person ordering a` suit, hat or the like on approval,

article to the store for credit or* exchange. The ta'g will be placed in such conspicous location on the garment or other article as to forbid the wearing of the garmentin public. Stores are subjecteddto severe losses by practice'iof customers having `goods lsent home on approval, Wearing the'same in public, and returning the article for credit or exchange, and as one means for preventing .and afteriv'earing the same, returning the this abuse and breach of confidencel have providedthe present invention, vwhich suppliesV a tag which Will serve as a non-removable badge showing, if the garment is Worn in public, thatthe same is out on approval and has `not beenpaid for. Y

My invention admits o f various modifications, and therefore I do not Wish to be limited to the detailsl shown in Figs. 1 to 5 in- In'` Figs.V 6 and 7 'I illustrate a modification as to the structure of the shank at the head end of the pin, and Figs. 6 and Tbeing illustrative of a modification, Inum- Vber the pin 30, the shank at oneend thereof 3].,and the head to be applied on said Vshank l52. vThe shank 31 is,y cylindrical and of :sheet Ametal, and is flanged, `as at 33, around its "base to" receive an Y'eye 34 Vformed on lthe head of the pin 30, saidv eye 34 being inclosed .by the flanges 33, which will be clampdtogether against saideye and serve toilock the pin'30 and shank rigidly together. The

shank 31iha's downwardly diverging spring lingers ,35, corresponding with the `spring jfingers illisliovvnin Figsy and fand the c'ap i132lhasanror1fice 36 "anduiange sur- -roun ing the sameA 'corresponding With the orifice 17 and flange 1 8 of the construction head 32 is then pressed home upon the shank 3l, the pin and its head portion become fastened to the tag.

The invention admits of further modifica tions within the scope of the appended claims, since it is to be -noted that the essence of the invention, in its broader view, resides in the tag, a pin for securing the tag to a. garment or the like and means for so locking the pin in its operative position that neither it or the tag can be removed from the garment withoutmutilation of one of the other thereof.

What I claim as my invention and desire to secure by Letters-Patent, is-

l. In a device of the character described for use on a garment or the like, a tag, a plain pointed pin threaded through the tag and garment ata plurality of points for pinning the tag onto the garment, and a nonremovable locking member securing the head end of said pin and said tag together, thereby enabling that portion of the garment held on the pin to prevent the removal of the pin or tag from the garment.

2. In a device of the character described for use on a garment or the like, a tag, a plain pointed pin for pinning the tag and garment together by passing the pin through a plurality of piercings in the tag and through the material of the garment at two piercings coinciding with adjacent piercings of the tag, and a. non-removable locking member applied to said pin for locking the head end of said pin and said tag together and rendering the same non-removable.

3. In a device of the character described for use on a garment or the like, a tag, a plain pointed pin for pinning the tag and garment together and having at one end a shank, and a head or'application to said shank, said shank being extended through said tag from one side thereof to receive said head at the other side of t-he tag, and said shank and head having interlocking parts for rendering said head non-removable from the pin and said tag non-removable from the garment.

4. In a device of the character described for use on a garment or the like. a tag. a

plain pointed pin for pinning the tag and garment together and havin at one end a shank, and a head for application to said shank, said tag having a plurality of holes to receive said pin in its application tothe garment and a hole to receive from one side of the tag said shank, and said shank being adapted to receive from the other side or' the tag said head, and said shank and head having interlocking parts for rendering said head non-removable from the pin and said tag non-removable, without mutilation, from the garment.

5. In a device of the character described for use on a garment or the like, a tag, a plain pointed pin piercing the tag and garment at a plurality of points and pinning the tag and garment together, and a nonremovable locking member applied to said pin for rendering the pin and tag, Without mutilation, non-removable from the garment.

6. In a device of the character described for use on a garment or the like, a tag, a plain pointed pin piercing the tag and garment at a plurality of points and pinning the tag and garment together, and a nonremovable locking member' applied to said pin for rendering the pin and tag, without mutilation, non-removable from the garment, said tag being of paper or like material and having three holes to receive said pin, whereby the pin between two of said holes may secure the tag and garment to gether and have its pointed end inserted through the third hole and concealed at the back of the tag.

7. In a device of the character described for use on a garment or the like, a tag, a

plain straight sharp pointed pin pinning

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2422289 *Sep 2, 1943Jun 17, 1947United Carr Fastener CorpRotary operative fastener stud
US2583567 *Jun 6, 1949Jan 29, 1952Anton G HansonPaper clamp
US2630640 *Mar 23, 1951Mar 10, 1953Stevenson Louis WArticle holder
US4374509 *May 7, 1980Feb 22, 1983Toyota Jidosha Kogyo Kabushiki KaishaFixture device for a distributor
US5435609 *Sep 28, 1993Jul 25, 1995Igata; TetzuzoAnti-theft apparatus for vehicle door locks
US5787623 *Oct 2, 1996Aug 4, 1998Protechna S.A.Lettering plate for pallet containers
US20040083682 *Nov 1, 2002May 6, 2004Orsini Thomas P.Film clamp for film sealing apparatus and method
U.S. Classification40/663, 292/307.00R
International ClassificationG09F3/08, G09F3/12
Cooperative ClassificationG09F3/12
European ClassificationG09F3/12