US 1401399 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
A. D. GASPAR. ENVELOP SHIPPING LABEL.
APPLICATION FILED JAN. 2|, 1921.
1,401,399, Patented Dec. 27, 1921.
as i permit such as the law requires to accom- UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
ARTHUR D. GASPAR, OF WAUKESHA, WISCONSIN.
Specification of Letters Patent.
To all whom it'may concern:
Be it known that I, ARTHUR D. GASPAR, a citizen of the United States, residing at Waukesha, county of VVaukesha, and State of Wisconsin, have invented new and useful Improvements in Envelop Shippin Labels, of which the following is a speci r cation.
to the shipment and provided with means for securing another portion of the envelop to this point to secure the contents therein. Another object is to provide means for utilizing. the reinforcement at the point of attachment as an anchorage to which to connect the other portion of the envelop so thatthe envelop will necessarily be folded and its contents secured within it when the portion of the envelop which bears the ship ping directions is exposed. It is also my purpose to make the envelop securing connection quickly operable so that it may be opened and closed with facility and to con struct the envelop pockets in such a way that the contents will be safe even though the fastening is left open.
It is also an object of my invention to provide an envelop shipping label so made that the exterior may carry full routing directions for the shipment and the interior or envelop may contain a bill of lading or a pany some shipments. It frequently becomes necessary to examine such a permit en route and it 1s my object to enable such examinations to be made without injuring the meansfor securing the envelop. In the use of my improved envelop the securing .means may be repeatedly opened and fastened as securely as before.
In the drawings Figure 1 is a perspective view of my improved envelop shipping label showing the envelopopen in the position in which it will be applied to the case to be shipped.
Fig. 2 is a lan view of the closed envelop in condition for shipment.
Fig. 3 is a fragmentary section on an enlarged scale taken on line 3-3 of Fig. 2.
Like parts are identified by the same reference characters throughout the several views. 1
Application filed January 21, 1821.
Patented Dec. 2'7, 1921.
Serial No. 438,866.
It is immaterial for the purposes of this invention of what material the envelop shippinglabel is made. For use on such shipments as are apt to be exposed to the elements, a waterproof material such as rubberized fabric or a paraliined paper may be used. For ordinary shipments, however, it will not be necessary to incur the expense attendant upon the use of special waterproof materials, for ordinary heavy Manila paper stock is sufficiently impervious to protect the contents of the envelop during such short periods of exposure as will occur in ordinary usage.
The device is made preferably of a single sheet of stock, cut, folded and pasted to form a pair of envelops 5 and 6 folded together at 7. The envelops so formed are similar to those in common use as containers for the delivery of photographic films and prints. Articles placed within either envelop will be retained therein without possibility of accidental loss as long as the two envelops are folded together and will be very accessible for removal when the envelops are opened or unfolded.
Upon the back of the envelop 5 will be placed full transportation directions and other information such as name and address of consignor and consignee, routing, etc.
Near the bottom of envelop 6 I provide an eyelet 8 which passes completely through both walls of the envelop and through a pair of disks 9 and 10, one of which is on each side of the envelop. A short length of string 11 is engaged by and firmly attached to the eyelet 8. It is important to my invention that the securing means 8 shall constitute an eyelet rather than a rivet, or staple, or other form of paper fastener.
Near the bottom of envelop 5 I have provided a second eyelet 12 similar to eyelet 8. A. pair of retaining disks or binding Washers 13 and 14 are operatively associated with eyelet 12 as clearly appears in the drawings. Each of the disks 9, 10, 13 and 1 1 protects the envelops from injury by the metal eyelets and in addition the disk 13 serves as a button beneath which the string 11 can be the contents of both envelops Will be secured against accidental release. Moreover it is but a moments work to open the envelops, examine the contents, and fasten the envelops as securely as before.
I have found my invention particularly useful in the transportation of dead bodies.
For such transportation a permit is required by law and it is necessary that this permit shall accompany the cofiin. Heretofore the permit has been tacked or pasted to the whim, exposed to the elements and liable to be torn or effaced. The shipping directions have beenseparately attached. By using my improved envelop shipping label the above objectionable practices are avoided.
Upon the outside of envelop 5 may be printed appropriately marked lines intended for the name of the deceased, the address to which the body is being shipped, the name and address of the undertaker in charge, and the routing directions. There iay also be printed prominently a notice to the effect that the transit permit is inclosed.
fr single tack or small nail 15 driven through eyelet 8 will secure the whole label to the coffin 16 in the manner illustrated in Fig. 1. It will be noted that envelop 5 is perfectly free and its contents particularly accessible. The transit permit may be folded up and placed in envelop 5 or it may be so folded that each end of it will occupy one envelop. Obviously it will be very improbable that anything could slip from envelop 5, even were it left open, and it would be practically impossible for a permit extending across into both envelops to escape therefrom.
When the permit is in place envelop 5 will be folded at 7 down upon envelop 6 thus closing both envelops. The retaining string 11, which is fast to envelop 5, is now caught beneath the disk 13 and when wedged in place will bind envelop 5 in place with the shipping directions uppermost. If at any time a Government agent desires to inspect the transit permit he may do so and leave the whole device exactly as he found it with the greatest possible convenience.
It will be noted that the envelops are reinforced at the point where they are held by the single retaining tack; that the aforesaid reinforcing means is utilized in part for removably binding the free envolp to that secured by the tack; that when the device is made ready for shipment the tack or nail as well as the contents of the envelop is protected from the weather; and that even if the envelops are carelessly left open, the construction is such that the contents will not fall out. The envelop shipping label, above described, is more satisfactory than anything of equal cost that has yet been produced.
There are other substantial advantages in the particular construction above set forth. When used upon some sorts of shipments my envelop will be exposed for long periods to the weather. It is therefore important that when the envelops are closed an exceedingly short length of string is necessary to secure them, for the eyelets are adjacent the edges of their respective envelops and are in substantial registry. The string will deteriorate more rapidly than any other part of the device and it is therefore well to have little of it exposed.
Moreover l have found that the head of the tack used to fasten the device to the shipping crate tends to tea any ordinary envelop surface with which it contacts. lt cannot tear the surface protected by disk 14: and eyelet 12, however, and for this reason also it is advantageous to have eyelets 8 and 12 in registry. if during shipment a heavy box is jammed against a shipping case hearing one of my improved. labels, the head of the tack 15 will not be driven thmugh envelop 5; the eyelet 8, bearing upon the tack, will take the load.
It will be understood that while my invention is especially useful for the purpose outlined above, it is almost equally desirable for attachment to various shipments, and therefore I do not wish to limit myself to a device for the above specified shipments alone.
1. An integral pair of envelops adapted to be folded together to close both, means for reinforcing one envelop at one point, said means being adapted to receive a nail to be driven into the shipment and means associated with said reinforcing means whereby the envelops may be secured together.
2. An integral pair of envelops adapted to be folded together to close both, a pair of disks attached to each envelop by an eyelet passing through disks and envelop, said eyelets being adapted substantially to register when the envelops are closed, and a string fastened to one envelop by the eyelet therein and adapted to be caught beneath the outer disk upon the other envelop.
ARTHUR D. GASPAR