US 1405061 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
I. MOUROMTZEFF AND E. I. LANDRESS.
SUN PROTECTING LINING FOR HATS, CAPS, OR THE LIKE.
APPLICATION FILED JUNE 6. 1919- RENEWED APR. 27,1921.
v Patented Jan. 31, 1922.
INVENTOR I L1H Mourom/zef/ Y [mmam/P/ [Lang/fess 4 I ATTO E 1 UNITED er TENT o ILIA monnoivrrznrr; or new YORK, ANDEIVIMANUEL I. LAnnREss; 0F BROOKLfiIg YORK, ASS]:G'lSI'OIRS, BY DIRECT." AND MESNE' ASSIGNMENTS, TO RICHARD- VITOLO, OENEW YORK, N. Y.
son-PR TECTING L-INING r012, HATS, (mm, on, THE LIKE. i
Application filed June 6, 1919, Serial No. 302,150. Renewed April 27. 1921. se rial No. 464,908.
T 0 all whom it may concern Be it known that we, ILIA MOUROMTZEFF, acitizen of Russia, residing in the city of New York,'borough of'Manhattan, county and State of New York, and EMMANUEL I. Llmniznssya' citizen ofthe United States, residing in thecity of New York, borough of Brooklyn, county of Kings, and State of NeW,York, have invented a certain new and useful Sun-Protecting Lining for Hat s, Caps,;.or the like, of which the following 1s a specification. k I
Thisinvention relates to a lining for hats, caps and the like and the object of the invention is to provide such a lining as Wlll reflect or disperse the rays of the sun for the purpose of keeping the head cool. 7
It is well known that certain colorspos sess the qualitiesof reflecting or dispersing the rays of the sun while other colors have the quality of absorbing the sun rays, e, g. what are generally termed the light colors reflect while the darker colors, in several cases, absorb. It is further 'well known that the suns spectrum embodies several'colors, certain of which are particularly active rendering'and imparting heat to a ray of sunshine. The most active ofthese colors are-embodied in the red and orange rays of the sun and these rays are generally termed the heatrays. We have found that by passing sunlight through a plurality of supcrlmposed colors that the heat of the sunlight is reflected and dispersed and that such light as penetrates all of the colors is'practically obviated of any perceptible heat.
With the foregoing considerations in mind the object of the present invention is to provide a lining for hats, caps and the like In the accompanying drawings we have shown a l'iat in central section and associated with said hat a lining of the presentiriven- I tion 1s illustrated. The drawings show'thje 1 preferred embodimentof the invention as carried out in mensstraw hats butiit will be understood that the invention is" not" limited to the particular showing inade,
Specification of Letters Patent. 7 Patented Jan. 3 1, 192 2.
which is for the purposeo'f illustration only} and does not define the limits'of the rave tion.
In the accompanyingdrawings Didesig nates a Well known form of a mansfstraw hat. In the crown of this hat ispl'alced a lining embodying three or more. pliesoff materlal A, B, and C, which are superim-Tf posed on one-another and securedwithin.
the crown of the hatby sewing orjin'any other suitable manner. 1 Both the top and sides of the crown may be lined if desired but, as shown, only the top of thecrown is lined.
In practice, the sides ofthecrown may be provided mteriorly witlrlining of the same number of plies as" the top or of lesser number without departing from the spirit of the invention, although it is" found 'unessential to line the sides as the 5 most excessiveheat impinges thetop o'fthe;
The plies A, B and'C are .of difl'erent" colored material and eachply is preferably composed of fabric which is shiny 'orglossy' on its' upper si-de and has a dull-finish'on its lower s de although thisis not absolutely es-I sential. In practicetheupper'face of each, ply 1s of silk or satin finish on afcotton back- I ing and this imparts the desired luster to; the upper face of the plies so asto better adaptthem to reflect the sun rays. 1 The successive plies are. preferably j Secured. "te
gether! with eyelets E which not only hold them together but facilitate the" ventilation of the crown of the -hat through the lining;
The eyeletsE are preferably staggeredbutf as the material from which the lining is" ii made is light and thin, proper ventilation is": assured; is In one of the practical embodiments thelining of'this invention'is formed oi'ithree plies, the plies A being" red, ply B orange,
and the p y C of ,s me relatively dark color' preferably violet..- With this coloring eXa I periments have shownthat "as the heat of the sun penetrates the crown ofthe hat andim pinges the ply Afthe infra of'ithe sun will be reflectejd andfas theseai'e the strongest rays of the sun spectrum the rays which pass through the ply A and impinge the ply B will have been divested, by the passage through the ply A, of the infra-red V rays. In the passage of the remaining rays through the ply B, the yellow or orange rays will be sifted out so that by the time that the remaining rays impinge the ply C all that is left are the more or less relatively cool rays and these are absorbed, reflected and dispersed by the ply C so that any light which may sift through the lining will be devoid of such heat as would be objectionable or uncomfortable. It will, of course, be understood that the particular colors may be differently arranged or that other combination of colors might be employed but the foregoing assembling has been found to give very efficient results. The invention has been particularly described as associated with a mansstraw hat but it is equally well applicable to caps and hats of other forms as Well as to ladies millinery. Moreover, the
invention may be employed in protecting the heads of animals by sun shades such as are frequently applied to horses on hot sum- 7 Iner days.
Viewing the invention in broad aspect it may be said to embody the superimposing of a plurality ofplies of material of different colors, which when subjected to the rays of the sun selectively and collectively sift out the various rays of the spectrum for the purpose of precluding the passage of heat therethroughf If desired the colors may be so associated that one or more plies through which the sun is first required to pass may be of colors which reflect certain of the rays of the sun and the remaining ply or plies be of such color or colors as will absorb the remaining rays. As a straw hat is really nothing more or less than a sun shade, it will appear that the invention is adaptable to sun shades broadly, and as.
such may well be employed in thema-nufa'cture of parasols and the like.
WVc are aware that hat crowns have been made consisting of several layers of different material stitched together, an example of which is shown in the .patent to Fritsch,
403,9.35L, of May 28, 1889. However, struc tures of this character widely differ from the present invention in that there is no provision in such hats for the sifting out of the heat rays of the suns spectrum. If
heat is to be excluded, the inventorsliave heretofore endeavored to accomplish this recolored linings have beenplaced in hats for mens use in the summer time as well as in felt and derby hats for use in the winter time} However, in every case, the
particularly womens' hats and straw hats V use of colors has merely been for esthetic reasons and intended to beautify the ap pearance of the hat. They are not chosen with any intention to dissipate the suns rays and in most cases they positivelywill In no case has a multiply hat lining not. of different colors, all of which plies may be made of light material such as silk or other fabric and which colors are so chosen as to sift out the heat from the suns spectrum, been used. In a lining embodying the present invention, the colors may be such as to allow, the light to pass through the hat, but will divest it of its heat rays. Such a hat is much cooler to wear than afelt lined hat which operates on substantially the same principle as the asbestos lining in an icebox since it is intended to insulate the interior of the hat from heat on the exterior thereof.
Having thus fully described our inven- 131011, what we claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is: V 7
1. A lining for hats, capsand the like embodying a plurality of superimposed plies of relatively thin, light weight material of different colors intended to successively sift 2. A lining for hats, caps and the like embodying a plurality of superimposed plies of material of different colors the upper surface of each ply having a luster and the lower surface of reach ply having a dull finish whereby, during the subjection of the lining to the sun rays, certain heat colors of the spectrum are sifted out to preclude j the transmission of heat through the lining.
8. A lining for hats, caps and the like 1 embodying a plurality of superimposed plies of different colors, which colors are adapted to successively sift'out the heat of the sun spectrum for the purpose of precluding" the passage of such heatv through the lining, each two adjacent plies having airventilation holes extending thercthrou'gh.
to this specification.
ILIA MOUROMTZEFF. EMMANUEL I. LANDRESS.
. 4. A sun protector embodying a plurality of superimposed plies of relatively thin,-