US 1408262 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
l. BRUECK AND N. SALTER.
APPLICATION F1LD Aue.15.1921.
Patented Feb. 28, 1922.
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JOSELH BEUEGK STATES PATENT (lP'li'lfCIl.L
'Iil'Dll'GB-BERTSALTER; OF'NEW YORK, N. Y.
application filed. .august 15 To all whom. t may concern Be it lknown that we, losnrn:` Bannon and NORBERT SALTER, both citizens of the United States, the former residing in the city of New 'lrorln county ot Bronx, and State of New `York, and the latter residing in the vcity of New York, county of New York, and
State of New York, have invented certainV -coniprehendsa coinb suitablek for .use by hand and provided with means for containing and distributing a liquid, the parts being so constructed, proportioned and arranged that the operator, by using little or no more skill than would ordinarily berequired in combing the hair or the beard, can apply to the hair or the beard, and distribute evenly thereupon andthroughout the mass thereof,
a liquid which may be a dye, a medicine, a
hair oil, a perfume, or evenl ordinary water.
Referencev is made tothe accompanying drawing yforming a part of this specification, andinwhich lilre reference characters indicate like parts throughout all of the figures.
Figure 1 isa side view, partly in elevation and partly as with parts broken away, of a representative form of our device.
Figure 2 is a 'section on the line 2-2 of Figure 1, looking in the direction indicated by the arrows.l
Figure 3 is a fragmentary longitudinal section through the valve barrelk and the portion of the handle immediately adjacent thereto.
Figure is a view partly in side elevation and partlyin sectionvot the valveI cylinder.
Figure 5 is a perspective of the distributing trough.
Figure k6 is a `perspective oi' the comb tra me.
Figure 7 is a perspective'of one form of' elainpyfor holding together certain parts of the device.. f
Figure 8 1s a perspective of af'form of clamp ditlering from that appearing in Fig-` ure 7, but used for the saine general purpose. A; handle appears at 9, and is hollow.
Speccaton of Letters Patent.`
lindi' i921. seriall no aeaeon This handle isk provided witha neck, 10, threaded externally, and detachably engaging this neclris a screw cap 11, threaded inf ternally. By removing the screw capll the handle 9 may be filled with a liquid, such as a liquid hair dyeor a medicine in liquid forni.
Mounted upon the handle 9 isa barrel 12, having` the proximate torni of a cylinder, and provided with a notch `13. The barrel 12 carries a pin 14.-, extending slightly from it in ,a direction parallel withV its general axis,'as may be understoodfrom Figure 3. rEhe handle 9 is provided with a partition 15, thelatter b'eing provided with a feed hole 1G. The barrel 12 isprovided ywith a slot 1i/extending throughout nearly the entire length of the barrel, in a direction par- -allel'with the longitudinal axis thereof.
Revolub'lylitted into the barrel l2 is,V a valve cylinder 18 havingaclosed end portion 19, this end portion being provided with a feed hole 20. The valve cylinder is provided with a slot 21eXtending in the general direction ofthelength of the valve cylinder and parallel with thelongitudinalaxis thereof. The slot 2llis so proportioned and arranged that it may be brought into or out of registry withy the slot 17b'y slightlyturning the valve cylinder 18. This valvecylinder carries stop pin 22, extending radially from it, andliaving av measure of angular play limited by the notch 13; The valve cylinder 18 is further provided withathunib piece` whereby itrnay be turned within the lim its permitted by the play ofthe pin 2221s limited by the notchl 13.' The operator'by grasping the ythumb piece 23`may turn the va-ve cylinder y18 within the limits permitted by movements ofthe pin 22 within the slot 13, and-by so doing can bring the slot 21r vided with a number of teedlholes 25, andv with 'end Vportions 26. The distributing trough 24rhas in cross section a V-'shape as the distributing trough 24 and the barrel 12 ted in'Figure 2. The proportions of.
latented Feb; 28, 1922.
are such that with the parts in position, as
indicated in Figure 2, the upper edge p0rtions oic the distributing trough engage the barrel 12 and are located upon opposite sides :thereon i A comb frame is shown at 28, and has the form indicated in Figure 6. The comb frame 28 is at one of its ends provided with a hole 29, into which the pin 14 may be Jthrust so as to enable the comb frame to be supported firmly upon the barrel 12, and braced relatively to this barrel. `The comb frame 28 is provided with teeth V30, disposed parallel with each other as indicated in Figures 1 and 6, and each of substantially V-shape.
A clamp 31, haring thevform indicated in Figure 6 is so arranged that it may be slid telescopically over the upper edge of the comb frame and over the barrel 12, as may be understood from Figure 2.
.-i'i. porous member 27, made preferably o felt or cloth is litt-ed upon the outside of the distributing trough 211, and thus located within the comb frame, as may be understood from Figure 2. i
in some instances, it may be preferable to substitute a clamp of the form shown at 82, in Figure 8, for the clamp 31 shown in Figure 7. ln such instances the clamp 82 occupies the position indicated for it by dotted lines in Figure 6.
in .assembling the parts, the pin 14 is ex-` tended through the hole 29. and the barrel is brought between the walls of the frame comb 28. Frevious to this, however, the porous member 2] of felt or cloth is fitted upon the outside of the distributing trough 24. and this trough7 carrying the porous member, is neatly fitted into the combframe 28, indicated in Figure 2. Therefore when the barrel y12 isbrought fairly well down between the walls of the comb frame the barrel 12 presses tightly against the edge portions of the distributing trough 241, and with the clamp 81 orthe clamp 32 in position, the. parts are held together quite firmly, as indicated in Figure 2. The valve cylinder .18 may be fitted into the barrel 12 either before or after the barrel 12 is fitted rinto position relatively to other parts. i
The valve cylinder 18 may at anytime be turned by 4aidof the thumb piece 28, as above describedq so as to bring the slot 21 of the valve cylinder into or out of registry with the slot 17 of the barrel 12. Thus by an accurate adjustment of the valve ycylinder .18 relatively to the barrel, the flow of liquid from the valve cylinder 18 into` the distributing' trough 24C maybe regulated.
of registry with the feed hole 16. The entire device is now turned into a vertical po-A sition, so that the neck 10 is uppermost, the screw cap 11 being removed. The liquid to be used, `for instance a liquid hair dye, is next poured into the handle 9, through the neck 10, so as to fill the handle wholly or partially as desired. This done the screw cap is replaced. Vith the parts in the condition just described, the device may be kept for any length of time without any of the liquid escaping, the feed holes 16 and 2O being out of registry. When our device is to be used, say for applying a dye to the hair. the operator grasps the thumb piece 23 and turns the valve cylinder 18 so as to bringthe feed holes 16V and 20 and also the slots 17 and 21 into proper relation to allow the liquid to be fed into the distributing trough 241 at the proper rateof flow. This 4 'done the operator, grasping the handle 9 as he would the handle of a brush or comb, so manipulates the device as to cause the teeth 30 to plough through the hair in much the same manner as would be the case with an ordinary comb.
The porous member 27 becomes more or less saturated with theliquid. and suppliesV the liquidvin smallquantitiesto thehair, as the porous member 2T is' brought into contact therewith.
The distribution of the liquid` throughout the mass of hair Ais practically uniform, so i that by properly apportioning the Aquantity of the liquid used, or the strength of the liquid, and by properly adjusting the position of the valve cylinder 18 as above de-` scribed, the quantity of dye or other liquidv material to be applied to the hair `can be regulated within comparatively narrow limits. Such being the caseit is practicable to control the degree of coloring to be applied to the hair. A good way to' do this is to use our device. so as to render cumulatire its action upon the hair. That is to say, it is a good plan to vapply the deviceN for a short time in order to produce a slight coloration of the hair.Y and to use it fora i oo longer time in order to render the colora--` tion more intense; Thus with verylittle practice any person canso usev our device as to color or otherwise treat the hair in such manner thatv the effect is uniform throughout the entire mass ofthe hair.
llhile our device is peculiarly adapted for use in dyeing the hair as above described, it may be usedto advantage .incoloring beards andmustaches, either natural or artificial,
and'in the preparation of wigs of different kinds. Our invention is equally well adapted for applying medicines to the hair, beards or mustaches, as-for instance in ap! plying a so-called dandrulf cure to the hair. It may be used for permeating the hair or the beard with liquids the purpose of which is to destroy vermin therein. Last but not least it can be used for applying hair oils, perfumes and even plain water to either the hair or the beard. Thus our invention can be appropriatelydesignated as a fountain comb for general use.
ldlc claiml. A fountain comb, comprising a hollow handle provided with means for holding a liquid -to be applied to the hair, a barrel carried by said handle, a valve member revolubly fitted into said barrel for the purpose of con rolling the How of said liquid from said barrel, a comb frame carried by said barrel and provided with teeth, an absorbent member carried by said comb frame, and a distributing trough located within said comb frame and engaging said absorbent member in order to hold said absorbent member in a predetermined position relative to said barrel, for the purpose of enabling said valve to discharge said liquid and thus to deliver the same to said absorbent member.
2. ln a fountain comb the combination of a comb frame provided with teeth, an absorbent member carried by said comb frame, a barrel carrying said comb frame and said absorbent member, a distributing trough carried by said barrel and engaging said absorbent member tor the lpurpose of delivering` a liquid thereto, a valve lcarried by said valve for discharging said liquid from said barrel into said distributing trough, said valve being controllable at the will of the operator for the purpose of regulating the liow of liquid from the barrel, and a hollow member connected with said barrel, and a hollow member connected with said barrel for the purpose of delivering thereinto a liquid to be applied to the hair.
3. ln a fountain comb the combination of a comb frame, a flexible member carried thereby and made ol absorbent material in order to hold by absorption a quantity of liquid to be distributed by aid of said comb frame, a distribution trough engaging said flexible member and provided with openings, a barrel engaging said distributing trough for the purpose of delivering thereinto quantitles of said liquid, mechanism connected with said trough and controllable at the will or" the operator for regulating the delivery of the liquid from said barrel into said distributing trough, and a hollow handle connected with said barrel and adapted to serve as a reservoir for holding a supply of said liquid and for delivering said liquid into said barrel.
Ll. A. device or' the character described, comprising a hollow handle serving as a reservoir, a barrel carried by said handle and extending lengthwise therefrom, a partition provided with an opening for discharging a liquid from said handle into said barrel, a valve located within said barrel and movable at the will of the operator 'for controlling the quantity of liquidv thus discharged from said handle into said barrel, a comb frame carried by said barrel and provided with comb teeth, said comb 'ramelbeing hollow and having in cross section a substantially V shape, an absorbent member carried by said comb trame and having genv erally the form of a web, and a distributing trough engaging said barrel and said absorbent member, said distributing trough having in cross section a substantially V shape, for the purpose of holding said absorbent member iirmly within said comb 'frame and or conferring upon said absorbent member a substantially Vshape in cross section.
5. ln a device oi' the character described, the combination of a comb frame provided with teeth, said comb frame being hollow, a porous member located within said comb Jframe for the purpose of holding by absorption a liquid to be distributed by aid of said teeth, and a distributing trough located within said comb frame and engaging said porous member for the double purpose of holding said porous member in a predetermined position relative to said teeth and supplying the liquid to said porous member.
6. A device of the character described comprising a hollow comb frame provided with teeth and with an opening, a barrel extending through said comb trame and provided with a projecting member extending through said opening for the purpose of holding said barrel and said comb frame together, a clamping member for further holding said barrel and said comb iframe together, an absorbent material disposed within said comb frame for the purpose of receiving a liquid from said barrel and delivering the same through said comb frame to persons hair or the like, and means for delivering a liquid into said barrel.
7. A device of the character described comprising a hollow member serving the double purpose of a reservoir and a handle, a barrel carried by said hollow member and provided with an inlet opening and with a discharge slot, a valve member mounted within said hollow member and likewise provided with an inlet opening and a discharge slot, said valve memberbeing provided with means whereby it may be turned relatively to said barrel for the purpose of bringing the inlet opening of the valve member into and out or registry with the inlet opening of the barrel and oi bringing the slot of the valve member into and out of registry with the slot ot the barrel, and a comb frame connected with said barrel Jor the purpose of holding and distributing an absorbent material.
8. In a device of the character described the combination of a hollow member serving the double purpose of a reservoir and a hanvalve c 7linder havin# en inlet o Jenin@L mating the inlet opening of said barrel and hav- 10 ing-'e discharge slot mating the discharge slot of seid barrel, and a comb frame carried by said barrel for distributinge liquid delivered thereinto from seid barrel.
JOSEPH BRUECK.` NORBERT SALTER.