|Publication number||US1409850 A|
|Publication date||Mar 14, 1922|
|Filing date||Oct 30, 1920|
|Priority date||Oct 30, 1920|
|Publication number||US 1409850 A, US 1409850A, US-A-1409850, US1409850 A, US1409850A|
|Inventors||Fred G Haney|
|Original Assignee||Henry G Ehrlich|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (6), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
F. G. HA NEY.
FLYING MACHINE. I APPLICATION FILED OCT 30,1920.
Patented Mar. 14, 1922.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 1- 25 M ram ""v TmuugWRHE JJLumm-Muw //v VEN TOR F650 6 fm/c-r A TTORNE V6 F. G. HANEY.
APPLICATION FILED o'cr. 30. 1920.
1,409,850, Patented Mar. 14,1922.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 2- 14 TTOR/VEYS UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE...
ERED e. HANEY, or EAST LIvERrooL, onro, ASSIGNOR or FORTY PER. cEN To HENRY G. EHRLICH, or FORT WAYNE, INDIANA.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Mar. 14, 1922.
Application filed October 30, 1220. Serial No. 420,615.
T all whom it may camera Be it known that I, F RED G. HANEY, a
citizen of the United States,.and resident of- East Liverpool, in the county of Columbiana and State of Ohio, have invented'a new and Improved Flying Machine,bf which the ,following is a full, clear, and exact'descrlptlon.
In connectionwith flying machines, and more particularly the heavier than a1r type of machine, it is a well appreciated fact that considerable. difliculty has been experienced in connection with landing and taking off.'
With this in view, numerous machines of the helicopter type have been suggested, but these machines, as far as known by myself, have failed to present a sufiicient' lifting force, to overcome the -force of gravlty, which was exerted, upon the total weight of the machine.
In some isolated instances, where suflicienttractive force in a vertical plane has been produced, to permit the machine to rise from the ground, the arrangement of the propelling mechanism has been such as to be incapable of permitting a movement in a horizontal plane, other than that caused by the normal air currents.
With this in view, I have provided a flying machine which shall primarily be capable of rising and descending in a vertical line.
A further object of my invention isthe construction-of a machine of this type which shall incorporate certain mechanism permitting it to move at a tangent to both the horizontal and vertical, as well as the horizontal. a
A still further object of my invention is the construction of a flying machine, the course of which may readily be guided through the air.
Further objects of my inventionwill appear in the annexed specification and drawings which latter present one practical em bodiment of my invention, and in which Figure 1 is a side view of a machine con-' structed in accordance with my invention.
Figure 2 is a plan view thereof.
.Figure 3 is a fragmentary partly sectional rear view of one of the driving mechanisms employed, -and Figure 4 is an enlarged sectional View taken along the lines 4 1 of Figure 1.
In these views the reference numeral 5 indicates the landing chassis of any desirable type, which may include legs 6 for retaining the body of the same spaced from the supportlng surface upon which the'chassis rests.
A control platform 7 is positioned above the upper surface of the chassis 5, and is retained in this position by any suitable means, such as braces 8.. Thus a space-9 is provided between the chassis 5 and control platform 7, which latter serves, in the nature of a motor compartment, and may receive a plurality of motors 10 of any suitable type, and disposed in a manner hereinafter more fully brought out.
Now with a view of providing a medium which will serve to exert a tractive force upon the machine in a vertical line, a shaft 11 has its lower end rotatably secured to the chassis 5, and control platform 7, and associated with the upper end of the shaft is a relatively large propeller 12.
It will be noted that one of the motors 10' is preferably of a more powerful-and consequently larger type than the motors 10, and this motor is conveniently associated with the shaft 11 to effect a rotation of the same and the propeller 12.
Thus upon the motor 10 effecting a rotation of the propeller 12, the latter will exert a lifting force suflicient to suspend the machine in the air.
It is now to be noted that the chassis 5 and certain .other overlying portions asso ciated with the control platform 7, are conveniently extended to provide a framework having preferably three outlying portions, and it is adjacent the ends of each of these portions that the motors 10 are preferably positioned.
' Shafts 13 have one of their ends attached to each of the motors 10, and these shafts are extended to points above the control platform 7 and are connected at their upper ends by means of universal joints 14., to a telescoping connecting shaft 15 having its outer end connected through a second universal 16, to a stud shaft 17, each mounting a propelle; 18. i
In this connection it is to be noted that these latter elements, are preferably of a smaller typethan the propeller 12, and it will further be seen that upon a rotation of the shaft 13, that this motion will be transmitted to each of the propellers 18.
It is new to be understood that the tree tive force of the propeller 12 alone would hardly be sufficient to effect a rapid rising ina vertical line, and with this in view, the
stud shafts 17 of the propellers 18 are each conveniently mounted in a block 19, slidably positioned in guide ways 20, which latter are 1n the form of an arc of acircle having as its center, a point equi distant between its ends.
At this point 21, a supporting bar 22 is pivotally secured to a standard 23 mounted upon a tubular member 24 encasing each of the shafts 13. !he supporting bar 22 enages, by any suitable means, such as a orked connection 25, a block 19 to effect a movement of the latter withinthe guide way'20.
-A connecting link 26 is conveniently in-- nously, and it will be obvious that upon these bars being moved into a substantially verti- .cal plane, the bodies of the propellers. lying in a horizontal plane in this position, with the tractive effort of these latter propellers together with the action of the propellers 12,
will result in a quick rising of the machine. It .will also be noted that the swinging of the propellers 18 is permitted by virtue of the telescoping action of the shaftslli, so
. that no. interruption of the rotational force the connecting mechanism 28 is associated will be effected upon the blocks 19 being moved inany direction other than the limits of the guide ways 20.
It will also be understood that it may prove desirable to permit a movement of the machine in a horizontal plane, after the same has reached the desired height, and with this in view, it will be appreciated that the control 30 may be operated to swing the parts to the position indicated in Figure 1, in which the tractive efforts of the ropellers 18 are directed .in a horizontal p ane, thus producing the result desired.
It will also be understood that d e-- sired to move the machine at a tangent to.- the horizontal and vertical, that a movement of the blocks 19 to a' position approximately intermediate the ends of the guide ways 20 will result in a tractive force being exerted to roduce the result desired.
n this connection it is to be noted that with the control post 30 by virtue of a memher 30' which member is rotatablymounted upon the shaft 11 and is operated preferably by a link 30'-'. Thus uponthe control 30 be ing operated the member 30 will be rocked,
resulting in a projection or retraction of the a levers and bars 28, whereby to synchronously rock all of the bars 22.
To now provide suitable means which will permit of a steering of the machine, it will be seen that the control 31 is conveniently utilized, this control preferably including a cog wheel 32, which latter meshes with and serves to move an endless chain 33, the body of which engages with sprocket wheels 34, secured to each of the tubular members 24.
Now upon the chain 33 beingv moved, an oscillation or complete turning of the tubular members 24, standards 23 and consequently, propellers, may be effected. This movement Wlll, as may readily be understood, permit of the tractive' force being excited in any number of desirable dIlI'GCtlOIlS, and it' will be understood that this will result in an absolute-control of a horizontal movement of the machine, which is maintained at the desired altitude by means of the propeller 12, which maybe assisted by the propellers 18.
Thus I have provided a flyingv machine which shall be capable of rising and descending, in a vertical line, as well as moving at a tangent to' the same.
It will also be noted that a horizontal movement of the machine may readily be effected and controlled, to cause the same to move to any desired locality.
Obviously numerous modifications of structure might readily be resorted to withoutin the least departing from the spirit of my invention, which I claim as- 1. A flying machine, including a plurality of motors, a control platform attached to said motors, shafts also attached to said motors, a propeller rigidly securedto the end of one of said shafts, longitudinally extensible secondary shafts, universal joints connecting the ends of said shafts t0 the ends'of other of said main shafts, standards presenting guide-ways corresponding to' the arc of a circle, blocks slidably mounted in I said guide ways, stub shafts mounted within said blocks, universal joints for connecting one end of said stub shafts to said longitudinally extensibleshafts, propellers secured to the opposite ends of said stud shafts,.and
means for synchronously moving all of said blocks, universal joints for connecting one end of said stub shafts to said longitudinally extensible shafts, propellers secured to the opposite ends of said stub shafts, means for synchronously moving all of said blocks ithin said guide ways, and means for swiveling said standards.
. 3. A fiyingmachine, including a plurality of motors, a control platform attached to said motors, shafts also attached to said' motors, a propeller rigidly secured to the end of one of said shafts, longitudinally extensible secondary shafts, universal joints connecting the ends of said shafts to the ends of other of said main shafts, standards presenting guide-Ways corresponding to the arc of a c rcle, blocks slidably mounted Within said guide ways, stub shafts mounted within said blocks, universaljoints for connecting one end of said stub shafts to said longitudinally extensible shafts, propellers secured to the opposite end ofsaid stub shafts, means for synchronously moving all of said blocks within said guide-ways and means for swiv eling said standards in unison.
' FRED G. HANE Y.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2437330 *||Jan 24, 1944||Mar 9, 1948||Mullgardt Alexander S||Variable incidence wing control for aircraft of the rotaly wing or airplane sustained type|
|US2496624 *||Aug 27, 1945||Feb 7, 1950||United Aircraft Corp||Constant speed drive for helicopter rotors|
|US2600930 *||Sep 24, 1946||Jun 17, 1952||United Aircraft Corp||Helicopter control|
|US3259339 *||Aug 27, 1963||Jul 5, 1966||Reed Clarence||Vehicle propulsion directional control|
|US4732106 *||Jul 22, 1986||Mar 22, 1988||Milad Anis I||Steering control for submarines and the like|
|US5119753 *||Aug 20, 1990||Jun 9, 1992||Milad Anis I||Articulatable mechanism|
|U.S. Classification||416/121, 244/51, 244/66|
|Cooperative Classification||B64C27/28, B64C2700/629|