US 1410378 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
W. B. CHUSSLAND.
I APPLICATION FILED DEC.3,1920. 1,410,378. Patented Mar. 21,1922.
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0 Z' I I l A-r-roRNsY w. B. CROSSLAND. w|NDow -RE'FmGEBATofL APPLlCATlON FILED DEC.3, i920.
Patented Mar. 21, 1922.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 2.
WILLIAM B. CROSSLAND, 0F PHILADELBHILA, PENNSYLVANIA.
WINDOW nnrnrenna'ron Specicaton of Letters Patent. yPgflgglljed ylvIal-o .21, 1922 Application filed December 3, 1920. Serial No. 428,028.
To @ZZ whom t may concern:
Be it known that I, VILLIAM B. `Caos.- LAND, a citizen of the United States, residing at Philadelphia, in the county of lPhiladelphia and State of Pennsylvania, have invented a new and useful improvement in TWindow Refrigerators, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to window refrigerators.
One object of the invention is to provide a refrigerator of thistype, which is supported upon the window sill and may be held in various adjusted positionssolthat it may project into the room or out of the window, as desired.
Another object isto `provide `a cabinet capable of being used as a refrigerator and also as a case of shelves, capable of-being supported upon the wall and providing a convenient storage receptacle.
Other objects are to provide a window refrigerator which has an exceptionally good circulation of air, which is light' and easy to handle, and which exactly fits the lower window frame, making it weather tight.
A vstill further object is to provide an improved locking means 4for 'a receptacle adapted to be used as a window refrigerator.
rllhe invention `will be best understood from a `consideration of the following detailed description taken in connection with the accompanying drawing forming part of this specification, with the understanding, however, that the invention is not confined to any strict conformity with the showing in the drawing, but may be changed and modified so long as such changes and modifications mark no material departure rfrom thesalient features of the invention as expressed inthe appended claims.
In the drawing:- Figure 1 is a perspective view of a portion of a window showing a refrigerator constructed inaccordance withithelpresent invention projecting into the room;
Fig. 2 is a horizontal section of the same; Fig. 3 is a vertical section; Fig. l1 is a side elevation of the refrigerator showing it projecting out ofthe window;
Fig. 5 is a fragmentary elevationsliowing the refrigerator suspended fronra .hanger Vnear the bottom ofthe box.
when Izit is to be used as a cabinet or for merely storage purposes; i
'.Fig..6 `isa detail horizontal section showing a portion of the locking means eniployed to adjustably .,holdthe refrigerator;
Fig. 7 is a detail 'vertical section showing one ofthe locking fingers employed to hold the refrigerator; l
`Fig. 8 is aperspective `view of one ofthe arrow shaped lugs used in the lockingmeans 0f Fig. 6.
The numeral 10 designates the window sill and 1'1 the window jamb. The sash slides are indicated at 12. The lower and inner sash 14 andthe upper and` outer sash 15 are also illustrated. The main body of the refrigerator comprises a box or receptacle which is entirely open on one side, hereafter referred to as the Vfront of the receptacle. The box has Vend walls 16, a top 17, abottom 18 and a back 19. Upon the back a plurality of blocks 2O are secured Near the top of the rear wall 19 a= passageway 21 is provided, which passageway is covered by a perforated plate 22. A weather shield 423 is secured to the rear wall 19 and depends from a point near the top of the saine eX- tending below the passageway 21, but spaced a suitable distance therefrom. Thus a circulation of-air through the box from the front to the rear is permitted whatever the location of thebox. Two or more hooks 24 are secured upon the rear wall so as` to permit suspension of the boX .upon afhanger, when it isto be used as a storage cabinet. Handles 25 areinounted uponfthe end walls A16 within thereceptacle and make adjustment of the box in various .positions in a window a relatively easy operation.
The end walls 16 each have two or more elongated, vertically extending -slots 26 adapted to receive lockingiingers 27, mounted upon bolts 28 `secured in thel window jamb. The fingers 27 are hook like in form ,and are swingable into and out ofthe elongated slots 26 hooking against the bottom Ywall of the slot, asseen in Fig. 7. The lingers are fiat and are designed to prevent movement of the refrigerator either intol the room or outthroughthe window. The ,window sill 1() supports the receptacle, `while either foriboth of the sashes 14:, 15 rest Y against the top 17 ofthe receptacle to further aid in the securing of the refrigerator. The fingers 27 k are held spaced slightly from the jambs il, so as to prevent marring the woodwork when swung. i
The bottom 18 of the receptacle is provided with a wide opening 29. This Wide opening in conjunction vvith the open front of the refrigerator insuresa thorough circulation of air. Especially is this true when the box is projected almost Wholly outside not materially interfere with the air circuheld by the resilience of the strip snugly reticulated material.
lation referred to.
Upon each Wall 1.6; several iiat resilient, metalstrips 3l are secured; preferably at their mid points by rivets or bolts -The -endseof the strip are separable from the Walls 16 of thereceptacle but are normally `against said Wall. Near each rend of each `strip a Vperforation 35 is provided inthe Wall. A locking lug is mounted in any desirable Way upon each strip l0; each locking lug including a rectangular shanlr 33 and an enlarged head Se, the head beingarrow shaped. The arrow head 34 projects out- "wardly-through the corresponding perforation 35 and when the refrigerator is in post tion in a Window, engages with the walls of oneof the sashslides i2. lSince there are two offthese slides and since the tivo ends of each vstrip 3l carry loclnng'lugs, it is gos .sible to hold the receptacle in four positions,
with the locking lugs active. -tn angle bar 39 is securedV upon the top .i7 at the forward or front edge thereof in lorder to cooperate with the lower end of either window sash to prevent the box from falling out of the window when it isprojected, as indicated in Fig.
et. Obviously the receptacle may he supported in such position that the angle bar 39 engages Awith they 'sash '15 whereupon the sash 14 may be closed over the front of the boit, thus providing a glass closure therefor.
It is only when the refrigerator projects into the room that the locking .fingers Qvyare used. i
Removable shelves 36 are irnovided7 there Vbeing as many shelves as there are opposite strips 3l. These shelves are supported upon the rectangular blocks or.. shanlrs of the locking lugs. Each shelf preferably will comprise a rectangular frame and a screen of in position, iti/vill be clear that thestrips 8l.
VVhenthe shelvesV are intona/s may not be swung away from the Wall 16, but on the contrary are held against such movement. it is only 1vhen the shelves 36 are taken out that the locking lugs may be adjustably engaged with the sash slides. The locking of the receptacle with the Window frame is thus seen to be a secure one.
if the outside temperature is Warmer than the room temperature, the refrigerator may he taken out of the Window and suspended upon a Wall. In such a case the hanger rod 38 may be employed which is secured to a Wall t() by screw eyes 37. The hooks Q4 will be engaged over the rod 38 and the blocks 20 will space the receptacle from the Wall. l/Vhen so used the receptacle provides a convenient storage space for foods. lf desired, the boX may be provided With its own closure so that the sash need not be depended upon.
The features of this refrigerator are its lightness and portability; the ease with which it is adjusted; the security with which it is locked in position; and the thorough air circulation `which is induced.V The construc tion is very simple and yet theboX; incold Weather at least, serves the purposes of an expensive reffigerator1 While representing an outlay of an inconsiderable sum for first cost. It is most economical to place foods Warm from the table in such a Window ref igerator as this, and only after they have cooled down place them in an ice refrigerator. Thus considerable waste of ice avoided. Y
l. ln a uiindow refrigerator, a receptacle adapted to rest on the Window sill, a resilient strip mount-ed on the end Wall of the re-V ceptacle Within the same; a perforation in said Wall at one end ofsaid strip, and holding means mounted on the strip and passing Ythrough said perforation for engagement with the sash slide to hold the receptacle against displacement.
2.V ln a winden7 refrigerator, areceptacle adapted to rest on the Window sill, a resilient strip mounted on the end Wall of the receptacle within the same; a perforation in said Wall at one end of said strip5 a shelf Within the receptacle, andnmeans mounted on the strip and passing through said perforation for engagement With the sashslide to hold the receptacle against displacement, said means also providing a support for the shelf.
V3. Ina Window refrigerator; a receptacle adapted to rest on the Window sill, a resilient strip secured at a mid point to the end Wall of the receptacle Within the same, perforations in said Wall; at each end of said strip, means secured to the ends of the strip and normally projecting through the corresponding perforation for engagement With the sash slide -to hold the receptacle against displacement, and a shelf supported upon said means and holding said strip against inward movement whereby said shelf must be taken out of the receptacle before the strips, and therefore before the receptacle, can be moved.
4. In a windev:7 refrigerator, a receptacle adapted to rest on the Window sill, a resilient strip secured at amid point on the end wall of the receptacle Within the same, perforations provided in said end wall at each end of said strip, locking lugs mounted upon each end oi the strip and adapted to engage with the sash slide to hold the receptacle against displacement, said locking lugs .comprising a pointed head and a shanlr et' reduced size relative to said head, said head projecting through the perforation and said shank projecting inwardly or the re.- ceptacle, and a shelf supported upon the shank and holding said strip against movement whereby the receptacle may only be moved after the shelf has been lifted out of en igjagement with said strip.
5. In a window refrigerator, a receptacle adapted to rest on the Window sill, said receptacle including end Walls, a rear Wall and an open bottom and front, ventilation means provided in said back Wall near the top thereof, the bottom being open to the passage ol? air currents, locking means tor engagement with the Window frame, and removable trays or shelves mounted Within the receptacle engaging with said locking means to prevent movement thereof.
6. In. a Window refrigerator, a receptacle adapted to rest on the Window sill, said receptacle comprising a substantially rectangular box having an open front, a rear wall provided with ventilation means, a bottom provided with ventilation means, a plurality oi? shelves supported Within the box, locking means mounted upon the receptacle and engageable with the Window frame lior holding the box in various adjusted positions relative to said frame, said shelves being supported upon said locking means and in turn preventing movement of the locking means out of engagement with the window frame as long as the shelves are in position, and other looking means mounted on the window jamb and entering the receptacle to prevent displacement thereof.
7. In combination with a receptacle eomprising a substantially rectangular box, a plurality of shelves supported within the box, and looking means mounted upon the receptacle and projecting from the sides thereof, said shelves being supported by said locking means to maintain the same in locking engagement.
8. In a Window refrigerator, a receptacle adapted to rest on the Window sill, said receptacle comprising a substantially rectangular box, a. plurality of shelves supported Within the box, locking means mounted upon the receptacle and engageable with the Window frame for holding the box in various adjusted positions relative to said trame, said shelves being supported upon said locking means and in turn preventing movement orl the locking means out of engagement with the window frame as long as the shelves are in position.
9. In a Window refrigerator, a receptacle adapted to rest on the window sill, a. resilient strip secured at a. mid point on the end Wall ol the receptacle within'the same, per- Jiorations provided in saidiend wall at each end of said. strip, locking lugs mounted upon each end of the strip and adapted to engage with the sash slide to hold the receptacle against displacement, said looking lugs comprising a pointed head and a shanlc of reduced size relative to said head, said head projecting through the perforation and said shank projecting inwardly of the receptacle.
In testimony, that I claim the foregoing as my own, I have hereto a'liiXed my signature. i
VILLIAM B. CROSS'LAND.