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Publication numberUS1413703 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 25, 1922
Filing dateDec 7, 1918
Priority dateDec 7, 1918
Publication numberUS 1413703 A, US 1413703A, US-A-1413703, US1413703 A, US1413703A
InventorsBiehn Joseph Favil
Original AssigneeAbbott Lab
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Closure for hypodermic-solution containers
US 1413703 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

.1. F. BIEHN.



1,413,703. f "Patented @11.25, 51922.,"



Specification of Letters Intent. Patented Apr. 25', 1922.

Application led December 7, `1918. Serial No. 265,680.

Y lowing is a specification.

My invention relates to improvements in closures for hypodermic solution containers, and particularly relates to a closure which is so organized that a hypodermic needle may be forcibly thrust through the closure into the container forthe purpose of withdrawing a charge of the solution.

The arrangement is such that a'fter the needle has been Withdrawn from the container, the closure will automatically seal itself to prevent admission of air or foreign matter, while at the same time preventing egress of the hypodermic fluid.

The object of the invention is to provide a simple, economical, efficient, and practical closure of the type referred to.

In'the drawings, which illustrate a preferred embodiment of my i11vention- Fig. 1 is a vertical section through a con- -tainer equipped with my improved closure;

Fig. 2 is av plan view of the 'containerl *shown in Fig. l; and Fig. 3 is a view showing the manner in which a charge of the solution is withdrawn from the container by means of the usual. hypodermic needle.

Referring to the drawings, which are considerably larger than actual size so as to show the mechanicalarrangement more distinctly, 10 represents a phial in which the solution for hypodermic purposes is put up and stored or marketed. Such phial which, for obvious reasons, is usually made of glass, has a somewhat reduced neck portion 11, the outer end thereof having an annular enlargement l2 surrounding the mouth of the phial, thereby providing a circular' rim or shoulder 13.

The sealing of the phial is eifected by means of a stopper or closure 14 constructed of a suitable grade of soft vulcanized rubber. The said rubber member 14 has a cylindrical portion which fits snugly within phial by means of a permanently applied thimble member 17, the bottom edge of whlch is spun or crimped around and below i the shoulder 13, as'shown at 18.

`In order to permit the insertion of the hypodermic needle to withdraw the solution, the rubber closure 14 is formed with a central opening 19, the top of the thimble member 17 being also correspondingly apertured, as indicated at 20. The opening 19 in the outer end of the closure 14 isl made co-axial with a somewhat similar opening 21 on the inside of the closure, said two cavities 19 and 21 being separated by a comparatively thin dlaphragm 22 formed as an integral part of the rubber closure 14. The thickness of the diaphragm 22 is such that the needle 23 of a hypodermic spring 24 may readily be thrust -into the phial, as indicated in Fig. 3, for the purpose of withdrawing a portion of the hypodermic solution 25. When the .needle is withdrawn after lilling the syringe, the hole in the soft rubber diaphragm 22 closes up automatically and thus insures that the remaining portion of the contents of the phial will not escape, evaporate or become contaminated by l exterior agencies.

In practice, I prefer to make the cylindrical portion of the closure 14 slightly greater in diameter than the interior diameter of the neck of the phial so that the diaphragm 22 will be under a slight compression, thereby enhancing the natural tendency ofv the rubber to close up and seal the aperture or apertures made therein by theinsertion of the hypodermic needle.

In order to prevent foreign matter from gaining access to the top of Jche diaphragm and thus contaminating the point of the needle, I prefer to cover the top of the closure with a thin metal thimble shaped cap 26,

which is a sufficiently good fit on the inner permanent thimble member 17 to prevent its of its being` readily removed when it is desired to withdraw a portion of the solution.

The scope of the invention should be determined by reference to the 'appended claims 105 rather than by reference to the mechanical details herein described.

I claim* l. In combination, a container for hypodermic solutions provided with a neck and 110 mouth thereto, a rubber sealing element fitting Within the neck of said container and having a flange overlying the lip of the mouth thereof, permanently applied metallic means forforcing said Hange into tight fitting engagement with said lip, the inner and outer ends of said sealing element being each formed with a recess, and a sealing dial' phragm formed as an integral part of said rubber element constituting a partition between said recesses, and being readily perforable by the needle of a hypodermic syringe. Y y

2. In combination, a container for hypodermic solutions provided With a neck enlargement constituting a shoulder, a rubber stopper snugly fitting Within said neck and having an outer flan e an annular metallicmember overlying said fia-nge for holding said flange in tight fitting sealing engagement with the lip of the mouth of said neck 'and having its lower edge formed to embrace said shoulder, said stop-per being provided With an inner and an outer axially extending recess, and a diaphragm constituting an integral part of said stopper and the Wall between said recesses andl capable of being readily pierced by the needle of a hypodermic syringe. Y

3. In combination, a container for hypodermic solutions provided with a neck enlargement constituting a shoulder, a rubber Stopper fitting Within said neck and compressed thereby, an annular flange formed on said member'.


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2421313 *Dec 12, 1941May 27, 1947Baxter Laboratories IncClosure for containers
US2438149 *Dec 18, 1945Mar 23, 1948Cutter LabStopper
US2442983 *Aug 14, 1942Jun 8, 1948Baxter Laboratories IncClosure
US2457120 *Nov 28, 1944Dec 28, 1948Baxter Laboratories IncContainer and method of using same
US2460641 *Aug 14, 1945Feb 1, 1949Kleiner Joseph JBlood collecting apparatus
US2526622 *Mar 26, 1949Oct 24, 1950Coty IncBottle sealing device
US2561294 *Mar 24, 1948Jul 17, 1951Parke Davis & CoClosure for multiple dose vials
US2585938 *May 11, 1949Feb 19, 1952Lawrence W JordanBottle seal and filter
US2620938 *Sep 2, 1949Dec 9, 1952Package Devices IncContainer closure
US2621971 *Jun 2, 1949Dec 16, 1952Julius ZublinAtomizer
US2661742 *Aug 14, 1950Dec 8, 1953Hauduroy PaulMultiple container
US2665690 *Sep 29, 1950Jan 12, 1954Compule CorpPlural-compartment admixing container or vial
US2670869 *Jan 10, 1950Mar 2, 1954Coty IncBottle cap
US2689665 *Jul 25, 1950Sep 21, 1954Coty IncBottle capping means
US2706702 *Feb 23, 1949Apr 19, 1955Baltimore Biolog LabMethod for culture of specimen
US2787268 *Mar 16, 1956Apr 2, 1957Greenspan IrvingBlood plasma bottle
US2804224 *Apr 15, 1954Aug 27, 1957Mead Johnson & CoBlood bottle closure
US2907489 *Oct 17, 1956Oct 6, 1959American Flange & MfgDisposable vent plug
US3205151 *Apr 17, 1962Sep 7, 1965Hollister IncInoculation device and method
US3325033 *Jan 19, 1966Jun 13, 1967Owens Illinois IncClosures for glass containers
US3343699 *Feb 9, 1966Sep 26, 1967Flake Ice Machines IncCombination cap and tapping plug for spouts, bottles or the like
US3352762 *Aug 10, 1964Nov 14, 1967Bernard A WeinerDisinfectant-containing stopper for prolonged aerobic fermentations
US3392859 *Apr 22, 1966Jul 16, 1968Albert M. FischerPerforable self-sealing container closure
US3413975 *Aug 23, 1965Dec 3, 1968Lincoln Lab IncCombination scarifier and loading dispenser for biologicals
US4364485 *May 15, 1981Dec 21, 1982Schering CorporationInjectable fluid container and method
US4465200 *Jun 6, 1983Aug 14, 1984Becton, Dickinson And CompanyLow contamination closure for blood collection tubes
US4545497 *Nov 16, 1984Oct 8, 1985Millipore CorporationContainer cap with frangible septum
US4673404 *May 21, 1984Jun 16, 1987Bengt GustavssonPressure balancing device for sealed vessels
US5016770 *Apr 18, 1989May 21, 1991Napoleone RizzardiSealing cap especially for antibiotic, infusion and transfusion bottles
US5111946 *Nov 30, 1990May 12, 1992Elliot GlanzSafety bottle
US6146362 *Aug 19, 1998Nov 14, 2000Baton Development, Inc.Needleless IV medical delivery system
US7691332Oct 9, 2007Apr 6, 2010Gen-Probe IncorporatedPenetrable cap
US7824922Mar 26, 2009Nov 2, 2010Gen-Probe IncorporatedMethod for removing a fluid substance from a closed system
US8052944Apr 1, 2010Nov 8, 2011Gen-Probe IncorporatedPenetrable cap
US8057762Dec 2, 2010Nov 15, 2011Gen-Probe IncorporatedPenetrable cap
US8387810Apr 16, 2007Mar 5, 2013Becton, Dickinson And CompanyPierceable cap having piercing extensions for a sample container
US8387811Nov 7, 2007Mar 5, 2013Bd DiagnosticsPierceable cap having piercing extensions
US8685347Nov 15, 2011Apr 1, 2014Gen-Probe IncorporatedPenetrable cap
US20060108319 *Nov 24, 2004May 25, 2006Meittunen Eric JVial attachment to prevent needle sticks
US20080251489 *Apr 16, 2007Oct 16, 2008Becton, Dickinson And CompanyPierceable cap
US20090208966 *Mar 26, 2009Aug 20, 2009Gen-Probe IncorporatedMethod for removing a fluid substance from a closed system
US20100190215 *Apr 1, 2010Jul 29, 2010Gen-Probe IncorporatedPenetrable cap
US20130174937 *Sep 6, 2011Jul 11, 2013Hainan Weikang Pharmaceutical (Qianshan) Co.,LtdPuncture Free Bottle Cork and the Application Thereof
USRE45194Nov 8, 2013Oct 14, 2014Gen-Probe IncorporatedPenetrable cap
U.S. Classification215/247, 604/415, 215/DIG.300
International ClassificationB65D51/00
Cooperative ClassificationY10S215/03, B65D51/002
European ClassificationB65D51/00B