US 1414560 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
J. K. C. FAT.
WATER TIGHT VENTILATOR FOR SHIPS APPLICATION FILED OCT. 24, I92]- Patented May 2,1922.
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WATER-TIGHT VENTILATQE non siiirsf T 0 all who in it 27mg 00mm:
Be it known'that I, JOSEPH Kno CHUN improvements in ventilating devices and particularly to ventilating devices forshipsi One object of the invention. is topjrovidea ventilatlng device having-a valve which is adapted to. be held in' open position for the cally closed when water begins'to passinto the ventilator, due to highseas, rain, or other passage of air, but which will be automaticauses.
Another. object is lto provide a ventilator .valve which is arranged to be normally, held in open 7 means iventilatin m position and which is adapted tobe released I from the holding ventilator, the valve being then automatis may latched into closed position. Y, Y
' Other Ob'ects and advantageswill be apparent from thcftollowing description when taken in. connectionwith the accompanying drawings. i
' In the drawings: v
Figure 1 .is a side elevation of the ventilator pipe showing the external portions of the invention applied thereto.
Figure 2 is a vertical transverse sectional view through the pipe, on the ,fline- 2--2 of Figure Lshowing the valve in elevation, and in closed position.
Figure 3 is asiniilirsectional view, but showing the valve in pen posit-ion;
Figure 1 is a vertical longitudinal central. sectional view through the pipe and valve, taken on the line 4-4 of Figure 2.
Figure 5 is a sectional view similar to Fig ure 4:, but taken on the line 5-5 of Figure 3, showing theposition of the parts with the valve open.
Figure 6 is an enlarged horizontal sectional view on the line 6-6 of Figure 5, showing the positions of the wires and their exposed ends which the water overflows to close the circuit.
Fig. 7 is a diagram of the wiring.
closed by theentering water. 'i
p by an electrical device, the circuit of. .whi ch is closedbvwat'er 'passing intothe an electro-niaguct Specification of Letters Patent. Patented Dizzy 2, 1922. Application filed Qctober 24,1921. Serial No. 510,126. l
pipes are extended'through the port-holes.
In either arrangement of the pipes water gets into the 131136821116. passes from one compa-rtment to another. with the result that the ship will become flooded.
The particular object of the present invention is to provide a means for closing the valve 111 the ventilator pipe when a sufficient amount of water has entered, and thus pre vent the; entrance of more water. Theinvention also contemplates the use of a detent for holding the valve in open position for the free passage of air, butwhich isarranged to be released automatically by an electroe magnetic means, the circuit through which? P eferring part'cularly'to accompanymg drawings, 10 represents a,',vcnt lator pipe which is properly supported throiigh a'n.
openingin'the bulkhead 11, the having i a drop or offset portiorf12,arrangedbel'ow the plane efth'e main portion ofth'epipe I Pivot'ed centrally; the main portion of the pipe, 7 adj acent the ofiset portion, is a dish 13, the shaft 1 1 of which havinga springf 15' which normally urges the 'diskinto vertical positionto closelthe )assa e of airthrou h i h thcpipe. Carriedby one face of the dislc and par are the right angularly extending, allol metal legs 16, each havingits nee eiid formed with a, contact point 17. Mounted in thepipe, in position to receive the said points of the legs 16, are the stationary contactsoclzcts 18, disposed within the block of insulation 19. From the contact sockets 18 wires 20 and 21 extend, respectively, through 22, and to one side of a source of current 23 24;. A wire 25 connects the switch with one side oi the sourceof current, whilea wire 26 leads from the otherside of the source. 'Pivotally mounted on ae'suitable block 2'7, in the pipe, and adjacent the first block 19, is a detent hook 28, which is arranged to engage is in horizontal position, as shown in Figure by means oi the switch a 5, a coil spring 29 being connected to the detent and the block to normally urge the detent into disk engaging position. Secured to the rear portion of the detent, and extend ing downwardly away from the detent, is a curved arm 30 having an armature plate 31 on its free end for movement toward and away from the electromagnet 22'. When the armatureplate isattracted by the electromagnet, the detent will be released fromthe disk, and the disk rocked into closed position by its spring 15. In the offset portion of the" pipe is disposed an insulated member 51" in which vthe endspfthe wires 20 and261are embedded and have their tips exposed for contact by water which might enter the pipe, and through which the circuitis closed to V energize the" electro-1nagnet'. A- pivoted,
spring pressed detent 32 is mounted adj aeent the detent 28, for engagement with a flange 33, carried by the disk 13, to hold the disk against accidental opening movement, after having been closed by the electro-magnet. The shaft of the disk is provided with a knob or handle 34, disposedextei'nally of the pipe,to permit resetting the disk in open po- I.
sition. Stops 35, are secured to the upper andlower portions ofthe pipe for the disk; v.t'o "limit theelosingmovementthereof. IA stop'56 is also provided to prevent the disk 1 imovin'gltoo far when set into engaging p0- Thus, "when theiswitch' is closed and the disk: properly engaged with the detent 28,"
sition' with the detent 28. V
air will passifreelythrough the ventilator waterwouldsettle (in asmall poollinthe oli- 1 prevented from flowing. into the next com- V partment and flooding the vessel. Q-This is" yalso .valuable; where the ventilator is disthe spray, or .IfZtlIl.
posed in axport-hole, :to exclude waterfrom It will be noted that -=can-riseto attack thedetents and other parts associated with the disk.
. I the disk isfa -dapted. to beclosed-before the, level of the water i (It will. be further not-ed that when the disk is move into closed position, the legs .16 are disengaged from athe socket contacts,
and the circuit broken.
Connected tothe detent 32, and extending through the bottom wall of the main por-y tien otthe ventilator pipe, is axreleasing" cord. of wire 37, so that when the disk is to be reset into open position, the detent maybe moved from engagementwith thefiange 33, to permit the disk to be'rotated by the handle or knob 34.
v lVhat is claimed isz 1. In an automat c r-ventilator valve, the
combination with a ventilator pipeliaviiig" a downwardly offset portion, a pivoted disk for closing the passage'through the pipe, means: for holding thefvalve 1n open pos1- tion, an electro-magnetic means for rel-eas ing the holding means, and an eleetriecircuit for energizing the ele etroamagnetio means arranged to be closed" by water entering the ventilator pipethrough thedoifset portion".
In the combination witha ventilator pipeihai l ing a downwardly offset portionifa pivotedv spring closed 1 disk 1' inthe pipe," nea-ns d or holdingv the disk in open posit'iona "1101'- mally'open' eireuit'arranged tdbe closed by 7 so the bridging of waterfthe feacross, .el'e'etrofmagnet'ic meansin sai'dieirdiiitto".rleasethe a gaid hold ng meansfandl meansfit'or holding theQ-disk in closed position; 1'
In an. automati" ventilator for ships, the'c'ombinationwith a ventilator pipeffa i-otary diskf' i alveiin' the-pipe' and normally urged. toward closed]. position; "a Pd'et ent for hold ing; the in' ope p sition; an else trio circuit normally open andffarranged to be closed by the bridg ng of water, an armature onthe 'detent, and a circuit breaker on the disk. 7
In testimony whereof;-
nature, in the presence of two witnesses.
- JOSEPH K. .CHUN FAT; Witnesses: i
' I RU OLPH H. ANDERSON,
an automatic ventilato r for shipsi' j