US 1415093 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
- 1. HURLEY.V
APPLICATION FILED JUNE 2. I921.
Patented May 9, 1922.
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JAMES HURLEY, OF ST. PAUL, MINNESOTA.
, j TRAP.
Application filed June 2,
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Be it lil'lOWD that 1.,JA1IES HUnLnTg, acitizen of the United States, residing atfSt. Paul, in the county of Ramsey and. State of h'linnesota, have invented new and :iisetul Improvements in Traps, ot'which the following is a specification. I
The ob ect of my inventionis to provide an inexpensive and efficient trap for rodents and similar small animals.
A further object of my invention is to provide simple means tor com'erting a standard preserve jar into an efiicient trap.
Referring to the accompanyiij g drawings Figiiire 1 is a perspective view of my improved trap; Fig. 2 is a fragmentary central vertical section of the sameyFig. 3 is a detail perspective view of the door or closure for the jar opening; Fig. 1 is a detail fragmentary view of the supporting rod and hinge loop and Fig. 5 is an enlarged detail view illustrating the operation of the detent spring and lug. I
My device consists generally of a jar or casing 10, preferably made of glass, and having an open neck 11 at one end and means for closing the neck 11 to entrap a rodent. The inside diameter of the jar 10 is greater than the diameter ot the opening in the neck 11 so that a shoulder 12 is formed within the jar. This shoulder furnishes an abutment for the lower edge of the door 13 and the upper edge'of the said door is tiltably supported upon a hinge loop 14 formed in a rod 15. The rod 15 is bent outward from the loop 14 through the neck 11, then up and back over the rim of said neck. then downwardly around the outside ofthe at 15 and finally is bent outward forming feet 16 at its ends. I
The door 13 is turned at its upper edge 13 to form a bead to encirclethe loop 141- and is also formed with a lug 17 which is designed to engage a light spring 18. This spring is fixed at one end to a clamp 19 around the rod 15 and its opposite end is free to rest upon the lug 17 or bead 13. The lower half of the periphery of the door 13 is formed with a series ofi teeth 20 which abut against the shoulder 12 in the jar as described above and a tooth 21, diametrically opposite the lug 17, is bent at right angles to the face of the door. The tooth 21 is provided to impale the bait as indicated in dotted lines at 21 (Fig. 2). The circumferential portion 15 of the rod 15 engages Specification of Letters Patent. 1 Patgn ed "B1 3 9 1:922
1921. Serial no. 474,318.
threads 22 (Fig. 2) termed on the neck of the jar, or when used with a jar having a smooth neck, the resiliency of said rod is sufficient to hold the door 13 and adjacent parts 1n place; i
To setmy improved trap, bait is impaled on the tooth 21 and the loop 14, carrying the door 13, is inserted through the neck 11 into the jar 10, with said door in the horizontal position as illustrated in full lines in Figures 1 and 2. The door 13 is held in horizontal position by the action of the spring 18 and lug 17, the spring 18 being just rigid enoiilgh to support the weight of the door 13 and bait in said position. The trap is-placed horizontally upon the feet 16 so that rodents may enter the jar through the neck 11. Whena rodent attempts to reach the bait it is'necessary for him to place part of his weight on the door 13. When this is done the spring 18 is bent upward to its dotted line position shown in Fig. .5 and the door 13 is impelled downward by the action of said spring and gravity. Thus, the door is swung to its vertical position closing the neck 11. and trapping the rodent. The door 1.3 is prevented from being opened by the entrapped'animal by the lug 1'7 and spring,
18 because said spring falls behind the lug 17 when the door closes. To reset the trap the rod15, carrying the door 13, is separated from the 10 by springing the circumferential portion 15 outward and the spring 18 is raised from its position behind the lug 17 by inserting a finger through the loop 1 1-. This allows the door 13 to be returned to its horizontal position.
Having described my invention what I claim as new and desire to protect by Letters Patent is:
1. In a trap, a horizontal jar having an opening in one end, a rod formed to engage the outer surface ofsaid ar adj acentto said opening an inwardly .projecting loop formed in said rod, a door tiltably supported on said loop and arranged to close said opening, an internal shoulder in said jar forming an abutment for said door, a lug on said door adjacent to said. loop and a spring arranged to engage said lug to resiliently hold said door in horizontal posi-" formed in Said ring, a door tiltably sup ported on said loop and arranged to close Said opening, an internal shoulder in said jar forming an abutment for said door a lug on said door adjacent to said loop and resilent means arranged to engage said lug ;to hold said door in horizontal position. 3. In a trap, a horizontal aw having an opening in one end, a ring formed to enlug on said door adjacent to said loop and a spring arranged to resiliently hold said door in horizontal position and to engage said lug to hold said door in vertical posi tion.
4. In a trap a horizontal jar having an opening in one end, a rod formed to engage the periphery of said jar adjacent to said opening, an inwardly projecting loop formed in said rod, a door tiltably supported on said loop and arranged to close said opening a shoulder in said jar form ing an internal abutment for said doorl teeth on thelower edge of said door, one of said teeth being bent to receive bait, a lug on said door adjacent to said loop and a spring arranged to engage said lug to hold said door in horizontal position. 7
In testimony whereof, I have hereunto signed my name to this specification.
'- JAMES HURLEY.