US 1416480 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
C. H. LEATHERIVIAN.
APPLICATION FILED JAN.18.1918.
Patented May 16, A922.
T/51061176079 MMA@ Afm g! .mv//H @j inmenso;
A narran sraras CHALES H. IJEATHERMAN, OF CLEVELAND, OHIO, ASSIGNOR TO THE PIONEER MANU- career caries.
FACTURING COMPANY, OF CLEVELAND, OHIO, A CORPORATION OF OHIO.
Speciication 'of Letters Patent.
Patented May 16, 11922.
Application led January 18, 1918.` Serial No. 212,519,
vice, which is so constructed as to protect the hand of the user from contamination by dust or. dirt, and further, the article is so constructed asto enable the hand of the user to manipulate a thick mass of long strands of yarn-like material in contact with the article or object from which dust is to be removed.
The invention further consists in a method of manufacture in accordance with which method the article may be conveniently pro` the yarn strands to be conveniently brought duced at low cost.
' Generally speaking, the invention comprises the combination of elements forming the article and the, steps in the method hereinafter more fully set forth in the claims.
Reference should be hadto the accompanying drawings forming a part of this specification, in which Fig. 1 is a topI plan view of the duster; Fig. 2 is a bottom plan view of the `duster; Fig. 3 is an' end elevation; Fig. 4 is a fragmentary view showing a detail of construction; Fig. 5 is a fragmentary view showingI a detail of construction; Fig. 6 is a .plan view showing the manner in which the strands', of yarn are sewed; and Fig. 7 shows a step in the method of manufacturing the article.-
In making up the article of this invention, the .construction provides an envelope or mitten which is adapted to receive the hand of a user. This envelope comprises a palm side 1, which is so designated because the palm` of the hand of the o erator contacts with it, and also includes a ack side of the mitten indicated at 2. These two sides of the mitten are formed of such a size as to `make a convenient container for the hand of the user, and the edges of the sides are sewed to each other all around, except at one end, where the sides are not sewed, thereby roviding an opening through which the hand of the user ma be inserted.
The seam forme by the sewing of the edges of the parts 1 and 2 of the envelope or mitten is indicated at 3.
Upon the palm side 1 there are secured a plurality of rows of long ,strands of yarnlike material, these rows being indicated at i and 5; Similarly there is a row of strands of yarn' which are secured at the edge of the mitten, preferably to the seam 3 by which the parts of the envelope are joined. This yrow of yarn is indicated at 6.
The rows or strips of yarn-like material are secured to the mitten in such position relative to each other that when they are sewed to the envelope, there is formed a mass of long strands of yarn-like or fibrous material which thickly hangs and in effect forms a mop-like construction. When the hand of the `user is inserted in the envelope or mitten the mass of yarn strands may b e moved and manipulated by the hand and fingers of the user in a free manner which permits of the user into the crevices and around projections which may be upon the article to be dusted. Thus the structure provides all the `pliability and flexibility of a cloth duster, but has the further advantage that the hand of the user is self-protected from becoming -grimed or encrusted with dirt, and has the further advantage that the duster is at all times, as-it were, secured to the hand of the user so that no annoyance or inconvenience is experienced by dropping or otherwise losing control of the duster.
- Another decided advantage lies 1n the fact that'the long strands of yarn as they are moved and manipulated over the surface to .be dusted are continuously changing their relationship to each other and exposing new surfaces of the yarn that may come in contact with the article to be dusted, thereby forming an eicient dust removing device.
From the foregoing description it will be seen that the device described in 'effect forms a hand mop in which the hand of the user is protected and at the same time the mop 1s caused to, as it were, be attached to the hand of the user, thereby enabling its easy and convenient manipulation.
In practice it is preferable that the strands of yarn be impregnated with a suitable dust absorbing oil. This feature, however, is not claimed as any part of the invention, inasmuch as l am aware that this is common practice in the preparation of floor mops.
ln manufacturing such an article as has been described, it will at once be appreciated that the cost of manufacture must be kept low, and furthermore, it is important that the method employed in the manufacture shall be such as to enable a large production, at the same time to produce the article in such form that it is of neat appearance so as to commend `itself to the purchasing public.
ln proceeding with the manufacture o-f the device, the sides l and 2^ are cut from cloth of suitable texture, and the edges are sewed to each other, forming the seam which is indicated at 3, except that in the rst step of the manufacture the seam when sewed is upon the outside of the envelope. The envelope is then turned inside out so that the raw seam 3 is upon the inside of the envelo e.
1)Next the palm side or side l is given a longitudinal fold such as indicated at 7 in Fig. 7. This is a flaty fold, that is to say, the material is folded back upon itself. A strip of long strands of yarn which are arranged with respect to each other as indicated in Fig. 6 is laid upon the folded cloth so that substantially the center of the strands of yarn is adjacent the edge of the folded piece of material. ln this position a row of stitches made by a sewing machine is passed through the yarn and the folded material in such fashion. that the strands of yarn are sewed to the folded. material and are thereby firmly secured thereto.
palm side of the envelope in the same man ner as that which has been indicated.
llt will be seen that by this method the yarn is secured to the envelope and may-be sewed thereto by the use lof ordinary sewing machines, and that when the sewing is completed the yarn will be firmly held to the seam which has been formed, thus producing a strong construction.
However, the strength of the construction produced is not the essential feature, but is incident to the method of manufacture.
biriolisly, as many longitudinal rows or strips of yarn may be sewed tothe palm side of the envelope as may be deemed necessary.
it will be apparent that by the sewing of @ther longitudinal strips of yarn materialmay be secured to the release the two parts of the envelope or mitten to each other, the seam 3 has been formed as heretofore described. Therefore, in attaching the strip of yarn to this seam, the mitten is placed in such position that the seam is laid fiat and then the strip of strands of yarn is laid upon this seam in such fashion that the middle of the strands is in contact with the seam. In this position the yarn is sewed to the seam by a sewing machine and thus becomes firmly attached. The strands of yarn are of such length that when the envelope is inverted so that the palm side is down, which is the position in which the duster is ordinarily used, the strands of yarn hang substantially equally on both sides of the point at which they are secured, and the various strands of yarn fall toward each other and intermingle to form a mass of` yarn strands.
After considerable experimentation it was found that `the foregoing method was the practical method for expeditiously manufacturing these clusters ata low cost.
'llhe obvious method would be torsew the longitudinal strands of yarn directly to the' palm side of the duster, and subsequently sew the back of the duster'to the.y palm side, but this would leave a raw edge at the portion where the back and palm side of the mitten or envelope were sewed to each other, which would make an article .of unpleasing appearance, and not so salable as the one proposed.
vl-l'aving described my invention, li claim.
l. An article of manufacture comprising an envelope adapted to receive a hand of the user, said envelope having a back and a palm side, said sides beingl secured at their edges by` sewing to form .a seam, a row of thickly hung strands of yarn sewed to the said seam at the edge of the envelope, a plurality of folds extending upon the palm side of the envelope, and a row of thickly hung strands of yarn secured to each of the said folds on the palm side of the envelope, said rows of yarn constituting' a mass having a substantially continnousffonter surface.
2. An article of mannfacturev comprising an envelope adapted to receive the hand of the user, said envelope being provided on the palm side between the edges thereof with`