US 1419809 A
Abstract available in
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
1. L BOWLESJR. EFFICIENCY AND EDUCATIONAL CHART. APPLICATION FILED IULYII, 192l- '1,419,s09, 'PatentedJune13,1922.
BUSINESS CONDUQT 9 m w m E V) D m mutiny:
4O tity of his success. If positive (or con- ,5? ii A L; g
t il tihl ll v @FFEQE.
EFFICIENCY an]: EDUCATIONAL CHART. Y
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, JOSEPH L. BowLns', 51:, a citizen of the United States, residing at Pittsburgh, in the county of Allegheny and State of Pennsylvania, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Efficiency and Educational Charts; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.
This invention relates to a system of and means for keeping tab on ones own personal, social or business conduct, and particularly to chart used for self-analysis, or to enablea person to keep a daily record or account of his own conduct and dealings with his fellowmen, thus revealing his strong and his weak points and enabling him to tell just where he stands with himself at the end of theday.
The invention consistsof a chart specially designed and adapted to enable the user to keep an accurate account of his or her personal, social or business conduct, or in other words, to take a daily inventory of himself that will'bring' to mindat the close of the day the fact whether the trend of his life is toward success or failure, with the ultimate object of bettering his condition, not only morally, spiritually or physically, but along commercial lines.
All individuals are being constantly swayed by human emotions-at one time a positive thought will influence; at'another a negative thought will dominate ones actions. The degree to which one is able to control the characterof his thoughts and act's determines both the quality and quanstructive) thoughts dominate ones life, he is traveling the road to success. The reverse is true if he permits the negative (or destruc tive) side of his nature to dictate his course. As men and women are able to control their thoughts and acts, they may live successful, well-rounded lives, or the reverse.
The reading of goodliterature is inspiring.
To read the histories of great andsuccessful men is an inspiration, for such works or biographies are replete with thoughts and acts that spur one onward and upward. The
shortcoming of the individually usually is that he does not capitalize the inspirational value of what he reads. Being human, he is Specification of Letters Patent. 7 Pafe ted y 13 2 v 9 V I Application filed July 11,
1921/ Serial No. 483,737.
prone to forget,.an'd when in need ofthe helptu-l suggestions found in books orother literature, he does not know just whereito findthem. While in no sense a substitute for good reading my improved charts, nevertheless contain the sum total ofthe inspirin thoughts which good reading and experienc zi create. They are quite simplein form, and at the end of the work day or just before retiring, one may in the space of only a few minutes check up with himself an'd tell ustwhere he stands, and whether he has been:.a failure or a success that day, and why.
Many men are not successful in business because they do not accurately analyze themselves. All know and admit that there is a cause for every effect. The difficulty lies in the fact-that there are so many who rush through life without introspection or selfanalysis. They cannot see that they are failures-orare headed in that direction until perhaps it is too late to turn back. They so absorbed in their business-so close to their jobs and in such a hurry at all times that they do not see things in perspective as all must if they are to rise above the multitude. They do not evaluate accurately.
Howmany men stop long enough to analyze themselves, in order to determine why they are neither failures nor successes? How many 'men really think? The answer is to be found in the comparatively small number of men who, gauged by the worlds measure, are looked upon as successful business men. My. improved charts compel one to think. Then, if there be innate-ambition, impel one to go forward.
These charts are reminders of what one must do to succeed. They operate upon the theory that the doors to success are opened with two keys; one to open the door to de sire; the other the door to truth. These charts will point the way. It is for the user to enter. To one who has no desire to succeed, the chart will be of little value. On the other hand, if one is not going to be frank with himself in telling the truth about himself, his ambition may be guided er roneously, for the charts when truthfully kept will reveal both his weak points-and his strong points. If he is not frank in checking upwith himself, he will be fooling no one but himself, for these charts are his own private property and the eyes of no other person 'may see them unless he shall so I as the form shown.
choose. The user should therefore not be hypercritical or hypocritical. Simply be frankand then face the facts.
The accompanying drawing represents a plan view of a chart embodying my invention in the form used for keeping tab on ones business conduct. Similar charts with different words or phrases depicting various shades of character and temperament, or indicative of thought or action along the lines of ones personal and social conduct, may beused, embodying the same principle As shown, the chart comprises a sheet A of paper or the like, similar to the leaves of a book, or a folder, any desired number of which'may be bound or fastened together in pamphlet form.
On the left-hand side or margin of each leafor page there is a vertical column,
which is preferably divided into several panels 03, c and a and has wr1tten or printed thereon a series of words or phrases selected for a self-analysis of ones business conduct, each leaf being ruled with vertical, and transverse lines which extend nearly the full length and width thereof, so as to provide a vertical series of spaces equal to thenumber of days in a month and a horizontal series of spaces equal to the number of words or phrases used to depict the various shades of character, etc., or to indicate thought or action along various lines,
I each word or phrase being arranged directly opposite one of the series of horizontal spaces and the vertical series of spaces being numbered consecutively from 1. to 31 to indicate the days of the month. At the top of the column on the left hand page or leaf is placed the word Positive, and the top of the column on the right-hand page or leaf the word Negative, the positive side'being designed to quiz ones self as to matters, acts or deeds of a desirable character, and the negative side to quiz ones self as to matters, acts. or deeds of-an undesirable character. Below each column, directly opposite or in alinementwith a horizontal series of spaces a corresponding with the superposed spaces numbered to denote the days of the month, are the words Per; centperfect each day and below the latter the words Average for month, opposite a space at the foot of the column, and in the upper right hand corner is Written Perfect over a vertical series of spaces of alined with the horizontal series, so that in checking up dayby day ones business conduct a space is provided for each item for each day in the month and also a space for I summarizing the percent perfect for each day of the month, and the average per cent for the entire month, also the average for each item each day in the month. As stated,
the charts for recording matters, acts and deeds relating to personal or social conduct the 1 day. F or instance, assuming that the positive side of the chart contains 55 items, and that one has graded himself100% on 5 of the items, 75% on 15 items, 50% on 20 items, 25% on 10 items and zero on the remaining 5. This gives a total of 2.975%, which, divided by 55 gives an average for the day of 52%. In other. words, for that day the person would be only 52% perfect, which is very low. Perfect would be 5500% and, divided by'the number of items, (55) would give 100%, which is. the desired goal. The negative side of the chart: is graded in the same manner. Assumingthat there are 26 items on the negative side, and that ones grading on the negative side averages 60%, then the joint average may be ascertained by adding the positive average of 52% and the negative average of 60% and dividing by 2, or 56% perfect for the day. At the end ofthe montlucompute the percentages on each item, separately on the positive and negative sides, for each day andv divide by'the number of days in that month placing the result in the Perfect column of spaces a on the extreme right. Then total the percentages in this column,- dividing the result by the number of items,
and that will give the average for the month. Both positive and negative sides of the chart are to he -figured up in this manner, the two results added, and thendivid'ed by 2 to get the joint averagefor the month.
If the result shows an upward tendency 'ity will indicate that the user isprogressing, whereas if it shows a downwardv tendency it will indicate that the user is going back ward. I
The average is arrived at by dividing the total joint averages'for the month by the number of days in that month. For instance, assuming that for 10 days in the month the user had a joint average of 70%, 5 days 75%, 10 days 80% and 5 days 90%. This would give atotal of 2325%, which,
divided by a 30 day month, would make of affairs generally, my invention is not limited in its application to such uses, but
by a mere change of words and phrases to what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States is:
1. A chart of the character described, comprising a sheet of suitable material having the surface thereof ruled with vertical and horizontal lines so as to form a series of spaces at one side of the sheet in both vertical and horizontal alinement, and a vertical column at the other side of the sheet having written or printed therein a series of words and phrases depicting various shades of character and temperament, or indicative of thought or action along the lines of business, personal or social conduct, and in alinement successively with said horizontally alined spaces; said vertical series of spaces being numbered consecutively to correspond with the number of days 111 a given period of time, delineated spaces below and in alinement with said vertical series of spaces, and words or phrases in alinement with said delineated spaces indicating percentages and the average for the number of days covered by said period of time.
2. A chart of the character described, comprising two sheets of suitable material having the surface of each sheet ruled with vertical and horizontal lines so as to form a series of spaces at one side of the sheet in alinement both vertically and horizontally, and a vertical column at the other side of the sheet having written or printed therein a series of. words and phrases depicting various shades of character and temperament, or indicative of thought or action along the lines of business, personal or social conduct, said words and phrases being in alinement successively with said horizontal series of spaces, those on one sheet being of a posi tive and those on the other sheet of a negative character; said vertical series of spaces on each sheet being numbered consecutively to correspond with the number of days in a given period of time, delineated spaces below and in alinement with said vertical series of spaces, and words or phrases in alinement with said delineated spaces indicating percentages and the average for the number of days covered by said period of time.
In testimony whereof I affix my signature in the presence of two witnesses.
JOSEPH LUCVETT BOWLES, JR.
PAUL WILLIS, MARGARET METZ.