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Publication numberUS1419810 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 13, 1922
Filing dateAug 16, 1919
Priority dateAug 16, 1919
Publication numberUS 1419810 A, US 1419810A, US-A-1419810, US1419810 A, US1419810A
InventorsErnest Brammer
Original AssigneeErnest Brammer
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 1419810 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)



APPLICATION man AUG-16. 1919.

1 419., 8 Q. I Patented June 13, 1522.

2 suns-sun 1.'

w w r J) I 4 9 y- J) 9 Y INVENTOR. A. yji'izes ifirammer ATT'ORNEY.



APPLICATION FILED AUG.I6 |'I919- Patented June 13, 1922.







T 0 all whom it may concern:

Beit known that I, Ermns'r BRAMMER, residing atVictoria, in the Province of Brit sh Columbia and Dominion of Canada, have 1nvented new and useful Improvements n Fireplaces, of which the following. is a specification.

This invention relates to hot water heating systems, wherein the heat from a fireplaceis utilized to heat'the water.

The maximum percentage of heat of a fireplace passes up through the chimney, and is consequently wasted. Thls heat belng mixed with smoke cannot be used through conveyance elsewhere and any attempt to do so would probably destroy the draught which is the first essential of a fireplace.

The heat however can be used ,to heat water, which is one of the most practical conveyers of heat known at the present tlme, the water being conveyed by pipes through radiators in different parts of the bulldlng.

It is therefore the purpose of this invention to provide a water back designed to be conveniently arranged in the fireplace, and whose capacity is supplemented by 1ts connection with heating coils arranged within the chimney immediately above the water back and from which the water is conveyed to the radiators in the different parts of the building.

The nature and advantages of the lnvention will be bettter understood when the fol lowing detail description is taken in connection with the accompanying draw ngs, the invention residing in the construction, combination and arrangement of parts as claimed.

In the drawings forming part of thls specification like numerals of reference indicate similar parts in the several views and where- 1n:

Figure 1 is a front elevation of a fireplace.

Figur 2 is a vertical sectional view therethrough showing the water back and coil in position therein. a

Figure 8 is an enlarged view of the water back.

Figure 4: is a fragmentary view of a vertical coil.

Figure 5 is a view of a horizontal coil.

Referring to the drawings in detail, A indicates generally a fireplace of usual construction wherein the back wall rises vertically for a short distance as at 10 and then inclines forwardly a short distance for the Specification of Letters Patent. Fatented J n 13 Application filed August 16, 1919. Serial No. 317,995.

purpose of. throwing a portion of the heat lnto the room, as at 11 is then inclined rearwardl'y as at 12 and then continues in a ver' tical plane through the chimney proper.

In accordance with the present invention, whereln It is desired to utilize the heat of sists of'the. angularly disposed portions or sections to conform to the shape of the back wall as clearly shown in Figure 2.. By reason of this construction, the water back may be arrangedover the obtuse angle of the back wall of the'fireplace, in close proximity to the latter. 'The' heating capacity of the water back is supplemented by its connection with the heating coil 16, which is disposed within the chimney proper immediately above the water back as illustrated. Elther a vertically disposed or horizontally arranged coil such as disclosed in Figures 4 and 5 can be used in conjunction With the water back and in either instance the coils are detachably associated with the water back to facilitate installation or removal of said parts from the fireplace. One end of the coil projects through the chimney and is adapted to be coupled with suitable supply pipes leading to the radiators in different parts of the building. The point in height to which the coil would extend of course depends upon the size of the house to be heated, but in no case would the coil extend above the-ceiling of the room wherein the fireplace is arranged. The dimensions of the coil in width and length would be suificiently less than the dimension of the chimney to allow for convenience in the installation of or removal of parts from the chimney. The coil by preference is arranged horizontally, as shown in Figure 2 in order to lessen the extent of the coil and to keep it as low as possible where the heat intensity is greater. The rows of piping constituting the coil are also spaced apart, and spaced from the Walls of the chimney a sufficient distance so as not to impede or retard the draught, most essential in fireplaces. Manifestly, this form of fireplace, could be used in the country wherever there is sufiicient water pressure to fill the water back, coil and radiators. Its use would be appreciated by lovers of fireplaces everywhere; its cost would be much less than that of the hot water furnace; and itwould save in fuel-nearly the entire amount which the hot water furnace or any kind of furnace would consume.

' The water back may be supported in the fireplace in any suitable manner, providing it is spaced from the back wall of the fireplace to allow the heat to completely envelop the water back. If desired, eye bolts 18 may be driven into the rear wall of the fireplace and suitable lugs19 carried by the adjacent wall of the water back to be positioned within the eyes of said bolts. This permits of the water back being readily and easily installed or removed from the fireplace as the occasion requires. It is also preferred to have the front and rear walls of the water. back fluted .or corrugated to present a maximum heating surface, and also to form channels for the heat waves. With the water back and coil positioned within a fireplace in the manner illustrated, a saving in nace in homes of moderate size.

While I have shown and described what I considerthe preferred embodiment of the invention, I desire to have it understood that i said heater including a water back of a width substantially equal to the widthof said rear wall. and having closely associated walls, said water back including two angularly disposed portions defining an obtuse angle between the same, one of said portions being equal in area to the forwardly inclined portion of said rear wall, and said other portion being equal in area to the rearwardly inclined portion of said wall, means for supporting the water jacket upon said inclined portions in a manner whereby said jacket is equi-distantly spaced from the wall throughout its length, and a coil disposed above the water jacket and detachably associated therewith.

In testimony whereof I affix my signature.


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4182306 *Dec 27, 1977Jan 8, 1980Tomich John LHeat transfer device
U.S. Classification126/514
International ClassificationF24B1/00, F24B1/183
Cooperative ClassificationF24B1/183
European ClassificationF24B1/183