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Publication numberUS1422251 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 11, 1922
Filing dateJul 25, 1918
Priority dateJul 25, 1918
Publication numberUS 1422251 A, US 1422251A, US-A-1422251, US1422251 A, US1422251A
InventorsBillingham Milton C J
Original AssigneeHenry L Vander Horst
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Method of and apparatus for disintegrating paper stock
US 1422251 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

M. C. J. BILLINGHAM. METHOD OF AND APPARATUS FOR DISINTEGRATING PAPER STOCK.'

, 7 APPLICATION FILED JULY 25,19I8- Patented July 11, 1922 2 SHEETS-SHEET I.

I z [E IN WITNESSES: VENTOR M/LTON Cd. BILLING/1AM A TTORNE YS.

. M. 0.1. BILLINGHAM. v METHOD'OF AND APPARATUS FOR DISINTE GRATING PAPER STOCK.

} APPLICATION FILED JULY 25,1918. 1,422,251.

Patented July H, 1922.

2 SHEETS-SHEET 2.

I I 1 I 3 33 H Q LT WITNESSES: I

IN VEN TOR. MIL TO/Y c. a. BI]. L I/VGHAM A TTOR )YE YS.

barren STATES Parent entice.

MILTON" C. J'. BILLINGHAM, OEKALAMAZOO, MIQHIGAN, ASSIGNOR OF ONE; .EALF TO HENRY L. VANDER HORST, OF KALAMAZOO, MICHIGAN.

METHOD OF AND APPARATUS FOR DISINTEGRATING PAPER STOCK.

wtpplication filed July 25,

To all whom it may concern:

\ Be it known that I, MILTON C. J. BILLING- HAM, a citizen of the United States, residing at the city and county of Kalamazoo, State of Michigan, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Methods of and Apparatus for Disintegrating Paper Stock, of which the following is a specification.

This invention relates to improvements in paper stock treating machines.

My improved stock treating -machine is especially designed by me for use in disintegrating old papers for use as paper stock and for use in deinking such stock.

- The main objects of this invention are:

First,-to provide an improved disintegrating or defibreing machine in which the fibres are effectively separated or disintegrated without a grinding or abrading action.

Second, to provide an improved stock treating machine in which all of the stock is effectively acted upon.

Third, to provide an improved stock treating machine which is well adapted for disintegrating or defibreing printed papers, also for treatment thereof with deinking solutions.

Further objects, and objects relating to structural details, willdefinitely .appear from the detailed description to follow.

I accomplish the objects of my invention by the devices and means described in the following, specification.- The invention is clearly defined andpointed out in the claims.

A structure which is a preferred embodiment of my'invention is clearly illustrated inthe accompanying drawing, forming a part of this specification, in which:

Fig. I is a detail side view. of my improved stock' treating machine.

Fig. II is a vertical section on a line corresponding to line 2-.2 of Fig. I, certain parts being shown in full lines for convenience in illustration.

Fig. III is a horizontal section on a line corresponding to line 3-3 of Fig. II.

Fig. IV is a detail horizontal section on a line corresponding to line 4-4 of Fig. II.

Fi V, is a detail vertical section correspon ing to that of Fig..II, showing amodified embodiment of iny invention.

FigJVI is a detail side elevation ofthe discharge connections for the embodiment shown in'Fig. V.

Patented July 1918. Serial No. 246,695.

In the drawing similar reference charac ters refer to similar parts throughout the several views, and the sectional views are taken lookingin the direction of the little arrows at the endsof the section lines.

Referring to the drawing: In the embodiment illustrated I provide a tank 1 supported in an upright position on a suitable base 2. In this embodiment the bottom 3 is in the form of an inverted cone terminating in an annular trough 4. A cone 5 projects upwardly from the inner edge of this trough well to the top of the tank.

On the top of the tank I mount a chamber 6 having a bottom 7 shaped like an inverted cone with a central discharge opening 8, the tip of the cone5 being central ofthis openingand close thereto. On the chamber bottom 7 I arrange blades or plates 9 so as to impart a swirling or rotary motion to the material as it is discharged through the opening 8, the plates being disposed radially and preferably having their ends curved in the same direction as shown in Fig. IV. At the upper end of the cone I provide a plurality of deflector plates. 10, the plates being radially disposed relative to the cone, their inner ends in .the embodiment shown in FigsLII and III being secured to the cone and their outer ends bolted to the tank. These plates are transversely inclined all in the same direction so as to impart a rotary movement to the material passing downward through the tank. To insure a uniform distribution of the material by the blades they are provided with transverse tapered corrugations 11, that is, the corrugations extend from the front edges of the *plates partially across the same. On the rear edges of the plates are curved flanges 12 which also aid in giving the desired rotary motion to the material within the tank.

l/Vith this arrangement the settling and forming of streams or courses within the tank is prevented, all of the material being kept in circulation.

Within the chamber 6 are nozzles 13 disposed oppositel so that the jets or streams indicated at14= lmpinge preferably centrally of the chamber. Thenozzles are connected by the pipes lii to the discharges of the rotary pumps 16, the intakes 17 of the pumps being connected to the discharge trough 4 of the tank. Valves 18 control these intakes.

rlrives both pumps. A batch, of stock is,

lInv the structure illustrated a motor 19' introduced into thetank through the pipe 20 and when 'fully treated through the pipes 21. With the parts thus -arranged the batch of stock is repeatedly cir- 'culated through the nozzles and the llIlPlIlging streams effectively tear up and forming of streams orcourses is prevented 5 sothat all of the stock is uniformly treated.

- My improved machine is espec1a'lly'well adapted for the treating of stock with dei inlnng solutionsas the stock is not only uniformly fectively disintegrateds In' the modification shown in Figs. V and the conical bottom 22 of the tank extendsto a central outlet coupling 23 in the pipe 24 leading to the pumps 16- The discharge in this-embodiment is at 25. The'cone 26 issupported on feet 27 with its lower edge in a spaced relation to the bottom so'that the material may HOW to the central outlet. In this construction'the distributing plates 28 form parts of the wheel, the outer ends of the'plates being secured to a rim 29 carried by' rollers 30, the inner ends ofthe plates being secured to-a rotatable top section 31 l o f-the cone. This rotating section 31 ofthe "spindle 34'. "As the stock cone is supported by the bearings 32 and the passes downwardly about the cone it strikes these plates 28 cansing the rotation thereof, thus securing the rotary movement or agitatinn of the ma terial in the tank. The embodiment shown in Fig. II, however, has the advantage of dition, that is, the. fi

being less complicated mechanically. By

the aid of this apparatus I am enabled to dis-. .integrate fibrous material, such as print its original pulp conres are not shortened or broken up as by grinding .or coming in contact with a hard unyielding surface as the disintegration is effected by the pulling or tearing'action While the material is entirel suspended in the carrying liquid-\- I ave illustrated and descrlbedtwo embodiments of my invention, which I believe will enable those skilled in the art to which my invention relates to embbdy or adapt the paper, to substantiall same as conditions. or uses may render de-f sirable. Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by LettersPatent, is: y s

1. Ina stock'treatin machine, the comtank disposed vertically and'having'an inverted conical bottom, a cone disposed centrall within said tank, a plurality of transversely inclined deflector is withdrawn disinthrough the treated but is at the same time efcally, a pone aaaaaei plates disposed radially at the upper end of said cone, a chamber having an inverted conical bottom with a central discharge opening, the'top of the cone being close to and centrally ofsaid discharge opening, plates arranged on said nozzle chamber bottom to impart a rotary motion to the material discharged therethrough, and a pump discharging into said chamber and having its intake connected to. the bottom of said tank.

i 2; In a stock treating machine, the combinationof a cylindrical tank disposed vertically and having an inverted conical bottom, aeconedisposed centrally within said tank, a plurality of transversely inclined'deflector plates disposed'radially at the upper end-of said cone, a chamber having a central discharge opening above said "cone, and

a pump discharging'into said chamber and havin of said tank 3. In a stock'treating machine, the comits intake connected to the, bottom bination of acylindrical tank disposed verti-v cally and having an inverted conical bot-" tom, a cone disposedcentrally within said tank, a chamber having an inverted'conical bottom with a central discharge opening, the top of the cone being close to and centrally of said discharge opening, plates -on said nozzle chamber bottom to impart a rotary motion to the material discharged therethrough, and a pump dischar 'ng into said chamber and having its intake connected to the bottom of said tank. A

4. Ina stock treatin bination ofa cylindrica? cally and having an inverted conical bottom, a cone disposed centrally within said tank, a chamber havin a central discharge opening, and a pump ischarging into said chamberand having its intake connected to the bottom of 'said' tank.

machine, the comtank disposed verti- 5. ha stock treating machine, the com- 'bination of a c lindrical tank disposed vertilsposed centrally within said tank, a plurality cone, said plates having flanges on "their rear edges and tapered transverse corrugations extending partially across the same from their front edges, a chamber having a 'cencone, a chamber having acentral discharge.

and a pump disopening above said cone,

charging into said chamber and having its of transversely inclined, deflector plates disposed radially of said tank disposed vertilintake connected to the bottom of said tank.

, opening above said cone,-and a pump discharging into said chamber and having its intake connected to the bottom of said'tank.

8. In a stock treating machine, the combination of a cylindrical tank disposed vertically and having an inverted conical bottom terminating in an annular discharge trough, a central cone projecting upwardly from the inner edge of the discharge trough,

' a plurality of transversely inclined deflector discharge opening, and a plates disposed radially of said cone, a" chamber above said. cone having a central discharge opening, and a pump discharging into said chamber and having its intake connected to said discharge trough.

9. In a stock treating machine, the combination of a cylindrical tank disposed vertically and having an inverted conical bot tom terminating in an annular discharge trough, a central cone rojecting upwardly from the inner edge of t e discharge troug a chamber above said conehaving a central ump ischarging into said chamber and having its intake connected to said discharge trough.

10. In a stock treating machine, the combination of a cylindrical tank,.a cone disposed centrally within said tank, a chamber hav- K intake connected to the bottom of said tank. rounding liquid, and pumps having their ing an opening centrally above said cone, means for imparting a rotarymotion' to the material delivered through said opening, means. for imparting a rotary motion to the material about said cone, and a pump dis-' charging into said chamber and aving its intake connected to the bottom of, said tank.

11. In a stock treating machine,-the combination of a cylindrical tank, a cone disposed centrally within said tank, a chamber having an opening centrally above said come, I

means for imparting a rotary motion to the material about sald cone, and a pump discharging into said chamber and having" its.

12. In a stock treating machine, the combination of a cylindrical tank disposed vertically and having an inverted conical bottom terminating in an annular. discharge trough, acentral cone projecting upwardly from the inner edge of the discharge trough, a lurality of transversely inclined deflector plates disposed radiallyatthe upper end of said cone, a nozzle chamber having a central discharge opening, the\top of the cone being close to and centrally of said dis charge opening, plates arranged on said nozzle chamber bottom to impart a rotary motion to the material discharged therethrough, nozzles discharging into said nozzle chamber so that the streams therefrom impinge within the nozzle chamber, and pumps having their intakes connected to saiddischarge trough and their discharges connected to said nozzles, all coacting for the purpose specified.

13. In a stock treating machine, the combination of a cylindrical tank disposed vertically and having an inverted conical bottom terminating in an annular discharge trough, a central cone projecting upwardly from the inner edge of the discharge trough, a nozzle chamber having a central discharge opening above said cope, nozzles discharging into said nozzle chamber so that the streams therefrom impinge within the nozzle chamber, and pumps having their intakes connected to said discharge trough and their discharges connected to said nozzles, all coacting for the purpose specified.

14. In a stock treating machine, the combination of a tank, a cone disposed centrally within said tank, a chamber having a discharge opening above said cone, means for imparting a rotary motion to the material about said cone, nozzles discharging into said chamber so that the streams therefrom impinge, and pumps having their intakes connected to the bottom of the tank and their discharges connected to said nozzles, all coacting for the purpose specified.

15. In a stock'treating machine, the combination of atank, a cone disposed centrally within said tank, a chamber having a discharge opening above said cone, nozzles-discharging into said chamber so that the streams therefrom impinge, and pumps having their intakes connected to'the bottom of the tank and their discharges connected to said nozzles, all coacting for the purpose specified. A

l6. In a stock treating machine, the combination of ,a stock tank, a chamber discharging into said tank, means for circulating the material withinsaid tank, nozzles discharging into said chamber so that the streams therefrom impinge, the discharge of said chamber being i a plane below the nozzles and of such capaia ity that the streams are not subject to the pressure of a sur' spaced so that there is a substantial spreading of the streams at the point of their 1mpingement.

18. The method of disintegrating paper consisting of discharging under pressure the paper to be disintegrated with a suspending or carrying liquid through nozzles disposed ,so that the matenal and l1qu1d of one stream impingeswith the material and liquid of another stream and so that the streams from the nozzles are not confined by a surrounding liquid, the nozzles being spaced so that there is a substantial spreading of the stream at the point of impingernent.

- '19. The method of disintegrating and deinking printed paper including the dis- Charging under pressure of the paper to be disintegrated and deinked with a suspending or carrying deinking fluid through meanest nozzles disposed so that the material can ried by one stream impinges with the material and liquid of another stream and so that the impinging rounded'by the liquid. In witness whereof, I have hereunto set myjhand and seal in the presence of two witnesses.

MiL'lON c. 1. minimum; [L.S.]

Witnesses:

LUnLLA G. Gnmmrmnn, MARGARET Lfirmsoow.

streams are not sun-

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2538340 *Nov 14, 1945Jan 16, 1951Gerard A RohlichSand scrubbing device and method
US4668339 *Oct 28, 1985May 26, 1987Kimberly-Clark CorporationProcess for dry deinking of secondary fiber sources
US6120648 *Dec 22, 1997Sep 19, 2000Thermo Black Clawson Inc.Apparatus for pulping and deinking
US6372085Dec 18, 1998Apr 16, 2002Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.Recovery of fibers from a fiber processing waste sludge
US7364642Aug 18, 2003Apr 29, 2008Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.Recycling of latex-containing broke
Classifications
U.S. Classification241/39, 162/4, 244/45.00R, 241/28, 162/21
International ClassificationD21D1/00, D21D1/32
Cooperative ClassificationD21D1/32
European ClassificationD21D1/32