US 1422629 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
W. H. SHEEHAN.
COMBINED HEADLIGHT AND DIRECTION INDICATOR. APPLICATION FILED SEPT. 1. I921.
1,422,629, Patented July 11, 1922.
2 SHEETS-SHEET I- W. H SHEEHAN..
COMBINED HEADLIGHT AND DIRECTION INDICATOR. APPLICATION FILED SEPT; I. I921.
1,422,629. Y Patented July III, 1922.
2 SHEETS-S Qf/ozwey "wires stares WALTER H. SHEER-AN, 0F $TEUBENVILLE, OHIO.
COMBINED HEADLIGHT an]: mano'rroly mzorcaroa.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Application filed September 1, 1921. Serial No. $7,469.
To all whom it may cmwem':
Be itknown that I, WALTER H. SHEEHAN, a citizen of the United States of America, and resident of Steubenville, county of Jefferson, and State of Ohio, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Combined Headlights and Direction llndicators, of which the following is a specificat1on.
This invention relates broadly to headlights for motor vehicles, and it has for its primary object to provide a headlight embodying a peculiarly shaped. reflector and means for indicating in both day and night traflic the direction of travel.-
A- further object is to provide a reflector for headlights by which the light is re-' fiected in such manner that much of the blinding glare resulting from the use of ordinary parabolic reflectors is eliminated.
With these and other objects in view, the invention resides in the features of construction and arrangement of parts'which will hereinafter be fully described, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, in which- Figure 1v is a front elevation of the reflector;
Figure 2 'is a vertical section of a headlight embodying the invention;
Figure 3 is a similar section of a modified form of reflector and a lens therefor; and
Figure 4 is a front elevation of the lens shown in Fig. 3.
. Referring to said drawings, 1 indicates a lamp casing which may be of any ordinary.
or preferred form. Fitted within said casing in the usual manner is a sheet-metal reflector of which the lower and central portions, indicated by the numeral 2, possess the usual parabolic curvature, while the upper portion is shaped to form a horizontal forwardly-extending wall 3 located a short,
distance above the axial center of the reflector; and extending vertically upward" from the horizontal wall 3 and located slightly rearward of the position occupiedby the usual glass lens 4 is a panel-like shield 5'which preferably forms an integral part of the reflector.
The interior surface of the parabolically; curved wall 2, as also the under surface ofsetting of the reflector. headlights have the indicia thereof differ-- in daylight driving.
Tn night drivin ,the lamp 7 is switched on only when it 1s desired to indicate, in"
the said horizontal wall 3' intercepts rays of llght which would otherwise be directed outward 1n a forwardly and upwardly inclined direction, and reflects such rays in a ing so that one or the other may be employed, as occasion may require, to indicate in traific the direction of travel contemplated. For instance, the shield 5- of one headlight may bear the wordFRight and the other the wordLe'ft.
- Suitably mounted upon one of the faces of the shield 5 incovering relation to the cut-out letters or other indicia is a strip or sheet 9 of a transparent or translucent material, as isinglass or celluloid, through which the'light from the lamp 6 may pass for illuminating such indicia, rendering the latter clearly visible to' persons in front of- Said strip or sheet 9 is, of a v color corresponding with thatofthe outer 'face of the shield 5', which is preferably the vehicle.
painted or enameled in green color, so that the indicia of the shieldwill not be vls lble traiiic, a change in the direction of travel, and the main lamp 6 issimultaneously switched off in order thatclear vision of the structed.
In the modificationillustrated in Figs. 3 and 4:, an opening 10- approximating in size the entire areaof the upright wall 5 is provided in the latter, and disposed in front thereofv isa forwardly dished portion or shield llformed' ina glass lens 4 Formed on said portion 11 'in the manufacture of the lens are raised letters or other suitable illumined indicia may not thereby beob-] indicia-12. The said shield portion 11-. is
painted orotherwisecoated to render it opaque, or substantially so, whereas the let-.
ters or indicia 12 are transparent so that they arereadily transmissive of llght. As
is obv ous, signaling 'orindicating thev direc- Patented July 1111, 1e22,
tion of travel may be accomplished by this modified structure in a manner practically identical to that of the first hereinbefore described structure.
What is claimed is p A combined head light and direct-ion indicator comprising a lamp casing, a reflector disposed within said casing, a lamp located within said reflector, said reflector having a substantially horizontal upper Wall extending to the front ofsaid casing, said wall being located slightly above the axial plane of said casing and being adapted to intercept and reflect downward substantially all of the upwardly directedrays from said lamp, a lamp disposed within said casing above said wall, said reflector having formed integral therewith an upright wall forming a non-transparent shield located in front of the'last mentioned lamp, said shield hav ing openings cut therein in the form of di:
WALTER H. S-HEEHAN." I
Witnesses D; R. WILBUR, SADELLE WELDAY.