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Publication numberUS1423383 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 18, 1922
Filing dateMay 9, 1921
Priority dateMay 9, 1921
Publication numberUS 1423383 A, US 1423383A, US-A-1423383, US1423383 A, US1423383A
InventorsDavid Zaiden
Original AssigneeDavid Zaiden
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Hula doll
US 1423383 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)




$423,383. Patented July 18, 1922.

juni-I 'A f Ur W lnmuglmx I NM K INVENTOR. m//JE ATTORNEYS.





Specication of Letters atent.

rammed Jury ie, ieee.

Application -aied May 9, 1921. serial No. 4er/,805.

l the county of Essex and State of New .l ersey, have invented certaiiinew and useful `improvements in Hula Dolls; and l do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled inthe art to which it appertains to make and use the saine, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, andy to characters ofireference marked thereon, which form a part of this specification.

erence, more particularly, to a novel construction `of- -mechanically operated doll adapted to perform-movements in simulation of the Hawaiian dance known as the hula dance, and dances ofa similar character.

The invention yhas for its principal object to provide a construction of doll having a novel skirt arrangement pivotally, connected therewith in combination with a novel motor device mounted within the interior of the doll body, and a means interconnecting` fsaid skirt with said motor device whereby ay rhythmic swayingA movement of said skirt vis Vproduced in simulation of a dance Lmovement.

Other objects of this invention, not at this ,tiniemore particularly enumerated, will be clearly understood Vsimulate dance movements as hereinafter set,y forth; and, furthermore, the invention consists inthe no vel arrangements and combinations' of the various devices and parts, as well as in the detailsofthe construction thereof, all of which will be hereinafter more fully described and claimed.y

The invention isclearly illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which 1- Fi ure 1 is a back view or elevation of the nove mechanical doll, made according to andembodying the principles of this invention. y l 1 Figure 2 is a fragmentary transverse vertical Alongitudinal section, with `the motor device shown in elevation.

Similar charactersl of reference are ein This invention relates, generally, to im-` provements in dolls; and the saine has refployed in all of the hereinabove described views, to indicate corresponding parts.

Referring now to said drawings, the reference character 1 indicates the body of a doll,

preferably made of molded material in any brackets 7 secured to the latter, andwhich possess inwardly `off-set portions 8 to which said motor frame 6 is attached. y'

Said motor device. comprises a springaibor 9journaled in the upper portion of the frame 6, said Varbor projecting rearwardly through said opening 5, and'having on itsouter end a winding key 10. yThereference character 11 indicates a spirally wound motor spring, the inner end of which is secured toy said arbor 9, while Athe outer end 12 is anchored upon or yfired to a cross bar 13 which forms a ,part of said frame G. Jouriialedjupon said arbort) is a driving gear 14 adapted to be rotated by said motor spring by any suitable arrangement commonly vemployed in clock spring movements.` Journaled in said frame 6 beneath saidv motor spring is a spindle 15 uponwhich is linedv a pinion 16, which' meshes ,with andis driven |by saidldriving gear 14. Also fixed'on said spindle 15 is anintermediate gear 17. Jouriialed in said frame 6 beneath said spindle 15 is lanother spindle 18 upon which is vfixed a pinion `19 adapted to mesh with and be driven by said intermediate gear 17. Fixed on said spindle 18 is a toothed` escapement lwheel 20. Journaled in said frame beneath ysaid spindleA 18 ifs an arbor 21 upon which is fixed an escapeinent dog or anchor 22, the latterfhavinlg an impulse pallet 23 at one end'.and` a locking pallet 24 at the other end,v which alternately `cooperate with said toothed escapenient wheel 20. Connected ywith said arbor 21, so as to be oscillated by ,the esc-apenient mechanism, is a downwardly projecting lever 25. VConnected with the free ,end of said lever 25 is a't-ransversetubular ymember or bar 2,6, Telescopically connected iookr y otherdesirablc material. The reference character 32 indicates a` with the respective ends of said bar 26 are oppositely extending tubular arms 27 and 28. Said arms 27and 28 are retainedi in their attached relation to said bar 26 by means of an internal pull spring 29 `which extends through the tubular passage p-r0- vided by the said bar 26 and its attachedl arms 27 and 28, said spring' having its ends 30 hooked over the extremities of the arms 27and 28 so that the latter are pressed endwise toward the bar 26, and thus held inA connected relation to the latter against displacement. The freeends ofsaid arms 27 and 28 respectively project slightly outward through the respective openings 4L in the doll body. The ends of said arms 27 and 28 are closed by plugs 31 of cork,

skirtband which enciroles the waist or lower body portion of the doll body, and from `which depends the skirt member 83., which is made of any suitable material, but which is preferably made to imitate the straw or grass4 garment worn by Hawaiian hula dancers.`

y The front central portion of the skirt band is pivotally attached by a pivot means 3 4 to.

the front side of the doll body, and isv also pivotally connectedby a pivotmeans at V the rear of the doll body-` QPreferably, I pro` vide, in attached relation tothe back of thev M doll body, a. cover pieceV 36` which is fixed to thel back of the doll body by its upper ends. so as to hang down over the opening 5 of said body to conceal `the saincgand to the lower end of said cover piece I ,pivotally attach the rear central portion of the skirt band. As thus disposed the skirt is pivoted to'lswing or oscillate from side to side. y The` sides of theV skirt band, thus pivotally connected to the doll body, are attached to the ends of the arms 27 and 28 by fastening .y lmeans 37 which penetrate the plugs 31.

` y The driving iireaillimparts,through theinf` Theoperation lof the doll, constructed as abovedesciibed, is as follows y The motor spring 11 iswoundnp to store the energy thereof. lWhen the winding key `is released, the motor spring begins to un`` windytliereby causing the rotation of the driving gear 14- in an operative direction.

'y termediateftrain of pinions and gears 16, 17

p, and 19, a rotative movement to the escape@ ment wheel 20. The rotation of the escape ment wheel 2O acts upon the escapement dog j or anchor 22 to produce an oscillation of the same, whereby the ky,turn,oscillate the lever 25.V

A,The swinging or .rocking ,movement of said7 y .f T@f (jtheskirt band arms 27 and 28 produce a rocking movement thereby causing a side` to'side swaying or swinging movement of wood, or any,`

arbor 21 is rocked to in` The lever` 25 i b rocks the bar `26 andits arms 27 .and `28,f f whereby ,tlierespective ends of p U the latter are` caused, to 4swing alternately up and' down.V

the skirt 33. The rocking of the vskirt band and swaying of the skirt produces the illusionfof a hip orlower body movement of the doll, thus simulating the movements of the Vl-lawaiian hula dance, and thus effecting a --very life-like, realistic and amusing rhythmic movement whereby the body of the doll appears to participate in the dance motion.

lt will be understood that soine changes may be made in the arrangements and combinations of the' 'various devices and parts, as well asin the details of the construction "of the same, without departing from the having a chambered interiorV and provided c in its lower trunk portion with laterally opposite side openings, aj spring motor mechanism supported within said chambered interior, means osfcillated by said spring motorl mechanism having` portions extending oppo-` sitelyfthrough fsa-id side openings, and `alskirt member attached to said latter means adaptf ed to` be rhythmically swayedjfrom 'side to Asidejb-yvtlie operation thereof. i

2. in a den of uw, isneidearlibei 35h01:

low body pro-vided iii its lowertrunk portion with laterally opposite" Vside openings, a spring motorvmechanism supported within said body,means osoillated by saidspringV mechanism having portions extending yoppositely,through said side openin motor skirt member pivotally attached to said body so as vto swing onv a 'central axis extending from the'front to the rear of saidbody,and said skirt ymember having means whereby the movement of the latter is imparted thereto.` y

In ardollofthev kind described, a hol,-

low body provided in its lower trunk portion y with laterally OPPOSG -Sde openings,V a trans/Verse .-bli having oppositely extending Earms witliinbsaid body,.witli thewfree ends thereof projecting through.` saidside openl rings, a skirt membergidilg the lower por! tion o-f` said body, said skirt member havin its sides attached tosaid freegends of said ar, a pivoted transverselyoscillatable lever with `the 'jfreefend of which said bar isconTl ynected, and a spring motor-mechanism for actuatingsaid lever.

.y y i. ,in adoii isf amend* described, aimilow body, provided inits lower trunk portion with laterally `oppfositewside openings, a transverse bar having oppositely extending n its upper sides at-`` tached totlie exterior ends of said oscillated i arms Within said body with the free ends thereof projecting through said side openings, a skirt member girding the lower portion of said body7 said skirt member having its sides attached to said free ends of said bar, a. pivoted transversely oscillatable lever with the t'ree end of Which said bar is connec-ted, an escapement mechanism for oscillating said lever and a spring motor mechanism for actuating said escapement mechanism.

5. In a doll oi" the kind described, a hollow body provided in its lower trunk portion with laterally opposite side openings7 ay spring motor mechanism supported Within said body, an escapement mechanism actuated by said spring motor mechanism, a

lever oscillated by said escapement mechanism, and a transverse means connected with the free end of said lever having opposite free ends projecting respectively through said Vrespective side openings, and a skirt member pivotally attac-hed. to said body so as to swing from side to side7 said skirt member having its side portions attached to the free ends of said transverse means.

In testimony that I claim the invention set forth above I have hereunto set my hand this' 5th day of May, 1921.


Witnesses GEORGE D.' RICHARDS, EVA E. DnsoH.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2504679 *Nov 24, 1948Apr 18, 1950Fishiove & Co HNovelty and amusement device
US2546563 *Apr 4, 1949Mar 27, 1951Rodin Fred MHula skirt
US2637936 *Mar 4, 1950May 12, 1953Mechanical Man IncAnimated figure
US4545775 *Sep 17, 1984Oct 8, 1985Kim Douglas S TDancing hula doll
US5259806 *Aug 31, 1992Nov 9, 1993Chang Kou ChengMobile musical hula dancing doll
US5911617 *Jan 27, 1998Jun 15, 1999Chou; Jin-LongStructure of motion toy
US5941756 *Jan 27, 1998Aug 24, 1999Blue Ridge Designs, Inc.Motion toy
US6126508 *Sep 23, 1998Oct 3, 2000Chou; Jin-LongMotion toy
US6163992 *May 13, 1999Dec 26, 2000Blue Ridge Designs, Inc.Motion toy
US6200191Jan 21, 1999Mar 13, 2001Blue Ridge Designs, Inc.Structure of motion toy
US6397133Apr 18, 2000May 28, 2002Palmer Safety Systems, LlcVehicle rollover safety system
US6416380Jan 5, 2001Jul 9, 2002Blue Ridge Designs Inc.Motion toy
US6500043Dec 7, 1999Dec 31, 2002Peter Sui Lun FongAnimated toy
US20120282843 *Nov 8, 2012Tobias Michael CBobble doll
U.S. Classification446/353, 428/17, 428/16
International ClassificationA63H13/12, A63H13/00
Cooperative ClassificationA63H13/12
European ClassificationA63H13/12