US 1423538 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
APPLlcATloN FILED MAR.10,|921.
l y 5 3 Patented July 259 192% TEW @QF-HQ.
RUDOLPH OZABAL, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented July 25, 1.922.
.Application led March 10, 1921. Serial No. 451,111.
To all whom 'it may concern.'
Be it known that I, RUDOLPH OZABAL, a citizen of the United States, and resident of Chica-go, inthe county of Cook and State of Illinois, have invented a certain new and useful Improvement in'Ash Receptacles, of which the following is a full, clear, concise, and exact description, reference being had tr the accompanying drawings, forming a part of this specification.
My invention relates to ash receptacles and more particularly to ash receptacles having means whereby they may be adjustably secured to tables and the like.
Ash trays o f the class described are generally secured to the undersides of tabletops and the like, to obviate the necessity of having similar objects disposed upon the top surface of the table. The use of ash trays of the class described is especially 'desirable when they are fastened to desks, arm chairs and to tables whereupon gaines of cards, etc., are played.
The objects ofmy invention are to provideV an ash receptacle comprising a tray adapted to be adjustably secured to a table or the like, and means whereby the opening in the tray may be sealed; to provide an ash' re.- ceptacle comprising a tray adapted to be adjustably secured to a table or the like; and a pad of resilient incombilstible material for sealing the tray; and to provide. an ash receptacle comprising a tray adapted to be pivotally secured to a table or the like, and spring means for resisting displacement of the tray at an angle to its normal path.
These and other objects of my invention will be more clearly pointed out as the following description pregresses, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, wherein- Figure 1 is a longitudinal vertical. section through my improved ash receptacle shown in connection with a table top to which it is pivotally secured.
Figure 2 is a section taken on line 2 2 of Figure 1, the tray of the receptacle being vpositioned to receive ashes, etc.
Figure 3 is a section taken on line 3 3 of Figure 1, looking in the direction of thearf rows. Similar characters of reference refer to similar parts throughout the several views.
,In the drawings, I have shown my improved ash receptacle operatively associated with a table top 1.0, to the underside of which the ash receptacle is so secured that one of its elements, a'tray l1 which,` is pivotally connected to the table top by means of a ring member 12, can vbe adjusted in a plurality of. positions relative to the table top.
The ring 12 is preferably formed from a fiat sheet of metal and is rigidly secured to the underside of the table top 10 by wood screws 13. The ring is adapted to clamp .a pad 14 of resilient incombustible material against the table top, the pad 14 being intenposed between the ring and the table top. The ring 12 is adapted' to compress the outer edge of the pad 14 to such an extent that the central exposed surface of the lower side of the pad projects below the ring. The purpose of. this structure will presently appear. To pivotally connect the tray 11- with the ring 12,'I provide a U-shaped member 14 formed integrally with the the ring 12, the parallel portions of the member 14 being disposed in substantiallyhorizontal planes. Disposed normally to these planes, and rigidly secured in the two parallel portions of the member 14 is a pin 15. The pin serves to pivotally journal the tray 11 as the tray is provided with an outwardly extending tongue 16 having an aperture 17 through which the pin 15 projects, the tongue-16 being interposed between the parallel portions of the member 14 and yieldingly held in contact with the inner side of the lower portion by .a helical spring 18. T'he helical spring 18 is interposed between the tongue 16 and the upper portion of the member 14 and is disposed around the pin 15.
Referring to Fi ire 1, it will be noted that the aperture 1 has a somewhat longer diameter than that of the pin 15. This structure willpermit the tray 11 to be forced downwardly without injury or deformation to the member 14, as the'spring 18 will yield when the force is applied and the comparatively large aperture 17 will permit A the tongue 16 to move upwardly relatively to the pin 15. -4
It is apparent that the tray 11 may be positioned to, lie directly below the pad 14 so that the axis ofthe circular mouth or opening in the tray is substantially coincident with the axis of the ring 12, and that it may also be positioned to project beyond the edge of the` table top 10, as shown in Figure 2. In the latter position, ashes and the unused portionsof cigars and cigarettes may be deposited in the tray. However, in the preferred form of my construction, l provide a removable lining formed tosnugly it in the tray, as this construction facilitates the cleaning` of the receptacle. The upper circular edge of the lining 20 projects above the like' upper edge of the tray 11. When the tray is being displaced to bring it below the pad 14 'and when it is positioned below the pad 14, the upper edge of the lining will engage and compress the pad 14. It is readily understood that the pad 14 seals the mouth or opening of the lining 20 when the tray is positioned directly below the pad.
To lock the tray in its sealed position directly below the pad 14, and to prevent further displacement of the tray in a direction tending to bring it beyond the pad, a keeper 21 formed integrally with the ring 14, is adapted to coact with a latch 22 projecting outwardly from the tray.` The keeper 21 is bent` as shown in Figures 1 and 3 to permit the latch 22 to engage the upper surface of its free end and is provided with a groove 23 extending radially relatively to the axis of the ring for receiving a similarly disposed ridge 24stamped to project from the lower side of the latch. The keeper 21 is adapted, to yield sufficiently to permit the `withdrawal of the latch and the displacement of the tray in a direction indicated by the arrow 24a (Figure 2). When the tray is in the sealed position, it is held against displacement in a direction opposite to that indicated by the arrow 24a, by a lip 25 projecting upwardly from the free end of the keeper 21, the lip 25 being adapted to en-v gage one edge of the vlatch 22 so as to prevent any displacement of the tray in the wrong direction.
The novel means which I provide for sealing the tray when it is positioned under the table top, will prevent continued combustion of matches or tobacco placed in the tray. The nuisance of smoke and vapors arising from any burning articles will thus be abated.
While I have described the details of construction of the preferred embodiment of my invention, it is to be clearly understood that my invention is not limited to these details of construction, but is capable of other adaptations and modifications within the scope of the appended claims.
What I claim is l. An ash receptacle comprising a tray, means for adjustably securing the tray to a suitable support, and a layer of resilient incombustible material secured to the support for sealing the opening in the tray.
2. An ash receptacle comprising a ring adapted to be secured to the under side of a table top or the like, a tray having an outwardly extending apertured lug, and means for pivotally securing the tray to the ring, the means comprising a U-shaped member formed integrally with the ring, the lug being interposed between the legs of the U- shaped member, a pin secured in the legs of the U-shaped member and passing through the aperture4 in the lug, and a 'spring disposed around the pin and interposed between one of the legs of theU-shaped member and the lug.
In witness whereof, I hereunto subscribe my name this 4th day of March, 1921.
EDNA V. G UsTAFsoN, EMILE J. BOURGEOIS.